Restore database from backup

Restore a database from a backup.

Documentation pages that include this code sample

To view the code sample used in context, see the following documentation:

Code sample

C#

To learn how to install and use the client library for Cloud Spanner, see Cloud Spanner client libraries.


using Google.Cloud.Spanner.Admin.Database.V1;
using Google.Cloud.Spanner.Common.V1;
using Google.LongRunning;
using System;

public class RestoreDatabaseSample
{
    public RestoreInfo RestoreDatabase(string projectId, string instanceId, string databaseId, string backupId)
    {
        // Create the DatabaseAdminClient instance.
        DatabaseAdminClient databaseAdminClient = DatabaseAdminClient.Create();

        InstanceName parentAsInstanceName = InstanceName.FromProjectInstance(projectId, instanceId);
        BackupName backupAsBackupName = BackupName.FromProjectInstanceBackup(projectId, instanceId, backupId);

        // Make the RestoreDatabase request.
        Operation<Database, RestoreDatabaseMetadata> response = databaseAdminClient.RestoreDatabase(parentAsInstanceName, databaseId, backupAsBackupName);

        Console.WriteLine("Waiting for the operation to finish");

        // Poll until the returned long-running operation is complete.
        var completedResponse = response.PollUntilCompleted();

        if (completedResponse.IsFaulted)
        {
            Console.WriteLine($"Database Restore Failed: {completedResponse.Exception}");
            throw completedResponse.Exception;
        }

        RestoreInfo restoreInfo = completedResponse.Result.RestoreInfo;
        Console.WriteLine(
            $"Database {restoreInfo.BackupInfo.SourceDatabase} was restored " +
            $"to {databaseId} from backup {restoreInfo.BackupInfo.Backup} " +
            $"with version time {restoreInfo.BackupInfo.VersionTime.ToDateTime()}");

        return restoreInfo;
    }
}

C++

To learn how to install and use the client library for Cloud Spanner, see Cloud Spanner client libraries.

void RestoreDatabase(google::cloud::spanner_admin::DatabaseAdminClient client,
                     std::string const& project_id,
                     std::string const& instance_id,
                     std::string const& database_id,
                     std::string const& backup_id) {
  google::cloud::spanner::Database database(project_id, instance_id,
                                            database_id);
  google::cloud::spanner::Backup backup(database.instance(), backup_id);
  auto restored_db =
      client
          .RestoreDatabase(database.instance().FullName(),
                           database.database_id(), backup.FullName())
          .get();
  if (!restored_db) {
    throw std::runtime_error(restored_db.status().message());
  }
  std::cout << "Database";
  if (restored_db->restore_info().source_type() ==
      google::spanner::admin::database::v1::BACKUP) {
    auto const& backup_info = restored_db->restore_info().backup_info();
    std::cout << " " << backup_info.source_database() << " as of "
              << google::cloud::spanner::MakeTimestamp(
                     backup_info.version_time())
                     .value();
  }
  std::cout << " restored to " << restored_db->name();
  std::cout << " from backup " << backup.FullName();
  std::cout << ".\n";
}

Go

To learn how to install and use the client library for Cloud Spanner, see Cloud Spanner client libraries.


import (
	"context"
	"fmt"
	"io"
	"regexp"

	database "cloud.google.com/go/spanner/admin/database/apiv1"
	adminpb "google.golang.org/genproto/googleapis/spanner/admin/database/v1"
)

func restoreBackup(ctx context.Context, w io.Writer, db, backupID string) error {
	adminClient, err := database.NewDatabaseAdminClient(ctx)
	if err != nil {
		return err
	}
	defer adminClient.Close()

	matches := regexp.MustCompile("^(.*)/databases/(.*)$").FindStringSubmatch(db)
	if matches == nil || len(matches) != 3 {
		return fmt.Errorf("Invalid database id %s", db)
	}
	instanceName := matches[1]
	databaseID := matches[2]
	backupName := instanceName + "/backups/" + backupID

	// Start restoring backup to a new database.
	restoreOp, err := adminClient.RestoreDatabase(ctx, &adminpb.RestoreDatabaseRequest{
		Parent:     instanceName,
		DatabaseId: databaseID,
		Source: &adminpb.RestoreDatabaseRequest_Backup{
			Backup: backupName,
		},
	})
	if err != nil {
		return err
	}
	// Wait for restore operation to complete.
	dbObj, err := restoreOp.Wait(ctx)
	if err != nil {
		return err
	}
	// Newly created database has restore information.
	backupInfo := dbObj.RestoreInfo.GetBackupInfo()
	if backupInfo != nil {
		fmt.Fprintf(w, "Source database %s restored from backup %s\n", backupInfo.SourceDatabase, backupInfo.Backup)
	}

	return nil
}

Java

To learn how to install and use the client library for Cloud Spanner, see Cloud Spanner client libraries.

