Download a CSEK-encrypted object

Download a CSEK-encrypted object.

Documentation pages that include this code sample

To view the code sample used in context, see the following documentation:

Code sample

C#

For more information, see the Cloud Storage C# API reference documentation.


using Google.Cloud.Storage.V1;
using System;
using System.IO;

public class DownloadEncryptedFileSample
{
    public void DownloadEncryptedFile(
        string key = "3eFsTXPvqi3BpT2ipFCGirslh1Jgc6ikjoAu2oQ5JcI=",
        string bucketName = "your-unique-bucket-name",
        string objectName = "my-file-name",
        string localPath = "my-local-path/my-file-name")
    {
        var storage = StorageClient.Create();
        using var outputFile = File.OpenWrite(localPath);
        storage.DownloadObject(bucketName, objectName, outputFile, new DownloadObjectOptions
        {
            EncryptionKey = EncryptionKey.Create(Convert.FromBase64String(key))
        });
        Console.WriteLine($"Downloaded {objectName} to {localPath}.");
    }
}

C++

For more information, see the Cloud Storage C++ API reference documentation.

namespace gcs = google::cloud::storage;
[](gcs::Client client, std::string const& bucket_name,
   std::string const& object_name, std::string const& base64_aes256_key) {
  gcs::ObjectReadStream stream =
      client.ReadObject(bucket_name, object_name,
                        gcs::EncryptionKey::FromBase64Key(base64_aes256_key));

  std::string data(std::istreambuf_iterator<char>{stream}, {});
  std::cout << "The object contents are: " << data << "\n";
}

Go

For more information, see the Cloud Storage Go API reference documentation.

import (
	"context"
	"fmt"
	"io"
	"io/ioutil"
	"time"

	"cloud.google.com/go/storage"
)

// downloadEncryptedFile reads an encrypted object.
func downloadEncryptedFile(w io.Writer, bucket, object string, secretKey []byte) ([]byte, error) {
	// bucket := "bucket-name"
	// object := "object-name"
	// key := []byte("secret-encryption-key")
	ctx := context.Background()
	client, err := storage.NewClient(ctx)
	if err != nil {
		return nil, fmt.Errorf("storage.NewClient: %v", err)
	}
	defer client.Close()

	obj := client.Bucket(bucket).Object(object)

	ctx, cancel := context.WithTimeout(ctx, time.Second*50)
	defer cancel()

	rc, err := obj.Key(secretKey).NewReader(ctx)
	if err != nil {
		return nil, fmt.Errorf("Object(%q).Key(%q).NewReader: %v", object, secretKey, err)
	}
	defer rc.Close()

	data, err := ioutil.ReadAll(rc)
	if err != nil {
		return nil, fmt.Errorf("ioutil.ReadAll: %v", err)
	}
	fmt.Fprintf(w, "File %v downloaded with encryption key.\n", object)
	return data, nil
}

Java

For more information, see the Cloud Storage Java API reference documentation.

import com.google.cloud.storage.Blob;
import com.google.cloud.storage.Storage;
import com.google.cloud.storage.StorageOptions;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.nio.file.Path;

public class DownloadEncryptedObject {
  public static void downloadEncryptedObject(
      String projectId,
      String bucketName,
      String objectName,
      Path destFilePath,
      String decryptionKey)
      throws IOException {

    // The ID of your GCP project
    // String projectId = "your-project-id";

    // The ID of your GCS bucket
    // String bucketName = "your-unique-bucket-name";

    // The ID of your GCS object
    // String objectName = "your-object-name";

    // The path to which the file should be downloaded
    // Path destFilePath = Paths.get("/local/path/to/file.txt");

    // The Base64 encoded decryption key, which should be the same key originally used to encrypt
    // the object
    // String decryptionKey = "TIbv/fjexq+VmtXzAlc63J4z5kFmWJ6NdAPQulQBT7g=";

    Storage storage = StorageOptions.newBuilder().setProjectId(projectId).build().getService();

    Blob blob = storage.get(bucketName, objectName);
    blob.downloadTo(destFilePath, Blob.BlobSourceOption.decryptionKey(decryptionKey));

    System.out.println(
        "Downloaded object "
            + objectName
            + " from bucket name "
            + bucketName
            + " to "
            + destFilePath
            + " using customer-supplied encryption key");
  }
}

Node.js

For more information, see the Cloud Storage Node.js API reference documentation.

