View logs routed to Cloud Logging buckets

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This document explains how you can find log entries that you routed to Cloud Logging buckets. Log buckets are Cloud Logging storage containers in your Google Cloud projects that hold your logs data. You can create log sinks to route all, or just a subset, of your logs to any bucket in Cloud Logging. This flexibility allows you to choose which Cloud project your logs are stored in and what other logs are stored with them.

Logs that you route to Cloud Logging buckets are available immediately.

For information about viewing logs routed to other destinations, see the following documents:

Before you begin

For instructions about how to create and manage log buckets, see the following documents:

For a conceptual discussion of sinks, see Overview of routing and storage models: Sinks.

For instructions about how to route your logs, see Route logs to supported destinations.

View logs

To troubleshoot and view individual log entries in a log bucket, do the following:

  1. In the Google Cloud console, go to the Logs Explorer:

    Go to Logs Explorer

  2. In the Action toolbar, select Refine scope.

  3. On the Refine scope dialog, select Scope by storage.

  4. Select one or more log buckets and then click Apply.

    For information about how to run queries, see Build queries in the Logs Explorer.

To perform analytics on log entries stored in a log bucket that is upgraded to use Log Analytics, do the following:

  1. In the Google Cloud console, go to the Log Analytics page:

    Go to Log Analytics

  2. In the Log views list, find the view, and then select Query. The Query pane is populated with a default query, which includes the name of the table that is queried.

    You can also enter a query in the Query pane, or edit a displayed query.

    To query all logs in the log bucket, select the _AllLogs view.

  3. In the toolbar, click Run query.

    The query is executed and the result of the query is shown in the Results tab.

    You can use the toolbar options to format your query, clear the query, and open the BigQuery SQL reference documentation.

    For information about how to run queries, see Build queries using SQL.

Log entries organization

Logging log entries are objects of type LogEntry.

Log entries with the same log type, referred to as [LOG_ID] in the LogEntry reference, usually have the same format. The following table shows sample log entries:

syslog

The Compute Engine syslog is a custom log type produced by the logging agent, google-fluentd, which runs on virtual machine instances:

{
  logName: "projects/my-gcp-project-id/logs/syslog",
  timestamp: "2015-01-13T19:17:01Z",
  resource: {
    type: "gce_instance",
    labels: {
      instance_id: "12345",
      zone: "us-central1-a",
      project_id: "my-gcp-project-id"
    }
  },
  insertId: "abcde12345",
  textPayload: "Jan 13 19:17:01 my-gce-instance /USR/SBIN/CRON[29980]: (root) CMD (   cd / && run-parts --report /etc/cron.hourly)"
}

request_log

The App Engine request_log has log entries containing protoPayload fields which hold objects of type RequestLog:

{
  logName: "projects/my-gcp-project-id/logs/appengine.googleapis.com%2Frequest_log",
  timestamp: "2015-01-13T19:00:39.796169Z",
  resource: {
    type: "gae_app",
    labels: {
      module_id: "default",
      zone: "us6",
      project_id: "my-gcp-project-id",
      version_id: "20150925t173233"
    }
  }
  httpRequest: {
    status: 200
  }
  insertId: "abcde12345",
  operation: {
    id: "abc123",
    producer: "appengine.googleapis.com/request_id",
    first: true,
    last: true
  }
  protoPayload: {
    @type: "type.googleapis.com/google.appengine.logging.v1.RequestLog"
    versionId: "20150925t173233",
    status: 200,
    startTime: "2017-01-13T19:00:39.796169Z",
    # ...
    appId: "s~my-gcp-project-id",
    appEngineRelease: "1.9.17",
  }
}

activity

The activity log is an Admin Activity audit log. Its payload is a JSON representation of the AuditLog type:

{
 logName: "projects/my-gcp-project-id/logs/cloudaudit.googleapis.com%2Factivity"
 timestamp: "2017-04-22T13:41:32.245Z"
 severity: "NOTICE"
 resource: {
  type: "gce_instance"
  labels: {
   instance_id: "2403273232180765234"
   zone: "us-central1-b"
   project_id: "my-gcp-project-id"
  }
 }
 insertId: "54DC1882F4B49.A4996C2.6A02F4C1"
 operation: {
  id: "operation-1492868454262-54dc185e9a4f0-249fe233-f73d472a"
  producer: "compute.googleapis.com"
  last: true
 }
 protoPayload: {
  @type: "type.googleapis.com/google.cloud.audit.AuditLog"
  authenticationInfo: {
   principalEmail: "649517127304@cloudservices.gserviceaccount.com"
  }
  requestMetadata: {…}
  serviceName: "compute.googleapis.com"
  methodName: "v1.compute.instances.delete"
  resourceName: "projects/my-gcp-project-id/zones/us-central1-b/instances/abc123"
 }
}

Troubleshooting

If logs seem to be missing from your sink's destination or you otherwise suspect that your sink isn't properly routing logs, then see Troubleshoot routing and sinks.

Pricing

Cloud Logging doesn't charge to route logs, but destination charges might apply. For details, see Cloud Logging pricing.

Note also that if you send and then exclude your Virtual Private Cloud flow logs from Cloud Logging, VPC flow log generation charges apply in addition to the destination charges.