VM-Instanzen in einem Projekt auflisten

Instanzen in einem Projekt auflisten – entweder in einer Zone oder in allen Zonen.

Weitere Informationen

Eine ausführliche Dokumentation, die dieses Codebeispiel enthält, finden Sie hier:

Codebeispiel

C#

Bevor Sie dieses Beispiel anwenden, folgen Sie den Schritten zur Einrichtung von C# in der Compute Engine-Kurzanleitung: Clientbibliotheken verwenden. Weitere Informationen finden Sie in der Referenzdokumentation zur Compute Engine C# API.


using Google.Cloud.Compute.V1;
using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Threading.Tasks;

public class ListAllInstancesAsyncSample
{
    public async Task<IList<Instance>> ListAllInstancesAsync(
        // TODO(developer): Set your own default values for these parameters or pass different values when calling this method.
        string projectId = "your-project-id")
    {
        // Initialize client that will be used to send requests. This client only needs to be created
        // once, and can be reused for multiple requests.
        InstancesClient client = await InstancesClient.CreateAsync();
        IList<Instance> allInstances = new List<Instance>();

        // Make the request to list all VM instances in a project.
        await foreach (var instancesByZone in client.AggregatedListAsync(projectId))
        {
            // The result contains a KeyValuePair collection, where the key is a zone and the value
            // is a collection of instances in that zone.
            Console.WriteLine($"Instances for zone: {instancesByZone.Key}");
            foreach (var instance in instancesByZone.Value.Instances)
            {
                Console.WriteLine($"-- Name: {instance.Name}");
                allInstances.Add(instance);
            }
        }

        return allInstances;
    }
}

Go

Bevor Sie dieses Beispiel anwenden, folgen Sie den Schritten zur Einrichtung von Go in der Compute Engine-Kurzanleitung: Clientbibliotheken verwenden. Weitere Informationen finden Sie in der Referenzdokumentation zur Compute Engine Go API.

import (
	"context"
	"fmt"
	"io"

	compute "cloud.google.com/go/compute/apiv1"
	"google.golang.org/api/iterator"
	computepb "google.golang.org/genproto/googleapis/cloud/compute/v1"
	"google.golang.org/protobuf/proto"
)

// listAllInstances prints all instances present in a project, grouped by their zone.
func listAllInstances(w io.Writer, projectID string) error {
	// projectID := "your_project_id"
	ctx := context.Background()
	instancesClient, err := compute.NewInstancesRESTClient(ctx)
	if err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("NewInstancesRESTClient: %v", err)
	}
	defer instancesClient.Close()

	// Use the `MaxResults` parameter to limit the number of results that the API returns per response page.
	req := &computepb.AggregatedListInstancesRequest{
		Project:    projectID,
		MaxResults: proto.Uint32(3),
	}

	it := instancesClient.AggregatedList(ctx, req)
	fmt.Fprintf(w, "Instances found:\n")
	// Despite using the `MaxResults` parameter, you don't need to handle the pagination
	// yourself. The returned iterator object handles pagination
	// automatically, returning separated pages as you iterate over the results.
	for {
		pair, err := it.Next()
		if err == iterator.Done {
			break
		}
		if err != nil {
			return err
		}
		instances := pair.Value.Instances
		if len(instances) > 0 {
			fmt.Fprintf(w, "%s\n", pair.Key)
			for _, instance := range instances {
				fmt.Fprintf(w, "- %s %s\n", instance.GetName(), instance.GetMachineType())
			}
		}
	}
	return nil
}

Java

Bevor Sie dieses Beispiel anwenden, folgen Sie den Schritten zur Einrichtung von Java in der Compute Engine-Kurzanleitung zur Verwendung von Clientbibliotheken. Weitere Informationen finden Sie in der Referenzdokumentation zur Compute Engine Java API.


import com.google.cloud.compute.v1.AggregatedListInstancesRequest;
import com.google.cloud.compute.v1.Instance;
import com.google.cloud.compute.v1.InstancesClient;
import com.google.cloud.compute.v1.InstancesClient.AggregatedListPagedResponse;
import com.google.cloud.compute.v1.InstancesScopedList;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.util.Map;

public class ListAllInstances {

  public static void main(String[] args) throws IOException {
    // TODO(developer): Replace these variables before running the sample
    String project = "your-project-id";
    listAllInstances(project);
  }

  // List all instances in the specified project ID.
  public static AggregatedListPagedResponse listAllInstances(String project) throws IOException {
    // Initialize client that will be used to send requests. This client only needs to be created
    // once, and can be reused for multiple requests. After completing all of your requests, call
    // the `instancesClient.close()` method on the client to
    // safely clean up any remaining background resources.
    try (InstancesClient instancesClient = InstancesClient.create()) {

      // Use the `setMaxResults` parameter to limit the number of results
      // that the API returns per response page.
      AggregatedListInstancesRequest aggregatedListInstancesRequest = AggregatedListInstancesRequest
          .newBuilder()
          .setProject(project)
          .setMaxResults(5)
          .build();

      InstancesClient.AggregatedListPagedResponse response = instancesClient
          .aggregatedList(aggregatedListInstancesRequest);

      // Despite using the `setMaxResults` parameter, you don't need to handle the pagination
      // yourself. The returned `AggregatedListPager` object handles pagination
      // automatically, requesting next pages as you iterate over the results.
      for (Map.Entry<String, InstancesScopedList> zoneInstances : response.iterateAll()) {
        // Instances scoped by each zone
        String zone = zoneInstances.getKey();
        if (!zoneInstances.getValue().getInstancesList().isEmpty()) {
          // zoneInstances.getKey() returns the fully qualified address.
          // Hence, strip it to get the zone name only
          System.out.printf("Instances at %s: ", zone.substring(zone.lastIndexOf('/') + 1));
          for (Instance instance : zoneInstances.getValue().getInstancesList()) {
            System.out.println(instance.getName());
          }
        }
      }
      System.out.println("####### Listing all instances complete #######");
      return response;
    }
  }

}

Node.js

Bevor Sie dieses Beispiel testen, folgen Sie der Einrichtungsanleitung für Node.js in der Schnellstartanleitung zur Verwendung von Clientbibliotheken. Weitere Informationen finden Sie in der Referenzdokumentation zur Compute Engine Node.js API.

