Proto 유형 스키마 만들기

컬렉션을 사용해 정리하기 내 환경설정을 기준으로 콘텐츠를 저장하고 분류하세요.

프로토콜 버퍼 파일을 사용하여 스키마 리소스를 만듭니다.

더 살펴보기

이 코드 샘플이 포함된 자세한 문서는 다음을 참조하세요.

코드 샘플

C++

이 샘플을 사용해 보기 전에 Pub/Sub 빠른 시작: 클라이언트 라이브러리 사용C++ 설정 안내를 따르세요. 자세한 내용은 Pub/Sub C++ API 참조 문서를 확인하세요.

namespace pubsub = ::google::cloud::pubsub;
[](pubsub::SchemaServiceClient client, std::string const& project_id,
   std::string const& schema_id) {
  auto constexpr kDefinition = R"pfile(
      syntax = "proto3";
      package google.cloud.pubsub.samples;

      message State {
        string name = 1;
        string post_abbr = 2;
      }
      )pfile";
  google::pubsub::v1::CreateSchemaRequest request;
  request.set_parent(google::cloud::Project(project_id).FullName());
  request.set_schema_id(schema_id);
  request.mutable_schema()->set_type(
      google::pubsub::v1::Schema::PROTOCOL_BUFFER);
  request.mutable_schema()->set_definition(kDefinition);
  auto schema = client.CreateSchema(request);
  if (schema.status().code() == google::cloud::StatusCode::kAlreadyExists) {
    std::cout << "The schema already exists\n";
    return;
  }
  if (!schema) throw std::move(schema).status();
  std::cout << "Schema successfully created: " << schema->DebugString()
            << "\n";
}

C#

이 샘플을 사용해 보기 전에 Pub/Sub 빠른 시작: 클라이언트 라이브러리 사용C# 설정 안내를 따르세요. 자세한 내용은 Pub/Sub C# API 참조 문서를 확인하세요.


using Google.Cloud.PubSub.V1;
using Grpc.Core;
using System;
using System.IO;

public class CreateProtoSchemaSample
{
    public Schema CreateProtoSchema(string projectId, string schemaId, string pathToDefinition)
    {
        SchemaServiceClient schemaService = SchemaServiceClient.Create();
        var schemaName = SchemaName.FromProjectSchema(projectId, schemaId);
        string schemaDefinition = File.ReadAllText(pathToDefinition);
        Schema schema = new Schema
        {
            Name = schemaName.ToString(),
            Type = Schema.Types.Type.ProtocolBuffer,
            Definition = schemaDefinition
        };
        CreateSchemaRequest createSchemaRequest = new CreateSchemaRequest
        {
            Parent = "projects/" + projectId,
            SchemaId = schemaId,
            Schema = schema
        };

        try
        {
            schema = schemaService.CreateSchema(createSchemaRequest);
            Console.WriteLine($"Schema {schema.Name} created.");
        }
        catch (RpcException e) when (e.Status.StatusCode == StatusCode.AlreadyExists)
        {
            Console.WriteLine($"Schema {schemaName} already exists.");
        }
        return schema;
    }
}

Go

이 샘플을 사용해 보기 전에 Pub/Sub 빠른 시작: 클라이언트 라이브러리 사용Go 설정 안내를 따르세요. 자세한 내용은 Pub/Sub Go API 참조 문서를 확인하세요.

import (
	"context"
	"fmt"
	"io"
	"os"

	"cloud.google.com/go/pubsub"
)

// createProtoSchema creates a schema resource from a schema proto file.
func createProtoSchema(w io.Writer, projectID, schemaID, protoFile string) error {
	// projectID := "my-project-id"
	// schemaID := "my-schema"
	// protoFile = "path/to/a/proto/schema/file(.proto)/formatted/in/protocol/buffers"
	ctx := context.Background()
	client, err := pubsub.NewSchemaClient(ctx, projectID)
	if err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("pubsub.NewSchemaClient: %v", err)
	}
	defer client.Close()

	protoSource, err := os.ReadFile(protoFile)
	if err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("error reading from file: %s", protoFile)
	}

	config := pubsub.SchemaConfig{
		Type:       pubsub.SchemaProtocolBuffer,
		Definition: string(protoSource),
	}
	s, err := client.CreateSchema(ctx, schemaID, config)
	if err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("CreateSchema: %v", err)
	}
	fmt.Fprintf(w, "Schema created: %#v\n", s)
	return nil
}

Java

이 샘플을 사용해 보기 전에 Pub/Sub 빠른 시작: 클라이언트 라이브러리 사용Java 설정 안내를 따르세요. 자세한 내용은 Pub/Sub Java API 참조 문서를 확인하세요.


import com.google.api.gax.rpc.AlreadyExistsException;
import com.google.cloud.pubsub.v1.SchemaServiceClient;
import com.google.pubsub.v1.ProjectName;
import com.google.pubsub.v1.Schema;
import com.google.pubsub.v1.SchemaName;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.nio.file.Files;
import java.nio.file.Paths;

public class CreateProtoSchemaExample {

  public static void main(String... args) throws Exception {
    // TODO(developer): Replace these variables before running the sample.
    String projectId = "your-project-id";
    String schemaId = "your-schema-id";
    String protoFile = "path/to/a/proto/file/(.proto)/formatted/in/protocol/buffers";

    createProtoSchemaExample(projectId, schemaId, protoFile);
  }

  public static Schema createProtoSchemaExample(String projectId, String schemaId, String protoFile)
      throws IOException {