static void restoreBackup(
    DatabaseAdminClient dbAdminClient,
    BackupId backupId,
    DatabaseId sourceDatabaseId,
    DatabaseId restoreToDatabase) {
  Backup backup = dbAdminClient.newBackupBuilder(backupId).build();
  // Initiate the request which returns an OperationFuture.
  System.out.println(String.format(
      "Restoring backup [%s] to database [%s]...",
      backup.getId().toString(),
      restoreToDatabase.toString()));
  try {
    OperationFuture<Database, RestoreDatabaseMetadata> op = backup.restore(restoreToDatabase);
    // Wait until the database has been restored.
    Database db = op.get();
    // Refresh database metadata and get the restore info.
    RestoreInfo restore = db.reload().getRestoreInfo();
    Timestamp versionTime = Timestamp.fromProto(restore
        .getProto()
        .getBackupInfo()
        .getVersionTime());
    System.out.println(
        "Restored database ["
            + restore.getSourceDatabase().getName()
            + "] from ["
            + restore.getBackup().getName()
            + "] with version time [" + versionTime + "]");
  } catch (ExecutionException e) {
    throw SpannerExceptionFactory.newSpannerException(e.getCause());
  } catch (InterruptedException e) {
    throw SpannerExceptionFactory.propagateInterrupt(e);
  }
}

Node.js

To learn how to install and use the client library for Cloud Spanner, see Cloud Spanner client libraries.

// Imports the Google Cloud client library and precise date library
const {Spanner} = require('@google-cloud/spanner');
const {PreciseDate} = require('@google-cloud/precise-date');

/**
 * TODO(developer): Uncomment the following lines before running the sample.
 */
// const projectId = 'my-project-id';
// const instanceId = 'my-instance';
// const databaseId = 'my-database';
// const backupId = 'my-backup';

// Creates a client
const spanner = new Spanner({
  projectId: projectId,
});

// Gets a reference to a Cloud Spanner instance and database
const instance = spanner.instance(instanceId);
const database = instance.database(databaseId);

// Restore the database
console.log(
  `Restoring database ${database.formattedName_} from backup ${backupId}.`
);
const [, restoreOperation] = await database.restore(
  `projects/${projectId}/instances/${instanceId}/backups/${backupId}`
);

// Wait for restore to complete
console.log('Waiting for database restore to complete...');
await restoreOperation.promise();

console.log('Database restored from backup.');
const restoreInfo = await database.getRestoreInfo();
console.log(
  `Database ${restoreInfo.backupInfo.sourceDatabase} was restored ` +
    `to ${databaseId} from backup ${restoreInfo.backupInfo.backup} ` +
    'with version time ' +
    `${new PreciseDate(restoreInfo.backupInfo.versionTime).toISOString()}.`
);

PHP

To learn how to install and use the client library for Cloud Spanner, see Cloud Spanner client libraries.

use Google\Cloud\Spanner\SpannerClient;

/**
 * Restore a database from a backup.
 * Example:
 * ```
 * restore_backup($instanceId, $databaseId, $backupId);
 * ```
 * @param string $instanceId The Spanner instance ID.
 * @param string $databaseId The Spanner database ID.
 * @param string $backupId The Spanner backup ID.
 */
function restore_backup($instanceId, $databaseId, $backupId)
{
    $spanner = new SpannerClient();
    $instance = $spanner->instance($instanceId);
    $database = $instance->database($databaseId);
    $backup = $instance->backup($backupId);

    $operation = $database->restore($backup->name());
    // Wait for restore operation to complete.
    $operation->pollUntilComplete();

    // Newly created database has restore information.
    $database->reload();
    $restoreInfo = $database->info()['restoreInfo'];
    $sourceDatabase = $restoreInfo['backupInfo']['sourceDatabase'];
    $sourceBackup = $restoreInfo['backupInfo']['backup'];
    $versionTime = $restoreInfo['backupInfo']['versionTime'];

    printf(
        'Database %s restored from backup %s with version time %s' . PHP_EOL,
        $sourceDatabase, $sourceBackup, $versionTime);
}

Python

To learn how to install and use the client library for Cloud Spanner, see Cloud Spanner client libraries.

def restore_database(instance_id, new_database_id, backup_id):
    """Restores a database from a backup."""
    spanner_client = spanner.Client()
    instance = spanner_client.instance(instance_id)
    # Create a backup on database_id.

    # Start restoring an existing backup to a new database.
    backup = instance.backup(backup_id)
    new_database = instance.database(new_database_id)
    operation = new_database.restore(backup)

    # Wait for restore operation to complete.
    operation.result(1600)

    # Newly created database has restore information.
    new_database.reload()
    restore_info = new_database.restore_info
    print(
        "Database {} restored to {} from backup {} with version time {}.".format(
            restore_info.backup_info.source_database,
            new_database_id,
            restore_info.backup_info.backup,
            restore_info.backup_info.version_time
        )
    )

Ruby

To learn how to install and use the client library for Cloud Spanner, see Cloud Spanner client libraries.

# project_id  = "Your Google Cloud project ID"
# instance_id = "Your Spanner instance ID"
# database_id = "Your Spanner database ID of where to restore"
# backup_id = "Your Spanner backup ID"

require "google/cloud/spanner"

spanner  = Google::Cloud::Spanner.new project: project_id
instance = spanner.instance instance_id

backup = instance.backup backup_id
job = backup.restore database_id

puts "Waiting for restore backup operation to complete"

job.wait_until_done!

restore_info = job.database.restore_info
puts "Database #{restore_info.backup_info.source_database_id} was restored to #{database_id} from backup #{restore_info.backup_info.backup_id} with version time #{restore_info.backup_info.version_time}"

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