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순서 키로 게시가 실패하면 이 순서 키의 이후 게시 요청은 물론 게시자의 동일 순서 키에 대해 큐에 추가된 메시지가 실패합니다. 이 샘플은 이러한 오류가 발생할 때 순서 키가 사용 설정된 상태로 게시를 재개하는 방법을 보여줍니다.

이 코드 샘플이 포함된 문서 페이지

컨텍스트에서 사용된 코드 샘플을 보려면 다음 문서를 참조하세요.

코드 샘플

C#

이 샘플을 사용해 보기 전에 Pub/Sub 빠른 시작: 클라이언트 라이브러리 사용의 C# 설정 안내를 따르세요. 자세한 내용은 Pub/Sub C# API 참조 문서를 확인하세요.


using Google.Cloud.PubSub.V1;
using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Linq;
using System.Threading;
using System.Threading.Tasks;

public class ResumePublishSample
{
    public async Task<int> PublishOrderedMessagesAsync(string projectId, string topicId, IEnumerable<(string, string)> keysAndMessages)
    {
        TopicName topicName = TopicName.FromProjectTopic(projectId, topicId);

        var customSettings = new PublisherClient.Settings
        {
            EnableMessageOrdering = true
        };

        PublisherClient publisher = await PublisherClient.CreateAsync(topicName, settings: customSettings);

        int publishedMessageCount = 0;
        var publishTasks = keysAndMessages.Select(async keyAndMessage =>
        {
            try
            {
                string message = await publisher.PublishAsync(keyAndMessage.Item1, keyAndMessage.Item2);
                Console.WriteLine($"Published message {message}");
                Interlocked.Increment(ref publishedMessageCount);
            }
            catch (Exception exception)
            {
                Console.WriteLine($"An error occurred when publishing message {keyAndMessage.Item2}: {exception.Message}");
                publisher.ResumePublish(keyAndMessage.Item1);
            }
        });
        await Task.WhenAll(publishTasks);
        return publishedMessageCount;
    }
}

C++

이 샘플을 사용해 보기 전에 Pub/Sub 빠른 시작: 클라이언트 라이브러리 사용의 C++ 설정 안내를 따르세요. 자세한 내용은 Pub/Sub C++ API 참조 문서를 참조하세요.

namespace pubsub = google::cloud::pubsub;
using google::cloud::future;
using google::cloud::StatusOr;
[](pubsub::Publisher publisher) {
  struct SampleData {
    std::string ordering_key;
    std::string data;
  } data[] = {
      {"key1", "message1"}, {"key2", "message2"}, {"key1", "message3"},
      {"key1", "message4"}, {"key1", "message5"},
  };
  std::vector<future<void>> done;
  for (auto const& datum : data) {
    auto const& da = datum;  // workaround MSVC lambda capture confusion
    auto handler = [da, publisher](future<StatusOr<std::string>> f) mutable {
      auto const msg = da.ordering_key + "#" + da.data;
      auto id = f.get();
      if (!id) {
        std::cout << "An error has occurred publishing " << msg << "\n";
        publisher.ResumePublish(da.ordering_key);
        return;
      }
      std::cout << "Message " << msg << " published as id=" << *id << "\n";
    };
    done.push_back(
        publisher
            .Publish(pubsub::MessageBuilder{}
                         .SetData("Hello World! [" + datum.data + "]")
                         .SetOrderingKey(datum.ordering_key)
                         .Build())
            .then(handler));
  }
  publisher.Flush();
  // Block until all the messages are published (optional)
  for (auto& f : done) f.get();
}

Go

이 샘플을 사용해 보기 전에 Pub/Sub 빠른 시작: 클라이언트 라이브러리 사용의 Go 설정 안내를 따르세요. 자세한 내용은 Pub/Sub Go API 참조 문서를 참조하세요.

import (
	"context"
	"fmt"
	"io"

	"cloud.google.com/go/pubsub"
	"google.golang.org/api/option"
)

func resumePublishWithOrderingKey(w io.Writer, projectID, topicID string) {
	// projectID := "my-project-id"
	// topicID := "my-topic"
	ctx := context.Background()

