CORS für einen Bucket konfigurieren

Einem Cloud Storage-Bucket eine CORS-Konfiguration hinzufügen.

Dokumentationsseiten mit diesem Codebeispiel

Die folgenden Dokumente enthalten das Codebeispiel im Kontext:

Codebeispiel

C#

Weitere Informationen finden Sie in der Referenzdokumentation zur Cloud Storage C# API.


using Google.Apis.Storage.v1.Data;
using Google.Cloud.Storage.V1;
using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using static Google.Apis.Storage.v1.Data.Bucket;

public class BucketAddCorsConfigurationSample
{
    public Bucket BucketAddCorsConfiguration(string bucketName = "your-bucket-name")
    {
        var storage = StorageClient.Create();
        var bucket = storage.GetBucket(bucketName);

        CorsData corsData = new CorsData
        {
            Origin = new string[] { "*" },
            ResponseHeader = new string[] { "Content-Type", "x-goog-resumable" },
            Method = new string[] { "PUT", "POST" },
            MaxAgeSeconds = 3600 //One Hour
        };

        if (bucket.Cors == null)
        {
            bucket.Cors = new List<CorsData>();
        }
        bucket.Cors.Add(corsData);

        bucket = storage.UpdateBucket(bucket);
        Console.WriteLine($"bucketName {bucketName} was updated with a CORS config to allow {string.Join(",", corsData.Method)} requests from" +
            $" {string.Join(",", corsData.Origin)} sharing {string.Join(",", corsData.ResponseHeader)} responseHeader" +
            $" responses across origins.");
        return bucket;
    }
}

C++

Weitere Informationen finden Sie in der Referenzdokumentation zur Cloud Storage C++ API.

namespace gcs = ::google::cloud::storage;
using ::google::cloud::StatusOr;
[](gcs::Client client, std::string const& bucket_name,
   std::string const& origin) {
  StatusOr<gcs::BucketMetadata> original =
      client.GetBucketMetadata(bucket_name);

  if (!original) throw std::runtime_error(original.status().message());
  std::vector<gcs::CorsEntry> cors_configuration;
  cors_configuration.emplace_back(
      gcs::CorsEntry{3600, {"GET"}, {origin}, {"Content-Type"}});

  StatusOr<gcs::BucketMetadata> patched_metadata = client.PatchBucket(
      bucket_name,
      gcs::BucketMetadataPatchBuilder().SetCors(cors_configuration),
      gcs::IfMetagenerationMatch(original->metageneration()));

  if (!patched_metadata) {
    throw std::runtime_error(patched_metadata.status().message());
  }

  if (patched_metadata->cors().empty()) {
    std::cout << "Cors configuration is not set for bucket "
              << patched_metadata->name() << "\n";
    return;
  }

  std::cout << "Cors configuration successfully set for bucket "
            << patched_metadata->name() << "\nNew cors configuration: ";
  for (auto const& cors_entry : patched_metadata->cors()) {
    std::cout << "\n  " << cors_entry << "\n";
  }
}

Go

Weitere Informationen finden Sie in der Referenzdokumentation zur Cloud Storage Go API.

import (
	"context"
	"fmt"
	"io"
	"time"

	"cloud.google.com/go/storage"
)

// setBucketCORSConfiguration sets a CORS configuration on a bucket.
func setBucketCORSConfiguration(w io.Writer, bucketName string, maxAge time.Duration, methods, origins, responseHeaders []string) error {
	// bucketName := "bucket-name"
	// maxAge := time.Hour
	// methods := []string{"GET"}
	// origins := []string{"some-origin.com"}
	// responseHeaders := []string{"Content-Type"}
	ctx := context.Background()
	client, err := storage.NewClient(ctx)
	if err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("storage.NewClient: %v", err)
	}
	defer client.Close()

	ctx, cancel := context.WithTimeout(ctx, time.Second*10)
	defer cancel()

	bucket := client.Bucket(bucketName)
	bucketAttrsToUpdate := storage.BucketAttrsToUpdate{
		CORS: []storage.CORS{
			{
				MaxAge:          maxAge,
				Methods:         methods,
				Origins:         origins,
				ResponseHeaders: responseHeaders,
			}},
	}
	if _, err := bucket.Update(ctx, bucketAttrsToUpdate); err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("Bucket(%q).Update: %v", bucketName, err)
	}
	fmt.Fprintf(w, "Bucket %v was updated with a CORS config to allow %v requests from %v sharing %v responses across origins\n", bucketName, methods, origins, responseHeaders)
	return nil
}

Java

Weitere Informationen finden Sie in der Referenzdokumentation zur Cloud Storage Java API.

import com.google.cloud.storage.Bucket;
import com.google.cloud.storage.Cors;
import com.google.cloud.storage.HttpMethod;
import com.google.cloud.storage.Storage;
import com.google.cloud.storage.StorageOptions;
import com.google.common.collect.ImmutableList;

public class ConfigureBucketCors {
  public static void configureBucketCors(
      String projectId,
      String bucketName,
      String origin,
      String responseHeader,
      Integer maxAgeSeconds) {
    // The ID of your GCP project
    // String projectId = "your-project-id";

    // The ID of your GCS bucket
    // String bucketName = "your-unique-bucket-name";

    // The origin for this CORS config to allow requests from
    // String origin = "http://example.appspot.com";

