Instrument Ruby apps for Error Reporting

You can send error reports to Error Reporting from Ruby applications by using the Error Reporting library for Ruby. Use the Error Reporting library for Ruby to create error groups for the following cases:

  • Your log bucket has customer-managed encryption keys (CMEK).
  • Your log buckets aren't in the global region.
  • You want to report custom error events.

Error Reporting is integrated with some Google Cloud services, such as App Engine, Compute Engine, and Google Kubernetes Engine. Error Reporting displays the errors that are logged to Cloud Logging by applications running on those services. For more information, go to Running on Google Cloud on this page.

You can also send error data to Error Reporting using Logging. For information on the data formatting requirements, read Formatting error messages in Logging.

Before you begin

  1. Sign in to your Google Cloud account. If you're new to Google Cloud, create an account to evaluate how our products perform in real-world scenarios. New customers also get $300 in free credits to run, test, and deploy workloads.
  2. In the Google Cloud console, on the project selector page, select or create a Google Cloud project.

    Go to project selector

  3. Make sure that billing is enabled for your Google Cloud project.

  4. Enable the Error Reporting API .

    Enable the API

  5. In the Google Cloud console, on the project selector page, select or create a Google Cloud project.

    Go to project selector

  6. Make sure that billing is enabled for your Google Cloud project.

  7. Enable the Error Reporting API .

    Enable the API

  8. Install Ruby 2.2+ or greater.

Install the client library

The Error Reporting library for Ruby lets you monitor and view errors reported by Ruby applications running nearly anywhere.

  1. Add the google-cloud-error_reporting gem to your Gemfile:

    gem "google-cloud-error_reporting"
  2. Use Bundler to install the gem:

    bundle install

Enabling the library

If you're using Ruby on Rails, Bundler automatically loads the library into your application when it starts.

Other Rack-based applications can use the Rack Middleware provided by the library:

require "google/cloud/error_reporting"

use Google::Cloud::ErrorReporting::Middleware

For more information on installation, read the documentation for the Error Reporting library for Ruby. You can also report issues using the issue tracker.

Configure the client library

You can customize the behavior of the Error Reporting library for Ruby. See the library's configuration for a list of possible configuration options.

Run apps on Google Cloud

To create error groups by using projects.events.report, your service account requires the Error Reporting Writer role (roles/errorreporting.writer).

Some Google Cloud services automatically grant the Error Reporting Writer role (roles/errorreporting.writer) to the appropriate service account. However, you must grant this role to the appropriate service account for some services.

App Engine flexible environment

App Engine grants the Error Reporting Writer role (roles/errorreporting.writer) to your default service account automatically.

The Error Reporting library for Ruby can be used without needing to explicitly provide credentials.

Error Reporting is automatically enabled for App Engine flexible environment applications. No additional setup is required.

Google Kubernetes Engine

To use Error Reporting with Google Kubernetes Engine, do the following:

  1. Ensure that the service account to be used by your container has been granted the Error Reporting Writer role (roles/errorreporting.writer).

    You can use either the Compute Engine default service account or a custom service account.

    For information about granting roles, see Manage access to projects, folders, and organizations.

  2. Create your cluster and grant the cluster the cloud-platform access scope.

    For example, the following create command specifies the cloud-platform access scope and a service account:

    gcloud container clusters create CLUSTER_NAME --service-account  SERVICE_ACCT_NAME --scopes=cloud-platform
    

Compute Engine

To use Error Reporting with Compute Engine VM instances, do the following:

  1. Ensure that the service account to be used by your VM instance has been granted the Error Reporting Writer role (roles/errorreporting.writer).

    You can use either the Compute Engine default service account or a custom service account.

    For information about granting roles, see Manage access to projects, folders, and organizations.

  2. In the navigation panel of the Google Cloud console, select Compute Engine, and then select VM instances:

    Go to VM instances

  3. Select the VM instance that you want to receive the cloud-platform access scope.

  4. Click Stop, and then click Edit.

  5. In the Identity and API access section, select a service account that has the Error Reporting Writer role (roles/errorreporting.writer).

