Choosing colocation facility locations with low latency

Some workloads running in Google Cloud require low latency between their VM instances in a specified region and the Dedicated Interconnect colocation facility you choose. If this is true for your workloads, you can select a low-latency (< 5 milliseconds) colocation facility location from the Locations table in this document.

The pricing for low-latency locations is the same as for all other locations.

If your workloads don't require low-latency connectivity, you can use any of our colocation facilities locations.

Requirements and recommendations

For Dedicated Interconnect your network must physically meet Google's network in a supported colocation facility, also known as an interconnect location), where a vendor, the colocation facility provider, provisions a circuit between your network and a Google Edge Point of Presence. For more information, see the Cloud Interconnect Overview.

The Region served as listed in the table below indicates the regions in which you can create VLAN attachments, which affects latency and egress costs. For example, if you have VM instances in region us-east4 (Virginia), you might create a dedicated connection in Ashburn and then create an interconnect attachment (VLAN) in us-east4. That way, your traffic doesn't have to travel far to move between your VM instances and the dedicated connection, resulting in lower latency than, for example, creating a dedicated connection and an interconnect attachment in Europe.

Also, it's more cost effective to create interconnect attachments in the same regions as your VM instances because you don't have to pay inter-region egress costs when VM instances send traffic to your on-premises network.

Other Google Cloud location options

  • Network edge locations allow you to peer with Google Cloud and connect to Google Cloud services. Peering does not require Cloud Interconnect.
  • Cloud CDN locations use Google's globally distributed edge points of presence to cache HTTP(S) load balanced content close to your users. Caching content at the edges of Google's network provides faster delivery of content to your users while reducing serving costs.

Locations table

The following table lists low-latency locations where you can create dedicated connections. The locations are organized by the Google Cloud regions served, metropolitan area, and then by metropolitan availability zone. The name of each location indicates its metropolitan availability zone, such as the zone1 in iad-zone1-1.

You can also use the console or gcloud command-line tool to list locations.

Region served Metropolitan area Interconnect location name with < 5 ms to region Facility provider
  • northamerica-northeast1 (Montréal)
  • Montreal yul-zone1-1944 Cologix MTL3
    Montreal yul-zone2-1944 Cologix MTL3
  • us-east4 (Virginia)
  • Ashburn iad-zone1-1 Equinix Ashburn (DC1-DC11)
    Ashburn iad-zone2-1 Equinix Ashburn (DC1-DC11)
  • us-central1 (Iowa)
  • Council Bluffs cbf-zone1-575 Nebraska Data Centers (1623 Farnam)
    Council Bluffs cbf-zone2-575 Nebraska Data Centers (1623 Farnam)
  • us-west2 (Los Angeles)
  • Los Angeles lax-zone1-8 Equinix Los Angeles (LA1)
    Los Angeles lax-zone2-19 CoreSite - LA1 - One Wilshire
  • europe-west2 (UK)
  • London lhr-zone1-47 Global Switch (London 2)
    London lhr-zone2-47 Global Switch (London 2)
    London lhr-zone1-832 Equinix London Slough (LD5-LD6)
    London lhr-zone2-832 Equinix London Slough (LD5-LD6)
  • europe-west3 (Germany)
  • Frankfurt fra-zone1-58 Interxion Frankfurt
    Frankfurt fra-zone1-277 e-shelter Frankfurt (FRA1)
    Frankfurt fra-zone1-683 Equinix Frankfurt West (FR4)
    Frankfurt fra-zone2-58 Interxion Frankfurt
    Frankfurt fra-zone2-277 e-shelter Frankfurt (FRA1)
    Frankfurt fra-zone2-683 Equinix Frankfurt West (FR4)
  • europe-west4 (Netherlands)
  • Amsterdam ams-zone1-1236 Equinix Amsterdam Schepenbergweg (AM5) (formerly Telecity AMS5)
    Amsterdam ams-zone2-1320 Equinix Amsterdam (AM3)
  • europe-west6 (Zurich)
  • Zurich zrh-zone1-81 Interxion Zurich / Glattbrugg
    Zurich zrh-zone2-83 Equinix ZH2
  • asia-east1 (Taiwan)
  • Taipei tsa-zone1-456 Chief LY Building Taipei
    Taipei tsa-zone2-2886 CHT Taipei-Aikuo IDC
  • asia-east2 (Hong Kong)
  • Hong Kong hkg-zone1-225 MEGA-i (iAdvantage Hong Kong)
    Hong Kong hkg-zone2-1118 Equinix Hong Kong (HK2)
  • asia-northeast1 (Japan)
  • Tokyo nrt-zone1-599 ComSpace I
    Tokyo nrt-zone1-452 Equinix Tokyo (TY2)
    Tokyo nrt-zone2-452 Equinix Tokyo (TY2)
    Tokyo nrt-zone1-738 AT TOKYO
    Tokyo nrt-zone2-738 AT TOKYO
  • asia-southeast1 (Singapore)
  • Singapore sin-zone1-388 Global Switch Singapore
    Singapore sin-zone2-2260 Equinix Singapore (SG3)
  • asia-south1 (Mumbai)
  • Mumbai bom-zone1-2310 GPX Mumbai
    Mumbai bom-zone2-554 Tata Mumbai IDC
  • australia-southeast1 (Sydney)
  • Sydney syd-zone1-1660 NEXTDC S1
    Sydney syd-zone2-1605 Equinix Sydney (SY3)