	// Sending messages to the same region ensures they are received in order
	// even when multiple publishers are used.
	client, err := pubsub.NewClient(ctx, projectID,
		option.WithEndpoint("us-east1-pubsub.googleapis.com:443"))
	if err != nil {
		fmt.Fprintf(w, "pubsub.NewClient: %v", err)
		return
	}
	defer client.Close()

	t := client.Topic(topicID)
	t.EnableMessageOrdering = true
	key := "some-ordering-key"

	res := t.Publish(ctx, &pubsub.Message{
		Data:        []byte("some-message"),
		OrderingKey: key,
	})
	_, err = res.Get(ctx)
	if err != nil {
		// Error handling code can be added here.
		fmt.Printf("Failed to publish: %s\n", err)

		// Resume publish on an ordering key that has had unrecoverable errors.
		// After such an error publishes with this ordering key will fail
		// until this method is called.
		t.ResumePublish(key)
	}

	fmt.Fprint(w, "Published a message with ordering key successfully\n")
}

자바

이 샘플을 사용해 보기 전에 Pub/Sub 빠른 시작: 클라이언트 라이브러리 사용의 자바 설정 안내를 따르세요. 자세한 내용은 Pub/Sub 자바 API 참조 문서를 참조하세요.

import com.google.api.core.ApiFuture;
import com.google.api.core.ApiFutureCallback;
import com.google.api.core.ApiFutures;
import com.google.api.gax.rpc.ApiException;
import com.google.cloud.pubsub.v1.Publisher;
import com.google.common.util.concurrent.MoreExecutors;
import com.google.protobuf.ByteString;
import com.google.pubsub.v1.PubsubMessage;
import com.google.pubsub.v1.TopicName;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.util.HashMap;
import java.util.Map;
import java.util.concurrent.TimeUnit;

public class ResumePublishWithOrderingKeys {
  public static void main(String... args) throws Exception {
    // TODO(developer): Replace these variables before running the sample.
    String projectId = "your-project-id";
    // Choose an existing topic.
    String topicId = "your-topic-id";

    resumePublishWithOrderingKeysExample(projectId, topicId);
  }

  public static void resumePublishWithOrderingKeysExample(String projectId, String topicId)
      throws IOException, InterruptedException {
    TopicName topicName = TopicName.of(projectId, topicId);
    // Create a publisher and set message ordering to true.
    Publisher publisher =
        Publisher.newBuilder(topicName)
            .setEnableMessageOrdering(true)
            .setEndpoint("us-east1-pubsub.googleapis.com:443")
            .build();

    try {
      Map<String, String> messages = new HashMap<String, String>();
      messages.put("message1", "key1");
      messages.put("message2", "key2");
      messages.put("message3", "key1");
      messages.put("message4", "key2");

      for (Map.Entry<String, String> entry : messages.entrySet()) {
        ByteString data = ByteString.copyFromUtf8(entry.getKey());
        PubsubMessage pubsubMessage =
            PubsubMessage.newBuilder().setData(data).setOrderingKey(entry.getValue()).build();
        ApiFuture<String> future = publisher.publish(pubsubMessage);

        // Add an asynchronous callback to handle publish success / failure.
        ApiFutures.addCallback(
            future,
            new ApiFutureCallback<String>() {

              @Override
              public void onFailure(Throwable throwable) {
                if (throwable instanceof ApiException) {
                  ApiException apiException = ((ApiException) throwable);
                  // Details on the API exception.
                  System.out.println(apiException.getStatusCode().getCode());
                  System.out.println(apiException.isRetryable());
                }
                System.out.println("Error publishing message : " + pubsubMessage.getData());
                // (Beta) Must call resumePublish to reset key and continue publishing with order.
                publisher.resumePublish(pubsubMessage.getOrderingKey());
              }

              @Override
              public void onSuccess(String messageId) {
                // Once published, returns server-assigned message ids (unique within the topic).
                System.out.println(pubsubMessage.getData() + " : " + messageId);
              }
            },
            MoreExecutors.directExecutor());
      }
    } finally {
      publisher.shutdown();
      publisher.awaitTermination(1, TimeUnit.MINUTES);
    }
  }
}

Node.js

이 샘플을 사용해 보기 전에 Pub/Sub 빠른 시작: 클라이언트 라이브러리 사용의 Node.js 설정 안내를 따르세요. 자세한 내용은 Pub/Sub Node.js API 참조 문서를 참조하세요.

