setmeta - Set metadata on already uploaded objects


gsutil setmeta -h [header:value|header] ... url...


The gsutil setmeta command allows you to set or remove the metadata on one or more objects. It takes one or more header arguments followed by one or more URLs, where each header argument is in one of two forms:

  • If you specify header:value, it sets the provided value for the given header on all applicable objects.

  • If you specify header (with no value), it removes the given header from all applicable objects.

For example, the following command sets the Content-Type and Cache-Control headers while also removing the Content-Disposition header on the specified objects:

gsutil setmeta -h "Content-Type:text/html" \
  -h "Cache-Control:public, max-age=3600" \
  -h "Content-Disposition" gs://bucket/*.html

If you have a large number of objects to update you might want to use the gsutil -m option, to perform a parallel (multi-threaded/multi-processing) update:

gsutil -m setmeta -h "Content-Type:text/html" \
  -h "Cache-Control:public, max-age=3600" \
  -h "Content-Disposition" gs://bucket/*.html

You can also use the setmeta command to set custom metadata on an object:

gsutil setmeta -h "x-goog-meta-icecreamflavor:vanilla" gs://bucket/object

Custom metadata is always prefixed in gsutil with x-goog-meta-. This distinguishes it from standard request headers. Other tools that send and receive object metadata by using the request body do not use this prefix.

See gsutil help metadata for details about how you can set metadata while uploading objects, what metadata fields can be set and the meaning of these fields, use of custom metadata, and how to view currently set metadata.

gsutil setmeta -h "Content-Type:text/html" \
  -h "Cache-Control:private, max-age=0, no-transform" gs://bucket/*.html

The setmeta command reads each object's current generation and metageneration and uses those as preconditions unless they are otherwise specified by top-level arguments. For example, the following command sets the custom metadata icecreamflavor:vanilla if the current live object has a metageneration of 2:

gsutil -h "x-goog-if-metageneration-match:2" setmeta
  -h "x-goog-meta-icecreamflavor:vanilla"



Specifies a header:value to be added, or header to be removed, from each named object.