接收 Proto 架构类型的消息

接收协议缓冲区架构类型的消息,将消息数据转换为生成的 Proto 类的对象,然后确认该消息。

包含此代码示例的文档页面

如需查看上下文中使用的代码示例,请参阅以下文档:

代码示例

C++

在尝试此示例之前,请按照《Pub/Sub 快速入门:使用客户端库》中的 C++ 设置说明进行操作。如需了解详情,请参阅 Pub/Sub C++ API 参考文档

namespace pubsub = google::cloud::pubsub;
using google::cloud::future;
using google::cloud::StatusOr;
return [](pubsub::Subscriber subscriber) {
  auto session = subscriber.Subscribe(
      [](pubsub::Message const& m, pubsub::AckHandler h) {
        google::cloud::pubsub::samples::State state;
        state.ParseFromString(m.data());
        std::cout << "Message contents: " << state.DebugString() << "\n";
        std::move(h).ack();
      });
  return session;
}

Java

在尝试此示例之前,请按照《Pub/Sub 快速入门:使用客户端库》中的 Java 设置说明执行操作。如需了解详情,请参阅 Pub/Sub Java API 参考文档


import com.google.cloud.pubsub.v1.AckReplyConsumer;
import com.google.cloud.pubsub.v1.MessageReceiver;
import com.google.cloud.pubsub.v1.Subscriber;
import com.google.protobuf.ByteString;
import com.google.protobuf.InvalidProtocolBufferException;
import com.google.protobuf.util.JsonFormat;
import com.google.pubsub.v1.ProjectSubscriptionName;
import com.google.pubsub.v1.PubsubMessage;
import java.util.concurrent.TimeUnit;
import java.util.concurrent.TimeoutException;
import utilities.StateProto.State;

public class SubscribeWithProtoSchemaExample {

  public static void main(String... args) throws Exception {
    // TODO(developer): Replace these variables before running the sample.
    String projectId = "your-project-id";
    // Use an existing subscription.
    String subscriptionId = "your-subscription-id";

    subscribeWithProtoSchemaExample(projectId, subscriptionId);
  }

  public static void subscribeWithProtoSchemaExample(String projectId, String subscriptionId) {

    ProjectSubscriptionName subscriptionName =
        ProjectSubscriptionName.of(projectId, subscriptionId);

    MessageReceiver receiver =
        (PubsubMessage message, AckReplyConsumer consumer) -> {
          ByteString data = message.getData();

          // Get the schema encoding type.
          String encoding = message.getAttributesMap().get("googclient_schemaencoding");

          block:
          try {
            switch (encoding) {
              case "BINARY":
                // Obtain an object of the generated proto class.
                State state = State.parseFrom(data);
                System.out.println("Received a BINARY-formatted message: " + state);
                break;

              case "JSON":
                State.Builder stateBuilder = State.newBuilder();
                JsonFormat.parser().merge(data.toStringUtf8(), stateBuilder);
                System.out.println("Received a JSON-formatted message:" + stateBuilder.build());
                break;

              default:
                break block;
            }
          } catch (InvalidProtocolBufferException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
          }

          consumer.ack();
          System.out.println("Ack'ed the message");
        };

    // Create subscriber client.
    Subscriber subscriber = Subscriber.newBuilder(subscriptionName, receiver).build();

    try {
      subscriber.startAsync().awaitRunning();
      System.out.printf("Listening for messages on %s:\n", subscriptionName);
      subscriber.awaitTerminated(30, TimeUnit.SECONDS);
    } catch (TimeoutException timeoutException) {
      subscriber.stopAsync();
    }
  }
}

Python

在尝试此示例之前,请按照《Pub/Sub 快速入门:使用客户端库》中的 Python 设置说明执行操作。如需了解详情,请参阅 Pub/Sub Python API 参考文档

from concurrent.futures import TimeoutError
from google.cloud.pubsub import SubscriberClient
from google.protobuf.json_format import Parse

from utilities import us_states_pb2

# TODO(developer)
# project_id = "your-project-id"
# subscription_id = "your-subscription-id"
# Number of seconds the subscriber listens for messages
# timeout = 5.0

subscriber = SubscriberClient()
subscription_path = subscriber.subscription_path(project_id, subscription_id)

# Instantiate a protoc-generated class defined in `us-states.proto`.
state = us_states_pb2.StateProto()

def callback(message):
    # Get the message serialization type.
    encoding = message.attributes.get("googclient_schemaencoding")
    # Deserialize the message data accordingly.
    if encoding == "BINARY":
        state.ParseFromString(message.data)
        print("Received a binary-encoded message:\n{state}")
    elif encoding == "JSON":
        Parse(message.data, state)
        print(f"Received a JSON-encoded message:\n{state}")
    else:
        print(f"Received a message with no encoding:\n{message}")

    message.ack()

streaming_pull_future = subscriber.subscribe(subscription_path, callback=callback)
print(f"Listening for messages on {subscription_path}..\n")

# Wrap subscriber in a 'with' block to automatically call close() when done.
with subscriber:
    try:
        # When `timeout` is not set, result() will block indefinitely,
        # unless an exception occurs first.
        streaming_pull_future.result(timeout=timeout)
    except TimeoutError:
        streaming_pull_future.cancel()

后续步骤

如需搜索和过滤其他 Google Cloud 产品的代码示例,请参阅 Google Cloud 示例浏览器