Sentimententität in einer Cloud Storage-Datei analysieren

Ermittelt die (positive oder negative) Einstellung, die in den Entitäten eines Texts aus einer in Cloud Storage gespeicherten Datei zum Ausdruck kommt.

Weitere Informationen

Eine ausführliche Dokumentation, die dieses Codebeispiel enthält, finden Sie hier:

Codebeispiel

Java

Informationen zum Installieren und Verwenden der Clientbibliothek für Natural Language finden Sie unter Natural Language-Clientbibliotheken. Weitere Informationen finden Sie in der Referenzdokumentation zur Natural Language Java API.

Richten Sie für die Authentifizierung bei Natural Language Standardanmeldedaten für Anwendungen ein. Weitere Informationen finden Sie unter Authentifizierung für eine lokale Entwicklungsumgebung einrichten.

// Instantiate the Language client com.google.cloud.language.v1.LanguageServiceClient
try (com.google.cloud.language.v1.LanguageServiceClient language =
    com.google.cloud.language.v1.LanguageServiceClient.create()) {
  com.google.cloud.language.v1.Document doc =
      com.google.cloud.language.v1.Document.newBuilder().setGcsContentUri(gcsUri)
          .setType(com.google.cloud.language.v1.Document.Type.PLAIN_TEXT).build();
  AnalyzeEntitySentimentRequest request =
      AnalyzeEntitySentimentRequest.newBuilder()
          .setDocument(doc)
          .setEncodingType(com.google.cloud.language.v1.EncodingType.UTF16)
          .build();
  // Detect entity sentiments in the given file
  AnalyzeEntitySentimentResponse response = language.analyzeEntitySentiment(request);
  // Print the response
  for (com.google.cloud.language.v1.Entity entity : response.getEntitiesList()) {
    System.out.printf("Entity: %s\n", entity.getName());
    System.out.printf("Salience: %.3f\n", entity.getSalience());
    System.out.printf("Sentiment : %s\n", entity.getSentiment());
    for (com.google.cloud.language.v1.EntityMention mention : entity.getMentionsList()) {
      System.out.printf("Begin offset: %d\n", mention.getText().getBeginOffset());
      System.out.printf("Content: %s\n", mention.getText().getContent());
      System.out.printf("Magnitude: %.3f\n", mention.getSentiment().getMagnitude());
      System.out.printf("Sentiment score : %.3f\n", mention.getSentiment().getScore());
      System.out.printf("Type: %s\n\n", mention.getType());
    }
  }
}

Node.js

Informationen zum Installieren und Verwenden der Clientbibliothek für Natural Language finden Sie unter Natural Language-Clientbibliotheken. Weitere Informationen finden Sie in der Referenzdokumentation zur Natural Language Node.js API.

Richten Sie für die Authentifizierung bei Natural Language Standardanmeldedaten für Anwendungen ein. Weitere Informationen finden Sie unter Authentifizierung für eine lokale Entwicklungsumgebung einrichten.

// Imports the Google Cloud client library
const language = require('@google-cloud/language');

// Creates a client
const client = new language.LanguageServiceClient();

/**
 * TODO(developer): Uncomment the following lines to run this code
 */
// const bucketName = 'Your bucket name, e.g. my-bucket';
// const fileName = 'Your file name, e.g. my-file.txt';

// Prepares a document, representing a text file in Cloud Storage
const document = {
  gcsContentUri: `gs://${bucketName}/${fileName}`,
  type: 'PLAIN_TEXT',
};

// Detects sentiment of entities in the document
const [result] = await client.analyzeEntitySentiment({document});
const entities = result.entities;

console.log('Entities and sentiments:');
entities.forEach(entity => {
  console.log(`  Name: ${entity.name}`);
  console.log(`  Type: ${entity.type}`);
  console.log(`  Score: ${entity.sentiment.score}`);
  console.log(`  Magnitude: ${entity.sentiment.magnitude}`);
});

PHP

Informationen zum Installieren und Verwenden der Clientbibliothek für Natural Language finden Sie unter Natural Language-Clientbibliotheken.

