Cloud KMS Client Libraries

This page shows how to get started with the Cloud Client Libraries for the Cloud Key Management Service API. Read more about the client libraries for Cloud APIs in Client Libraries Explained.

Installing the client library

C#

For more information, see Setting Up a C# Development Environment.

Using PowerShell or the Visual Studio Package Manager Console:

Install-Package "Google.Cloud.Kms.V1" -Version "2.0.0-beta03"

Using the dotnet CLI:

dotnet add package "Google.Cloud.Kms.V1" -Version "2.0.0-beta03"

Go

For more information, see Setting Up a Go Development Environment.

go get -u "cloud.google.com/go/kms/apiv1"

Java

For more information, see Setting Up a Java Development Environment.

If you are using Maven, add the following to your pom.xml file. For more information about BOMs, see The Google Cloud Platform Libraries BOM.

<dependencyManagement>
  <dependencies>
    <dependency>
      <groupId>com.google.cloud</groupId>
      <artifactId>libraries-bom</artifactId>
      <version>5.5.0</version>
      <type>pom</type>
      <scope>import</scope>
    </dependency>
  </dependencies>
</dependencyManagement>

<dependencies>
  <dependency>
    <groupId>com.google.cloud</groupId>
    <artifactId>google-cloud-kms</artifactId>
  </dependency>

If you are using Gradle, add the following to your dependencies:

compile 'com.google.cloud:google-cloud-kms:1.38.1'

If you are using sbt, add the following to your dependencies:

libraryDependencies += "com.google.cloud" % "google-cloud-kms" % "1.38.1"

If you're using IntelliJ or Eclipse, you can add client libraries to your project using the following IDE plugins:

The plugins provide additional functionality, such as key management for service accounts. Refer to each plugin's documentation for details.

Node.js

For more information, see Setting Up a Node.js Development Environment.

npm install --save "@google-cloud/kms"

PHP

For more information, see Using PHP on Google Cloud.

composer require "google/cloud-kms"

Python

For more information, see Setting Up a Python Development Environment.

pip install --upgrade "google-cloud-kms"

Ruby

For more information, see Setting Up a Ruby Development Environment.

gem install "google-cloud-kms"

Setting up authentication

To run the client library, you must first set up authentication by creating a service account and setting an environment variable. Complete the following steps to set up authentication. For other ways to authenticate, see the GCP authentication documentation.

Cloud Console

  1. In the Cloud Console, go to the Create service account key page.

    Go to the Create Service Account Key page
  2. From the Service account list, select New service account.
  3. In the Service account name field, enter a name.
  4. From the Role list, select Project > Owner.

    Note: The Role field authorizes your service account to access resources. You can view and change this field later by using the Cloud Console. If you are developing a production app, specify more granular permissions than Project > Owner. For more information, see granting roles to service accounts.
  5. Click Create. A JSON file that contains your key downloads to your computer.

Command line

You can run the following commands using the Cloud SDK on your local machine, or in Cloud Shell.

  1. Create the service account. Replace [NAME] with a name for the service account.

    gcloud iam service-accounts create [NAME]
  2. Grant permissions to the service account. Replace [PROJECT_ID] with your project ID.

    gcloud projects add-iam-policy-binding [PROJECT_ID] --member "serviceAccount:[NAME]@[PROJECT_ID].iam.gserviceaccount.com" --role "roles/owner"
    Note: The Role field authorizes your service account to access resources. You can view and change this field later by using Cloud Console. If you are developing a production app, specify more granular permissions than Project > Owner. For more information, see granting roles to service accounts.
  3. Generate the key file. Replace [FILE_NAME] with a name for the key file.

    gcloud iam service-accounts keys create [FILE_NAME].json --iam-account [NAME]@[PROJECT_ID].iam.gserviceaccount.com

Provide authentication credentials to your application code by setting the environment variable GOOGLE_APPLICATION_CREDENTIALS. Replace [PATH] with the file path of the JSON file that contains your service account key, and [FILE_NAME] with the filename. This variable only applies to your current shell session, so if you open a new session, set the variable again.

Linux or macOS

export GOOGLE_APPLICATION_CREDENTIALS="[PATH]"

For example:

export GOOGLE_APPLICATION_CREDENTIALS="/home/user/Downloads/[FILE_NAME].json"

Windows

With PowerShell:

$env:GOOGLE_APPLICATION_CREDENTIALS="[PATH]"

For example:

$env:GOOGLE_APPLICATION_CREDENTIALS="C:\Users\username\Downloads\[FILE_NAME].json"

With command prompt:

set GOOGLE_APPLICATION_CREDENTIALS=[PATH]

Using the client library

The following example shows how to use the client library.

C#

For more information, see the Cloud KMS C# API reference documentation.


using Google.Api.Gax.ResourceNames;
using Google.Cloud.Kms.V1;

public class QuickstartSample
{
    public void Quickstart(string projectId = "my-project", string locationId = "us-east1")
    {
        // Create a Cloud KMS client.
        KeyManagementServiceClient client = KeyManagementServiceClient.Create();

        // Build the parent location name.
        LocationName locationName = new LocationName(projectId, locationId);

        // Iterate over and print each key ring name;
        foreach (KeyRing keyRing in client.ListKeyRings(locationName))
        {
            // ... (e.g. keyRing.Name)
        }
    }
}

Go

For more information, see the Cloud KMS Go API reference documentation.


