Grant and control access to your Google Cloud Platform project and its resources by assigning roles. You can assign roles to project members and to service accounts.
A service account represents a Google Cloud service identity, such as App Engine, and can be used to access other services.
Choosing the right access control
Assign roles to project members and service accounts to define the degree of access to your GCP project. You can use Identity and Access Management (IAM) roles for more fine-tuned access controls. For details about the various App Engine roles, see Access Control.
In general, the primitive roles of Owner, Editor, and Viewer are simpler to use, but the predefined roles have more fine-grained options for access. If you are just experimenting with App Engine, the simplest approach to access control is to grant the Editor role to all people involved with the project, following the instructions below on Setting permissions. Keep in mind that only an Owner can create App Engine applications in the project and add other people to the project.
When your project is ready for more complex roles:
Identify all the different job functions that need access to the project.
Set up a Google Group for each of these job functions.
Add members as desired to each Google Group.
Follow the instructions below on setting permissions below to add each Google Group as member of the project and set roles on each group.
To add a project member and set permissions:
In the Google Cloud Platform Console, visit the IAM & Admin Permissions page for your project.
Click Add member to add new members to the project and set their roles using the dropdown menu. You can add an individual user email or if you use Google Groups to manage group roles, you can supply a Google Group email (
Assign a role.
To see descriptions and a comparison matrix of all the App Engine roles, and to read about limitations, go to Access Control.
There are other roles in the dropdown menu that apply to other Google Cloud Platform products. For more information on these roles, see Predefined roles.
Deploying using IAM roles
You can grant the ability to deploy new versions of apps to your GCP project by assigning the appropriate IAM roles to a user account.
The App Engine Deployer role is the recommended role for a user account that is responsible for only deploying apps. The App Engine Admin role can also deploy apps but allows additional privileges. Depending on which configuration files must be deployed, you might also need to grant additional roles to an account as explained in the steps below.
By default, a user account with the App Engine Deployer role is not allowed to migrate or split traffic to any version of an app. However, if a deployment targets an existing version that is currently serving traffic, the updated version of that app will retain the original traffic settings of the overwritten version.
For example, if version
20201155example is currently serving traffic in your
app, when you run the
gcloud app deploy --version 20201155example command, the
updated version will overwrite the existing version and then begin serving
If a user account should be responsible for configuring traffic, consider using either the App Engine Admin or App Engine Service Admin role.
Before you begin
Before any user account can deploy apps using an IAM role:
- The owner of the GCP project must first create the App Engine application.
To grant a user account the ability to deploy to App Engine:
In the Google Cloud Platform Console, visit the IAM & Admin permissions page for your project:
Click Add member to add the user account to the project and then select all of the roles for that account by using the dropdown menu:
- Required roles to allow an account to deploy to
Set the Container Builder > Cloud Build Editor role and
one of the following roles:
- Use the App Engine > App Engine Deployer role to allow the account to deploy a version of an app.
- To also allow the
dispatch.yamlfiles to be deployed with an app, use the App Engine > App Engine Admin role instead.
- To allow use of App Engine tooling to deploy apps, you must also give the user account the Storage > Storage Admin role so that the tooling has permission to upload to Cloud Storage.
- Set the Container Builder > Cloud Build Editor role and one of the following roles:
- Optional. Give the user account the following roles to grant
permission for uploading additional configuration
- Datastore > Datastore Index Admin role: Permissions for
- Cloud Scheduler > Cloud Scheduler Admin role: Permissions
- Cloud Tasks > Cloud Tasks Queue Admin role: Permissions for
- Datastore > Datastore Index Admin role: Permissions for uploading
- Required roles to allow an account to deploy to App Engine:
The user account can now deploy apps to the App Engine application in the associated GCP project. For details about how to deploy apps, see Deploying your app.
Troubleshooting IAM-related deployment failures
If you configured permissions as instructed above but accounts remain unable to deploy apps, you should verify that the App Engine application has been created.