Run a query with legacy SQL

Runs a query with legacy SQL.

Documentation pages that include this code sample

To view the code sample used in context, see the following documentation:

Code Sample

C#

Before trying this sample, follow the C# setup instructions in the BigQuery Quickstart Using Client Libraries. For more information, see the BigQuery C# API reference documentation.


using Google.Cloud.BigQuery.V2;
using System;

public class BigQueryQueryLegacy
{
    public void QueryLegacy(
        string projectId = "your-project-id"
    )
    {
        BigQueryClient client = BigQueryClient.Create(projectId);
        string query = @"
            SELECT name FROM [bigquery-public-data:usa_names.usa_1910_2013]
            WHERE state = 'TX'
            LIMIT 100";
        BigQueryJob job = client.CreateQueryJob(
            sql: query,
            parameters: null,
            options: new QueryOptions { UseLegacySql = true });
        // Wait for the job to complete.
        job = job.PollUntilCompleted().ThrowOnAnyError();
        // Display the results
        foreach (BigQueryRow row in client.GetQueryResults(job.Reference))
        {
            Console.WriteLine($"{row["name"]}");
        }
    }
}

Go

Before trying this sample, follow the Go setup instructions in the BigQuery Quickstart Using Client Libraries. For more information, see the BigQuery Go API reference documentation.

import (
	"context"
	"fmt"
	"io"

	"cloud.google.com/go/bigquery"
	"google.golang.org/api/iterator"
)

// queryLegacy demonstrates running a query using Legacy SQL.
func queryLegacy(w io.Writer, projectID, sqlString string) error {
	// projectID := "my-project-id"
	// sqlString = "SELECT 3 as somenum"
	ctx := context.Background()
	client, err := bigquery.NewClient(ctx, projectID)
	if err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("bigquery.NewClient: %v", err)
	}
	defer client.Close()

	q := client.Query(sqlString)
	q.UseLegacySQL = true

	// Run the query and print results when the query job is completed.
	job, err := q.Run(ctx)
	if err != nil {
		return err
	}
	status, err := job.Wait(ctx)
	if err != nil {
		return err
	}
	if err := status.Err(); err != nil {
		return err
	}
	it, err := job.Read(ctx)
	for {
		var row []bigquery.Value
		err := it.Next(&row)
		if err == iterator.Done {
			break
		}
		if err != nil {
			return err
		}
		fmt.Fprintln(w, row)
	}
	return nil
}

Java

Before trying this sample, follow the Java setup instructions in the BigQuery Quickstart Using Client Libraries. For more information, see the BigQuery Java API reference documentation.

import com.google.cloud.bigquery.BigQuery;
import com.google.cloud.bigquery.BigQueryException;
import com.google.cloud.bigquery.BigQueryOptions;
import com.google.cloud.bigquery.QueryJobConfiguration;
import com.google.cloud.bigquery.TableResult;

public class RunLegacyQuery {

  public static void main(String[] args) {
    runLegacyQuery();
  }

  public static void runLegacyQuery() {
    try {
      // Initialize client that will be used to send requests. This client only needs to be created
      // once, and can be reused for multiple requests.
      BigQuery bigquery = BigQueryOptions.getDefaultInstance().getService();

      // To use legacy SQL syntax, set useLegacySql to true.
      String query =
          "SELECT corpus FROM [bigquery-public-data:samples.shakespeare] GROUP BY corpus;";
      QueryJobConfiguration queryConfig =
          QueryJobConfiguration.newBuilder(query).setUseLegacySql(true).build();

      // Execute the query.
      TableResult result = bigquery.query(queryConfig);

      // Print the results.
      result.iterateAll().forEach(rows -> rows.forEach(row -> System.out.println(row.getValue())));

      System.out.println("Legacy query ran successfully");
    } catch (BigQueryException | InterruptedException e) {
      System.out.println("Legacy query did not run \n" + e.toString());
    }
  }
}

Node.js

Before trying this sample, follow the Node.js setup instructions in the BigQuery Quickstart Using Client Libraries. For more information, see the BigQuery Node.js API reference documentation.

// Import the Google Cloud client library
const {BigQuery} = require('@google-cloud/bigquery');
const bigquery = new BigQuery();

async function queryLegacy() {
  // Queries the U.S. given names dataset for the state of Texas using legacy SQL.

  const query =
    'SELECT word FROM [bigquery-public-data:samples.shakespeare] LIMIT 10;';

  // For all options, see https://cloud.google.com/bigquery/docs/reference/rest/v2/jobs/query
  const options = {
    query: query,
    // Location must match that of the dataset(s) referenced in the query.
    location: 'US',
    useLegacySql: true,
  };

  // Run the query as a job
  const [job] = await bigquery.createQueryJob(options);
  console.log(`Job ${job.id} started.`);

  // Wait for the query to finish
  const [rows] = await job.getQueryResults();

  // Print the results
  console.log('Rows:');
  rows.forEach(row => console.log(row));
}

Python

Before trying this sample, follow the Python setup instructions in the BigQuery Quickstart Using Client Libraries. For more information, see the BigQuery Python API reference documentation.

from google.cloud import bigquery

# Construct a BigQuery client object.
client = bigquery.Client()

query = (
    "SELECT name FROM [bigquery-public-data:usa_names.usa_1910_2013] "
    'WHERE state = "TX" '
    "LIMIT 100"
)

# Set use_legacy_sql to True to use legacy SQL syntax.
job_config = bigquery.QueryJobConfig(use_legacy_sql=True)

# Start the query, passing in the extra configuration.
query_job = client.query(query, job_config=job_config)  # Make an API request.

print("The query data:")
for row in query_job:
    print(row)