Wait for events using callbacks and Eventarc triggers

Stay organized with collections Save and categorize content based on your preferences.

Your workflow might need to wait for an external process. You can use HTTP callbacks to wait for another service to make a request to a callback endpoint; that request resumes the execution of the workflow. You can also wait using polling.

Instead of using polling, this tutorial demonstrates how you can wait for events or Pub/Sub messages using HTTP callbacks and Eventarc triggers. Although you can trigger a workflow with events or Pub/Sub messages, you might want to halt that execution to wait for another event before continuing. For example, an event triggers a workflow to initiate a process, but the workflow needs to wait for another event that signals that the process is complete. You can implement this by having one workflow call back another workflow.

Objectives

In this tutorial, the following occurs:

  1. A primary workflow that needs to wait on events is deployed and executed. As it must wait for the events to occur, it stores its callback details in a Firestore database so that the secondary workflow can retrieve the details. The primary workflow then waits for the HTTP calls.

  2. A secondary workflow is triggered by the events and retrieves the callback details from the Firestore database when the events are generated. The secondary workflow then calls back the primary workflow which resumes its execution.

This is an overview of the entire process:

Wait for events using callbacks and a primary and secondary workflow

Primary workflow:

  1. A callback-event-sample workflow creates callback endpoints for two event sources: a Pub/Sub topic and a Cloud Storage bucket.
  2. This workflow store both callback endpoints in a Firestore document.
  3. This workflow halts its execution and waits for HTTP requests to arrive at the callback endpoints.

Events:

  1. Events occur: a message is published to a Pub/Sub topic and a file is uploaded to a Cloud Storage bucket.

Secondary workflow:

  1. Eventarc route the events to the callback-event-listener workflow and triggers its execution.
  2. This workflow retrieves the appropriate callback endpoint URLs from the Firestore document.
  3. This workflow executes the callbacks to the appropriate endpoints in the sample workflow.

Primary workflow:

  1. The callback-event-sample workflow receives the events at the callback endpoints and resumes its execution.
  2. This workflow deletes the callback URLs from the Firestore document and completes its execution.

Costs

This tutorial uses the following billable components of Google Cloud:

To generate a cost estimate based on your projected usage, use the pricing calculator. New Google Cloud users might be eligible for a free trial.

Before you begin

You can run the following commands in the Google Cloud console, or by using the Google Cloud CLI in either your terminal or Cloud Shell.

Some of the steps in this document might not work correctly if your organization applies constraints to your Google Cloud environment. In that case, you might not be able to complete tasks like creating public IP addresses or service account keys. If you make a request that returns an error about constraints, see how to Develop applications in a constrained Google Cloud environment.

Console

  1. In the Google Cloud console, on the project selector page, select or create a Google Cloud project.

    Go to project selector

  2. Make sure that billing is enabled for your Google Cloud project. Learn how to check if billing is enabled on a project.

  3. Enable the App Engine, Eventarc, Firestore, Pub/Sub, and Workflows APIs.

    Enable the APIs

  4. Create a service account for your workflow to use for authentication with other Google Cloud services and grant it the appropriate roles:

    1. In the Google Cloud console, go to the Service Accounts page.

      Go to Service Accounts

    2. To go to the Create service account page, select your project.

    3. In the Service account name field, enter a name. The Google Cloud console fills in the Service account ID field based on this name.

      In the Service account description field, enter a description. For example, Service account for tutorial.

    4. Click Create and continue.

    5. In the Select a role list, filter for the following roles to grant to the user-managed service account you created in the previous step:

      • Cloud Datastore User: to access Firestore in Datastore mode (Datastore) data.
      • Eventarc Event Receiver: to receive events from event providers.
      • Logs Writer: to write logs.
      • Workflows Invoker: to execute workflows and manage the executions.

      For additional roles, click Add another role and add each additional role.

    6. Click Continue.

    7. To finish creating the account, click Done.

  5. To create an Eventarc trigger that routes events from Cloud Storage, grant the Pub/Sub Publisher role to the Cloud Storage service agent. Typically, this is service-PROJECT_NUMBER@gs-project-accounts.iam.gserviceaccount.com. You can retrieve the email address for the Cloud Storage service agent.

    1. In the Google Cloud console, go to the IAM page.

      Go to IAM

    2. In the row for the Cloud Storage service agent, click Edit principal. (If the service agent is not listed, proceed to the next step.) The Edit access pane opens.

      1. Click Add another role and then search for the Pub/Sub Publisher role.
      2. Select the role.
      3. Click Save.
    3. If the service agent is not listed, click Grant access. The Grant access pane opens.