Richten Sie für die Authentifizierung bei Natural Language Standardanmeldedaten für Anwendungen ein. Weitere Informationen finden Sie unter Authentifizierung für eine lokale Entwicklungsumgebung einrichten.

use Google\Cloud\Language\V1\AnalyzeEntitySentimentRequest;
use Google\Cloud\Language\V1\Client\LanguageServiceClient;
use Google\Cloud\Language\V1\Document;
use Google\Cloud\Language\V1\Document\Type;
use Google\Cloud\Language\V1\Entity\Type as EntityType;

/**
 * @param string $uri The cloud storage object to analyze (gs://your-bucket-name/your-object-name)
 */
function analyze_entity_sentiment_from_file(string $uri): void
{
    // Create the Natural Language client
    $languageServiceClient = new LanguageServiceClient();

    // Create a new Document, pass GCS URI and set type to PLAIN_TEXT
    $document = (new Document())
        ->setGcsContentUri($uri)
        ->setType(Type::PLAIN_TEXT);

    // Call the analyzeEntitySentiment function
    $request = (new AnalyzeEntitySentimentRequest())
        ->setDocument($document);
    $response = $languageServiceClient->analyzeEntitySentiment($request);
    $entities = $response->getEntities();
    // Print out information about each entity
    foreach ($entities as $entity) {
        printf('Entity Name: %s' . PHP_EOL, $entity->getName());
        printf('Entity Type: %s' . PHP_EOL, EntityType::name($entity->getType()));
        printf('Entity Salience: %s' . PHP_EOL, $entity->getSalience());
        $sentiment = $entity->getSentiment();
        if ($sentiment) {
            printf('Entity Magnitude: %s' . PHP_EOL, $sentiment->getMagnitude());
            printf('Entity Score: %s' . PHP_EOL, $sentiment->getScore());
        }
        print(PHP_EOL);
    }
}

Python

Informationen zum Installieren und Verwenden der Clientbibliothek für Natural Language finden Sie unter Natural Language-Clientbibliotheken. Weitere Informationen finden Sie in der Referenzdokumentation zur Natural Language Python API.

Richten Sie für die Authentifizierung bei Natural Language Standardanmeldedaten für Anwendungen ein. Weitere Informationen finden Sie unter Authentifizierung für eine lokale Entwicklungsumgebung einrichten.

from google.cloud import language_v1

def sample_analyze_entity_sentiment(gcs_content_uri):
    """
    Analyzing Entity Sentiment in text file stored in Cloud Storage

    Args:
      gcs_content_uri Google Cloud Storage URI where the file content is located.
      e.g. gs://[Your Bucket]/[Path to File]
    """

    client = language_v1.LanguageServiceClient()

    # gcs_content_uri = 'gs://cloud-samples-data/language/entity-sentiment.txt'

    # Available types: PLAIN_TEXT, HTML
    type_ = language_v1.Document.Type.PLAIN_TEXT

    # Optional. If not specified, the language is automatically detected.
    # For list of supported languages:
    # https://cloud.google.com/natural-language/docs/languages
    language = "en"
    document = {
        "gcs_content_uri": gcs_content_uri,
        "type_": type_,
        "language": language,
    }

    # Available values: NONE, UTF8, UTF16, UTF32
    encoding_type = language_v1.EncodingType.UTF8

    response = client.analyze_entity_sentiment(
        request={"document": document, "encoding_type": encoding_type}
    )
    # Loop through entitites returned from the API
    for entity in response.entities:
        print(f"Representative name for the entity: {entity.name}")
        # Get entity type, e.g. PERSON, LOCATION, ADDRESS, NUMBER, et al
        print(f"Entity type: {language_v1.Entity.Type(entity.type_).name}")
        # Get the salience score associated with the entity in the [0, 1.0] range
        print(f"Salience score: {entity.salience}")
        # Get the aggregate sentiment expressed for this entity in the provided document.
        sentiment = entity.sentiment
        print(f"Entity sentiment score: {sentiment.score}")
        print(f"Entity sentiment magnitude: {sentiment.magnitude}")
        # Loop over the metadata associated with entity. For many known entities,
        # the metadata is a Wikipedia URL (wikipedia_url) and Knowledge Graph MID (mid).
        # Some entity types may have additional metadata, e.g. ADDRESS entities
        # may have metadata for the address street_name, postal_code, et al.
        for metadata_name, metadata_value in entity.metadata.items():
            print(f"{metadata_name} = {metadata_value}")

        # Loop over the mentions of this entity in the input document.
        # The API currently supports proper noun mentions.
        for mention in entity.mentions:
            print(f"Mention text: {mention.text.content}")
            # Get the mention type, e.g. PROPER for proper noun
            print(
                "Mention type: {}".format(
                    language_v1.EntityMention.Type(mention.type_).name
                )
            )

    # Get the language of the text, which will be the same as
    # the language specified in the request or, if not specified,
    # the automatically-detected language.
    print(f"Language of the text: {response.language}")

Nächste Schritte

Informationen zum Suchen und Filtern von Codebeispielen für andere Google Cloud-Produkte finden Sie im Google Cloud-Beispielbrowser.