  6. In the Access scopes section, select Allow full access to all Cloud APIs, and then save your changes.

  7. Click Start/Resume.

Using Ruby on Rails configuration interface

To use the Error Reporting library for Ruby with the Ruby on Rails framework, provide the parameters through the Ruby on Rails configuration interface:

# Add this to config/environments/*.rb
Rails.application.configure do |config|
  # Stackdriver Error Reporting specific parameters
  config.google_cloud.error_reporting.project_id = "YOUR-PROJECT-ID"
  config.google_cloud.error_reporting.keyfile    = "/path/to/service-account.json"
end

You can also set shared configuration for all Stackdriver gems using the following:

# Add this to config/environments/*.rb
Rails.application.configure do |config|
  # Stackdriver Shared parameters
  config.google_cloud.project_id = "YOUR-PROJECT-ID"
  config.google_cloud.keyfile    = "/path/to/service-account.json"
end

Error Reporting is enabled by default when Rails is running in production mode. To enable Error Reporting in development mode, add the following:

# Add this to config/environments/development.rb
Rails.application.configure do |config|
  config.google_cloud.use_error_reporting = true
end

Using instrumentation configuration interface

To use the Error Reporting library for Ruby in other Rack-based applications, provide the parameters through the configuration interface:

require "google/cloud/error_reporting"

Google::Cloud.configure do |config|
  # Stackdriver Error Reporting specific parameters
  config.error_reporting.project_id = "YOUR-PROJECT-ID"
  config.error_reporting.keyfile    = "/path/to/service-account.json"
end

You can also set shared configuration for all Google Cloud's operations suite gems using the following:

require "stackdriver"

Google::Cloud.configure do |config|
  # Stackdriver Shared parameters
  config.project_id = "YOUR-PROJECT-ID"
  config.keyfile    = "/path/to/service-account.json"
end

Example

Reporting errors in Rack-based frameworks

The Error Reporting library for Ruby makes it easy to integrate Error Reporting into popular Rack-based Ruby web frameworks such as Ruby on Rails and Sinatra. When the library is enabled, it automatically reports exceptions captured from the application's Rack stack.

Reporting errors manually

You can manually report an error by calling the report method, as seen in the following example:

require "google/cloud/error_reporting"

begin
  raise "Something went wrong"
rescue StandardError => e
  Google::Cloud::ErrorReporting.report e
end

Run apps in a local development environment

To use the Error Reporting library for Ruby in a local development environment, such as running the library on your own workstation, you must provide your Error Reporting library for Ruby with the local application default credentials. For more information, see Authenticate to Error Reporting.

To use the Ruby samples on this page from a local development environment, install and initialize the gcloud CLI, and then set up Application Default Credentials with your user credentials.

  1. Install the Google Cloud CLI.
  2. To initialize the gcloud CLI, run the following command:

    gcloud init
  3. Create local authentication credentials for your Google Account:

    gcloud auth application-default login

For more information, see Set up authentication for a local development environment.

The projects.events.report method also supports API keys. If you want to use API keys for authentication, you do not need to set up a local Application Default Credentials file. For more information, see Create an API key in the Google Cloud authentication documentation.

Using Ruby on Rails configuration interface

To use the Error Reporting library for Ruby with the Ruby on Rails framework, provide the parameters through the Ruby on Rails configuration interface:

# Add this to config/environments/*.rb
Rails.application.configure do |config|
  # Stackdriver Error Reporting specific parameters
  config.google_cloud.error_reporting.project_id = "YOUR-PROJECT-ID"
  config.google_cloud.error_reporting.keyfile    = "/path/to/service-account.json"
end

You can also set shared configuration for all Stackdriver gems using the following:

# Add this to config/environments/*.rb
Rails.application.configure do |config|
  # Stackdriver Shared parameters
  config.google_cloud.project_id = "YOUR-PROJECT-ID"
  config.google_cloud.keyfile    = "/path/to/service-account.json"
end

Error Reporting is enabled by default when Rails is running in production mode. To enable Error Reporting in development mode, add the following:

# Add this to config/environments/development.rb
Rails.application.configure do |config|
  config.google_cloud.use_error_reporting = true
end

Using instrumentation configuration interface

To use the Error Reporting library for Ruby in other Rack-based applications, provide the parameters through the configuration interface:

require "google/cloud/error_reporting"

Google::Cloud.configure do |config|
  # Stackdriver Error Reporting specific parameters
  config.error_reporting.project_id = "YOUR-PROJECT-ID"
  config.error_reporting.keyfile    = "/path/to/service-account.json"
end

You can also set shared configuration for all Google Cloud's operations suite gems using the following:

require "stackdriver"

Google::Cloud.configure do |config|
  # Stackdriver Shared parameters
  config.project_id = "YOUR-PROJECT-ID"
  config.keyfile    = "/path/to/service-account.json"
end

Viewing error reports

In the navigation panel of the Google Cloud console, select Error Reporting, and then select your Google Cloud project:

Go to Error Reporting

For more information, see Viewing Errors.