      1. In the New principals field, enter the email address for the service agent.
      2. In the Select a role list, search for the Pub/Sub Publisher role.
      3. Select the role.
      4. Click Save.

gcloud

  1. In the Google Cloud console, activate Cloud Shell.

    Activate Cloud Shell

    At the bottom of the Google Cloud console, a Cloud Shell session starts and displays a command-line prompt. Cloud Shell is a shell environment with the Google Cloud CLI already installed and with values already set for your current project. It can take a few seconds for the session to initialize.

  2. Make sure that billing is enabled for your Google Cloud project. Learn how to check if billing is enabled on a project.

  3. Enable the App Engine, Eventarc, Firestore, Pub/Sub, and Workflows APIs.

    gcloud services enable \
        appengine.googleapis.com \
        eventarc.googleapis.com \
        firestore.googleapis.com \
        pubsub.googleapis.com \
        workflows.googleapis.com
    
  4. Create a service account for your workflow to use for authentication with other Google Cloud services and grant it the appropriate roles.

    1. Create the service account:

      gcloud iam service-accounts create SERVICE_ACCOUNT_NAME
      

      Replace SERVICE_ACCOUNT_NAME with a name for the service account.

    2. Grant roles to the user-managed service account you created in the previous step. Run the following command once for each of the following IAM roles:

      • roles/datastore.user: to access Firestore in Datastore mode (Datastore) data.
      • roles/eventarc.eventReceiver: to receive events from event providers.
      • roles/logging.logWriter: to write logs.
      • roles/workflows.invoker: to execute workflows and manage the executions.
      gcloud projects add-iam-policy-binding PROJECT_ID \
          --member=serviceAccount:SERVICE_ACCOUNT_NAME@PROJECT_ID.iam.gserviceaccount.com \
          --role=ROLE
      

      Replace the following:

      • PROJECT_ID: the project ID where you created the service account
      • ROLE: the role to grant
  5. To create an Eventarc trigger that routes events from Cloud Storage, grant the Pub/Sub Publisher role to the Cloud Storage service agent. Typically, this is service-PROJECT_NUMBER@gs-project-accounts.iam.gserviceaccount.com. Use the gsutil kms serviceaccount to first retrieve the Cloud Storage service agent.

    SERVICE_ACCOUNT_STORAGE="$(gsutil kms serviceaccount -p PROJECT_ID)"
    
    gcloud projects add-iam-policy-binding PROJECT_ID \
        --member=serviceAccount:$SERVICE_ACCOUNT_STORAGE \
        --role=roles/pubsub.publisher
    

Create a Firestore database

Firestore stores your data in documents that contain fields mapping to values. These documents are stored in collections, which are containers for your documents that you can use to organize your data and build queries. Learn more about Firestore.

Note that each Google Cloud project is limited to one Firestore database. Complete the following steps if you need to create a new database.

Console

  1. In the Google Cloud console, go to the Firestore Get started page.

    Go to Get started

  2. Click Select Native Mode.

    For guidance on selecting a database mode and for a feature-by-feature comparison, see choosing between Native Mode and Datastore Mode.

  3. In the Select a location list, select nam5 (United States).

    The location applies to both the Firestore database and the App Engine application in your Google Cloud project. Once you create your database, you cannot change the location.

  4. Click Create database.

gcloud

To create a Firestore database, you must first create an App Engine application and then run the gcloud firestore databases create command:

gcloud app create --region=us-central
gcloud firestore databases create --region=us-central

You can ignore the us-central is not a valid Firestore location warning. App Engine and Firestore support the same locations, but the App Engine us-central (Iowa) region maps to the Firestore nam5 (United States) multi-region.

Create a Pub/Sub topic

This tutorial uses Pub/Sub as an event source. Create a Pub/Sub topic so that you can publish a message to it. Learn more about creating and managing topics.

Console

  1. In the Google Cloud console, go to the Pub/Sub Topics page.

    Go to Topics

  2. Click Create topic.

  3. In the Topic ID field, enter topic-callback.

  4. Accept the other defaults.

  5. Click Create topic.

gcloud

To create a topic, run the gcloud pubsub topics create command:

gcloud pubsub topics create topic-callback

Create a Cloud Storage bucket

This tutorial uses Cloud Storage as an event source. Create a Cloud Storage bucket so that you can upload a file to it. Learn more about creating storage buckets.

Console

  1. In the Google Cloud console, go to the Cloud Storage Buckets page.

    Go to Cloud Storage

  2. Click Create.

  3. For the Name of your bucket, enter PROJECT_ID-bucket-callback.

    The project ID is used in the callback-event-sample workflow to identify the bucket.

