Using Template Modules

Template modules are helper files that perform specific functions that can make your templates more efficient. For example, you can have a module that generates unique names for your resources. Deployment Manager can execute any module written in Python or Jinja.

Before you begin

Creating a template module

A template module is treated as a regular template file and can be written in Jinja or Python.

For example, the following is a helper template that generates a name given a prefix and suffix.

Jinja


In Jinja, this helper template (in this example, named helpers/common.jinja) would look like the following:


{%- macro GenerateMachineName(prefix='', suffix='') -%}    {{ prefix + "-" + suffix }}{%- endmacro %}

You can then import this template and use it as a module. In your Jinja template, you could use the module like so:

# Copyright 2016 Google Inc. All rights reserved.
#
# Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
# you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
# You may obtain a copy of the License at
#
#     http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
#
# Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
# distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
# WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
# See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
# limitations under the License.


{% import 'helpers/common.jinja' as common %}
resources:
- name: {{ common.GenerateMachineName("myfrontend", "prod") }}  type: compute.v1.instance
  properties:
    zone: us-central1-f
    machineType: https://www.googleapis.com/compute/v1/projects/{{ env['project'] }}/zones/us-central1-f/machineTypes/f1-micro
    disks:
    - deviceName: boot
      type: PERSISTENT
      boot: true
      autoDelete: true
      initializeParams:
        sourceImage: https://www.googleapis.com/compute/v1/projects/debian-cloud/global/images/family/debian-9
    networkInterfaces:
    - network: https://www.googleapis.com/compute/v1/projects/{{ env['project'] }}/global/networks/default
      accessConfigs:
      - name: External NAT
        type: ONE_TO_ONE_NAT

The configuration must then import both files (including the helpers/common.jinja file):

# Copyright 2015 Google Inc. All rights reserved.
#
# Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
# you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
# You may obtain a copy of the License at
#
#     http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
#
# Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
# distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
# WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
# See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
# limitations under the License.

imports:
- path: helpers/common.jinja
- path: vm-instance-example.jinja

resources:
- name: my-vm
  type: vm-instance-example.jinja

The Deployment Manager service will expand the configuration and the final configuration looks like this:

resources:
- name: myfrontend-prod
  type: compute.v1.instance
  properties:
    zone: us-central1-f
    machineType: https://www.googleapis.com/compute/v1/projects/myproject/zones/us-central1-f/machineTypes/f1-micro
    disks:
    - deviceName: boot
      type: PERSISTENT
      boot: true
      autoDelete: true
      initializeParams:
        sourceImage: https://www.googleapis.com/compute/v1/projects/debian-cloud/global/images/family/debian-9
    networkInterfaces:
    - network: https://www.googleapis.com/compute/v1/projects/myproject/global/networks/default
      accessConfigs:
      - name: External NAT
        type: ONE_TO_ONE_NAT

Python


In Python, the helper template (in this example, named helpers/common.py) would look like this:

# Copyright 2016 Google Inc. All rights reserved.
#
# Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
# you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
# You may obtain a copy of the License at
#
#     http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
#
# Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
# distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
# WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
# See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
# limitations under the License.

"""Generates name of a VM."""


def GenerateMachineName(prefix, suffix):
  return prefix + "-" + suffix

To use it in your Python template:

# Copyright 2016 Google Inc. All rights reserved.
#
# Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
# you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
# You may obtain a copy of the License at
#
#     http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
#
# Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
# distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
# WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
# See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
# limitations under the License.

"""Constructs a VM with imported module."""
from helpers import common

COMPUTE_URL_BASE = 'https://www.googleapis.com/compute/v1/'


def GenerateConfig(context):
  """Generates configuration of a VM."""
  resources = [{
      'name': common.GenerateMachineName('myfrontend', 'prod'),
      'type': 'compute.v1.instance',
      'properties': {
          'zone': 'us-central1-f',
          'machineType': COMPUTE_URL_BASE + 'projects/' + context.env['project']
                         + '/zones/us-central1-f/machineTypes/f1-micro',
          'disks': [{
              'deviceName': 'boot',
              'type': 'PERSISTENT',
              'boot': True,
              'autoDelete': True,
              'initializeParams': {
                  'sourceImage': COMPUTE_URL_BASE + 'projects/'
                                 'debian-cloud/global/images/family/debian-9'}
          }],
          'networkInterfaces': [{
              'network': COMPUTE_URL_BASE + 'projects/' + context.env['project']
                         + '/global/networks/default',
              'accessConfigs': [{
                  'name': 'External NAT',
                  'type': 'ONE_TO_ONE_NAT'
              }]
          }]
      }
  }]
  return {'resources': resources}

The configuration must then import both files (including the helpers/common.py file):

# Copyright 2015 Google Inc. All rights reserved.
#
# Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
# you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
# You may obtain a copy of the License at
#
#     http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
#
# Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
# distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
# WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
# See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
# limitations under the License.

imports:
- path: helpers/common.py
- path: vm-instance-example.py

resources:
- name: my-vm
  type: vm-instance-example.py

Here is a more complicated helper module:

# Copyright 2015 Google Inc. All rights reserved.
#
# Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
# you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
# You may obtain a copy of the License at
#
#     http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
#
# Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
# distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
# WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
# See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
# limitations under the License.
"""Helper methods for working with containers in config."""
import common
import default
import yaml

# Specific properties for this component, also see container_instance
DCKRENV = default.DCKRENV
DCKRIMAGE = default.DCKRIMAGE

MANIFEST = """
version: v1beta2
containers:
  - name: %(name)s
    image: %(dockerImage)s
    ports:
      - name: %(name)s-port
        hostPort: %(port)i
        containerPort: %(port)i
    %(env)s
"""


def GenerateManifest(context):
  """Generates a Container Manifest given a Template context.

  Args:
    context: Template context, which must contain dockerImage and port
        properties, and an optional dockerEnv property.

  Returns:
    A Container Manifest as a YAML string.
  """
  env = ""
  env_list = []
  if DCKRENV in context.properties:
    for key, value in context.properties[DCKRENV].iteritems():
      env_list.append({"name": key, "value": value})
  if env_list:
    env = "env: " + yaml.dump(env_list, default_flow_style=True)

  manifest_yaml_string = MANIFEST % {
      "name": context.env["name"],
      "dockerImage": context.properties[DCKRIMAGE],
      "port": context.properties[default.PORT],
      "env": env
  }
  return common.GenerateEmbeddableYaml(manifest_yaml_string)

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