Obtenir une prédiction pour la détection d'objets au sein d'images

Récupère une prédiction pour la détection d'objets au sein d'images à l'aide de la méthode predict.

En savoir plus

Pour obtenir une documentation détaillée incluant cet exemple de code, consultez ce qui suit :

Exemple de code

Java

Pour savoir comment installer et utiliser la bibliothèque cliente pour Vertex AI, consultez la page Bibliothèques clientes Vertex AI. Pour en savoir plus, consultez la documentation de référence de l'API Vertex AI en langage Java.


import com.google.api.client.util.Base64;
import com.google.cloud.aiplatform.util.ValueConverter;
import com.google.cloud.aiplatform.v1.EndpointName;
import com.google.cloud.aiplatform.v1.PredictResponse;
import com.google.cloud.aiplatform.v1.PredictionServiceClient;
import com.google.cloud.aiplatform.v1.PredictionServiceSettings;
import com.google.cloud.aiplatform.v1.schema.predict.instance.ImageObjectDetectionPredictionInstance;
import com.google.cloud.aiplatform.v1.schema.predict.params.ImageObjectDetectionPredictionParams;
import com.google.cloud.aiplatform.v1.schema.predict.prediction.ImageObjectDetectionPredictionResult;
import com.google.protobuf.Value;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.nio.charset.StandardCharsets;
import java.nio.file.Files;
import java.nio.file.Paths;
import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.List;

public class PredictImageObjectDetectionSample {

  public static void main(String[] args) throws IOException {
    // TODO(developer): Replace these variables before running the sample.
    String project = "YOUR_PROJECT_ID";
    String fileName = "YOUR_IMAGE_FILE_PATH";
    String endpointId = "YOUR_ENDPOINT_ID";
    predictImageObjectDetection(project, fileName, endpointId);
  }

  static void predictImageObjectDetection(String project, String fileName, String endpointId)
      throws IOException {
    PredictionServiceSettings settings =
        PredictionServiceSettings.newBuilder()
            .setEndpoint("us-central1-aiplatform.googleapis.com:443")
            .build();

    // Initialize client that will be used to send requests. This client only needs to be created
    // once, and can be reused for multiple requests. After completing all of your requests, call
    // the "close" method on the client to safely clean up any remaining background resources.
    try (PredictionServiceClient predictionServiceClient =
        PredictionServiceClient.create(settings)) {
      String location = "us-central1";
      EndpointName endpointName = EndpointName.of(project, location, endpointId);

      byte[] contents = Base64.encodeBase64(Files.readAllBytes(Paths.get(fileName)));
      String content = new String(contents, StandardCharsets.UTF_8);

      ImageObjectDetectionPredictionParams params =
          ImageObjectDetectionPredictionParams.newBuilder()
              .setConfidenceThreshold((float) (0.5))
              .setMaxPredictions(5)
              .build();

      ImageObjectDetectionPredictionInstance instance =
          ImageObjectDetectionPredictionInstance.newBuilder().setContent(content).build();

      List<Value> instances = new ArrayList<>();
      instances.add(ValueConverter.toValue(instance));

      PredictResponse predictResponse =
          predictionServiceClient.predict(endpointName, instances, ValueConverter.toValue(params));
      System.out.println("Predict Image Object Detection Response");
      System.out.format("\tDeployed Model Id: %s\n", predictResponse.getDeployedModelId());

      System.out.println("Predictions");
      for (Value prediction : predictResponse.getPredictionsList()) {

        ImageObjectDetectionPredictionResult.Builder resultBuilder =
            ImageObjectDetectionPredictionResult.newBuilder();

        ImageObjectDetectionPredictionResult result =
            (ImageObjectDetectionPredictionResult)
                ValueConverter.fromValue(resultBuilder, prediction);

        for (int i = 0; i < result.getIdsCount(); i++) {
          System.out.printf("\tDisplay name: %s\n", result.getDisplayNames(i));
          System.out.printf("\tConfidences: %f\n", result.getConfidences(i));
          System.out.printf("\tIDs: %d\n", result.getIds(i));
          System.out.printf("\tBounding boxes: %s\n", result.getBboxes(i));
        }
      }
    }
  }
}

Node.js

Pour savoir comment installer et utiliser la bibliothèque cliente pour Vertex AI, consultez la page Bibliothèques clientes Vertex AI. Pour en savoir plus, consultez la documentation de référence de l'API Vertex AI en langage Node.js.