    // The response header to share across origins
    // String responseHeader = "Content-Type";

    // The maximum amount of time the browser can make requests before it must repeat preflighted
    // requests
    // Integer maxAgeSeconds = 3600;

    Storage storage = StorageOptions.newBuilder().setProjectId(projectId).build().getService();
    Bucket bucket = storage.get(bucketName);

    // See the HttpMethod documentation for other HTTP methods available:
    // https://cloud.google.com/appengine/docs/standard/java/javadoc/com/google/appengine/api/urlfetch/HTTPMethod
    HttpMethod method = HttpMethod.GET;

    Cors cors =
        Cors.newBuilder()
            .setOrigins(ImmutableList.of(Cors.Origin.of(origin)))
            .setMethods(ImmutableList.of(method))
            .setResponseHeaders(ImmutableList.of(responseHeader))
            .setMaxAgeSeconds(maxAgeSeconds)
            .build();

    bucket.toBuilder().setCors(ImmutableList.of(cors)).build().update();

    System.out.println(
        "Bucket "
            + bucketName
            + " was updated with a CORS config to allow GET requests from "
            + origin
            + " sharing "
            + responseHeader
            + " responses across origins");
  }
}

Node.js

Weitere Informationen finden Sie in der Referenzdokumentation zur Cloud Storage Node.js API.

// Imports the Google Cloud client library
const {Storage} = require('@google-cloud/storage');

// Creates a client
const storage = new Storage();

/**
 * TODO(developer): Uncomment the following lines before running the sample.
 */
// The ID of your GCS bucket
// const bucketName = 'your-unique-bucket-name';

// The origin for this CORS config to allow requests from
// const origin = 'http://example.appspot.com';

// The response header to share across origins
// const responseHeader = 'Content-Type';

// The maximum amount of time the browser can make requests before it must
// repeat preflighted requests
// const maxAgeSeconds = 3600;

// The name of the method
// See the HttpMethod documentation for other HTTP methods available:
// https://cloud.google.com/appengine/docs/standard/java/javadoc/com/google/appengine/api/urlfetch/HTTPMethod
// const method = 'GET';

async function configureBucketCors() {
  await storage.bucket(bucketName).setCorsConfiguration([
    {
      maxAgeSeconds,
      method: [method],
      origin: [origin],
      responseHeader: [responseHeader],
    },
  ]);

  console.log(`Bucket ${bucketName} was updated with a CORS config
      to allow ${method} requests from ${origin} sharing
      ${responseHeader} responses across origins`);
}

configureBucketCors().catch(console.error);

PHP

Weitere Informationen finden Sie in der Referenzdokumentation zur Cloud Storage PHP API.

use Google\Cloud\Storage\StorageClient;

/**
 * Update the CORS configuration of a bucket.
 *
 * @param string $bucketName The name of your Cloud Storage bucket.
 * @param string $method The HTTP method for the CORS config.
 * @param string $origin The origin from which the CORS config will allow requests.
 * @param string $responseHeader The response header to share across origins.
 * @param int $maxAgeSeconds The maximum amount of time the browser can make
 *     requests before it must repeat preflighted requests.
 */
function cors_configuration($bucketName, $method, $origin, $responseHeader, $maxAgeSeconds)
{
    // $bucketName = 'my-bucket';
    // $method = 'GET';
    // $origin = 'http://example.appspot.com';
    // $responseHeader = 'Content-Type';
    // $maxAgeSeconds = 3600;

    $storage = new StorageClient();
    $bucket = $storage->bucket($bucketName);

    $bucket->update([
        'cors' => [
            [
                'method' => [$method],
                'origin' => [$origin],
                'responseHeader' => [$responseHeader],
                'maxAgeSeconds' => $maxAgeSeconds,
            ]
        ]
    ]);

    printf(
        'Bucket %s was updated with a CORS config to allow GET requests from ' .
        '%s sharing %s responses across origins.',
        $bucketName,
        $origin,
        $responseHeader
    );
}

Python

Weitere Informationen finden Sie in der Referenzdokumentation zur Cloud Storage Python API.

from google.cloud import storage

def cors_configuration(bucket_name):
    """Set a bucket's CORS policies configuration."""
    # bucket_name = "your-bucket-name"

    storage_client = storage.Client()
    bucket = storage_client.get_bucket(bucket_name)
    bucket.cors = [
        {
            "origin": ["*"],
            "responseHeader": [
                "Content-Type",
                "x-goog-resumable"],
            "method": ['PUT', 'POST'],
            "maxAgeSeconds": 3600
        }
    ]
    bucket.patch()

    print("Set CORS policies for bucket {} is {}".format(bucket.name, bucket.cors))
    return bucket

Ruby

Weitere Informationen finden Sie in der Referenzdokumentation zur Cloud Storage Ruby API.

def cors_configuration bucket_name:
  # The ID of your GCS bucket
  # bucket_name = "your-unique-bucket-name"

  require "google/cloud/storage"

  storage = Google::Cloud::Storage.new
  bucket = storage.bucket bucket_name

  bucket.cors do |c|
    c.add_rule ["*"],
               ["PUT", "POST"],
               headers: [
                 "Content-Type",
                 "x-goog-resumable"
               ],
               max_age: 3600
  end

  puts "Set CORS policies for bucket #{bucket_name}"
end

Nächste Schritte

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