Upload an object by streaming

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Use streaming to upload an object in a Cloud Storage bucket.

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For detailed documentation that includes this code sample, see the following:

Code sample

C#

For more information, see the Cloud Storage C# API reference documentation.


using Google.Cloud.Storage.V1;
using System;
using System.IO;

public class UploadFileSample
{
    public void UploadFile(
        string bucketName = "your-unique-bucket-name",
        string localPath = "my-local-path/my-file-name",
        string objectName = "my-file-name")
    {
        var storage = StorageClient.Create();
        using var fileStream = File.OpenRead(localPath);
        storage.UploadObject(bucketName, objectName, null, fileStream);
        Console.WriteLine($"Uploaded {objectName}.");
    }
}

C++

For more information, see the Cloud Storage C++ API reference documentation.

namespace gcs = ::google::cloud::storage;
using ::google::cloud::StatusOr;
[](gcs::Client client, std::string const& bucket_name,
   std::string const& object_name, int desired_line_count) {
  std::string const text = "Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet";
  gcs::ObjectWriteStream stream =
      client.WriteObject(bucket_name, object_name);

  for (int lineno = 0; lineno != desired_line_count; ++lineno) {
    // Add 1 to the counter, because it is conventional to number lines
    // starting at 1.
    stream << (lineno + 1) << ": " << text << "\n";
  }

  stream.Close();

  StatusOr<gcs::ObjectMetadata> metadata = std::move(stream).metadata();
  if (!metadata) throw std::runtime_error(metadata.status().message());
  std::cout << "Successfully wrote to object " << metadata->name()
            << " its size is: " << metadata->size()
            << "\nFull metadata: " << *metadata << "\n";
}

Go

For more information, see the Cloud Storage Go API reference documentation.

import (
	"bytes"
	"context"
	"fmt"
	"io"
	"time"

	"cloud.google.com/go/storage"
)

// streamFileUpload uploads an object via a stream.
func streamFileUpload(w io.Writer, bucket, object string) error {
	// bucket := "bucket-name"
	// object := "object-name"
	ctx := context.Background()
	client, err := storage.NewClient(ctx)
	if err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("storage.NewClient: %v", err)
	}
	defer client.Close()

	b := []byte("Hello world.")
	buf := bytes.NewBuffer(b)

	ctx, cancel := context.WithTimeout(ctx, time.Second*50)
	defer cancel()

	// Upload an object with storage.Writer.
	wc := client.Bucket(bucket).Object(object).NewWriter(ctx)
	wc.ChunkSize = 0 // note retries are not supported for chunk size 0.

	if _, err = io.Copy(wc, buf); err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("io.Copy: %v", err)
	}
	// Data can continue to be added to the file until the writer is closed.
	if err := wc.Close(); err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("Writer.Close: %v", err)
	}
	fmt.Fprintf(w, "%v uploaded to %v.\n", object, bucket)

	return nil
}

Java

For more information, see the Cloud Storage Java API reference documentation.


import com.google.cloud.WriteChannel;
import com.google.cloud.storage.BlobId;
import com.google.cloud.storage.BlobInfo;
import com.google.cloud.storage.Storage;
import com.google.cloud.storage.StorageOptions;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.nio.ByteBuffer;
import java.nio.charset.StandardCharsets;

public class StreamObjectUpload {

  public static void streamObjectUpload(
      String projectId, String bucketName, String objectName, String contents) throws IOException {
    // The ID of your GCP project
    // String projectId = "your-project-id";

    // The ID of your GCS bucket
    // String bucketName = "your-unique-bucket-name";

    // The ID of your GCS object
    // String objectName = "your-object-name";

    // The string of contents you wish to upload
    // String contents = "Hello world!";

    Storage storage = StorageOptions.newBuilder().setProjectId(projectId).build().getService();
    BlobId blobId = BlobId.of(bucketName, objectName);
    BlobInfo blobInfo = BlobInfo.newBuilder(blobId).build();
    byte[] content = contents.getBytes(StandardCharsets.UTF_8);
    try (WriteChannel writer = storage.writer(blobInfo)) {
      writer.write(ByteBuffer.wrap(content));
      System.out.println(
          "Wrote to " + objectName + " in bucket " + bucketName + " using a WriteChannel.");
    }
  }
}

Node.js

For more information, see the Cloud Storage Node.js API reference documentation.

