Warmup Requests

This page describes warmup requests, which you can use to avoid latency while loading application code on a fresh instance. To learn how to configure warmup requests, see Configuring Warmup Requests to Improve Performance.

App Engine frequently needs to load application code into a fresh instance. This loading happens when you redeploy the application, when the load pattern has increased beyond the capacity of the current instances, or simply due to maintenance or repairs of the underlying infrastructure or physical hardware.

Loading new application code on a fresh instance can result in loading requests. Loading requests can result in increased request latency for your users, but you can avoid this latency using warmup requests. Warmup requests load application code into a new instance before any live requests reach that instance.

If warmup requests are enabled for your application, App Engine attempts to detect when your application needs a new instance and initiates a warmup request to initialize a new instance. However, these detection attempts do not work in every case. As a result, you might encounter loading requests, even if warmup requests are enabled in your app. For example, if your app is serving no traffic, the first request to the app will always be a loading request, not a warmup request.

Warmup requests use instance hours like any other request to your App Engine application. In most cases where warmup requests are enabled, you won't notice an increase in instance hours, because your application is simply initializing in a warmup request instead of a loading request. Your instance hour usage will likely increase if you decide to do more work, such as precaching, during a warmup request. If you set a minimum number of idle instances, you might encounter warmup requests when those instances first start, but they will remain available after that time.

The default warmup request causes all JAR files to be indexed in memory and initializes your application and filters.

Configure warmup requests

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App Engine standard environment for Java