Objekt mithilfe eines Bytebereichs herunterladen

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Objekt mithilfe eines Bytebereichs aus einem Cloud Storage-Bucket herunterladen

Weitere Informationen

Eine ausführliche Dokumentation, die dieses Codebeispiel enthält, finden Sie hier:

Codebeispiel

C#

Weitere Informationen finden Sie in der Referenzdokumentation zur Cloud Storage C# API.


using Google.Apis.Storage.v1;
using Google.Cloud.Storage.V1;
using System;
using System.IO;
using System.Net.Http;
using System.Net.Http.Headers;
using System.Threading.Tasks;

public class DownloadByteRangeAsyncSample
{
    public async Task DownloadByteRangeAsync(
        string bucketName = "your-unique-bucket-name",
        string objectName = "my-file-name",
        long firstByte = 0,
        long lastByte = 20,
        string localPath = "my-local-path/my-file-name")
    {
        var storageClient = StorageClient.Create();

        // Create an HTTP request for the media, for a limited byte range.
        StorageService storage = storageClient.Service;
        var uri = new Uri($"{storage.BaseUri}b/{bucketName}/o/{objectName}?alt=media");

        var request = new HttpRequestMessage { RequestUri = uri };
        request.Headers.Range = new RangeHeaderValue(firstByte, lastByte);

        using var outputFile = File.OpenWrite(localPath);
        // Use the HttpClient in the storage object because it supplies
        // all the authentication headers we need.
        var response = await storage.HttpClient.SendAsync(request);
        await response.Content.CopyToAsync(outputFile, null);
        Console.WriteLine($"Downloaded {objectName} to {localPath}.");
    }
}

C++

Weitere Informationen finden Sie in der Referenzdokumentation zur Cloud Storage C++ API.

namespace gcs = ::google::cloud::storage;
[](gcs::Client client, std::string const& bucket_name,
   std::string const& object_name, std::int64_t start, std::int64_t end) {
  gcs::ObjectReadStream stream =
      client.ReadObject(bucket_name, object_name, gcs::ReadRange(start, end));

  int count = 0;
  std::string line;
  while (std::getline(stream, line, '\n')) {
    std::cout << line << "\n";
    ++count;
  }

  std::cout << "The requested range has " << count << " lines\n";
}

Go

Weitere Informationen finden Sie in der Referenzdokumentation zur Cloud Storage Go API.

import (
	"context"
	"fmt"
	"io"
	"os"
	"time"

	"cloud.google.com/go/storage"
)

// downloadByteRange downloads a specific byte range of an object to a file.
func downloadByteRange(w io.Writer, bucket, object string, startByte int64, endByte int64, destFileName string) error {
	// bucket := "bucket-name"
	// object := "object-name"
	// startByte := 0
	// endByte := 20
	// destFileName := "file.txt"
	ctx := context.Background()
	client, err := storage.NewClient(ctx)
	if err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("storage.NewClient: %v", err)
	}
	defer client.Close()

	ctx, cancel := context.WithTimeout(ctx, time.Second*50)
	defer cancel()

	f, err := os.Create(destFileName)
	if err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("os.Create: %v", err)
	}

	length := endByte - startByte
	rc, err := client.Bucket(bucket).Object(object).NewRangeReader(ctx, startByte, length)
	if err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("Object(%q).NewReader: %v", object, err)
	}
	defer rc.Close()

	if _, err := io.Copy(f, rc); err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("io.Copy: %v", err)
	}

	if err = f.Close(); err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("f.Close: %v", err)
	}

	fmt.Fprintf(w, "Bytes %v to %v of blob %v downloaded to local file %v\n", startByte, startByte+length, object, destFileName)

	return nil

}

Java

Weitere Informationen finden Sie in der Referenzdokumentation zur Cloud Storage Java API.


import com.google.cloud.ReadChannel;
import com.google.cloud.storage.BlobId;
import com.google.cloud.storage.Storage;
import com.google.cloud.storage.StorageOptions;
import com.google.common.io.ByteStreams;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.nio.channels.FileChannel;
import java.nio.file.Paths;
import java.nio.file.StandardOpenOption;

public class DownloadByteRange {

  public static void downloadByteRange(
      String projectId,
      String bucketName,
      String blobName,
      long startByte,
      long endBytes,
      String destFileName)
      throws IOException {
    // The ID of your GCP project
    // String projectId = "your-project-id";

    // The ID of your GCS bucket
    // String bucketName = "your-unique-bucket-name";

    // The name of the blob/file that you wish to modify permissions on
    // String blobName = "your-blob-name";

    // The starting byte at which to begin the download
    // long startByte = 0;

    // The ending byte at which to end the download
    // long endByte = 20;

    // The path to which the file should be downloaded
    // String destFileName = '/local/path/to/file.txt';

    Storage storage = StorageOptions.newBuilder().setProjectId(projectId).build().getService();
    BlobId blobId = BlobId.of(bucketName, blobName);
    try (ReadChannel from = storage.reader(blobId);
        FileChannel to = FileChannel.open(Paths.get(destFileName), StandardOpenOption.WRITE)) {
      from.seek(startByte);
      from.limit(endBytes);

      ByteStreams.copy(from, to);

      System.out.printf(
          "%s downloaded to %s from byte %d to byte %d",
          blobId.toGsUtilUri(), destFileName, startByte, endBytes);
    }
  }
}

Node.js

Weitere Informationen finden Sie in der Referenzdokumentation zur Cloud Storage Node.js API.

