k-Map für ein Dataset berechnen

Der Messwert k-Map ist der k-Anonymität sehr ähnlich, mit der Ausnahme, dass hier davon ausgegangen wird, dass der Angreifer wahrscheinlich nicht weiß, wessen Daten im Dataset gespeichert sind. Verwenden Sie k-Map, wenn Ihr Dataset relativ klein ist oder die Generalisierung der Attribute zu aufwendig wäre.

Ebenso wie bei der k-Anonymität müssen Sie für k-Map bestimmen, welche Spalten der Datenbank Quasi-Identifikatoren enthalten. Damit geben Sie an, welche Daten ein Angreifer höchstwahrscheinlich verwenden würde, um Personen zu re-identifizieren. Für die Berechnung eines k-Map-Werts ist außerdem ein Reidentifikations-Dataset erforderlich – eine größere Tabelle, mit deren Daten die Zeilen des ursprünglichen Datasets verglichen werden können.

In diesem Thema wird gezeigt, wie Sie k-Zuordnungswerte für ein Dataset mithilfe von Cloud Data Loss Prevention (DLP) berechnen. Weitere Informationen zur k-Map oder Risikoanalyse im Allgemeinen finden Sie im Thema zur Risikoanalyse, bevor Sie fortfahren.

Hinweis

Führen Sie folgende Schritte aus, bevor Sie fortfahren:

  1. Melden Sie sich bei Ihrem Google-Konto an.
  2. Wählen Sie in der Google Cloud Console auf der Seite zur Projektauswahl ein Google Cloud-Projekt aus oder erstellen Sie eines.
  3. Projektauswahl aufrufen
  4. Die Abrechnung für das Google Cloud-Projekt muss aktiviert sein. Weitere Informationen zur Abrechnung Ihres Projekts.
  5. Cloud DLP aktivieren
  6. Cloud DLP aktivieren

  7. Wählen Sie das zu analysierende BigQuery-Dataset aus. Cloud DLP schätzt den k-Map-Messwert durch Scannen einer BigQuery-Tabelle.
  8. Bestimmen Sie die Dataset-Typen, die Sie zur Modellierung des Angriffs-Datasets verwenden möchten. Weitere Informationen finden Sie auf der Referenzseite für das Objekt KMapEstimationConfig sowie in den Begriffen und Techniken der Risikoanalyse.

k-Map-Schätzungen berechnen

Sie können mit Cloud DLP k-Map-Werte schätzen. Dabei wird ein statistisches Modell zur Schätzung der Re-Identifizierbarkeit eines Datasets verwendet. Dies unterscheidet sich von den anderen Methoden der Risikoanalyse, bei denen das Dataset mit Angriffspotenzial explizit bekannt ist. Je nach Datentyp verwendet Cloud DLP öffentlich verfügbare Datasets (z. B. aus der US-Volkszählung) oder ein benutzerdefiniertes statistisches Modell (z. B. eine oder mehrere von Ihnen angegebene BigQuery-Tabellen) oder leitet die Daten aus der Werteverteilung in Ihrem Eingabedataset ab. Weitere Informationen finden Sie auf der Referenzseite für das Objekt KMapEstimationConfig.

Konfigurieren Sie zuerst den Risikojob, um eine k-Map-Schätzung mit Cloud DLP zu berechnen. Senden Sie eine Anfrage an die Ressource projects.dlpJobs, wobei PROJECT_ID Ihre Projekt-ID angibt:

https://dlp.googleapis.com/v2/projects/PROJECT_ID/dlpJobs

Die Anfrage enthält ein RiskAnalysisJobConfig-Objekt, das Folgendes umfasst:

  • Ein PrivacyMetric-Objekt. Hier geben Sie an, dass Sie die k-Zuordnung berechnen möchten, indem Sie ein KMapEstimationConfig-Objekt angeben, das Folgendes enthält:

    • quasiIds[]: erforderlich. Felder (TaggedField-Objekte), die als Quasi-Identifikatoren betrachtet werden, die durchsucht und zur Berechnung von k-Map verwendet werden. Zwei Spalten dürfen nicht dasselbe Tag haben. Dies gilt für jedes der folgenden Tags:

      • infoType: Dies bewirkt, dass Cloud DLP das relevante öffentliche Dataset als statistisches Bevölkerungsmodell verwendet, einschließlich US-Postleitzahlen, Regionscodes, Altersgruppen und Geschlecht.
      • Benutzerdefinierter infoType: benutzerdefiniertes Tag zur Angabe einer Hilfstabelle (eines AuxiliaryTable-Objekts), die statistische Informationen zu den möglichen Werten dieser Spalte enthält.
      • Tag inferred: Wenn kein semantisches Tag angegeben ist, geben Sie inferred an. Cloud DLP leitet das statistische Modell von der Werteverteilung in den Eingabedaten ab.
    • regionCode: ein Regionscode gemäß ISO 3166-1 Alpha-2, den Cloud DLP für die statistische Modellierung verwendet. Dieser Wert ist erforderlich, wenn keine Spalte mit einem regionsspezifischen infoType (z. B. einer US-Postleitzahl) oder einem Regionscode gekennzeichnet ist.

