Exceptions and HTTP status codes

This page lists the exceptions provided by the endpoints library as well as HTTP status codes supported by Cloud Endpoints Frameworks.

In many situations, you might want to use common HTTP status codes to indicate the success or failure of a user's API request. For example, if a user is attempting to retrieve an entity which doesn't exist, you might want to send an HTTP 404 status code to say that no entity exists with ID: entityId.

You can send common HTTP status codes by throwing an exception provided by the endpoints library as follows:

throw new NotFoundException(user.getEmail());

Exceptions provided by Endpoints Frameworks

Endpoints Frameworks provides the following exceptions, corresponding to specific HTTP status codes:

Exception Corresponding HTTP status code
com.google.api.server.spi.response.BadRequestException HTTP 400
com.google.api.server.spi.response.UnauthorizedException HTTP 401
com.google.api.server.spi.response.ForbiddenException HTTP 403
com.google.api.server.spi.response.NotFoundException HTTP 404
com.google.api.server.spi.response.ConflictException HTTP 409
com.google.api.server.spi.response.InternalServerErrorException HTTP 500
com.google.api.server.spi.response.ServiceUnavailableException HTTP 503

Supported HTTP status codes

Cloud Endpoints Frameworks supports a subset of HTTP status codes in API responses. The following table describes the supported codes.

HTTP status codes Support
HTTP 2xx HTTP 200 is typically assumed by Endpoints Frameworks if the API method returns successfully.
If the API method response type is void or the return value of the API method is null , HTTP 204 is set instead.
HTTP 3xx HTTP 3xx codes aren't supported. Use of any HTTP 3xx codes results in an HTTP 404 response.
HTTP 4xx Only the following HTTP 4xx codes are supported:
  • 400
  • 401
  • 403
  • 404
  • 409
  • 410
  • 412
  • 413
Any other HTTP 4xx codes are returned as error 404, except for the following:
  • 405 is returned as 501
  • 408 is returned as 503
HTTP 5xx All HTTP 5xx status codes are converted to HTTP 503 in the client response.

Creating your own exception classes

If you want to create other exception classes for other HTTP status codes, you need to subclass com.google.api.server.spi.ServiceException. The following snippet shows how to create an exception class that represents an HTTP 408 status code:

import com.google.api.server.spi.ServiceException;

// Exceptions must inherit from ServiceException
public class RequestTimeoutException extends ServiceException {
  public RequestTimeoutException(String message) {
    super(408, message);

Using unsupported HTTP status codes

It is possible to use HTTP status codes that aren't in the preceding supported list. Note that if you decide to do so, it might have unintended consequences for client libraries that access the API. To use unsupported error codes, create your own exception class, as described in the previous section, and add a new servlet initialization parameter enableExceptionCompatibility to EndpointsServlet: