查询新列中的数据

查询新列中的数据。

包含此代码示例的文档页面

如需查看上下文中使用的代码示例,请参阅以下文档:

代码示例

C#


using Google.Cloud.Spanner.Data;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Threading.Tasks;

public class QueryNewColumnAsyncSample
{
    public class Album
    {
        public int SingerId { get; set; }
        public int AlbumId { get; set; }
        public long MarketingBudget { get; set; }
    }

    public async Task<List<Album>> QueryNewColumnAsync(string projectId, string instanceId, string databaseId)
    {
        string connectionString = $"Data Source=projects/{projectId}/instances/{instanceId}/databases/{databaseId}";

        var albums = new List<Album>();
        using var connection = new SpannerConnection(connectionString);
        using var cmd = connection.CreateSelectCommand("SELECT * FROM Albums");
        using var reader = await cmd.ExecuteReaderAsync();
        while (await reader.ReadAsync())
        {
            albums.Add(new Album
            {
                SingerId = reader.GetFieldValue<int>("SingerId"),
                AlbumId = reader.GetFieldValue<int>("AlbumId"),
                MarketingBudget = reader.IsDBNull(reader.GetOrdinal("MarketingBudget")) ? 0 : reader.GetFieldValue<long>("MarketingBudget")
            });
        }
        return albums;
    }
}

C++

void QueryNewColumn(google::cloud::spanner::Client client) {
  namespace spanner = ::google::cloud::spanner;

  spanner::SqlStatement select(
      "SELECT SingerId, AlbumId, MarketingBudget FROM Albums");

  using RowType =
      std::tuple<std::int64_t, std::int64_t, absl::optional<std::int64_t>>;
  auto rows = client.ExecuteQuery(std::move(select));
  for (auto const& row : spanner::StreamOf<RowType>(rows)) {
    if (!row) throw std::runtime_error(row.status().message());
    std::cout << "SingerId: " << std::get<0>(*row) << "\t";
    std::cout << "AlbumId: " << std::get<1>(*row) << "\t";
    auto marketing_budget = std::get<2>(*row);
    if (marketing_budget) {
      std::cout << "MarketingBudget: " << marketing_budget.value() << "\n";
    } else {
      std::cout << "MarketingBudget: NULL\n";
    }
  }
  std::cout << "Read completed for [spanner_read_data_with_new_column]\n";
}

Go


func queryNewColumn(ctx context.Context, w io.Writer, client *spanner.Client) error {
	stmt := spanner.Statement{SQL: `SELECT SingerId, AlbumId, MarketingBudget FROM Albums`}
	iter := client.Single().Query(ctx, stmt)
	defer iter.Stop()
	for {
		row, err := iter.Next()
		if err == iterator.Done {
			return nil
		}
		if err != nil {
			return err
		}
		var singerID, albumID int64
		var marketingBudget spanner.NullInt64
		if err := row.ColumnByName("SingerId", &singerID); err != nil {
			return err
		}
		if err := row.ColumnByName("AlbumId", &albumID); err != nil {
			return err
		}
		if err := row.ColumnByName("MarketingBudget", &marketingBudget); err != nil {
			return err
		}
		budget := "NULL"
		if marketingBudget.Valid {
			budget = strconv.FormatInt(marketingBudget.Int64, 10)
		}
		fmt.Fprintf(w, "%d %d %s\n", singerID, albumID, budget)
	}
}

Java

static void queryMarketingBudget(DatabaseClient dbClient) {
  // Rows without an explicit value for MarketingBudget will have a MarketingBudget equal to
  // null. A try-with-resource block is used to automatically release resources held by
  // ResultSet.
  try (ResultSet resultSet =
      dbClient
          .singleUse()
          .executeQuery(Statement.of("SELECT SingerId, AlbumId, MarketingBudget FROM Albums"))) {
    while (resultSet.next()) {
      System.out.printf(
          "%d %d %s\n",
          resultSet.getLong("SingerId"),
          resultSet.getLong("AlbumId"),
          // We check that the value is non null. ResultSet getters can only be used to retrieve
          // non null values.
          resultSet.isNull("MarketingBudget") ? "NULL" : resultSet.getLong("MarketingBudget"));
    }
  }
}

Node.js

// This sample uses the `MarketingBudget` column. You can add the column
// by running the `add_column` sample or by running this DDL statement against
// your database:
//    ALTER TABLE Albums ADD COLUMN MarketingBudget INT64

// Imports the Google Cloud client library
const {Spanner} = require('@google-cloud/spanner');

/**
 * TODO(developer): Uncomment the following lines before running the sample.
 */
// const projectId = 'my-project-id';
// const instanceId = 'my-instance';
// const databaseId = 'my-database';

// Creates a client
const spanner = new Spanner({
  projectId: projectId,
});

// Gets a reference to a Cloud Spanner instance and database
const instance = spanner.instance(instanceId);
const database = instance.database(databaseId);

const query = {
  sql: 'SELECT SingerId, AlbumId, MarketingBudget FROM Albums',
};

// Queries rows from the Albums table
try {
  const [rows] = await database.run(query);

  rows.forEach(async row => {
    const json = row.toJSON();

    console.log(
      `SingerId: ${json.SingerId}, AlbumId: ${
        json.AlbumId
      }, MarketingBudget: ${
        json.MarketingBudget ? json.MarketingBudget : null
      }`
    );
  });
} catch (err) {
  console.error('ERROR:', err);
} finally {
  // Close the database when finished.
  database.close();
}

PHP

use Google\Cloud\Spanner\SpannerClient;

/**
 * Queries sample data from the database using SQL.
 * This sample uses the `MarketingBudget` column. You can add the column
 * by running the `add_column` sample or by running this DDL statement against
 * your database:
 *
 *      ALTER TABLE Albums ADD COLUMN MarketingBudget INT64
 *
 * Example:
 * ```
 * query_data_with_new_column($instanceId, $databaseId);
 * ```
 *
 * @param string $instanceId The Spanner instance ID.
 * @param string $databaseId The Spanner database ID.
 */
function query_data_with_new_column($instanceId, $databaseId)
{
    $spanner = new SpannerClient();
    $instance = $spanner->instance($instanceId);
    $database = $instance->database($databaseId);

    $results = $database->execute(
        'SELECT SingerId, AlbumId, MarketingBudget FROM Albums'
    );

    foreach ($results as $row) {
        printf('SingerId: %s, AlbumId: %s, MarketingBudget: %d' . PHP_EOL,
            $row['SingerId'], $row['AlbumId'], $row['MarketingBudget']);
    }
}

Python

def query_data_with_new_column(instance_id, database_id):
    """Queries sample data from the database using SQL.

    This sample uses the `MarketingBudget` column. You can add the column
    by running the `add_column` sample or by running this DDL statement against
    your database:

        ALTER TABLE Albums ADD COLUMN MarketingBudget INT64
    """
    spanner_client = spanner.Client()
    instance = spanner_client.instance(instance_id)
    database = instance.database(database_id)

    with database.snapshot() as snapshot:
        results = snapshot.execute_sql(
            "SELECT SingerId, AlbumId, MarketingBudget FROM Albums"
        )

        for row in results:
            print(u"SingerId: {}, AlbumId: {}, MarketingBudget: {}".format(*row))

Ruby

# project_id  = "Your Google Cloud project ID"
# instance_id = "Your Spanner instance ID"
# database_id = "Your Spanner database ID"

require "google/cloud/spanner"

spanner = Google::Cloud::Spanner.new project: project_id
client  = spanner.client instance_id, database_id

client.execute("SELECT SingerId, AlbumId, MarketingBudget FROM Albums").rows.each do |row|
  puts "#{row[:SingerId]} #{row[:AlbumId]} #{row[:MarketingBudget]}"
end