Nachrichten des protobuf-Schematyps veröffentlichen

Nachrichten, die einem Schema für einen Protokollzwischenspeicher entsprechen, in einem Thema mit einem Schema für einen Protokollzwischenspeicher veröffentlichen.

Dokumentationsseiten mit diesem Codebeispiel

Das Codebeispiel im Kontext finden Sie in der folgenden Dokumentation:

Codebeispiel

C#

Lesen Sie unter Pub/Sub-Kurzanleitung: Clientbibliotheken verwenden die Anleitung für die Einrichtung von C#, bevor Sie dieses Beispiel ausprobieren. Weitere Informationen finden Sie in der Referenzdokumentation zu Pub/Sub C# API.


using Google.Cloud.PubSub.V1;
using Google.Protobuf;
using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Linq;
using System.Threading;
using System.Threading.Tasks;

public class PublishProtoMessagesAsyncSample
{
    public async Task<int> PublishProtoMessagesAsync(string projectId, string topicId, IEnumerable<Utilities.State> messageStates)
    {
        TopicName topicName = TopicName.FromProjectTopic(projectId, topicId);
        PublisherClient publisher = await PublisherClient.CreateAsync(topicName);

        PublisherServiceApiClient publishApi = PublisherServiceApiClient.Create();
        var topic = publishApi.GetTopic(topicName);

        int publishedMessageCount = 0;
        var publishTasks = messageStates.Select(async state =>
        {
            try
            {
                string messageId = null;
                switch (topic.SchemaSettings.Encoding)
                {
                    case Encoding.Binary:
                        var binaryMessage = state.ToByteString();
                        messageId = await publisher.PublishAsync(binaryMessage);
                        break;
                    case Encoding.Json:
                        var jsonMessage = JsonFormatter.Default.Format(state);
                        messageId = await publisher.PublishAsync(jsonMessage);
                        break;
                }
                Console.WriteLine($"Published message {messageId}");
                Interlocked.Increment(ref publishedMessageCount);
            }
            catch (Exception exception)
            {
                Console.WriteLine($"An error ocurred when publishing message {state}: {exception.Message}");
            }
        });
        await Task.WhenAll(publishTasks);
        return publishedMessageCount;
    }
}

C++

Lesen Sie unter Pub/Sub-Kurzanleitung: Clientbibliotheken verwenden die Anleitung für die Einrichtung von C++, bevor Sie dieses Beispiel ausprobieren. Weitere Informationen finden Sie in der Pub/Sub C++ API-Referenzdokumentation.

namespace pubsub = ::google::cloud::pubsub;
using ::google::cloud::future;
using ::google::cloud::StatusOr;
[](pubsub::Publisher publisher) {
  std::vector<std::pair<std::string, std::string>> states{
      {"New York", "NY"},
      {"Pennsylvania", "PA"},
  };
  std::vector<future<void>> done;
  auto handler = [](future<StatusOr<std::string>> f) {
    auto id = f.get();
    if (!id) throw std::runtime_error(id.status().message());
  };
  for (auto const& data : states) {
    google::cloud::pubsub::samples::State state;
    state.set_name(data.first);
    state.set_post_abbr(data.second);
    done.push_back(publisher
                       .Publish(pubsub::MessageBuilder{}
                                    .SetData(state.SerializeAsString())
                                    .Build())
                       .then(handler));
  }
  // Block until all messages are published.
  for (auto& d : done) d.get();
}

Go

Lesen Sie unter Pub/Sub-Kurzanleitung: Clientbibliotheken verwenden die Anleitung für die Einrichtung von Go, bevor Sie dieses Beispiel ausprobieren. Weitere Informationen finden Sie in der Referenzdokumentation zu Pub/Sub Go API.

import (
	"context"
	"fmt"
	"io"

	"cloud.google.com/go/pubsub"
	statepb "github.com/GoogleCloudPlatform/golang-samples/internal/pubsub/schemas"
	"google.golang.org/protobuf/encoding/protojson"
	"google.golang.org/protobuf/proto"
)

func publishProtoMessages(w io.Writer, projectID, topicID string) error {
	// projectID := "my-project-id"
	// topicID := "my-topic"
	ctx := context.Background()
	client, err := pubsub.NewClient(ctx, projectID)
	if err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("pubsub.NewClient: %v", err)
	}

	state := &statepb.State{
		Name:     "Alaska",
		PostAbbr: "AK",
	}

	// Get the topic encoding type.
	t := client.Topic(topicID)
	cfg, err := t.Config(ctx)
	if err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("topic.Config err: %v", err)
	}
	encoding := cfg.SchemaSettings.Encoding

	var msg []byte
	switch encoding {
	case pubsub.EncodingBinary:
		msg, err = proto.Marshal(state)
		if err != nil {
			return fmt.Errorf("proto.Marshal err: %v", err)
		}
	case pubsub.EncodingJSON:
		msg, err = protojson.Marshal(state)
		if err != nil {
			return fmt.Errorf("protojson.Marshal err: %v", err)
		}
	default:
		return fmt.Errorf("invalid encoding: %v", encoding)
	}

	result := t.Publish(ctx, &pubsub.Message{
		Data: msg,
	})
	_, err = result.Get(ctx)
	if err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("result.Get: %v", err)
	}
	fmt.Fprintf(w, "Published proto message with %#v encoding: %s\n", encoding, string(msg))
	return nil
}