/**
 * TODO(developer): Uncomment the following lines before running the sample
 */
// The ID of your GCS bucket
// const bucketName = 'your-unique-bucket-name';

// The new ID for your GCS file
// const destFileName = 'your-new-file-name';

// The content to be uploaded in the GCS file
// const contents = 'your file content';

// Imports the Google Cloud client library
const {Storage} = require('@google-cloud/storage');

// Import Node.js stream
const stream = require('stream');

// Creates a client
const storage = new Storage();

// Get a reference to the bucket
const myBucket = storage.bucket(bucketName);

// Create a reference to a file object
const file = myBucket.file(destFileName);

// Create a pass through stream from a string
const passthroughStream = new stream.PassThrough();
passthroughStream.write(contents);
passthroughStream.end();

async function streamFileUpload() {
  passthroughStream.pipe(file.createWriteStream()).on('finish', () => {
    // The file upload is complete
  });

  console.log(`${destFileName} uploaded to ${bucketName}`);
}

streamFileUpload().catch(console.error);

PHP

For more information, see the Cloud Storage PHP API reference documentation.

use Google\Cloud\Storage\StorageClient;
use Google\Cloud\Storage\WriteStream;

/**
 * Upload a chunked file stream.
 *
 * @param string $bucketName The name of your Cloud Storage bucket.
 * @param string $objectName The name of your Cloud Storage object.
 * @param string $contents The contents to upload via stream chunks.
 */
function upload_object_stream(string $bucketName, string $objectName, string $contents): void
{
    // $bucketName = 'my-bucket';
    // $objectName = 'my-object';
    // $contents = 'these are my contents';

    $storage = new StorageClient();
    $bucket = $storage->bucket($bucketName);
    $writeStream = new WriteStream(null, [
        'chunkSize' => 1024 * 256, // 256KB
    ]);
    $uploader = $bucket->getStreamableUploader($writeStream, [
        'name' => $objectName,
    ]);
    $writeStream->setUploader($uploader);
    $stream = fopen('data://text/plain,' . $contents, 'r');
    while (($line = stream_get_line($stream, 1024 * 256)) !== false) {
        $writeStream->write($line);
    }
    $writeStream->close();

    printf('Uploaded %s to gs://%s/%s' . PHP_EOL, $contents, $bucketName, $objectName);
}

Python

For more information, see the Cloud Storage Python API reference documentation.

from google.cloud import storage


def upload_blob_from_stream(bucket_name, file_obj, destination_blob_name):
    """Uploads bytes from a stream or other file-like object to a blob."""
    # The ID of your GCS bucket
    # bucket_name = "your-bucket-name"

    # The stream or file (file-like object) from which to read
    # import io
    # file_obj = io.BytesIO()
    # file_obj.write(b"This is test data.")

    # The desired name of the uploaded GCS object (blob)
    # destination_blob_name = "storage-object-name"

    # Construct a client-side representation of the blob.
    storage_client = storage.Client()
    bucket = storage_client.bucket(bucket_name)
    blob = bucket.blob(destination_blob_name)

    # Rewind the stream to the beginning. This step can be omitted if the input
    # stream will always be at a correct position.
    file_obj.seek(0)

    # Upload data from the stream to your bucket.
    blob.upload_from_file(file_obj)

    print(
        f"Stream data uploaded to {destination_blob_name} in bucket {bucket_name}."
    )

Ruby

For more information, see the Cloud Storage Ruby API reference documentation.


# The ID of your GCS bucket
# bucket_name = "your-unique-bucket-name"

# The stream or file (file-like object) from which to read
# local_file_obj = StringIO.new "This is test data."

# Name of a file in the Storage bucket
# file_name   = "some_file.txt"

require "google/cloud/storage"

storage = Google::Cloud::Storage.new
bucket  = storage.bucket bucket_name

local_file_obj.rewind
bucket.create_file local_file_obj, file_name

puts "Stream data uploaded to #{file_name} in bucket #{bucket_name}"

What's next

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