List VM instances in a project

List instances in a project, either in one zone or across all zones.

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For detailed documentation that includes this code sample, see the following:

Code sample

C#

Before trying this sample, follow the C# setup instructions in the Compute Engine quickstart using client libraries. For more information, see the Compute Engine C# API reference documentation.


using Google.Cloud.Compute.V1;
using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Threading.Tasks;

public class ListAllInstancesAsyncSample
{
    public async Task<IList<Instance>> ListAllInstancesAsync(
        // TODO(developer): Set your own default values for these parameters or pass different values when calling this method.
        string projectId = "your-project-id") 
    {
        // Initialize client that will be used to send requests. This client only needs to be created
        // once, and can be reused for multiple requests.
        InstancesClient client = await InstancesClient.CreateAsync();
        IList<Instance> allInstances = new List<Instance>();

        // Make the request to list all VM instances in a project.
        await foreach (var instancesByZone in client.AggregatedListAsync(projectId))
        {
            // The result contains a KeyValuePair collection, where the key is a zone and the value
            // is a collection of instances in that zone.
            Console.WriteLine($"Instances for zone: {instancesByZone.Key}");
            foreach (var instance in instancesByZone.Value.Instances)
            {
                Console.WriteLine($"-- Name: {instance.Name}");
                allInstances.Add(instance);
            }
        }

        return allInstances;
    }
}

Go

Before trying this sample, follow the Go setup instructions in the Compute Engine quickstart using client libraries. For more information, see the Compute Engine Go API reference documentation.

import (
	"context"
	"fmt"
	"io"

	compute "cloud.google.com/go/compute/apiv1"
	"google.golang.org/api/iterator"
	computepb "google.golang.org/genproto/googleapis/cloud/compute/v1"
	"google.golang.org/protobuf/proto"
)

// listAllInstances prints all instances present in a project, grouped by their zone.
func listAllInstances(w io.Writer, projectID string) error {
	// projectID := "your_project_id"
	ctx := context.Background()
	instancesClient, err := compute.NewInstancesRESTClient(ctx)
	if err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("NewInstancesRESTClient: %v", err)
	}
	defer instancesClient.Close()

	// Use the `MaxResults` parameter to limit the number of results that the API returns per response page.
	req := &computepb.AggregatedListInstancesRequest{
		Project:    projectID,
		MaxResults: proto.Uint32(3),
	}

	it := instancesClient.AggregatedList(ctx, req)
	fmt.Fprintf(w, "Instances found:\n")
	// Despite using the `MaxResults` parameter, you don't need to handle the pagination
	// yourself. The returned iterator object handles pagination
	// automatically, returning separated pages as you iterate over the results.
	for {
		pair, err := it.Next()
		if err == iterator.Done {
			break
		}
		if err != nil {
			return err
		}
		instances := pair.Value.Instances
		if len(instances) > 0 {
			fmt.Fprintf(w, "%s\n", pair.Key)
			for _, instance := range instances {
				fmt.Fprintf(w, "- %s %s\n", instance.GetName(), instance.GetMachineType())
			}
		}
	}
	return nil
}

Java

Before trying this sample, follow the Java setup instructions in the Compute Engine quickstart using client libraries. For more information, see the Compute Engine Java API reference documentation.


import com.google.cloud.compute.v1.AggregatedListInstancesRequest;
import com.google.cloud.compute.v1.Instance;
import com.google.cloud.compute.v1.InstancesClient;
import com.google.cloud.compute.v1.InstancesClient.AggregatedListPagedResponse;
import com.google.cloud.compute.v1.InstancesScopedList;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.util.Map;

public class ListAllInstances {

  public static void main(String[] args) throws IOException {
    // TODO(developer): Replace these variables before running the sample
    String project = "your-project-id";
    listAllInstances(project);
  }

  // List all instances in the specified project ID.
  public static AggregatedListPagedResponse listAllInstances(String project) throws IOException {
    // Initialize client that will be used to send requests. This client only needs to be created
    // once, and can be reused for multiple requests. After completing all of your requests, call
    // the `instancesClient.close()` method on the client to
    // safely clean up any remaining background resources.
    try (InstancesClient instancesClient = InstancesClient.create()) {

      // Use the `setMaxResults` parameter to limit the number of results
      // that the API returns per response page.
      AggregatedListInstancesRequest aggregatedListInstancesRequest = AggregatedListInstancesRequest
          .newBuilder()
          .setProject(project)
          .setMaxResults(5)
          .build();

      InstancesClient.AggregatedListPagedResponse response = instancesClient
          .aggregatedList(aggregatedListInstancesRequest);

      // Despite using the `setMaxResults` parameter, you don't need to handle the pagination
      // yourself. The returned `AggregatedListPager` object handles pagination
      // automatically, requesting next pages as you iterate over the results.
      for (Map.Entry<String, InstancesScopedList> zoneInstances : response.iterateAll()) {
        // Instances scoped by each zone
        String zone = zoneInstances.getKey();
        if (!zoneInstances.getValue().getInstancesList().isEmpty()) {
          // zoneInstances.getKey() returns the fully qualified address.
          // Hence, strip it to get the zone name only
          System.out.printf("Instances at %s: ", zone.substring(zone.lastIndexOf('/') + 1));
          for (Instance instance : zoneInstances.getValue().getInstancesList()) {
            System.out.println(instance.getName());
          }
        }
      }
      System.out.println("####### Listing all instances complete #######");
      return response;
    }
  }

}

Node.js

Before trying this sample, follow the Node.js setup instructions in the Compute Engine quickstart using client libraries. For more information, see the Compute Engine Node.js API reference documentation.