    • auxiliaryTables[]: Hilfstabellen (AuxiliaryTable-Objekte), die in der Analyse verwendet werden sollen. Jedes benutzerdefinierte Tag, mit dem eine Spalte von Quasi-Identifikatoren gekennzeichnet wird (aus quasiIds[]), darf jeweils nur in einer Zeile der Hilfstabelle enthalten sein.

  • Ein BigQueryTable-Objekt. Geben Sie die zu untersuchende BigQuery-Tabelle an. Dazu beziehen Sie die folgenden Parameter ein:

    • projectId: die Projekt-ID des Projekts, das die Tabelle enthält
    • datasetId: die Dataset-ID der Tabelle
    • tableId: der Name der Tabelle
  • Ein oder mehrere Action-Objekte für Aktionen, die nach Abschluss des Jobs in der angegebenen Reihenfolge ausgeführt werden sollen. Jedes Action-Objekt kann eine der folgenden Aktionen enthalten:

Codebeispiele

Im folgenden Beispielcode in mehreren Sprachen wird gezeigt, wie Sie mit Cloud DLP einen k-Map-Wert berechnen können.

Java

Informationen zum Installieren und Verwenden der Clientbibliothek für Cloud DLP finden Sie unter Cloud DLP-Clientbibliotheken.


import com.google.api.core.SettableApiFuture;
import com.google.cloud.dlp.v2.DlpServiceClient;
import com.google.cloud.pubsub.v1.AckReplyConsumer;
import com.google.cloud.pubsub.v1.MessageReceiver;
import com.google.cloud.pubsub.v1.Subscriber;
import com.google.privacy.dlp.v2.Action;
import com.google.privacy.dlp.v2.Action.PublishToPubSub;
import com.google.privacy.dlp.v2.AnalyzeDataSourceRiskDetails.KMapEstimationResult;
import com.google.privacy.dlp.v2.AnalyzeDataSourceRiskDetails.KMapEstimationResult.KMapEstimationHistogramBucket;
import com.google.privacy.dlp.v2.AnalyzeDataSourceRiskDetails.KMapEstimationResult.KMapEstimationQuasiIdValues;
import com.google.privacy.dlp.v2.BigQueryTable;
import com.google.privacy.dlp.v2.CreateDlpJobRequest;
import com.google.privacy.dlp.v2.DlpJob;
import com.google.privacy.dlp.v2.FieldId;
import com.google.privacy.dlp.v2.GetDlpJobRequest;
import com.google.privacy.dlp.v2.InfoType;
import com.google.privacy.dlp.v2.LocationName;
import com.google.privacy.dlp.v2.PrivacyMetric;
import com.google.privacy.dlp.v2.PrivacyMetric.KMapEstimationConfig;
import com.google.privacy.dlp.v2.PrivacyMetric.KMapEstimationConfig.TaggedField;
import com.google.privacy.dlp.v2.RiskAnalysisJobConfig;
import com.google.pubsub.v1.ProjectSubscriptionName;
import com.google.pubsub.v1.ProjectTopicName;
import com.google.pubsub.v1.PubsubMessage;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.Arrays;
import java.util.List;
import java.util.concurrent.ExecutionException;
import java.util.concurrent.TimeUnit;
import java.util.concurrent.TimeoutException;
import java.util.stream.Collectors;

class RiskAnalysisKMap {

  public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception {
    // TODO(developer): Replace these variables before running the sample.
    String projectId = "your-project-id";
    String datasetId = "your-bigquery-dataset-id";
    String tableId = "your-bigquery-table-id";
    String topicId = "pub-sub-topic";
    String subscriptionId = "pub-sub-subscription";
    calculateKMap(projectId, datasetId, tableId, topicId, subscriptionId);
  }

  public static void calculateKMap(
      String projectId, String datasetId, String tableId, String topicId, String subscriptionId)
      throws ExecutionException, InterruptedException, IOException {
    // Initialize client that will be used to send requests. This client only needs to be created
    // once, and can be reused for multiple requests. After completing all of your requests, call
    // the "close" method on the client to safely clean up any remaining background resources.
    try (DlpServiceClient dlpServiceClient = DlpServiceClient.create()) {
      // Specify the BigQuery table to analyze
      BigQueryTable bigQueryTable =
          BigQueryTable.newBuilder()
              .setProjectId(projectId)
              .setDatasetId(datasetId)
              .setTableId(tableId)
              .build();

      // These values represent the column names of quasi-identifiers to analyze
      List<String> quasiIds = Arrays.asList("Age", "Gender");

      // These values represent the info types corresponding to the quasi-identifiers above
      List<String> infoTypeNames = Arrays.asList("AGE", "GENDER");

      // Tag each of the quasiId column names with its corresponding infoType
      List<InfoType> infoTypes =
          infoTypeNames.stream()
              .map(it -> InfoType.newBuilder().setName(it).build())
              .collect(Collectors.toList());

      if (quasiIds.size() != infoTypes.size()) {
        throw new IllegalArgumentException("The numbers of quasi-IDs and infoTypes must be equal!");
      }