Java

Lesen Sie unter Pub/Sub-Kurzanleitung: Clientbibliotheken verwenden die Anleitung für die Einrichtung von Java, bevor Sie dieses Beispiel ausprobieren. Weitere Informationen finden Sie in der Referenzdokumentation zu Pub/Sub Java API.


import com.google.api.core.ApiFuture;
import com.google.cloud.pubsub.v1.Publisher;
import com.google.cloud.pubsub.v1.TopicAdminClient;
import com.google.protobuf.ByteString;
import com.google.protobuf.util.JsonFormat;
import com.google.pubsub.v1.Encoding;
import com.google.pubsub.v1.PubsubMessage;
import com.google.pubsub.v1.TopicName;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.util.concurrent.ExecutionException;
import java.util.concurrent.TimeUnit;
import utilities.StateProto.State;

public class PublishProtobufMessagesExample {

  public static void main(String... args) throws Exception {
    // TODO(developer): Replace these variables before running the sample.
    String projectId = "your-project-id";
    // Use a topic created with a proto schema.
    String topicId = "your-topic-id";

    publishProtobufMessagesExample(projectId, topicId);
  }

  public static void publishProtobufMessagesExample(String projectId, String topicId)
      throws IOException, ExecutionException, InterruptedException {

    Encoding encoding = null;

    TopicName topicName = TopicName.of(projectId, topicId);

    // Get the topic encoding type.
    try (TopicAdminClient topicAdminClient = TopicAdminClient.create()) {
      encoding = topicAdminClient.getTopic(topicName).getSchemaSettings().getEncoding();
    }

    Publisher publisher = null;

    // Instantiate a protoc-generated class defined in `us-states.proto`.
    State state = State.newBuilder().setName("Alaska").setPostAbbr("AK").build();

    block:
    try {
      publisher = Publisher.newBuilder(topicName).build();

      PubsubMessage.Builder message = PubsubMessage.newBuilder();

      // Prepare an appropriately formatted message based on topic encoding.
      switch (encoding) {
        case BINARY:
          message.setData(state.toByteString());
          System.out.println("Publishing a BINARY-formatted message:\n" + message);
          break;

        case JSON:
          String jsonString = JsonFormat.printer().omittingInsignificantWhitespace().print(state);
          message.setData(ByteString.copyFromUtf8(jsonString));
          System.out.println("Publishing a JSON-formatted message:\n" + message);
          break;

        default:
          break block;
      }

      // Publish the message.
      ApiFuture<String> future = publisher.publish(message.build());
      System.out.println("Published message ID: " + future.get());

    } finally {
      if (publisher != null) {
        publisher.shutdown();
        publisher.awaitTermination(1, TimeUnit.MINUTES);
      }
    }
  }
}

Node.js

Lesen Sie unter Pub/Sub-Kurzanleitung: Clientbibliotheken verwenden die Anleitung für die Einrichtung von Node.js, bevor Sie dieses Beispiel ausprobieren. Weitere Informationen finden Sie in der Referenzdokumentation zu Pub/Sub Node.js API.

/**
 * TODO(developer): Uncomment this variable before running the sample.
 */
// const topicName = 'YOUR_TOPIC_NAME';

// Imports the Google Cloud client library
const {PubSub, Encodings} = require('@google-cloud/pubsub');

// And the protobufjs library
const protobuf = require('protobufjs');

// Creates a client; cache this for further use
const pubSubClient = new PubSub();

async function publishProtobufMessages(topicName) {
  // Get the topic metadata to learn about its schema.
  const topic = pubSubClient.topic(topicName);
  const [topicMetadata] = await topic.getMetadata();
  const topicSchemaMetadata = topicMetadata.schemaSettings;

  if (!topicSchemaMetadata) {
    console.log(`Topic ${topicName} doesn't seem to have a schema.`);
    return;
  }
  const schemaEncoding = topicSchemaMetadata.encoding;

  // Encode the message.
  const province = {
    name: 'Ontario',
    postAbbr: 'ON',
  };

  // Make an encoder using the protobufjs library.
  //
  // Since we're providing the test message for a specific schema here, we'll
  // also code in the path to a sample proto definition.
  const root = await protobuf.load('system-test/fixtures/provinces.proto');
  const Province = root.lookupType('utilities.Province');
  const message = Province.create(province);

  let dataBuffer;
  switch (schemaEncoding) {
    case Encodings.Binary:
      dataBuffer = Buffer.from(Province.encode(message).finish());
      break;
    case Encodings.Json:
      dataBuffer = Buffer.from(JSON.stringify(message.toJSON()));
      break;
    default:
      console.log(`Unknown schema encoding: ${schemaEncoding}`);
      break;
  }
  if (!dataBuffer) {
    console.log(`Invalid encoding ${schemaEncoding} on the topic.`);
    return;
  }

  const messageId = await topic.publish(dataBuffer);
  console.log(`Protobuf message ${messageId} published.`);
}