/**
 * TODO(developer): Uncomment these variables before running the sample.
 */
// const topicName = 'YOUR_TOPIC_NAME';
// const data = JSON.stringify({foo: 'bar'});
// const orderingKey = 'key1';

// Imports the Google Cloud client library
const {PubSub} = require('@google-cloud/pubsub');

// Creates a client; cache this for further use
const pubSubClient = new PubSub();

async function resumePublish() {
  // Publishes the message as a string, e.g. "Hello, world!" or JSON.stringify(someObject)
  const dataBuffer = Buffer.from(data);

  // Publishes the message
  const publisher = pubSubClient.topic(topicName, {
    enableMessageOrdering: true,
  });
  try {
    const message = {
      data: dataBuffer,
      orderingKey: orderingKey,
    };
    const messageId = await publisher.publishMessage(message);
    console.log(`Message ${messageId} published.`);

    return messageId;
  } catch (e) {
    console.log(`Could not publish: ${e}`);
    publisher.resumePublishing(orderingKey);
    return null;
  }
}

return await resumePublish();

Python

이 샘플을 사용해 보기 전에 Pub/Sub 빠른 시작: 클라이언트 라이브러리 사용의 Python 설정 안내를 따르세요. 자세한 내용은 Pub/Sub Python API 참조 문서를 참조하세요.

from google.cloud import pubsub_v1

# TODO(developer): Choose an existing topic.
# project_id = "your-project-id"
# topic_id = "your-topic-id"

publisher_options = pubsub_v1.types.PublisherOptions(enable_message_ordering=True)
# Sending messages to the same region ensures they are received in order
# even when multiple publishers are used.
client_options = {"api_endpoint": "us-east1-pubsub.googleapis.com:443"}
publisher = pubsub_v1.PublisherClient(
    publisher_options=publisher_options, client_options=client_options
)
# The `topic_path` method creates a fully qualified identifier
# in the form `projects/{project_id}/topics/{topic_id}`
topic_path = publisher.topic_path(project_id, topic_id)

for message in [
    ("message1", "key1"),
    ("message2", "key2"),
    ("message3", "key1"),
    ("message4", "key2"),
]:
    # Data must be a bytestring
    data = message[0].encode("utf-8")
    ordering_key = message[1]
    # When you publish a message, the client returns a future.
    future = publisher.publish(topic_path, data=data, ordering_key=ordering_key)
    try:
        print(future.result())
    except RuntimeError:
        # Resume publish on an ordering key that has had unrecoverable errors.
        publisher.resume_publish(topic_path, ordering_key)

print(f"Resumed publishing messages with ordering keys to {topic_path}.")

Ruby

이 샘플을 사용해 보기 전에 Pub/Sub 빠른 시작: 클라이언트 라이브러리 사용의 Ruby 설정 안내를 따르세요. 자세한 내용은 Pub/Sub Ruby API 참조 문서를 참조하세요.

# topic_id = "your-topic-id"
require "google/cloud/pubsub"

pubsub = Google::Cloud::Pubsub.new

# Start sending messages in one request once the size of all queued messages
# reaches 1 MB or the number of queued messages reaches 20
topic = pubsub.topic topic_id, async: {
  max_bytes:    1_000_000,
  max_messages: 20
}
topic.enable_message_ordering!
10.times do |i|
  topic.publish_async "This is message \##{i}.",
                      ordering_key: "ordering-key" do |result|
    if result.succeeded?
      puts "Message \##{i} successfully published."
    else
      puts "Message \##{i} failed to publish"
      # Allow publishing to continue on "ordering-key" after processing the
      # failure.
      topic.resume_publish "ordering-key"
    end
  end
end

# Stop the async_publisher to send all queued messages immediately.
topic.async_publisher.stop!

다음 단계

다른 Google Cloud 제품의 코드 샘플을 검색하고 필터링하려면 Google Cloud 샘플 브라우저를 참조하세요.