      List<TaggedField> taggedFields = new ArrayList<TaggedField>();
      for (int i = 0; i < quasiIds.size(); i++) {
        TaggedField taggedField =
            TaggedField.newBuilder()
                .setField(FieldId.newBuilder().setName(quasiIds.get(i)).build())
                .setInfoType(infoTypes.get(i))
                .build();
        taggedFields.add(taggedField);
      }

      // The k-map distribution region can be specified by any ISO-3166-1 region code.
      String regionCode = "US";

      // Configure the privacy metric for the job
      KMapEstimationConfig kmapConfig =
          KMapEstimationConfig.newBuilder()
              .addAllQuasiIds(taggedFields)
              .setRegionCode(regionCode)
              .build();
      PrivacyMetric privacyMetric =
          PrivacyMetric.newBuilder().setKMapEstimationConfig(kmapConfig).build();

      // Create action to publish job status notifications over Google Cloud Pub/Sub
      ProjectTopicName topicName = ProjectTopicName.of(projectId, topicId);
      PublishToPubSub publishToPubSub =
          PublishToPubSub.newBuilder().setTopic(topicName.toString()).build();
      Action action = Action.newBuilder().setPubSub(publishToPubSub).build();

      // Configure the risk analysis job to perform
      RiskAnalysisJobConfig riskAnalysisJobConfig =
          RiskAnalysisJobConfig.newBuilder()
              .setSourceTable(bigQueryTable)
              .setPrivacyMetric(privacyMetric)
              .addActions(action)
              .build();

      // Build the request to be sent by the client
      CreateDlpJobRequest createDlpJobRequest =
          CreateDlpJobRequest.newBuilder()
              .setParent(LocationName.of(projectId, "global").toString())
              .setRiskJob(riskAnalysisJobConfig)
              .build();

      // Send the request to the API using the client
      DlpJob dlpJob = dlpServiceClient.createDlpJob(createDlpJobRequest);

      // Set up a Pub/Sub subscriber to listen on the job completion status
      final SettableApiFuture<Boolean> done = SettableApiFuture.create();

      ProjectSubscriptionName subscriptionName =
          ProjectSubscriptionName.of(projectId, subscriptionId);

      MessageReceiver messageHandler =
          (PubsubMessage pubsubMessage, AckReplyConsumer ackReplyConsumer) -> {
            handleMessage(dlpJob, done, pubsubMessage, ackReplyConsumer);
          };
      Subscriber subscriber = Subscriber.newBuilder(subscriptionName, messageHandler).build();
      subscriber.startAsync();

      // Wait for job completion semi-synchronously
      // For long jobs, consider using a truly asynchronous execution model such as Cloud Functions
      try {
        done.get(15, TimeUnit.MINUTES);
      } catch (TimeoutException e) {
        System.out.println("Job was not completed after 15 minutes.");
        return;
      } finally {
        subscriber.stopAsync();
        subscriber.awaitTerminated();
      }

      // Build a request to get the completed job
      GetDlpJobRequest getDlpJobRequest =
          GetDlpJobRequest.newBuilder().setName(dlpJob.getName()).build();

      // Retrieve completed job status
      DlpJob completedJob = dlpServiceClient.getDlpJob(getDlpJobRequest);
      System.out.println("Job status: " + completedJob.getState());

      // Get the result and parse through and process the information
      KMapEstimationResult kmapResult = completedJob.getRiskDetails().getKMapEstimationResult();

      for (KMapEstimationHistogramBucket result : kmapResult.getKMapEstimationHistogramList()) {
        System.out.printf(
            "\tAnonymity range: [%d, %d]\n", result.getMinAnonymity(), result.getMaxAnonymity());
        System.out.printf("\tSize: %d\n", result.getBucketSize());

        for (KMapEstimationQuasiIdValues valueBucket : result.getBucketValuesList()) {
          List<String> quasiIdValues =
              valueBucket.getQuasiIdsValuesList().stream()
                  .map(
                      value -> {
                        String s = value.toString();
                        return s.substring(s.indexOf(':') + 1).trim();
                      })
                  .collect(Collectors.toList());

          System.out.printf("\tValues: {%s}\n", String.join(", ", quasiIdValues));
          System.out.printf(
              "\tEstimated k-map anonymity: %d\n", valueBucket.getEstimatedAnonymity());
        }
      }
    }
  }

  // handleMessage injects the job and settableFuture into the message reciever interface
  private static void handleMessage(
      DlpJob job,
      SettableApiFuture<Boolean> done,
      PubsubMessage pubsubMessage,
      AckReplyConsumer ackReplyConsumer) {
    String messageAttribute = pubsubMessage.getAttributesMap().get("DlpJobName");
    if (job.getName().equals(messageAttribute)) {
      done.set(true);
      ackReplyConsumer.ack();
    } else {
      ackReplyConsumer.nack();
    }
  }
}

Node.js

Informationen zum Installieren und Verwenden der Clientbibliothek für Cloud DLP finden Sie unter Cloud DLP-Clientbibliotheken.