  4. Click Continue.

  5. For Location type, select Region, and then select us-central1 (Iowa).

  6. Accept the other defaults.

  7. Click Create.

gcloud

To create a bucket, run the gcloud storage buckets create command:

gcloud storage buckets create gs://PROJECT_ID-bucket-callback \
    --location=us-central1

The project ID is used in the callback-event-sample workflow to identify the bucket.

After the event sources are created, you can deploy the event receiver workflow.

Deploy a workflow that listens for events

The callback-event-listener workflow is triggered when a message is published to a Pub/Sub topic or when a file is uploaded to a Cloud Storage bucket. The workflow receives the event, retrieves the appropriate callback details from the Firestore database, and then sends an HTTP request to the callback endpoint.

Console

  1. In the Google Cloud console, go to the Workflows page:

    Go to Workflows

  2. Click Create.

  3. Enter a name for the new workflow: callback-event-listener.

  4. In the Region list, select us-central1.

  5. Select the Service account that you previously created.

  6. Click Next.

  7. In the workflow editor, enter the following definition for your workflow:

    main:
      params: [event]
      steps:
        - log_event:
            call: sys.log
            args:
              text: ${event}
              severity: INFO
        - init:
            assign:
              - database_root: ${"projects/" + sys.get_env("GOOGLE_CLOUD_PROJECT_ID") + "/databases/(default)/documents/callbacks/"}
              - event_source_tokens: ${text.split(event.source, "/")}
              - event_source_len: ${len(event_source_tokens)}
              - event_source: ${event_source_tokens[event_source_len - 1]}
              - doc_name: ${database_root + event_source}
        - get_document_for_event_source:
            try:
              call: googleapis.firestore.v1.projects.databases.documents.get
              args:
                name: ${doc_name}
              result: document
            except:
                as: e
                steps:
                    - known_errors:
                        switch:
                        - condition: ${e.code == 404}
                          return: ${"No callbacks for event source " + event_source}
                    - unhandled_exception:
                        raise: ${e}
        - process_callback_urls:
            steps:
              - check_fields_exist:
                  switch:
                  - condition: ${not("fields" in document)}
                    return: ${"No callbacks for event source " + event_source}
                  - condition: true
                    next: processFields
              - processFields:
                  for:
                      value: key
                      in: ${keys(document.fields)}
                      steps:
                          - extract_callback_url:
                              assign:
                                  - callback_url: ${document.fields[key]["stringValue"]}
                          - log_callback_url:
                              call: sys.log
                              args:
                                text: ${"Calling back url " + callback_url}
                                severity: INFO
                          - http_post:
                              call: http.post
                              args:
                                  url: ${callback_url}
                                  auth:
                                      type: OAuth2
                                  body:
                                      event: ${event}
  8. Click Deploy.

gcloud

  1. Create a source code file for your workflow:

    touch callback-event-listener.yaml
    
  2. In a text editor, copy the following workflow to your source code file:

    main:
      params: [event]
      steps:
        - log_event:
            call: sys.log
            args:
              text: ${event}
              severity: INFO
        - init:
            assign:
              - database_root: ${"projects/" + sys.get_env("GOOGLE_CLOUD_PROJECT_ID") + "/databases/(default)/documents/callbacks/"}
              - event_source_tokens: ${text.split(event.source, "/")}
              - event_source_len: ${len(event_source_tokens)}
              - event_source: ${event_source_tokens[event_source_len - 1]}
              - doc_name: ${database_root + event_source}
        - get_document_for_event_source:
            try:
              call: googleapis.firestore.v1.projects.databases.documents.get
              args:
                name: ${doc_name}
              result: document
            except:
                as: e
                steps:
                    - known_errors:
                        switch:
                        - condition: ${e.code == 404}
                          return: ${"No callbacks for event source " + event_source}
                    - unhandled_exception:
                        raise: ${e}
        - process_callback_urls:
            steps:
              - check_fields_exist:
                  switch:
                  - condition: ${not("fields" in document)}
                    return: ${"No callbacks for event source " + event_source}
                  - condition: true
                    next: processFields
              - processFields:
                  for:
                      value: key
                      in: ${keys(document.fields)}
                      steps:
                          - extract_callback_url:
                              assign:
                                  - callback_url: ${document.fields[key]["stringValue"]}
                          - log_callback_url:
                              call: sys.log
                              args:
                                text: ${"Calling back url " + callback_url}
                                severity: INFO
                          - http_post:
                              call: http.post
                              args:
                                  url: ${callback_url}
                                  auth:
                                      type: OAuth2
                                  body:
                                      event: ${event}
  3. Deploy the workflow by entering the following command:

    gcloud workflows deploy callback-event-listener \
        --source=callback-event-listener.yaml \
        --location=us-central1 \
        --service-account=SERVICE_ACCOUNT_NAME@PROJECT_ID.iam.gserviceaccount.com
    

    Replace SERVICE_ACCOUNT_NAME with the name of the service account that you previously created.

