Publier avec des paramètres de nouvelle tentative

Restez organisé à l'aide des collections Enregistrez et classez les contenus selon vos préférences.

Applique des paramètres de délai entre les nouvelles tentatives et/ou de délai avant expiration des nouvelles tentatives sur le client éditeur ou les requêtes de publication.

En savoir plus

Pour obtenir une documentation détaillée incluant cet exemple de code, consultez les articles suivants :

Exemple de code

C#

Avant d'essayer cet exemple, suivez les instructions de configuration de C# dans le guide de démarrage rapide de Pub/Sub à l'aide de bibliothèques clientes. Pour en savoir plus, consultez la documentation de référence de l'API Pub/Sub C#.


using Google.Api.Gax.Grpc;
using Google.Cloud.PubSub.V1;
using Grpc.Core;
using System;
using System.Threading.Tasks;

public class PublishMessageWithRetrySettingsAsyncSample
{
    public async Task PublishMessageWithRetrySettingsAsync(string projectId, string topicId, string messageText)
    {
        TopicName topicName = TopicName.FromProjectTopic(projectId, topicId);
        // Retry settings control how the publisher handles retry-able failures
        var maxAttempts = 3;
        var initialBackoff = TimeSpan.FromMilliseconds(110); // default: 100 ms
        var maxBackoff = TimeSpan.FromSeconds(70); // default : 60 seconds
        var backoffMultiplier = 1.3; // default: 1.0
        var totalTimeout = TimeSpan.FromSeconds(100); // default: 600 seconds

        var publisher = await new PublisherClientBuilder
        {
            TopicName = topicName,
            ApiSettings = new PublisherServiceApiSettings
            {
                PublishSettings = CallSettings.FromRetry(RetrySettings.FromExponentialBackoff(
                               maxAttempts: maxAttempts,
                               initialBackoff: initialBackoff,
                               maxBackoff: maxBackoff,
                               backoffMultiplier: backoffMultiplier,
                               retryFilter: RetrySettings.FilterForStatusCodes(StatusCode.Unavailable)))
                       .WithTimeout(totalTimeout)
            }
        }.BuildAsync();
        string message = await publisher.PublishAsync(messageText);
        Console.WriteLine($"Published message {message}");
    }
}

C++

Avant d'essayer cet exemple, suivez les instructions de configuration de C++ dans le guide de démarrage rapide de Pub/Sub à l'aide de bibliothèques clientes. Pour en savoir plus, consultez la documentation de référence de l'API Pub/Sub C++.

namespace pubsub = ::google::cloud::pubsub;
using ::google::cloud::future;
using ::google::cloud::Options;
using ::google::cloud::StatusOr;
[](std::string project_id, std::string topic_id) {
  auto topic = pubsub::Topic(std::move(project_id), std::move(topic_id));
  // By default a publisher will retry for 60 seconds, with an initial backoff
  // of 100ms, a maximum backoff of 60 seconds, and the backoff will grow by
  // 30% after each attempt. This changes those defaults.
  auto publisher = pubsub::Publisher(pubsub::MakePublisherConnection(
      std::move(topic),
      Options{}
          .set<pubsub::RetryPolicyOption>(
              pubsub::LimitedTimeRetryPolicy(
                  /*maximum_duration=*/std::chrono::minutes(10))
                  .clone())
          .set<pubsub::BackoffPolicyOption>(
              pubsub::ExponentialBackoffPolicy(
                  /*initial_delay=*/std::chrono::milliseconds(200),
                  /*maximum_delay=*/std::chrono::seconds(45),
                  /*scaling=*/2.0)
                  .clone())));

  std::vector<future<bool>> done;
  for (char const* data : {"1", "2", "3", "go!"}) {
    done.push_back(
        publisher.Publish(pubsub::MessageBuilder().SetData(data).Build())
            .then([](future<StatusOr<std::string>> f) {
              return f.get().ok();
            }));
  }
  publisher.Flush();
  int count = 0;
  for (auto& f : done) {
    if (f.get()) ++count;
  }
  std::cout << count << " messages sent successfully\n";
}