// Import the Google Cloud client libraries
const DLP = require('@google-cloud/dlp');
const {PubSub} = require('@google-cloud/pubsub');

// Instantiates clients
const dlp = new DLP.DlpServiceClient();
const pubsub = new PubSub();

// The project ID to run the API call under
// const projectId = 'my-project';

// The project ID the table is stored under
// This may or (for public datasets) may not equal the calling project ID
// const tableProjectId = 'my-project';

// The ID of the dataset to inspect, e.g. 'my_dataset'
// const datasetId = 'my_dataset';

// The ID of the table to inspect, e.g. 'my_table'
// const tableId = 'my_table';

// The name of the Pub/Sub topic to notify once the job completes
// TODO(developer): create a Pub/Sub topic to use for this
// const topicId = 'MY-PUBSUB-TOPIC'

// The name of the Pub/Sub subscription to use when listening for job
// completion notifications
// TODO(developer): create a Pub/Sub subscription to use for this
// const subscriptionId = 'MY-PUBSUB-SUBSCRIPTION'

// The ISO 3166-1 region code that the data is representative of
// Can be omitted if using a region-specific infoType (such as US_ZIP_5)
// const regionCode = 'USA';

// A set of columns that form a composite key ('quasi-identifiers'), and
// optionally their reidentification distributions
// const quasiIds = [{ field: { name: 'age' }, infoType: { name: 'AGE' }}];
async function kMapEstimationAnalysis() {
  const sourceTable = {
    projectId: tableProjectId,
    datasetId: datasetId,
    tableId: tableId,
  };

  // Construct request for creating a risk analysis job
  const request = {
    parent: `projects/${projectId}/locations/global`,
    riskJob: {
      privacyMetric: {
        kMapEstimationConfig: {
          quasiIds: quasiIds,
          regionCode: regionCode,
        },
      },
      sourceTable: sourceTable,
      actions: [
        {
          pubSub: {
            topic: `projects/${projectId}/topics/${topicId}`,
          },
        },
      ],
    },
  };
  // Create helper function for unpacking values
  const getValue = obj => obj[Object.keys(obj)[0]];

  // Run risk analysis job
  const [topicResponse] = await pubsub.topic(topicId).get();
  const subscription = await topicResponse.subscription(subscriptionId);
  const [jobsResponse] = await dlp.createDlpJob(request);
  const jobName = jobsResponse.name;

  // Watch the Pub/Sub topic until the DLP job finishes
  await new Promise((resolve, reject) => {
    const messageHandler = message => {
      if (message.attributes && message.attributes.DlpJobName === jobName) {
        message.ack();
        subscription.removeListener('message', messageHandler);
        subscription.removeListener('error', errorHandler);
        resolve(jobName);
      } else {
        message.nack();
      }
    };

    const errorHandler = err => {
      subscription.removeListener('message', messageHandler);
      subscription.removeListener('error', errorHandler);
      reject(err);
    };

    subscription.on('message', messageHandler);
    subscription.on('error', errorHandler);
  });
  setTimeout(() => {
    console.log(' Waiting for DLP job to fully complete');
  }, 500);
  const [job] = await dlp.getDlpJob({name: jobName});

  const histogramBuckets =
    job.riskDetails.kMapEstimationResult.kMapEstimationHistogram;

  histogramBuckets.forEach((histogramBucket, histogramBucketIdx) => {
    console.log(`Bucket ${histogramBucketIdx}:`);
    console.log(
      `  Anonymity range: [${histogramBucket.minAnonymity}, ${histogramBucket.maxAnonymity}]`
    );
    console.log(`  Size: ${histogramBucket.bucketSize}`);
    histogramBucket.bucketValues.forEach(valueBucket => {
      const values = valueBucket.quasiIdsValues.map(value => getValue(value));
      console.log(`    Values: ${values.join(' ')}`);
      console.log(
        `    Estimated k-map anonymity: ${valueBucket.estimatedAnonymity}`
      );
    });
  });
}

kMapEstimationAnalysis();

Python

Informationen zum Installieren und Verwenden der Clientbibliothek für Cloud DLP finden Sie unter Cloud DLP-Clientbibliotheken.

def k_map_estimate_analysis(
    project,
    table_project_id,
    dataset_id,
    table_id,
    topic_id,
    subscription_id,
    quasi_ids,
    info_types,
    region_code="US",
    timeout=300,
):
    """Uses the Data Loss Prevention API to compute the k-map risk estimation
        of a column set in a Google BigQuery table.
    Args:
        project: The Google Cloud project id to use as a parent resource.
        table_project_id: The Google Cloud project id where the BigQuery table
            is stored.
        dataset_id: The id of the dataset to inspect.
        table_id: The id of the table to inspect.
        column_name: The name of the column to compute risk metrics for.
        topic_id: The name of the Pub/Sub topic to notify once the job
            completes.
        subscription_id: The name of the Pub/Sub subscription to use when
            listening for job completion notifications.
        quasi_ids: A set of columns that form a composite key and optionally
            their reidentification distributions.
        info_types: Type of information of the quasi_id in order to provide a
            statistical model of population.
        region_code: The ISO 3166-1 region code that the data is representative
            of. Can be omitted if using a region-specific infoType (such as
            US_ZIP_5)
        timeout: The number of seconds to wait for a response from the API.