// Sample quickstart is a basic program that uses Cloud KMS.
package main

import (
	"context"
	"fmt"
	"log"

	kms "cloud.google.com/go/kms/apiv1"
	"google.golang.org/api/iterator"
	kmspb "google.golang.org/genproto/googleapis/cloud/kms/v1"
)

func main() {
	// GCP project with which to communicate.
	projectID := "your-project-id"

	// Location in which to list key rings.
	locationID := "global"

	// Create the client.
	ctx := context.Background()
	client, err := kms.NewKeyManagementClient(ctx)
	if err != nil {
		log.Fatalf("failed to setup client: %v", err)
	}

	// Create the request to list KeyRings.
	listKeyRingsReq := &kmspb.ListKeyRingsRequest{
		Parent: fmt.Sprintf("projects/%s/locations/%s", projectID, locationID),
	}

	// List the KeyRings.
	it := client.ListKeyRings(ctx, listKeyRingsReq)

	// Iterate and print the results.
	for {
		resp, err := it.Next()
		if err == iterator.Done {
			break
		}
		if err != nil {
			log.Fatalf("Failed to list key rings: %v", err)
		}

		fmt.Printf("key ring: %s\n", resp.Name)
	}
}

Java

For more information, see the Cloud KMS Java API reference documentation.

import com.google.cloud.kms.v1.KeyManagementServiceClient;
import com.google.cloud.kms.v1.KeyManagementServiceClient.ListKeyRingsPagedResponse;
import com.google.cloud.kms.v1.KeyRing;
import com.google.cloud.kms.v1.LocationName;
import java.io.IOException;

public class Quickstart {

  public void quickstart() throws IOException {
    // TODO(developer): Replace these variables before running the sample.
    String projectId = "your-project-id";
    String locationId = "us-east1";
    quickstart(projectId, locationId);
  }

  public void quickstart(String projectId, String locationId) throws IOException {
    // Initialize client that will be used to send requests. This client only
    // needs to be created once, and can be reused for multiple requests. After
    // completing all of your requests, call the "close" method on the client to
    // safely clean up any remaining background resources.
    try (KeyManagementServiceClient client = KeyManagementServiceClient.create()) {
      // Build the parent from the project and location.
      LocationName parent = LocationName.of(projectId, locationId);

      // Call the API.
      ListKeyRingsPagedResponse response = client.listKeyRings(parent);

      // Iterate over each key ring and print its name.
      System.out.println("key rings:");
      for (KeyRing keyRing : response.iterateAll()) {
        System.out.printf("%s%n", keyRing.getName());
      }
    }
  }
}

Node.js

For more information, see the Cloud KMS Node.js API reference documentation.

//
// TODO(developer): Uncomment these variables before running the sample.
//
// const projectId = 'my-project';
// const locationId = 'us-east1';

// Imports the Cloud KMS library
const {KeyManagementServiceClient} = require('@google-cloud/kms');

// Instantiates a client
const client = new KeyManagementServiceClient();

// Build the location name
const locationName = client.locationPath(projectId, locationId);

async function listKeyRings() {
  const [keyRings] = await client.listKeyRings({
    parent: locationName,
  });

  for (const keyRing of keyRings) {
    console.log(keyRing.name);
  }

  return keyRings;
}

return listKeyRings();

PHP

For more information, see the Cloud KMS PHP API reference documentation.

use Google\Cloud\Kms\V1\KeyManagementServiceClient;

function quickstart_sample(
    string $projectId = 'my-project',
    string $locationId = 'us-east1'
) {
    // Create the Cloud KMS client.
    $client = new KeyManagementServiceClient();

    // Build the parent location name.
    $locationName = $client->locationName($projectId, $locationId);

    // Call the API.
    $keyRings = $client->listKeyRings($locationName);

    // Example of iterating over key rings.
    printf('Key rings in %s:' . PHP_EOL, $locationName);
    foreach ($keyRings as $keyRing) {
        printf('%s' . PHP_EOL, $keyRing->getName());
    }

    return $keyRings;
}

Python

For more information, see the Cloud KMS Python API reference documentation.

def quickstart(project_id, location_id):
    # Import the client library.
    from google.cloud import kms

    # Create the client.
    client = kms.KeyManagementServiceClient()

    # Build the parent location name.
    location_name = client.location_path(project_id, location_id)

    # Call the API.
    key_rings = client.list_key_rings(location_name)

    # Example of iterating over key rings.
    for key_ring in key_rings:
        print(key_ring.name)

    return key_rings

Ruby

For more information, see the Cloud KMS Ruby API reference documentation.

# TODO(developer): uncomment these values before running the sample.
# project_id  = "my-project"
# location_id = "us-east1"

# Require the library.
require "google/cloud/kms"

# Create the client.
client = Google::Cloud::Kms.new

# Build the parent location name.
location_name = client.location_path project_id, location_id

# Call the API.
key_rings = client.list_key_rings location_name

# Example of iterating over key rings.
puts "Key rings in #{location_name}"
key_rings.each do |key_ring|
  puts key_ring.name.to_s
end

Next steps

Learn how to programmatically encrypt and decrypt data.

Additional resources