/**
 * TODO(developer): Uncomment and replace these variables before running the sample.
 */
// const projectId = 'YOUR_PROJECT_ID';

const compute = require('@google-cloud/compute');

// List all instances in the specified project.
async function listAllInstances() {
  const instancesClient = new compute.InstancesClient();

  //Use the `maxResults` parameter to limit the number of results that the API returns per response page.
  const aggListRequest = instancesClient.aggregatedListAsync({
    project: projectId,
    maxResults: 5,
  });

  console.log('Instances found:');

  // Despite using the `maxResults` parameter, you don't need to handle the pagination
  // yourself. The returned object handles pagination automatically,
  // requesting next pages as you iterate over the results.
  for await (const [zone, instancesObject] of aggListRequest) {
    const instances = instancesObject.instances;

    if (instances && instances.length > 0) {
      console.log(` ${zone}`);
      for (const instance of instances) {
        console.log(` - ${instance.name} (${instance.machineType})`);
      }
    }
  }
}

listAllInstances();

PHP

Before trying this sample, follow the PHP setup instructions in the Compute Engine quickstart using client libraries. For more information, see the Compute Engine PHP API reference documentation.

use Google\Cloud\Compute\V1\InstancesClient;

/**
 * List all instances for a particular Cloud project.
 *
 * @param string $projectId Your Google Cloud project ID.
 *
 * @throws \Google\ApiCore\ApiException if the remote call fails.
 */
function list_all_instances(string $projectId)
{
    // List Compute Engine instances using InstancesClient.
    $instancesClient = new InstancesClient();
    $allInstances = $instancesClient->aggregatedList($projectId);

    printf('All instances for %s' . PHP_EOL, $projectId);
    foreach ($allInstances as $zone => $zoneInstances) {
        $instances = $zoneInstances->getInstances();
        if (count($instances) > 0) {
            printf('Zone - %s' . PHP_EOL, $zone);
            foreach ($instances as $instance) {
                printf(' - %s' . PHP_EOL, $instance->getName());
            }
        }
    }
}

Python

Before trying this sample, follow the Python setup instructions in the Compute Engine quickstart using client libraries. For more information, see the Compute Engine Python API reference documentation.

from typing import Dict, Iterable

from google.cloud import compute_v1


def list_all_instances(
    project_id: str,
) -> Dict[str, Iterable[compute_v1.Instance]]:
    """
    Returns a dictionary of all instances present in a project, grouped by their zone.

    Args:
        project_id: project ID or project number of the Cloud project you want to use.
    Returns:
        A dictionary with zone names as keys (in form of "zones/{zone_name}") and
        iterable collections of Instance objects as values.
    """
    instance_client = compute_v1.InstancesClient()
    request = compute_v1.AggregatedListInstancesRequest()
    request.project = project_id
    # Use the `max_results` parameter to limit the number of results that the API returns per response page.
    request.max_results = 50

    agg_list = instance_client.aggregated_list(request=request)

    all_instances = {}
    print("Instances found:")
    # Despite using the `max_results` parameter, you don't need to handle the pagination
    # yourself. The returned `AggregatedListPager` object handles pagination
    # automatically, returning separated pages as you iterate over the results.
    for zone, response in agg_list:
        if response.instances:
            all_instances[zone] = response.instances
            print(f" {zone}:")
            for instance in response.instances:
                print(f" - {instance.name} ({instance.machine_type})")
    return all_instances

Ruby

Before trying this sample, follow the Ruby setup instructions in the Compute Engine quickstart using client libraries. For more information, see the Compute Engine Ruby API reference documentation.


require "google/cloud/compute/v1"

# Returns a dictionary of all instances present in a project, grouped by their zone.
#
# @param [String] project project ID or project number of the Cloud project you want to use.
# @return [Hash<String, Array<::Google::Cloud::Compute::V1::Instance>>] A hash with zone names
#   as keys (in form of "zones/{zone_name}") and arrays of instances as values.
def list_all_instances project:
  # Initialize client that will be used to send requests. This client only needs to be created
  # once, and can be reused for multiple requests.
  client = ::Google::Cloud::Compute::V1::Instances::Rest::Client.new

  # Send the request to list all VM instances in a project.
  agg_list = client.aggregated_list project: project
  all_instances = {}
  puts "Instances found:"
  # The result contains a Map collection, where the key is a zone and the value
  # is a collection of instances in that zone.
  agg_list.each do |zone, list|
    next if list.instances.empty?
    all_instances[zone] = list.instances
    puts " #{zone}:"
    list.instances.each do |instance|
      puts " - #{instance.name} (#{instance.machine_type})"
    end
  end
  all_instances
end

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