    Returns:
        None; the response from the API is printed to the terminal.
    """
    import concurrent.futures

    # Import the client library.
    import google.cloud.dlp

    # This sample additionally uses Cloud Pub/Sub to receive results from
    # potentially long-running operations.
    import google.cloud.pubsub

    # Create helper function for unpacking values
    def get_values(obj):
        return int(obj.integer_value)

    # Instantiate a client.
    dlp = google.cloud.dlp_v2.DlpServiceClient()

    # Convert the project id into full resource ids.
    topic = google.cloud.pubsub.PublisherClient.topic_path(project, topic_id)
    parent = f"projects/{project}/locations/global"

    # Location info of the BigQuery table.
    source_table = {
        "project_id": table_project_id,
        "dataset_id": dataset_id,
        "table_id": table_id,
    }

    # Check that numbers of quasi-ids and info types are equal
    if len(quasi_ids) != len(info_types):
        raise ValueError(
            """Number of infoTypes and number of quasi-identifiers
                            must be equal!"""
        )

    # Convert quasi id list to Protobuf type
    def map_fields(quasi_id, info_type):
        return {"field": {"name": quasi_id}, "info_type": {"name": info_type}}

    quasi_ids = map(map_fields, quasi_ids, info_types)

    # Tell the API where to send a notification when the job is complete.
    actions = [{"pub_sub": {"topic": topic}}]

    # Configure risk analysis job
    # Give the name of the numeric column to compute risk metrics for
    risk_job = {
        "privacy_metric": {
            "k_map_estimation_config": {
                "quasi_ids": quasi_ids,
                "region_code": region_code,
            }
        },
        "source_table": source_table,
        "actions": actions,
    }

    # Call API to start risk analysis job
    operation = dlp.create_dlp_job(request={"parent": parent, "risk_job": risk_job})

    def callback(message):
        if message.attributes["DlpJobName"] == operation.name:
            # This is the message we're looking for, so acknowledge it.
            message.ack()

            # Now that the job is done, fetch the results and print them.
            job = dlp.get_dlp_job(request={"name": operation.name})
            histogram_buckets = (
                job.risk_details.k_map_estimation_result.k_map_estimation_histogram
            )
            # Print bucket stats
            for i, bucket in enumerate(histogram_buckets):
                print("Bucket {}:".format(i))
                print(
                    "   Anonymity range: [{}, {}]".format(
                        bucket.min_anonymity, bucket.max_anonymity
                    )
                )
                print("   Size: {}".format(bucket.bucket_size))
                for value_bucket in bucket.bucket_values:
                    print(
                        "   Values: {}".format(
                            map(get_values, value_bucket.quasi_ids_values)
                        )
                    )
                    print(
                        "   Estimated k-map anonymity: {}".format(
                            value_bucket.estimated_anonymity
                        )
                    )
            subscription.set_result(None)
        else:
            # This is not the message we're looking for.
            message.drop()

    # Create a Pub/Sub client and find the subscription. The subscription is
    # expected to already be listening to the topic.
    subscriber = google.cloud.pubsub.SubscriberClient()
    subscription_path = subscriber.subscription_path(project, subscription_id)
    subscription = subscriber.subscribe(subscription_path, callback)

    try:
        subscription.result(timeout=timeout)
    except concurrent.futures.TimeoutError:
        print(
            "No event received before the timeout. Please verify that the "
            "subscription provided is subscribed to the topic provided."
        )
        subscription.close()

Go

Informationen zum Installieren und Verwenden der Clientbibliothek für Cloud DLP finden Sie unter Cloud DLP-Clientbibliotheken.

import (
	"context"
	"fmt"
	"io"
	"strings"
	"time"

	dlp "cloud.google.com/go/dlp/apiv2"
	"cloud.google.com/go/pubsub"
	"github.com/golang/protobuf/ptypes/empty"
	dlppb "google.golang.org/genproto/googleapis/privacy/dlp/v2"
)

// riskKMap runs K Map on the given data.
func riskKMap(w io.Writer, projectID, dataProject, pubSubTopic, pubSubSub, datasetID, tableID, region string, columnNames ...string) error {
	// projectID := "my-project-id"
	// dataProject := "bigquery-public-data"
	// pubSubTopic := "dlp-risk-sample-topic"
	// pubSubSub := "dlp-risk-sample-sub"
	// datasetID := "san_francisco"
	// tableID := "bikeshare_trips"
	// region := "US"
	// columnNames := "zip_code"
	ctx := context.Background()
	client, err := dlp.NewClient(ctx)
	if err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("dlp.NewClient: %v", err)
	}

	// Create a PubSub Client used to listen for when the inspect job finishes.
	pubsubClient, err := pubsub.NewClient(ctx, projectID)
	if err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("Error creating PubSub client: %v", err)
	}
	defer pubsubClient.Close()

	// Create a PubSub subscription we can use to listen for messages.
	s, err := setupPubSub(projectID, pubSubTopic, pubSubSub)
	if err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("setupPubSub: %v", err)
	}

	// topic is the PubSub topic string where messages should be sent.
	topic := "projects/" + projectID + "/topics/" + pubSubTopic

