Use emulator

Configures your code to use the emulator instead of the real Pub/Sub service. Applies to C# and Java.

Documentation pages that include this code sample

To view the code sample used in context, see the following documentation:

Code sample

C#

Before trying this sample, follow the C# setup instructions in the Pub/Sub quickstart using client libraries. For more information, see the Pub/Sub C# API reference documentation.


using Google.Api.Gax;
using Google.Cloud.PubSub.V1;
using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Threading.Tasks;

public class EmulatorSupportSample
{
    public async Task WithEmulatorAsync(string projectId, string topicId, string subscriptionId)
    {
        // Use EmulatorDetection.EmulatorOrProduction to create service clients that will
        // that will connect to the PubSub emulator if the PUBSUB_EMULATOR_HOST environment
        // variable is set, but will otherwise connect to the production environment.

        // Create the PublisherServiceApiClient using the PublisherServiceApiClientBuilder
        // and setting the EmulatorDection property.
        PublisherServiceApiClient publisherService = await new PublisherServiceApiClientBuilder
        {
            EmulatorDetection = EmulatorDetection.EmulatorOrProduction
        }.BuildAsync();

        // Use the client as you'd normally do, to create a topic in this example.
        TopicName topicName = new TopicName(projectId, topicId);
        publisherService.CreateTopic(topicName);

        // Create the SubscriberServiceApiClient using the SubscriberServiceApiClientBuilder
        // and setting the EmulatorDection property.
        SubscriberServiceApiClient subscriberService = await new SubscriberServiceApiClientBuilder
        {
            EmulatorDetection = EmulatorDetection.EmulatorOrProduction
        }.BuildAsync();

        // Use the client as you'd normally do, to create a subscription in this example.
        SubscriptionName subscriptionName = new SubscriptionName(projectId, subscriptionId);
        subscriberService.CreateSubscription(subscriptionName, topicName, pushConfig: null, ackDeadlineSeconds: 60);

        // Create the PublisherClient using PublisherClient.ClientCreationSettings
        // and call the WithEmulatorDection method.
        PublisherClient publisher = await PublisherClient.CreateAsync(
            topicName, 
            new PublisherClient.ClientCreationSettings()
                .WithEmulatorDetection(EmulatorDetection.EmulatorOrProduction));
        // Use the client as you'd normally do, to send a message in this example.
        await publisher.PublishAsync("Hello, Pubsub");
        await publisher.ShutdownAsync(TimeSpan.FromSeconds(15));

        // Create the SubscriberClient using SubscriberClient.ClientCreationSettings
        // and call the WithEmulatorDection method.
        SubscriberClient subscriber = await SubscriberClient.CreateAsync(
            subscriptionName,
            new SubscriberClient.ClientCreationSettings()
                .WithEmulatorDetection(EmulatorDetection.EmulatorOrProduction));
        List<PubsubMessage> receivedMessages = new List<PubsubMessage>();

        // Use the client as you'd normally do, to listen for messages in this example.
        await subscriber.StartAsync((msg, cancellationToken) =>
        {
            receivedMessages.Add(msg);
            Console.WriteLine($"Received message {msg.MessageId} published at {msg.PublishTime.ToDateTime()}");
            Console.WriteLine($"Text: '{msg.Data.ToStringUtf8()}'");
            // In this example we stop the subscriber when the message is received.
            // You may leave the subscriber running, and it will continue to received published messages
            // if any.
            // This is non-blocking, and the returned Task may be awaited.
            subscriber.StopAsync(TimeSpan.FromSeconds(15));
            // Return Reply.Ack to indicate this message has been handled.
            return Task.FromResult(SubscriberClient.Reply.Ack);
        });
    }
}

Java

Before trying this sample, follow the Java setup instructions in the Pub/Sub quickstart using client libraries. For more information, see the Pub/Sub Java API reference documentation.

String hostport = System.getenv("PUBSUB_EMULATOR_HOST");
ManagedChannel channel = ManagedChannelBuilder.forTarget(hostport).usePlaintext().build();
try {
  TransportChannelProvider channelProvider =
      FixedTransportChannelProvider.create(GrpcTransportChannel.create(channel));
  CredentialsProvider credentialsProvider = NoCredentialsProvider.create();

  // Set the channel and credentials provider when creating a `TopicAdminClient`.
  // Similarly for SubscriptionAdminClient
  TopicAdminClient topicClient =
      TopicAdminClient.create(
          TopicAdminSettings.newBuilder()
              .setTransportChannelProvider(channelProvider)
              .setCredentialsProvider(credentialsProvider)
              .build());

  TopicName topicName = TopicName.of("my-project-id", "my-topic-id");
  // Set the channel and credentials provider when creating a `Publisher`.
  // Similarly for Subscriber
  Publisher publisher =
      Publisher.newBuilder(topicName)
          .setChannelProvider(channelProvider)
          .setCredentialsProvider(credentialsProvider)
          .build();
} finally {
  channel.shutdown();
}

What's next

To search and filter code samples for other Google Cloud products, see the Google Cloud sample browser.