Stay organized with collections Save and categorize content based on your preferences.

Shim for Running gcloud storage

Overview

Cloud SDK includes a new CLI, gcloud storage, that can be considerably faster than gsutil when performing uploads and downloads with less parameter tweaking. This new CLI has a syntax and command structure that is familiar to gsutil users but is fundamentally different in many important ways. To ease transition to this new CLI, gsutil provides a shim that translates your gsutil commands to gcloud storage commands if an equivalent exists, and falls back to gsutil's usual behavior if an equivalent does not exist.

To Enable

Set use_gcloud_storage=True in the .boto config file under the [GSUtil] section:

[GSUtil]
use_gcloud_storage=True

You can also set the flag for individual commands using the top-level -o flag:

gsutil -o "GSUtil:use_gcloud_storage=True" -m cp -p file gs://bucket/obj

Available Commands

The gcloud storage CLI only supports a subset of gsutil commands. What follows is a list of commands supported by the shim with any differences in behavior noted.

cat

  • Prints object data for a second object even if the first object is invalid.

compose

  • Works as expected.

cp

  • Copies a second object even if the first object is invalid.

  • Does not support file to file copies.

  • Supports copying objects cloud-to-cloud with trailing slashes in the name.

  • The all-version flag (-A) silently enables sequential execution rather than raising an error.

defstorageclass

  • Works as expected.

kms

  • The authorize subcommand returns informational messages in a different format.

  • The encryption subcommand returns informational messages in a different format.

logging

  • The get subcommand has different JSON spacing and doesn't print an informational message if no configuration is found.

ls

  • Works as expected.

mb

  • Works as expected.

mv

  • See notes on cp.

notification

  • The list subcommand prints configuration information as YAML.

  • The delete subcommand offers progress tracking and parallelization.

pap

  • Works as expected.

rb

  • Works as expected.

requesterpays

  • Works as expected.

rewrite

  • The -k flag does not throw an error if called without a new key. In both the shim and unshimmed cases, the old key is maintained.

rm

  • $folder$ delete markers are not supported.

setmeta

  • Does not throw an error if no headers are changed.

stat

  • Includes a field "Storage class update time:" which may throw off tabbing.

versioning

  • Works as expected.

web

  • The get subcommand has different JSON spacing and doesn't print an informational message if no configuration is found.

Boto Configuration

Configuration found in the boto file is mapped 1:1 to gcloud environment variables where appropriate.

[Credentials]

  • aws_access_key_id: AWS_ACCESS_KEY_ID

  • aws_secret_access_key: AWS_SECRET_ACCESS_KEY

  • use_client_certificate: CLOUDSDK_CONTEXT_AWARE_USE_CLIENT_CERTIFICATE

[Boto]

  • proxy: CLOUDSDK_PROXY_ADDRESS

  • proxy_type: CLOUDSDK_PROXY_TYPE

  • proxy_port: CLOUDSDK_PROXY_PORT

  • proxy_user: CLOUDSDK_PROXY_USERNAME

  • proxy_pass: CLOUDSDK_PROXY_PASSWORD

  • proxy_rdns: CLOUDSDK_PROXY_RDNS

  • http_socket_timeout: CLOUDSDK_CORE_HTTP_TIMEOUT

  • ca_certificates_file: CLOUDSDK_CORE_CUSTOM_CA_CERTS_FILE

  • max_retry_delay: CLOUDSDK_STORAGE_BASE_RETRY_DELAY

  • num_retries: CLOUDSDK_STORAGE_MAX_RETRIES

[GSUtil]

  • check_hashes: CLOUDSDK_STORAGE_CHECK_HASHES

  • default_project_id: CLOUDSDK_CORE_PROJECT

  • disable_analytics_prompt: CLOUDSDK_CORE_DISABLE_USAGE_REPORTING

  • use_magicfile: CLOUDSDK_STORAGE_USE_MAGICFILE

  • parallel_composite_upload_threshold: CLOUDSDK_STORAGE_PARALLEL_COMPOSITE_UPLOAD_THRESHOLD

  • resumable_threshold: CLOUDSDK_STORAGE_RESUMABLE_THRESHOLD

[OAuth2]

  • client_id: CLOUDSDK_AUTH_CLIENT_ID

  • client_secret: CLOUDSDK_AUTH_CLIENT_SECRET

  • provider_authorization_uri: CLOUDSDK_AUTH_AUTH_HOST

  • provider_token_uri: CLOUDSDK_AUTH_TOKEN_HOST

General Compatibility Notes

  • Due to its compatibility across all major platforms, multiprocessing is enabled for all commands by default (equivalent to the -m option always being included in gsutil).

  • A sequence of asterisks greater than 2 (i.e. ***) are always treated as a single asterisk.

  • Unlike gsutil, gcloud is not designed to be used in parallel invocations, and doing so (i.e. running the shim from 2 terminals at once) can lead to unpredictable behavior.

  • Assuming a bucket contains an object gs://bucket/nested/foo.txt, gsutil's wildcard iterator will match foo.txt given a URL like gs://bucket/*/nested/*. The shim will not match foo.txt given the same URL.

  • This will be updated as new commands are supported by both gcloud storage and the shim.