/**
 * TODO(developer): Uncomment these variables before running the sample.\
 * (Not necessary if passing values as arguments)
 */

// const filename = "YOUR_PREDICTION_FILE_NAME";
// const endpointId = "YOUR_ENDPOINT_ID";
// const project = 'YOUR_PROJECT_ID';
// const location = 'YOUR_PROJECT_LOCATION';
const aiplatform = require('@google-cloud/aiplatform');
const {instance, params, prediction} =
  aiplatform.protos.google.cloud.aiplatform.v1.schema.predict;

// Imports the Google Cloud Prediction Service Client library
const {PredictionServiceClient} = aiplatform.v1;

// Specifies the location of the api endpoint
const clientOptions = {
  apiEndpoint: 'us-central1-aiplatform.googleapis.com',
};

// Instantiates a client
const predictionServiceClient = new PredictionServiceClient(clientOptions);

async function predictImageObjectDetection() {
  // Configure the endpoint resource
  const endpoint = `projects/${project}/locations/${location}/endpoints/${endpointId}`;

  const parametersObj = new params.ImageObjectDetectionPredictionParams({
    confidenceThreshold: 0.5,
    maxPredictions: 5,
  });
  const parameters = parametersObj.toValue();

  const fs = require('fs');
  const image = fs.readFileSync(filename, 'base64');
  const instanceObj = new instance.ImageObjectDetectionPredictionInstance({
    content: image,
  });

  const instanceVal = instanceObj.toValue();
  const instances = [instanceVal];
  const request = {
    endpoint,
    instances,
    parameters,
  };

  // Predict request
  const [response] = await predictionServiceClient.predict(request);

  console.log('Predict image object detection response');
  console.log(`\tDeployed model id : ${response.deployedModelId}`);
  const predictions = response.predictions;
  console.log('Predictions :');
  for (const predictionResultVal of predictions) {
    const predictionResultObj =
      prediction.ImageObjectDetectionPredictionResult.fromValue(
        predictionResultVal
      );
    for (const [i, label] of predictionResultObj.displayNames.entries()) {
      console.log(`\tDisplay name: ${label}`);
      console.log(`\tConfidences: ${predictionResultObj.confidences[i]}`);
      console.log(`\tIDs: ${predictionResultObj.ids[i]}`);
      console.log(`\tBounding boxes: ${predictionResultObj.bboxes[i]}\n\n`);
    }
  }
}
predictImageObjectDetection();

Python

Pour savoir comment installer et utiliser la bibliothèque cliente pour Vertex AI, consultez la page Bibliothèques clientes Vertex AI. Pour en savoir plus, consultez la documentation de référence de l'API Vertex AI en langage Python.

import base64

from google.cloud import aiplatform
from google.cloud.aiplatform.gapic.schema import predict

def predict_image_object_detection_sample(
    project: str,
    endpoint_id: str,
    filename: str,
    location: str = "us-central1",
    api_endpoint: str = "us-central1-aiplatform.googleapis.com",
):
    # The AI Platform services require regional API endpoints.
    client_options = {"api_endpoint": api_endpoint}
    # Initialize client that will be used to create and send requests.
    # This client only needs to be created once, and can be reused for multiple requests.
    client = aiplatform.gapic.PredictionServiceClient(client_options=client_options)
    with open(filename, "rb") as f:
        file_content = f.read()

    # The format of each instance should conform to the deployed model's prediction input schema.
    encoded_content = base64.b64encode(file_content).decode("utf-8")
    instance = predict.instance.ImageObjectDetectionPredictionInstance(
        content=encoded_content,
    ).to_value()
    instances = [instance]
    # See gs://google-cloud-aiplatform/schema/predict/params/image_object_detection_1.0.0.yaml for the format of the parameters.
    parameters = predict.params.ImageObjectDetectionPredictionParams(
        confidence_threshold=0.5, max_predictions=5,
    ).to_value()
    endpoint = client.endpoint_path(
        project=project, location=location, endpoint=endpoint_id
    )
    response = client.predict(
        endpoint=endpoint, instances=instances, parameters=parameters
    )
    print("response")
    print(" deployed_model_id:", response.deployed_model_id)
    # See gs://google-cloud-aiplatform/schema/predict/prediction/image_object_detection_1.0.0.yaml for the format of the predictions.
    predictions = response.predictions
    for prediction in predictions:
        print(" prediction:", dict(prediction))

Étape suivante

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