Quickstart for PHP App Engine Standard Environment

This quickstart shows you how to create a small App Engine application that displays a short message.

Before you begin

Before running and deploying this quickstart, you must set up a Cloud Platform project for App Engine and then install the Cloud SDK:

  1. Create a new Cloud Platform project and App Engine application using the Cloud Platform Console:

    Go to App Engine

    When prompted, select the region where you want your App Engine application located. After your App Engine application is created, the Dashboard opens.

  2. Download and install the Google Cloud SDK and then initialize the gcloud tool:

    Download the SDK

App Engine locations

App Engine is regional, which means the infrastructure that runs your apps is located in a specific region and is managed by Google to be redundantly available across all the zones within that region.

Meeting your latency, availability, or durability requirements are primary factors for selecting the region where your apps are run. You can generally select the region nearest to your app's users but you should consider the location of the other Cloud Platform products and services that are utilized by your app. Using services across multiple locations can affect your app's latency as well as pricing.

App Engine is available in the following regions:

  • us-central1
  • us-east1
  • us-east4
  • southamerica-east1 *
  • europe-west1
  • europe-west2
  • europe-west3
  • asia-northeast1
  • australia-southeast1

* For customers using the São Paulo region, all regional product SLAs will remain in force. However, multi-region and cross-region functionality spanning North America and South America may temporarily have reduced availability or performance.

Download the Hello World app

We've created a simple Hello World app for PHP so you can quickly get a feel for deploying an app to Google Cloud Platform. Follow these steps to download Hello World to your local machine.

  1. Clone the Hello World sample app repository to your local machine in a directory called helloworld:

    git clone -b phase0-helloworld https://github.com/GoogleCloudPlatform/appengine-php-guestbook.git helloworld
    
  2. Then go to the directory that contains the sample code:

    cd helloworld
    

Alternatively, you can download the sample as a .zip file and extract it into a directory called helloworld.

Test the application

Test the application using the local development server (dev_appserver.py), which is included with the SDK.

  1. From within the helloworld directory where the app's app.yaml configuration file is located, start the local development server with the following command:

      dev_appserver.py app.yaml
    

    The local development server is now running and listening for requests on port 8080. Something go wrong?

  2. Visit http://localhost:8080/ in your web browser to view the app.

Running the local development server (dev_appserver.py)

To run the local development server, you can either run dev_appserver.py by specifying the full directory path or you can add dev_appserver.py to your PATH environment variable:

  • If you installed the original App Engine SDK, the tool is located at:

    [PATH_TO_APP_ENGINE_SDK]/dev_appserver.py
    
  • If you installed the Google Cloud SDK, the tool is located at:

    [PATH_TO_CLOUD_SDK]/google-cloud-sdk/bin/dev_appserver.py
    

    Tip: To add the Google Cloud SDK tools to your PATH environment variable and enable command-completion in your shell, you can run:

    [PATH_TO_CLOUD_SDK]/google-cloud-sdk/install.sh
    

For more information about running the local development server including how to change the port number, see the Local Development Server reference.

Make a change

You can leave the development server running while you develop your application. The development server watches for changes in your project files, and reloads them if necessary.

  1. Try it now: Leave the development server running, then edit helloworld.php to change Hello, World! to something else.
  2. Reload http://localhost:8080/.

Deploy your app

To deploy your app to App Engine, run the following command from within the root directory of your application where the app.yaml file is located:

gcloud app deploy

Learn about the optional flags.

Common gcloud command flags

  • Include the --version flag to specify an ID that uniquely identifies that version of your app, otherwise one is generated for you. Example: --version [YOUR_VERSION_ID]
  • Include the --project flag to specify an alternate Cloud Platform project ID to what you initialized as the default in the gcloud tool. Example: --project [YOUR_PROJECT_ID]

Example:

gcloud app deploy --version pre-prod-5 --project my-sample-app

To learn more about deploying your app from the command line, see Deploying a PHP App . For a list of all the command flags, see the gcloud app deploy reference.

View your application

To launch your browser and view the app at http://[YOUR_PROJECT_ID].appspot.com, run the following command:

gcloud app browse

Congratulations!

You have completed this quickstart.

See the following sections for information about cleaning up after this quickstart as well as links to the possible next steps that you can take with your deployed applications.

To learn more about this Hello World app, see the Hello World code review section.

Clean up

To avoid incurring charges, you can delete your Cloud Platform project to stop billing for all the resources used within that project.

  1. In the Cloud Platform Console, go to the Projects page.

    Go to the Projects page

  2. In the project list, select the project you want to delete and click Delete project. After selecting the checkbox next to the project name, click
      Delete project
  3. In the dialog, type the project ID, and then click Shut down to delete the project.

What's next

Use a custom domain

You can serve your App Engine app using your own custom domain instead of appspot.com. For more information, see Using Custom Domains and SSL.

Hello World code review

Hello World is the simplest possible App Engine app: it contains only one service, has only one version, and all of the code is located within the app's root directory. This section describes each of the app files in detail.

helloworld.php

The helloworld.php script responds to any HTTP request with the message Hello, World!.

<?php

echo 'Hello, World!';

app.yaml

The app.yaml configuration file describes which handler scripts should be used for which URLs.

runtime: php55
api_version: 1

handlers:
- url: /.*
  script: helloworld.php

From top to bottom, this configuration file says the following about this application:

  • This code runs in the php55 runtime environment, API version 1.
  • This application is threadsafe so the same instance can handle several simultaneous requests. Threadsafe is an advanced feature and can result in erratic behavior if your application is not specifically designed to be threadsafe.
  • Every request to a URL whose path matches the regular expression /.* (all URLs) should be handled by the helloworld.php script.

The syntax of this file is YAML. For a complete list of configuration options, see the app.yaml reference.

Troubleshooting

The following is a common error message that you might encounter:

The development server must be started with the --php_executable_path flag set to the path of the php-cgi binary.

If you encounter this error when running dev_appserver.py, you need to rerun dev_appserver.py with the flag php_executable_path and specify the path to your php-cgi binary. On Linux and Mac systems, you can find the path by running the following command:

which php

Example of the dev_appserver.py command with the --php_executable_path flag set to the /usr/bin/php-cgi path:

dev_appserver.py helloworld/ --php_executable_path /usr/bin/php-cgi

Learn more

Learn the whole platform

Now that you know what it's like to develop and deploy App Engine apps, you can stretch out and see the rest of Google Cloud Platform. For a guided walkthrough that teaches you how to create an application that uses the entire platform, not just App Engine, check out our Creating a Guestbook tutorial in which you expand this simple application to become a fully-fledged Guestbook application that lets authenticated Google accounts post messages to a public page.

Learn more about App Engine standard environment

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App Engine standard environment for PHP