Edit a topic to associate a schema

Edit a topic. Associate a schema and specify revisions.

Explore further

For detailed documentation that includes this code sample, see the following:

Code sample

C++

Before trying this sample, follow the C++ setup instructions in the Pub/Sub quickstart using client libraries. For more information, see the Pub/Sub C++ API reference documentation.

To authenticate to Pub/Sub, set up Application Default Credentials. For more information, see Set up authentication for a local development environment.

namespace pubsub = ::google::cloud::pubsub;
[](pubsub::TopicAdminClient client, std::string project_id,
   std::string topic_id, std::string schema_id, std::string const& encoding,
   std::string const& first_revision_id,
   std::string const& last_revision_id) {
  auto const& schema = pubsub::Schema(project_id, std::move(schema_id));
  auto topic = client.CreateTopic(
      pubsub::TopicBuilder(
          pubsub::Topic(std::move(project_id), std::move(topic_id)))
          .set_schema(schema)
          .set_encoding(encoding == "JSON" ? google::pubsub::v1::JSON
                                           : google::pubsub::v1::BINARY)
          .set_first_revision_id(first_revision_id)
          .set_last_revision_id(last_revision_id));

  // Note that kAlreadyExists is a possible error when the
  // library retries.
  if (topic.status().code() == google::cloud::StatusCode::kAlreadyExists) {
    std::cout << "The topic already exists\n";
    return;
  }
  if (!topic) throw std::move(topic).status();

  std::cout << "The topic was successfully created: " << topic->DebugString()
            << "\n";
}

Go

Before trying this sample, follow the Go setup instructions in the Pub/Sub quickstart using client libraries. For more information, see the Pub/Sub Go API reference documentation.

To authenticate to Pub/Sub, set up Application Default Credentials. For more information, see Set up authentication for a local development environment.

import (
	"context"
	"fmt"
	"io"

	"cloud.google.com/go/pubsub"
)

func createTopicWithSchemaRevisions(w io.Writer, projectID, topicID, schemaID, firstRevisionID, lastRevisionID string, encoding pubsub.SchemaEncoding) error {
	// projectID := "my-project-id"
	// topicID := "my-topic"
	// schemaID := "my-schema-id"
	// firstRevisionID := "my-revision-id"
	// lastRevisionID := "my-revision-id"
	// encoding := pubsub.EncodingJSON
	ctx := context.Background()
	client, err := pubsub.NewClient(ctx, projectID)
	if err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("pubsub.NewClient: %w", err)
	}

	tc := &pubsub.TopicConfig{
		SchemaSettings: &pubsub.SchemaSettings{
			Schema:          fmt.Sprintf("projects/%s/schemas/%s", projectID, schemaID),
			FirstRevisionID: firstRevisionID,
			LastRevisionID:  lastRevisionID,
			Encoding:        encoding,
		},
	}
	t, err := client.CreateTopicWithConfig(ctx, topicID, tc)
	if err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("CreateTopicWithConfig: %w", err)
	}
	fmt.Fprintf(w, "Created topic with schema revision: %#v\n", t)
	return nil
}

Java

Before trying this sample, follow the Java setup instructions in the Pub/Sub quickstart using client libraries. For more information, see the Pub/Sub Java API reference documentation.

To authenticate to Pub/Sub, set up Application Default Credentials. For more information, see Set up authentication for a local development environment.


import com.google.api.gax.rpc.AlreadyExistsException;
import com.google.cloud.pubsub.v1.TopicAdminClient;
import com.google.pubsub.v1.Encoding;
import com.google.pubsub.v1.SchemaName;
import com.google.pubsub.v1.SchemaSettings;
import com.google.pubsub.v1.Topic;
import com.google.pubsub.v1.TopicName;
import java.io.IOException;

public class CreateTopicWithSchemaRevisionsExample {

  public static void main(String... args) throws Exception {
    // TODO(developer): Replace these variables before running the sample.
    String projectId = "your-project-id";
    String topicId = "your-topic-id";
    // Use an existing schema.
    String schemaId = "your-schema-id";
    // Choose either BINARY or JSON message serialization in this topic.
    Encoding encoding = Encoding.BINARY;
    // Set the minimum and maximum revsion ID
    String firstRevisionId = "your-revision-id";
    String lastRevisionId = "your-revision-id";

    createTopicWithSchemaRevisionsExample(
        projectId, topicId, schemaId, firstRevisionId, lastRevisionId, encoding);
  }

  public static void createTopicWithSchemaRevisionsExample(
      String projectId,
      String topicId,
      String schemaId,
      String firstRevisionid,
      String lastRevisionId,
      Encoding encoding)
      throws IOException {
    TopicName topicName = TopicName.of(projectId, topicId);
    SchemaName schemaName = SchemaName.of(projectId, schemaId);

    SchemaSettings schemaSettings =
        SchemaSettings.newBuilder()
            .setSchema(schemaName.toString())
            .setFirstRevisionId(firstRevisionid)
            .setLastRevisionId(lastRevisionId)
            .setEncoding(encoding)
            .build();

    try (TopicAdminClient topicAdminClient = TopicAdminClient.create()) {

      Topic topic =
          topicAdminClient.createTopic(
              Topic.newBuilder()
                  .setName(topicName.toString())
                  .setSchemaSettings(schemaSettings)
                  .build());

      System.out.println("Created topic with schema: " + topic.getName());
    } catch (AlreadyExistsException e) {
      System.out.println(schemaName + "already exists.");
    }
  }
}

Python

Before trying this sample, follow the Python setup instructions in the Pub/Sub quickstart using client libraries. For more information, see the Pub/Sub Python API reference documentation.

To authenticate to Pub/Sub, set up Application Default Credentials. For more information, see Set up authentication for a local development environment.

from google.api_core.exceptions import AlreadyExists, InvalidArgument
from google.cloud.pubsub import PublisherClient, SchemaServiceClient
from google.pubsub_v1.types import Encoding

# TODO(developer): Replace these variables before running the sample.
# project_id = "your-project-id"
# topic_id = "your-topic-id"
# schema_id = "your-schema-id"
# first_revision_id = "your-revision-id"
# last_revision_id = "your-revision-id"
# Choose either BINARY or JSON as valid message encoding in this topic.
# message_encoding = "BINARY"

publisher_client = PublisherClient()
topic_path = publisher_client.topic_path(project_id, topic_id)

schema_client = SchemaServiceClient()
schema_path = schema_client.schema_path(project_id, schema_id)

if message_encoding == "BINARY":
    encoding = Encoding.BINARY
elif message_encoding == "JSON":
    encoding = Encoding.JSON
else:
    encoding = Encoding.ENCODING_UNSPECIFIED

try:
    response = publisher_client.create_topic(
        request={
            "name": topic_path,
            "schema_settings": {
                "schema": schema_path,
                "encoding": encoding,
                "first_revision_id": first_revision_id,
                "last_revision_id": last_revision_id,
            },
        }
    )
    print(f"Created a topic:\n{response}")

except AlreadyExists:
    print(f"{topic_id} already exists.")
except InvalidArgument:
    print("Please choose either BINARY or JSON as a valid message encoding type.")

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