    ProjectName projectName = ProjectName.of(projectId);
    SchemaName schemaName = SchemaName.of(projectId, schemaId);

    // Read a proto file as a string.
    String protoSource = new String(Files.readAllBytes(Paths.get(protoFile)));

    try (SchemaServiceClient schemaServiceClient = SchemaServiceClient.create()) {

      Schema schema =
          schemaServiceClient.createSchema(
              projectName,
              Schema.newBuilder()
                  .setName(schemaName.toString())
                  .setType(Schema.Type.PROTOCOL_BUFFER)
                  .setDefinition(protoSource)
                  .build(),
              schemaId);

      System.out.println("Created a schema using a protobuf schema:\n" + schema);
      return schema;
    } catch (AlreadyExistsException e) {
      System.out.println(schemaName + "already exists.");
      return null;
    }
  }
}

Node.js

/**
 * TODO(developer): Uncomment these variables before running the sample.
 */
// const schemaNameOrId = 'YOUR_SCHEMA_NAME_OR_ID';
// const protoFile = 'path/to/a/proto/schema/file/(.proto)/formatted/in/protcol/buffers';

// Imports the Google Cloud client library
const {PubSub, SchemaTypes} = require('@google-cloud/pubsub');

const fs = require('fs');

// Creates a client; cache this for further use
const pubSubClient = new PubSub();

async function createProtoSchema(schemaNameOrId, protoFile) {
  const definition = fs.readFileSync(protoFile).toString();
  const schema = await pubSubClient.createSchema(
    schemaNameOrId,
    SchemaTypes.ProtocolBuffer,
    definition
  );

  const fullName = await schema.getName();
  console.log(`Schema ${fullName} created.`);
}

Node.js

/**
 * TODO(developer): Uncomment these variables before running the sample.
 */
// const schemaNameOrId = 'YOUR_SCHEMA_NAME_OR_ID';
// const protoFile = 'path/to/a/proto/schema/file/(.proto)/formatted/in/protcol/buffers';

// Imports the Google Cloud client library
import {PubSub, SchemaTypes} from '@google-cloud/pubsub';

import * as fs from 'fs';

// Creates a client; cache this for further use
const pubSubClient = new PubSub();

async function createProtoSchema(schemaNameOrId: string, protoFile: string) {
  const definition: string = fs.readFileSync(protoFile).toString();
  const schema = await pubSubClient.createSchema(
    schemaNameOrId,
    SchemaTypes.ProtocolBuffer,
    definition
  );

  const fullName: string = await schema.getName();
  console.log(`Schema ${fullName} created.`);
}

PHP

이 샘플을 사용해 보기 전에 Pub/Sub 빠른 시작: 클라이언트 라이브러리 사용PHP 설정 안내를 따르세요. 자세한 내용은 Pub/Sub PHP API 참조 문서를 확인하세요.

use Google\Cloud\PubSub\PubSubClient;
use Google\Cloud\PubSub\V1\Schema\Type;

/**
 * Create a Schema with an Protocol Buffer definition.
 *
 * @param string $projectId
 * @param string $schemaId
 * @param string $protoFile
 */
function create_proto_schema($projectId, $schemaId, $protoFile)
{
    $pubsub = new PubSubClient([
        'projectId' => $projectId,
    ]);

    $definition = file_get_contents($protoFile);
    $schema = $pubsub->createSchema($schemaId, Type::PROTOCOL_BUFFER, $definition);

    printf('Schema %s created.', $schema->name());
}

Python

이 샘플을 사용해 보기 전에 Pub/Sub 빠른 시작: 클라이언트 라이브러리 사용Python 설정 안내를 따르세요. 자세한 내용은 Pub/Sub Python API 참조 문서를 확인하세요.

from google.api_core.exceptions import AlreadyExists
from google.cloud.pubsub import SchemaServiceClient
from google.pubsub_v1.types import Schema

# TODO(developer): Replace these variables before running the sample.
# project_id = "your-project-id"
# schema_id = "your-schema-id"
# proto_file = "path/to/a/proto/file/(.proto)/formatted/in/protocol/buffers"

project_path = f"projects/{project_id}"

# Read a protobuf schema file as a string.
with open(proto_file, "rb") as f:
    proto_source = f.read().decode("utf-8")

schema_client = SchemaServiceClient()
schema_path = schema_client.schema_path(project_id, schema_id)
schema = Schema(
    name=schema_path, type_=Schema.Type.PROTOCOL_BUFFER, definition=proto_source
)

try:
    result = schema_client.create_schema(
        request={"parent": project_path, "schema": schema, "schema_id": schema_id}
    )
    print(f"Created a schema using a protobuf schema file:\n{result}")
    return result
except AlreadyExists:
    print(f"{schema_id} already exists.")

Ruby

이 샘플을 사용해 보기 전에 Pub/Sub 빠른 시작: 클라이언트 라이브러리 사용Ruby 설정 안내를 따르세요. 자세한 내용은 Pub/Sub Ruby API 참조 문서를 확인하세요.

# schema_id = "your-schema-id"
# proto_file = "path/to/a/proto/file/(.proto)/formatted/in/protocol/buffers"
require "google/cloud/pubsub"

pubsub = Google::Cloud::Pubsub.new

definition = File.read proto_file
schema = pubsub.create_schema schema_id, :protocol_buffer, definition

puts "Schema #{schema.name} created."

다음 단계

다른 Google Cloud 제품의 코드 샘플을 검색하고 필터링하려면 Google Cloud 샘플 브라우저를 참조하세요.