	// Build the QuasiID slice.
	var q []*dlppb.PrivacyMetric_KMapEstimationConfig_TaggedField
	for _, c := range columnNames {
		q = append(q, &dlppb.PrivacyMetric_KMapEstimationConfig_TaggedField{
			Field: &dlppb.FieldId{
				Name: c,
			},
			Tag: &dlppb.PrivacyMetric_KMapEstimationConfig_TaggedField_Inferred{
				Inferred: &empty.Empty{},
			},
		})
	}

	// Create a configured request.
	req := &dlppb.CreateDlpJobRequest{
		Parent: fmt.Sprintf("projects/%s/locations/global", projectID),
		Job: &dlppb.CreateDlpJobRequest_RiskJob{
			RiskJob: &dlppb.RiskAnalysisJobConfig{
				// PrivacyMetric configures what to compute.
				PrivacyMetric: &dlppb.PrivacyMetric{
					Type: &dlppb.PrivacyMetric_KMapEstimationConfig_{
						KMapEstimationConfig: &dlppb.PrivacyMetric_KMapEstimationConfig{
							QuasiIds:   q,
							RegionCode: region,
						},
					},
				},
				// SourceTable describes where to find the data.
				SourceTable: &dlppb.BigQueryTable{
					ProjectId: dataProject,
					DatasetId: datasetID,
					TableId:   tableID,
				},
				// Send a message to PubSub using Actions.
				Actions: []*dlppb.Action{
					{
						Action: &dlppb.Action_PubSub{
							PubSub: &dlppb.Action_PublishToPubSub{
								Topic: topic,
							},
						},
					},
				},
			},
		},
	}
	// Create the risk job.
	j, err := client.CreateDlpJob(ctx, req)
	if err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("CreateDlpJob: %v", err)
	}
	fmt.Fprintf(w, "Created job: %v\n", j.GetName())

	// Wait for the risk job to finish by waiting for a PubSub message.
	// This only waits for 10 minutes. For long jobs, consider using a truly
	// asynchronous execution model such as Cloud Functions.
	ctx, cancel := context.WithTimeout(ctx, 10*time.Minute)
	defer cancel()
	err = s.Receive(ctx, func(ctx context.Context, msg *pubsub.Message) {
		// If this is the wrong job, do not process the result.
		if msg.Attributes["DlpJobName"] != j.GetName() {
			msg.Nack()
			return
		}
		msg.Ack()
		time.Sleep(500 * time.Millisecond)
		j, err := client.GetDlpJob(ctx, &dlppb.GetDlpJobRequest{
			Name: j.GetName(),
		})
		if err != nil {
			fmt.Fprintf(w, "GetDlpJob: %v", err)
			return
		}
		h := j.GetRiskDetails().GetKMapEstimationResult().GetKMapEstimationHistogram()
		for i, b := range h {
			fmt.Fprintf(w, "Histogram bucket %v\n", i)
			fmt.Fprintf(w, "  Anonymity range: [%v,%v]\n", b.GetMaxAnonymity(), b.GetMaxAnonymity())
			fmt.Fprintf(w, "  %v unique values total\n", b.GetBucketSize())
			for _, v := range b.GetBucketValues() {
				var qvs []string
				for _, qv := range v.GetQuasiIdsValues() {
					qvs = append(qvs, qv.String())
				}
				fmt.Fprintf(w, "    QuasiID values: %s\n", strings.Join(qvs, ", "))
				fmt.Fprintf(w, "    Estimated anonymity: %v\n", v.GetEstimatedAnonymity())
			}
		}
		// Stop listening for more messages.
		cancel()
	})
	if err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("Recieve: %v", err)
	}
	return nil
}

PHP

Informationen zum Installieren und Verwenden der Clientbibliothek für Cloud DLP finden Sie unter Cloud DLP-Clientbibliotheken.

/**
 * Computes the k-map risk estimation of a column set in a Google BigQuery table.
 */
use Google\Cloud\Dlp\V2\DlpServiceClient;
use Google\Cloud\Dlp\V2\InfoType;
use Google\Cloud\Dlp\V2\RiskAnalysisJobConfig;
use Google\Cloud\Dlp\V2\BigQueryTable;
use Google\Cloud\Dlp\V2\DlpJob\JobState;
use Google\Cloud\Dlp\V2\Action;
use Google\Cloud\Dlp\V2\Action\PublishToPubSub;
use Google\Cloud\Dlp\V2\PrivacyMetric\KMapEstimationConfig;
use Google\Cloud\Dlp\V2\PrivacyMetric\KMapEstimationConfig\TaggedField;
use Google\Cloud\Dlp\V2\PrivacyMetric;
use Google\Cloud\Dlp\V2\FieldId;
use Google\Cloud\PubSub\PubSubClient;

/** Uncomment and populate these variables in your code */
// $callingProjectId = 'The project ID to run the API call under';
// $dataProjectId = 'The project ID containing the target Datastore';
// $topicId = 'The name of the Pub/Sub topic to notify once the job completes';
// $subscriptionId = 'The name of the Pub/Sub subscription to use when listening for job';
// $datasetId = 'The ID of the dataset to inspect';
// $tableId = 'The ID of the table to inspect';
// $regionCode = 'The ISO 3166-1 region code that the data is representative of';
// $quasiIdNames = ['array columns that form a composite key (quasi-identifiers)'];
// $infoTypes = ['array of infoTypes corresponding to the chosen quasi-identifiers'];

// Instantiate a client.
$dlp = new DlpServiceClient([
    'projectId' => $callingProjectId,
]);
$pubsub = new PubSubClient([
    'projectId' => $callingProjectId,
]);
$topic = $pubsub->topic($topicId);

// Verify input
if (count($infoTypes) != count($quasiIdNames)) {
    throw new Exception('Number of infoTypes and number of quasi-identifiers must be equal!');
}

// Map infoTypes to quasi-ids
$quasiIdObjects = array_map(function ($quasiId, $infoType) {
    $quasiIdField = (new FieldId())
        ->setName($quasiId);

    $quasiIdType = (new InfoType())
        ->setName($infoType);

    $quasiIdObject = (new TaggedField())
        ->setInfoType($quasiIdType)
        ->setField($quasiIdField);

    return $quasiIdObject;
}, $quasiIdNames, $infoTypes);

// Construct analysis config
$statsConfig = (new KMapEstimationConfig())
    ->setQuasiIds($quasiIdObjects)
    ->setRegionCode($regionCode);

$privacyMetric = (new PrivacyMetric())
    ->setKMapEstimationConfig($statsConfig);

// Construct items to be analyzed
$bigqueryTable = (new BigQueryTable())
    ->setProjectId($dataProjectId)
    ->setDatasetId($datasetId)
    ->setTableId($tableId);

// Construct the action to run when job completes
$pubSubAction = (new PublishToPubSub())
    ->setTopic($topic->name());

$action = (new Action())
    ->setPubSub($pubSubAction);

// Construct risk analysis job config to run
$riskJob = (new RiskAnalysisJobConfig())
    ->setPrivacyMetric($privacyMetric)
    ->setSourceTable($bigqueryTable)
    ->setActions([$action]);

// Listen for job notifications via an existing topic/subscription.
$subscription = $topic->subscription($subscriptionId);

// Submit request
$parent = "projects/$callingProjectId/locations/global";
$job = $dlp->createDlpJob($parent, [
    'riskJob' => $riskJob
]);

// Poll Pub/Sub using exponential backoff until job finishes
// Consider using an asynchronous execution model such as Cloud Functions
$attempt = 1;
$startTime = time();
do {
    foreach ($subscription->pull() as $message) {
        if (isset($message->attributes()['DlpJobName']) &&
            $message->attributes()['DlpJobName'] === $job->getName()) {
            $subscription->acknowledge($message);
            // Get the updated job. Loop to avoid race condition with DLP API.
            do {
                $job = $dlp->getDlpJob($job->getName());
            } while ($job->getState() == JobState::RUNNING);
            break 2; // break from parent do while
        }
    }
    printf('Waiting for job to complete' . PHP_EOL);
    // Exponential backoff with max delay of 60 seconds
    sleep(min(60, pow(2, ++$attempt)));
} while (time() - $startTime < 600); // 10 minute timeout

// Print finding counts
printf('Job %s status: %s' . PHP_EOL, $job->getName(), JobState::name($job->getState()));
switch ($job->getState()) {
    case JobState::DONE:
        $histBuckets = $job->getRiskDetails()->getKMapEstimationResult()->getKMapEstimationHistogram();

        foreach ($histBuckets as $bucketIndex => $histBucket) {
            // Print bucket stats
            printf('Bucket %s:' . PHP_EOL, $bucketIndex);
            printf(
                '  Anonymity range: [%s, %s]' . PHP_EOL,
                $histBucket->getMinAnonymity(),
                $histBucket->getMaxAnonymity()
            );
            printf('  Size: %s' . PHP_EOL, $histBucket->getBucketSize());

            // Print bucket values
            foreach ($histBucket->getBucketValues() as $percent => $valueBucket) {
                printf(
                    '  Estimated k-map anonymity: %s' . PHP_EOL,
                    $valueBucket->getEstimatedAnonymity()
                );

                // Pretty-print quasi-ID values
                print('  Values: ' . PHP_EOL);
                foreach ($valueBucket->getQuasiIdsValues() as $index => $value) {
                    print('    ' . $value->serializeToJsonString() . PHP_EOL);
                }
            }
        }
        break;
    case JobState::FAILED:
        printf('Job %s had errors:' . PHP_EOL, $job->getName());
        $errors = $job->getErrors();
        foreach ($errors as $error) {
            var_dump($error->getDetails());
        }
        break;
    case JobState::PENDING:
        printf('Job has not completed. Consider a longer timeout or an asynchronous execution model' . PHP_EOL);
        break;
    default:
        print('Unexpected job state. Most likely, the job is either running or has not yet started.');
}

C#

Informationen zum Installieren und Verwenden der Clientbibliothek für Cloud DLP finden Sie unter Cloud DLP-Clientbibliotheken.