/**
 * TODO(developer): Uncomment and replace these variables before running the sample.
 */
// const projectId = 'YOUR_PROJECT_ID';

const compute = require('@google-cloud/compute');

// List all instances in the specified project.
async function listAllInstances() {
  const instancesClient = new compute.InstancesClient();

  //Use the `maxResults` parameter to limit the number of results that the API returns per response page.
  const aggListRequest = instancesClient.aggregatedListAsync({
    project: projectId,
    maxResults: 5,
  });

  console.log('Instances found:');

  // Despite using the `maxResults` parameter, you don't need to handle the pagination
  // yourself. The returned object handles pagination automatically,
  // requesting next pages as you iterate over the results.
  for await (const [zone, instancesObject] of aggListRequest) {
    const instances = instancesObject.instances;

    if (instances && instances.length > 0) {
      console.log(` ${zone}`);
      for (const instance of instances) {
        console.log(` - ${instance.name} (${instance.machineType})`);
      }
    }
  }
}

listAllInstances();

PHP

Bevor Sie dieses Beispiel anwenden, folgen Sie den Schritten zur Einrichtung von PHP in der Compute Engine-Kurzanleitung zur Verwendung von Clientbibliotheken. Weitere Informationen finden Sie in der Referenzdokumentation zur Compute Engine PHP API.

use Google\Cloud\Compute\V1\InstancesClient;

/**
 * List all instances for a particular Cloud project.
 *
 * @param string $projectId Your Google Cloud project ID.
 *
 * @throws \Google\ApiCore\ApiException if the remote call fails.
 */
function list_all_instances(string $projectId)
{
    // List Compute Engine instances using InstancesClient.
    $instancesClient = new InstancesClient();
    $allInstances = $instancesClient->aggregatedList($projectId);

    printf('All instances for %s' . PHP_EOL, $projectId);
    foreach ($allInstances as $zone => $zoneInstances) {
        $instances = $zoneInstances->getInstances();
        if (count($instances) > 0) {
            printf('Zone - %s' . PHP_EOL, $zone);
            foreach ($instances as $instance) {
                printf(' - %s' . PHP_EOL, $instance->getName());
            }
        }
    }
}

Python

Bevor Sie dieses Beispiel anwenden, folgen Sie den Schritten zur Einrichtung von Python in der Compute Engine-Kurzanleitung zur Verwendung von Clientbibliotheken. Weitere Informationen finden Sie in der Referenzdokumentation zur Cloud Engine Python API.

from typing import Dict, Iterable

from google.cloud import compute_v1

def list_all_instances(
    project_id: str,
) -> Dict[str, Iterable[compute_v1.Instance]]:
    """
    Returns a dictionary of all instances present in a project, grouped by their zone.

    Args:
        project_id: project ID or project number of the Cloud project you want to use.
    Returns:
        A dictionary with zone names as keys (in form of "zones/{zone_name}") and
        iterable collections of Instance objects as values.
    """
    instance_client = compute_v1.InstancesClient()
    request = compute_v1.AggregatedListInstancesRequest()
    request.project = project_id
    # Use the `max_results` parameter to limit the number of results that the API returns per response page.
    request.max_results = 50

    agg_list = instance_client.aggregated_list(request=request)

    all_instances = {}
    print("Instances found:")
    # Despite using the `max_results` parameter, you don't need to handle the pagination
    # yourself. The returned `AggregatedListPager` object handles pagination
    # automatically, returning separated pages as you iterate over the results.
    for zone, response in agg_list:
        if response.instances:
            all_instances[zone] = response.instances
            print(f" {zone}:")
            for instance in response.instances:
                print(f" - {instance.name} ({instance.machine_type})")
    return all_instances

Ruby

Bevor Sie dieses Beispiel anwenden, folgen Sie den Schritten zur Einrichtung von Ruby in der Compute Engine-Kurzanleitung zur Verwendung von Clientbibliotheken. Weitere Informationen finden Sie in der Referenzdokumentation zur Compute Engine Ruby API.


require "google/cloud/compute/v1"

# Returns a dictionary of all instances present in a project, grouped by their zone.
#
# @param [String] project project ID or project number of the Cloud project you want to use.
# @return [Hash<String, Array<::Google::Cloud::Compute::V1::Instance>>] A hash with zone names
#   as keys (in form of "zones/{zone_name}") and arrays of instances as values.
def list_all_instances project:
  # Initialize client that will be used to send requests. This client only needs to be created
  # once, and can be reused for multiple requests.
  client = ::Google::Cloud::Compute::V1::Instances::Rest::Client.new

  # Send the request to list all VM instances in a project.
  agg_list = client.aggregated_list project: project
  all_instances = {}
  puts "Instances found:"
  # The result contains a Map collection, where the key is a zone and the value
  # is a collection of instances in that zone.
  agg_list.each do |zone, list|
    next if list.instances.empty?
    all_instances[zone] = list.instances
    puts " #{zone}:"
    list.instances.each do |instance|
      puts " - #{instance.name} (#{instance.machine_type})"
    end
  end
  all_instances
end

Nächste Schritte

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