/**
 * TODO(developer): Uncomment the following lines before running the sample.
 */
// The ID of your GCS bucket
// const bucketName = 'your-unique-bucket-name';

// The ID of your GCS file
// const srcFileName = 'your-file-name';

// The path to which the file should be downloaded
// const destFileName = '/local/path/to/file.txt';

// The Base64 encoded decryption key, which should be the same key originally
// used to encrypt the file
// const encryptionKey = 'TIbv/fjexq+VmtXzAlc63J4z5kFmWJ6NdAPQulQBT7g=';

// Imports the Google Cloud client library
const {Storage} = require('@google-cloud/storage');

// Creates a client
const storage = new Storage();

async function downloadEncryptedFile() {
  const options = {
    destination: destFileName,
  };

  // Descrypts and downloads the file. This can only be done with the key used
  // to encrypt and upload the file.
  await storage
    .bucket(bucketName)
    .file(srcFileName)
    .setEncryptionKey(Buffer.from(encryptionKey, 'base64'))
    .download(options);

  console.log(`File ${srcFileName} downloaded to ${destFileName}`);
}

downloadEncryptedFile().catch(console.error);

PHP

For more information, see the Cloud Storage PHP API reference documentation.

use Google\Cloud\Storage\StorageClient;

/**
 * Download an encrypted file
 *
 * @param string $bucketName the name of your Google Cloud bucket.
 * @param string $objectName the name of your Google Cloud object.
 * @param string $destination the local destination to save the encrypted file.
 * @param string $base64EncryptionKey the base64 encoded encryption key.
 *
 * @return void
 */
function download_encrypted_object($bucketName, $objectName, $destination, $base64EncryptionKey)
{
    $storage = new StorageClient();
    $bucket = $storage->bucket($bucketName);
    $object = $bucket->object($objectName);
    $object->downloadToFile($destination, [
        'encryptionKey' => $base64EncryptionKey,
    ]);
    printf('Encrypted object gs://%s/%s downloaded to %s' . PHP_EOL,
        $bucketName, $objectName, basename($destination));
}

Python

For more information, see the Cloud Storage Python API reference documentation.

import base64

from google.cloud import storage


def download_encrypted_blob(
    bucket_name,
    source_blob_name,
    destination_file_name,
    base64_encryption_key,
):
    """Downloads a previously-encrypted blob from Google Cloud Storage.

    The encryption key provided must be the same key provided when uploading
    the blob.
    """
    # bucket_name = "your-bucket-name"
    # source_blob_name = "storage-object-name"
    # destination_file_name = "local/path/to/file"
    # base64_encryption_key = "base64-encoded-encryption-key"

    storage_client = storage.Client()

    bucket = storage_client.bucket(bucket_name)

    # Encryption key must be an AES256 key represented as a bytestring with
    # 32 bytes. Since it's passed in as a base64 encoded string, it needs
    # to be decoded.
    encryption_key = base64.b64decode(base64_encryption_key)
    blob = bucket.blob(source_blob_name, encryption_key=encryption_key)

    blob.download_to_filename(destination_file_name)

    print(
        "Blob {} downloaded to {}.".format(
            source_blob_name, destination_file_name
        )
    )

Ruby

For more information, see the Cloud Storage Ruby API reference documentation.

def download_encrypted_file bucket_name:, file_name:, local_file_path:, encryption_key:
  # The ID of your GCS bucket
  # bucket_name = "your-unique-bucket-name"

  # The ID of your GCS object
  # file_name = "your-file-name"

  # The path to which the file should be downloaded
  # local_file_path = "/local/path/to/file.txt"

  # The Base64 encoded decryption key, which should be the same key originally used to encrypt the object
  # encryption_key = "TIbv/fjexq+VmtXzAlc63J4z5kFmWJ6NdAPQulQBT7g="

  require "google/cloud/storage"

  storage = Google::Cloud::Storage.new

  bucket = storage.bucket bucket_name

  file = bucket.file file_name, encryption_key: encryption_key
  file.download local_file_path, encryption_key: encryption_key

  puts "Downloaded encrypted #{file.name} to #{local_file_path}"
end

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