Create a regression model with BigQuery DataFrames

Create a linear regression model on the body mass of penguins using the BigQuery DataFrames API.

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For detailed documentation that includes this code sample, see the following:

Code sample


Before trying this sample, follow the Python setup instructions in the BigQuery quickstart using client libraries. For more information, see the BigQuery Python API reference documentation.

To authenticate to BigQuery, set up Application Default Credentials. For more information, see Set up authentication for a local development environment.

from import LinearRegression
import bigframes.pandas as bpd

# Load data from BigQuery
query_or_table = "bigquery-public-data.ml_datasets.penguins"
bq_df = bpd.read_gbq(query_or_table)

# Filter down to the data to the Adelie Penguin species
adelie_data = bq_df[bq_df.species == "Adelie Penguin (Pygoscelis adeliae)"]

# Drop the species column
adelie_data = adelie_data.drop(columns=["species"])

# Drop rows with nulls to get training data
training_data = adelie_data.dropna()

# Specify your feature (or input) columns and the label (or output) column:
feature_columns = training_data[
    ["island", "culmen_length_mm", "culmen_depth_mm", "flipper_length_mm", "sex"]
label_columns = training_data[["body_mass_g"]]

test_data = adelie_data[adelie_data.body_mass_g.isnull()]

# Create the linear model
model = LinearRegression(), label_columns)

# Score the model
score = model.score(feature_columns, label_columns)

# Predict using the model
result = model.predict(test_data)

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