/**
 * TODO(developer): Uncomment the following lines before running the sample.
 */
// The ID of your GCS bucket
// const bucketName = 'your-unique-bucket-name';

// The ID of your GCS file
// const fileName = 'your-file-name';

// The starting byte at which to begin the download
// const startByte = 0;

// The ending byte at which to end the download
// const endByte = 20;

// The path to which the file should be downloaded
// const destFileName = '/local/path/to/file.txt';

// Imports the Google Cloud client library
const {Storage} = require('@google-cloud/storage');

// Creates a client
const storage = new Storage();

async function downloadByteRange() {
  const options = {
    destination: destFileName,
    start: startByte,
    end: endByte,
  };

  // Downloads the file from the starting byte to the ending byte specified in options
  await storage.bucket(bucketName).file(fileName).download(options);

  console.log(
    `gs://${bucketName}/${fileName} downloaded to ${destFileName} from byte ${startByte} to byte ${endByte}.`
  );
}

downloadByteRange();

PHP

Weitere Informationen finden Sie in der Referenzdokumentation zur Cloud Storage PHP API.

use Google\Cloud\Storage\StorageClient;

/**
 * Download a byte range from Cloud Storage and save it as a local file.
 *
 * @param string $bucketName The name of your Cloud Storage bucket.
 * @param string $objectName The name of your Cloud Storage object.
 * @param int $startByte The starting byte at which to begin the download.
 * @param int $endByte The ending byte at which to end the download.
 * @param string $destination The local destination to save the object.
 */
function download_byte_range(
    string $bucketName,
    string $objectName,
    int $startByte,
    int $endByte,
    string $destination
): void {
    // $bucketName = 'my-bucket';
    // $objectName = 'my-object';
    // $startByte = 1;
    // $endByte = 5;
    // $destination = '/path/to/your/file';

    $storage = new StorageClient();
    $bucket = $storage->bucket($bucketName);
    $object = $bucket->object($objectName);
    $object->downloadToFile($destination, [
        'restOptions' => [
            'headers' => [
                'Range' => "bytes=$startByte-$endByte",
            ],
        ],
    ]);
    printf(
        'Downloaded gs://%s/%s to %s' . PHP_EOL,
        $bucketName,
        $objectName,
        basename($destination)
    );
}

Python

Weitere Informationen finden Sie in der Referenzdokumentation zur Cloud Storage Python API.

from google.cloud import storage

def download_byte_range(
    bucket_name, source_blob_name, start_byte, end_byte, destination_file_name
):
    """Downloads a blob from the bucket."""
    # The ID of your GCS bucket
    # bucket_name = "your-bucket-name"

    # The ID of your GCS object
    # source_blob_name = "storage-object-name"

    # The starting byte at which to begin the download
    # start_byte = 0

    # The ending byte at which to end the download
    # end_byte = 20

    # The path to which the file should be downloaded
    # destination_file_name = "local/path/to/file"

    storage_client = storage.Client()

    bucket = storage_client.bucket(bucket_name)

    # Construct a client side representation of a blob.
    # Note `Bucket.blob` differs from `Bucket.get_blob` as it doesn't retrieve
    # any content from Google Cloud Storage. As we don't need additional data,
    # using `Bucket.blob` is preferred here.
    blob = bucket.blob(source_blob_name)
    blob.download_to_filename(destination_file_name, start=start_byte, end=end_byte)

    print(
        "Downloaded bytes {} to {} of object {} from bucket {} to local file {}.".format(
            start_byte, end_byte, source_blob_name, bucket_name, destination_file_name
        )
    )

Ruby

Weitere Informationen finden Sie in der Referenzdokumentation zur Cloud Storage Ruby API.

# The ID of your GCS bucket
# bucket_name = "your-unique-bucket-name"

# file_name = "Name of a file in the Storage bucket"

# The starting byte at which to begin the download
# start_byte = 0

# The ending byte at which to end the download
# end_byte = 20

# The path to which the file should be downloaded
# local_file_path = "/local/path/to/file.txt"

require "google/cloud/storage"

storage = Google::Cloud::Storage.new
bucket  = storage.bucket bucket_name
file    = bucket.file file_name

file.download local_file_path, range: start_byte..end_byte

puts "Downloaded bytes #{start_byte} to #{end_byte} of object #{file_name} from bucket #{bucket_name}" \
     + " to local file #{local_file_path}."

Nächste Schritte

Informationen zum Suchen und Filtern von Codebeispielen für andere Google Cloud-Produkte finden Sie im Google Cloud-Beispielbrowser.