Optimistically subscribe without creating a subscription first

Minimizes administrative operations by first trying to subscribe and then creating a subscription if getting a NotFound error.

Code sample

C++

Before trying this sample, follow the C++ setup instructions in the Pub/Sub quickstart using client libraries. For more information, see the Pub/Sub C++ API reference documentation.

To authenticate to Pub/Sub, set up Application Default Credentials. For more information, see Set up authentication for a local development environment.

auto process_response = [](gc::StatusOr<pubsub::PullResponse> response) {
  if (response) {
    std::cout << "Received message " << response->message << "\n";
    std::move(response->handler).ack();
    return gc::Status();
  }
  if (response.status().code() == gc::StatusCode::kUnavailable &&
      response.status().message() == "no messages returned") {
    std::cout << "No messages returned from Pull()\n";
    return gc::Status();
  }
  return response.status();
};

// Instead of checking if the subscription exists, optimistically try to
// consume from the subscription.
auto status = process_response(subscriber.Pull());
if (status.ok()) return;
if (status.code() != gc::StatusCode::kNotFound) throw std::move(status);

// Since the subscription does not exist, create the subscription.
pubsub_admin::SubscriptionAdminClient subscription_admin_client(
    pubsub_admin::MakeSubscriptionAdminConnection());
google::pubsub::v1::Subscription request;
request.set_name(
    pubsub::Subscription(project_id, subscription_id).FullName());
request.set_topic(
    pubsub::Topic(project_id, std::move(topic_id)).FullName());
auto sub = subscription_admin_client.CreateSubscription(request);
if (!sub) throw std::move(sub).status();

// Consume from the new subscription.
status = process_response(subscriber.Pull());
if (!status.ok()) throw std::move(status);

Go

Before trying this sample, follow the Go setup instructions in the Pub/Sub quickstart using client libraries. For more information, see the Pub/Sub Go API reference documentation.

To authenticate to Pub/Sub, set up Application Default Credentials. For more information, see Set up authentication for a local development environment.

import (
	"context"
	"errors"
	"fmt"
	"io"
	"time"

	"cloud.google.com/go/pubsub"
	"google.golang.org/grpc/codes"
	"google.golang.org/grpc/status"
)

// optimisticSubscribe shows the recommended pattern for optimistically
// assuming a subscription exists prior to receiving messages.
func optimisticSubscribe(w io.Writer, projectID, topicID, subID string) error {
	// projectID := "my-project-id"
	// topicID := "my-topic"
	// subID := "my-sub"
	ctx := context.Background()
	client, err := pubsub.NewClient(ctx, projectID)
	if err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("pubsub.NewClient: %w", err)
	}
	defer client.Close()

	sub := client.Subscription(subID)

	// Receive messages for 10 seconds, which simplifies testing.
	// Comment this out in production, since `Receive` should
	// be used as a long running operation.
	ctx, cancel := context.WithTimeout(ctx, 10*time.Second)
	defer cancel()

	// Instead of checking if the subscription exists, optimistically try to
	// receive from the subscription.
	err = sub.Receive(ctx, func(_ context.Context, msg *pubsub.Message) {
		fmt.Fprintf(w, "Got from existing subscription: %q\n", string(msg.Data))
		msg.Ack()
	})
	if err != nil {
		if st, ok := status.FromError(err); ok {
			if st.Code() == codes.NotFound {
				// Since the subscription does not exist, create the subscription.
				s, err := client.CreateSubscription(ctx, subID, pubsub.SubscriptionConfig{
					Topic: client.Topic(topicID),
				})
				if err != nil {
					return err
				}
				fmt.Fprintf(w, "Created subscription: %q\n", subID)

				// Pull from the new subscription.
				err = s.Receive(ctx, func(ctx context.Context, msg *pubsub.Message) {
					fmt.Fprintf(w, "Got from new subscription: %q\n", string(msg.Data))
					msg.Ack()
				})
				if err != nil && !errors.Is(err, context.Canceled) {
					return err
				}
			}
		}
	}
	return nil
}

What's next

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