PHP

Lesen Sie unter Pub/Sub-Kurzanleitung: Clientbibliotheken verwenden die Anleitung für die Einrichtung von PHP, bevor Sie dieses Beispiel ausprobieren. Weitere Informationen finden Sie in der Referenzdokumentation zur PHP-API von Pub/Sub.

use Google\Cloud\PubSub\PubSubClient;
use Google\Cloud\PubSub\V1\Encoding;

use Utilities\StateProto;

/**
 * Publish a message using a protocol buffer schema.
 *
 * Relies on a proto message of the following form:
 * ```
 * syntax = "proto3";
 *
 * package utilities;
 *
 * message StateProto {
 *   string name = 1;
 *   string post_abbr = 2;
 * }
 * ```
 *
 * @param string $projectId
 * @param string $topicId
 * @return void
 */
function publish_proto_messages($projectId, $topicId)
{
    $pubsub = new PubSubClient([
        'projectId' => $projectId,
    ]);

    $messageData = new StateProto([
        'name' => 'Alaska',
        'post_abbr' => 'AK',
    ]);

    $topic = $pubsub->topic($topicId);

    // get the encoding type.
    $topicInfo = $topic->info();
    $encoding = '';
    if (isset($topicInfo['schemaSettings']['encoding'])) {
        $encoding = $topicInfo['schemaSettings']['encoding'];
    }

    // if encoding is not set, we can't continue.
    if ($encoding === '') {
        printf('Topic %s does not have schema enabled', $topicId);
        return;
    }

    // If you are using gRPC, encoding may be an integer corresponding to an
    // enum value on Google\Cloud\PubSub\V1\Encoding.
    if (!is_string($encoding)) {
        $encoding = Encoding::name($encoding);
    }

    $encodedMessageData = '';
    if ($encoding == 'BINARY') {
        // encode as protobuf binary.
        $encodedMessageData = $messageData->serializeToString();
    } else {
        // encode as JSON.
        $encodedMessageData = $messageData->serializeToJsonString();
    }

    $topic->publish(['data' => $encodedMessageData]);

    printf('Published message with %s encoding', $encoding);
}

Python

Lesen Sie unter Pub/Sub-Kurzanleitung: Clientbibliotheken verwenden die Anleitung für die Einrichtung von Python, bevor Sie dieses Beispiel ausprobieren. Weitere Informationen finden Sie in der Referenzdokumentation zu Pub/Sub Python API.

from google.api_core.exceptions import NotFound
from google.cloud.pubsub import PublisherClient
from google.protobuf.json_format import MessageToJson
from google.pubsub_v1.types import Encoding

from utilities import us_states_pb2

# TODO(developer): Replace these variables before running the sample.
# project_id = "your-project-id"
# topic_id = "your-topic-id"

publisher_client = PublisherClient()
topic_path = publisher_client.topic_path(project_id, topic_id)

try:
    # Get the topic encoding type.
    topic = publisher_client.get_topic(request={"topic": topic_path})
    encoding = topic.schema_settings.encoding

    # Instantiate a protoc-generated class defined in `us-states.proto`.
    state = us_states_pb2.StateProto()
    state.name = "Alaska"
    state.post_abbr = "AK"

    # Encode the data according to the message serialization type.
    if encoding == Encoding.BINARY:
        data = state.SerializeToString()
        print(f"Preparing a binary-encoded message:\n{data}")
    elif encoding == Encoding.JSON:
        json_object = MessageToJson(state)
        data = str(json_object).encode("utf-8")
        print(f"Preparing a JSON-encoded message:\n{data}")
    else:
        print(f"No encoding specified in {topic_path}. Abort.")
        exit(0)

    future = publisher_client.publish(topic_path, data)
    print(f"Published message ID: {future.result()}")

except NotFound:
    print(f"{topic_id} not found.")

Ruby

Lesen Sie unter Pub/Sub-Kurzanleitung: Clientbibliotheken verwenden die Anleitung für die Einrichtung von Ruby, bevor Sie dieses Beispiel ausprobieren. Weitere Informationen finden Sie in der Referenzdokumentation zu Pub/Sub Ruby API.

# topic_id = "your-topic-id"
require "google/cloud/pubsub"
require_relative "utilities/us-states_pb"

pubsub = Google::Cloud::Pubsub.new

topic = pubsub.topic topic_id

state = Utilities::StateProto.new name: "Alaska", post_abbr: "AK"

if topic.message_encoding_binary?
  topic.publish Utilities::StateProto.encode(state)
  puts "Published binary-encoded protobuf message."
elsif topic.message_encoding_json?
  topic.publish Utilities::StateProto.encode_json(state)
  puts "Published JSON-encoded protobuf message."
else
  raise "No encoding specified in #{topic.name}."
end

Nächste Schritte

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