Java

Avant d'essayer cet exemple, suivez les instructions de configuration de Java dans le guide de démarrage rapide de Pub/Sub à l'aide de bibliothèques clientes. Pour en savoir plus, consultez la documentation de référence de l'API Pub/Sub Java.


import com.google.api.core.ApiFuture;
import com.google.api.gax.retrying.RetrySettings;
import com.google.cloud.pubsub.v1.Publisher;
import com.google.protobuf.ByteString;
import com.google.pubsub.v1.PubsubMessage;
import com.google.pubsub.v1.TopicName;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.util.concurrent.ExecutionException;
import java.util.concurrent.TimeUnit;
import org.threeten.bp.Duration;

public class PublishWithRetrySettingsExample {
  public static void main(String... args) throws Exception {
    // TODO(developer): Replace these variables before running the sample.
    String projectId = "your-project-id";
    String topicId = "your-topic-id";

    publishWithRetrySettingsExample(projectId, topicId);
  }

  public static void publishWithRetrySettingsExample(String projectId, String topicId)
      throws IOException, ExecutionException, InterruptedException {
    TopicName topicName = TopicName.of(projectId, topicId);
    Publisher publisher = null;

    try {
      // Retry settings control how the publisher handles retry-able failures
      Duration initialRetryDelay = Duration.ofMillis(100); // default: 100 ms
      double retryDelayMultiplier = 2.0; // back off for repeated failures, default: 1.3
      Duration maxRetryDelay = Duration.ofSeconds(60); // default : 60 seconds
      Duration initialRpcTimeout = Duration.ofSeconds(1); // default: 5 seconds
      double rpcTimeoutMultiplier = 1.0; // default: 1.0
      Duration maxRpcTimeout = Duration.ofSeconds(600); // default: 600 seconds
      Duration totalTimeout = Duration.ofSeconds(600); // default: 600 seconds

      RetrySettings retrySettings =
          RetrySettings.newBuilder()
              .setInitialRetryDelay(initialRetryDelay)
              .setRetryDelayMultiplier(retryDelayMultiplier)
              .setMaxRetryDelay(maxRetryDelay)
              .setInitialRpcTimeout(initialRpcTimeout)
              .setRpcTimeoutMultiplier(rpcTimeoutMultiplier)
              .setMaxRpcTimeout(maxRpcTimeout)
              .setTotalTimeout(totalTimeout)
              .build();

      // Create a publisher instance with default settings bound to the topic
      publisher = Publisher.newBuilder(topicName).setRetrySettings(retrySettings).build();

      String message = "first message";
      ByteString data = ByteString.copyFromUtf8(message);
      PubsubMessage pubsubMessage = PubsubMessage.newBuilder().setData(data).build();

      // Once published, returns a server-assigned message id (unique within the topic)
      ApiFuture<String> messageIdFuture = publisher.publish(pubsubMessage);
      String messageId = messageIdFuture.get();
      System.out.println("Published a message with retry settings: " + messageId);

    } finally {
      if (publisher != null) {
        // When finished with the publisher, shutdown to free up resources.
        publisher.shutdown();
        publisher.awaitTermination(1, TimeUnit.MINUTES);
      }
    }
  }
}

Node.js

Avant d'essayer cet exemple, suivez les instructions de configuration de Node.js dans le guide de démarrage rapide de Pub/Sub à l'aide de bibliothèques clientes. Pour en savoir plus, consultez la documentation de référence de l'API Pub/Sub Node.js.

/**
 * TODO(developer): Uncomment these variables before running the sample.
 */
// const projectId = 'YOUR_PROJECT_ID'
// const topicNameOrId = 'YOUR_TOPIC_NAME_OR_ID';
// const data = JSON.stringify({foo: 'bar'});

// Imports the Google Cloud client library. v1 is for the lower level
// proto access.
const {v1} = require('@google-cloud/pubsub');

// Creates a publisher client.
const publisherClient = new v1.PublisherClient({
  // optional auth parameters
});

async function publishWithRetrySettings() {
  const formattedTopic = publisherClient.projectTopicPath(
    projectId,
    topicNameOrId
  );

  // Publishes the message as a string, e.g. "Hello, world!" or JSON.stringify(someObject)
  const dataBuffer = Buffer.from(data);
  const messagesElement = {
    data: dataBuffer,
  };
  const messages = [messagesElement];

  // Build the request
  const request = {
    topic: formattedTopic,
    messages: messages,
  };

  // Retry settings control how the publisher handles retryable failures. Default values are shown.
  // The `retryCodes` array determines which grpc errors will trigger an automatic retry.
  // The `backoffSettings` object lets you specify the behaviour of retries over time.
  const retrySettings = {
    retryCodes: [
      10, // 'ABORTED'
      1, // 'CANCELLED',
      4, // 'DEADLINE_EXCEEDED'
      13, // 'INTERNAL'
      8, // 'RESOURCE_EXHAUSTED'
      14, // 'UNAVAILABLE'
      2, // 'UNKNOWN'
    ],
    backoffSettings: {
      // The initial delay time, in milliseconds, between the completion
      // of the first failed request and the initiation of the first retrying request.
      initialRetryDelayMillis: 100,
      // The multiplier by which to increase the delay time between the completion
      // of failed requests, and the initiation of the subsequent retrying request.
      retryDelayMultiplier: 1.3,
      // The maximum delay time, in milliseconds, between requests.
      // When this value is reached, retryDelayMultiplier will no longer be used to increase delay time.
      maxRetryDelayMillis: 60000,
      // The initial timeout parameter to the request.
      initialRpcTimeoutMillis: 5000,
      // The multiplier by which to increase the timeout parameter between failed requests.
      rpcTimeoutMultiplier: 1.0,
      // The maximum timeout parameter, in milliseconds, for a request. When this value is reached,
      // rpcTimeoutMultiplier will no longer be used to increase the timeout.
      maxRpcTimeoutMillis: 600000,
      // The total time, in milliseconds, starting from when the initial request is sent,
      // after which an error will be returned, regardless of the retrying attempts made meanwhile.
      totalTimeoutMillis: 600000,
    },
  };

  const [response] = await publisherClient.publish(request, {
    retry: retrySettings,
  });
  console.log(`Message ${response.messageIds} published.`);
}

publishWithRetrySettings().catch(console.error);

Python

Avant d'essayer cet exemple, suivez les instructions de configuration de Python dans le guide de démarrage rapide de Pub/Sub à l'aide de bibliothèques clientes. Pour en savoir plus, consultez la documentation de référence de l'API Pub/Sub Python.

from google import api_core
from google.cloud import pubsub_v1

# TODO(developer)
# project_id = "your-project-id"
# topic_id = "your-topic-id"

# Configure the retry settings. Defaults shown in comments are values applied
# by the library by default, instead of default values in the Retry object.
custom_retry = api_core.retry.Retry(
    initial=0.250,  # seconds (default: 0.1)
    maximum=90.0,  # seconds (default: 60.0)
    multiplier=1.45,  # default: 1.3
    deadline=300.0,  # seconds (default: 60.0)
    predicate=api_core.retry.if_exception_type(
        api_core.exceptions.Aborted,
        api_core.exceptions.DeadlineExceeded,
        api_core.exceptions.InternalServerError,
        api_core.exceptions.ResourceExhausted,
        api_core.exceptions.ServiceUnavailable,
        api_core.exceptions.Unknown,
        api_core.exceptions.Cancelled,
    ),
)

publisher = pubsub_v1.PublisherClient()
topic_path = publisher.topic_path(project_id, topic_id)

for n in range(1, 10):
    data_str = f"Message number {n}"
    # Data must be a bytestring
    data = data_str.encode("utf-8")
    future = publisher.publish(topic=topic_path, data=data, retry=custom_retry)
    print(future.result())

print(f"Published messages with retry settings to {topic_path}.")

Étapes suivantes

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