using Google.Api.Gax.ResourceNames;
using Google.Cloud.Dlp.V2;
using Google.Cloud.PubSub.V1;
using Newtonsoft.Json;
using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Linq;
using System.Threading;
using System.Threading.Tasks;
using static Google.Cloud.Dlp.V2.Action.Types;
using static Google.Cloud.Dlp.V2.PrivacyMetric.Types;
using static Google.Cloud.Dlp.V2.PrivacyMetric.Types.KMapEstimationConfig.Types;

public class RiskAnalysisCreateKMap
{
    public static object KMap(
        string callingProjectId,
        string tableProjectId,
        string datasetId,
        string tableId,
        string topicId,
        string subscriptionId,
        IEnumerable<FieldId> quasiIds,
        IEnumerable<InfoType> infoTypes,
        string regionCode)
    {
        var dlp = DlpServiceClient.Create();

        // Construct + submit the job
        var kmapEstimationConfig = new KMapEstimationConfig
        {
            QuasiIds =
                {
                    quasiIds.Zip(
                        infoTypes,
                        (Field, InfoType) => new TaggedField
                        {
                            Field = Field,
                            InfoType = InfoType
                        }
                    )
                },
            RegionCode = regionCode
        };

        var config = new RiskAnalysisJobConfig()
        {
            PrivacyMetric = new PrivacyMetric
            {
                KMapEstimationConfig = kmapEstimationConfig
            },
            SourceTable = new BigQueryTable
            {
                ProjectId = tableProjectId,
                DatasetId = datasetId,
                TableId = tableId
            },
            Actions =
            {
                new Google.Cloud.Dlp.V2.Action
                {
                    PubSub = new PublishToPubSub
                    {
                        Topic = $"projects/{callingProjectId}/topics/{topicId}"
                    }
                }
            }
        };

        var submittedJob = dlp.CreateDlpJob(
            new CreateDlpJobRequest
            {
                ParentAsProjectName = new ProjectName(callingProjectId),
                RiskJob = config
            });

        // Listen to pub/sub for the job
        var subscriptionName = new SubscriptionName(
            callingProjectId,
            subscriptionId);
        var subscriber = SubscriberClient.CreateAsync(
            subscriptionName).Result;

        // SimpleSubscriber runs your message handle function on multiple
        // threads to maximize throughput.
        var done = new ManualResetEventSlim(false);
        subscriber.StartAsync((PubsubMessage message, CancellationToken cancel) =>
        {
            if (message.Attributes["DlpJobName"] == submittedJob.Name)
            {
                Thread.Sleep(500); // Wait for DLP API results to become consistent
                done.Set();
                return Task.FromResult(SubscriberClient.Reply.Ack);
            }
            else
            {
                return Task.FromResult(SubscriberClient.Reply.Nack);
            }
        });

        done.Wait(TimeSpan.FromMinutes(10)); // 10 minute timeout; may not work for large jobs
        subscriber.StopAsync(CancellationToken.None).Wait();

        // Process results
        var resultJob = dlp.GetDlpJob(new GetDlpJobRequest
        {
            DlpJobName = DlpJobName.Parse(submittedJob.Name)
        });

        var result = resultJob.RiskDetails.KMapEstimationResult;

        for (var histogramIdx = 0; histogramIdx < result.KMapEstimationHistogram.Count; histogramIdx++)
        {
            var histogramValue = result.KMapEstimationHistogram[histogramIdx];
            Console.WriteLine($"Bucket {histogramIdx}");
            Console.WriteLine($"  Anonymity range: [{histogramValue.MinAnonymity}, {histogramValue.MaxAnonymity}].");
            Console.WriteLine($"  Size: {histogramValue.BucketSize}");

            foreach (var datapoint in histogramValue.BucketValues)
            {
                // 'UnpackValue(x)' is a prettier version of 'x.toString()'
                Console.WriteLine($"    Values: [{String.Join(',', datapoint.QuasiIdsValues.Select(x => UnpackValue(x)))}]");
                Console.WriteLine($"    Estimated k-map anonymity: {datapoint.EstimatedAnonymity}");
            }
        }

        return 0;
    }

    public static string UnpackValue(Value protoValue)
    {
        var jsonValue = JsonConvert.DeserializeObject<Dictionary<string, object>>(protoValue.ToString());
        return jsonValue.Values.ElementAt(0).ToString();
    }
}

K-Map-Job-Ergebnisse aufrufen

Zum Abrufen der Ergebnisse derTsd. -Map-Risikoanalysejob mithilfe der REST API senden, senden Sie die folgende GET-Anfrage an die projects.dlpJobs Ressource. Ersetzen Sie PROJECT_ID durch Ihre Projekt-ID und JOB_ID durch die ID des Jobs, für den Sie Ergebnisse erhalten möchten. Die Job-ID wurde beim Start des Jobs zurückgegeben und kann auch durch Auflisten aller Jobs abgerufen werden.

GET https://dlp.googleapis.com/v2/projects/PROJECT_ID/dlpJobs/JOB_ID

Die Anfrage gibt ein JSON-Objekt zurück, das eine Instanz des Jobs enthält. Die Ergebnisse der Analyse befinden sich im Schlüssel "riskDetails" in einem AnalyzeDataSourceRiskDetails-Objekt. Weitere Informationen finden Sie in der API-Referenz zur Ressource DlpJob.

Nächste Schritte