Deploy a workflow that waits for events

The callback-event-sample workflow stores its callback details in a Firestore database, halts its execution, and then waits for specific events to occur.

Console

  1. In the Google Cloud console, go to the Workflows page:

    Go to Workflows

  2. Click Create.

  3. Enter a name for the new workflow: callback-event-sample.

  4. In the Region list, select us-central1.

  5. Select the Service account that you previously created.

  6. Click Next.

  7. In the workflow editor, enter the following definition for your workflow:

    main:
      steps:
        - init:
            assign:
              - pubsub_topic: topic-callback
              - storage_bucket: ${sys.get_env("GOOGLE_CLOUD_PROJECT_ID") + "-bucket-callback"}
        - await_pubsub_message:
            call: await_callback_event
            args:
              event_source: ${pubsub_topic}
            result: pubsub_event
        - await_storage_bucket:
            call: await_callback_event
            args:
              event_source: ${storage_bucket}
            result: storage_event
        - return_events:
            return:
                pubsub_event: ${pubsub_event}
                storage_event: ${storage_event}
    
    await_callback_event:
        params: [event_source]
        steps:
            - init:
                assign:
                  - database_root: ${"projects/" + sys.get_env("GOOGLE_CLOUD_PROJECT_ID") + "/databases/(default)/documents/callbacks/"}
                  - doc_name: ${database_root + event_source}
                  - execution_id: ${sys.get_env("GOOGLE_CLOUD_WORKFLOW_EXECUTION_ID")}
                  - firestore_key: ${"exec_" + text.split(execution_id, "-")[0]}
            - create_callback:
                call: events.create_callback_endpoint
                args:
                  http_callback_method: POST
                result: callback_details
            - save_callback_url:
                call: googleapis.firestore.v1.projects.databases.documents.patch
                args:
                  name: ${doc_name}
                  updateMask:
                    fieldPaths: [${firestore_key}]
                  body:
                    fields:
                      ${firestore_key}:
                        stringValue: ${callback_details.url}
            - log_and_await_callback:
                try:
                  steps:
                    - log_await_start:
                        call: sys.log
                        args:
                          severity: INFO
                          data: ${"Started waiting 1hr for an event from source " + event_source}
                    - await_callback:
                        call: events.await_callback
                        args:
                          callback: ${callback_details}
                          timeout: 3600
                        result: callback_request
                    - log_await_stop:
                        call: sys.log
                        args:
                          severity: INFO
                          data: ${"Stopped waiting for an event from source " + event_source}
                except:
                    as: e
                    steps:
                        - log_error:
                            call: sys.log
                            args:
                                severity: "ERROR"
                                text: ${"Received error " + e.message}
            - delete_callback_url:
                call: googleapis.firestore.v1.projects.databases.documents.patch
                args:
                  name: ${doc_name}
                  updateMask:
                    fieldPaths: [${firestore_key}]
            - check_null_event:
                switch:
                  - condition: ${callback_request == null}
                    return: null
            - log_await_result:
                call: sys.log
                args:
                  severity: INFO
                  data: ${callback_request.http_request.body.event}
            - return_event:
                return: ${callback_request.http_request.body.event}
  8. Click Deploy.

gcloud

  1. Create a source code file for your workflow:

    touch callback-event-sample.yaml
    
  2. In a text editor, copy the following workflow to your source code file:

    main:
      steps:
        - init:
            assign:
              - pubsub_topic: topic-callback
              - storage_bucket: ${sys.get_env("GOOGLE_CLOUD_PROJECT_ID") + "-bucket-callback"}
        - await_pubsub_message:
            call: await_callback_event
            args:
              event_source: ${pubsub_topic}
            result: pubsub_event
        - await_storage_bucket:
            call: await_callback_event
            args:
              event_source: ${storage_bucket}
            result: storage_event
        - return_events:
            return:
                pubsub_event: ${pubsub_event}
                storage_event: ${storage_event}
    
    await_callback_event:
        params: [event_source]
        steps:
            - init:
                assign:
                  - database_root: ${"projects/" + sys.get_env("GOOGLE_CLOUD_PROJECT_ID") + "/databases/(default)/documents/callbacks/"}
                  - doc_name: ${database_root + event_source}
                  - execution_id: ${sys.get_env("GOOGLE_CLOUD_WORKFLOW_EXECUTION_ID")}
                  - firestore_key: ${"exec_" + text.split(execution_id, "-")[0]}
            - create_callback:
                call: events.create_callback_endpoint
                args:
                  http_callback_method: POST
                result: callback_details
            - save_callback_url:
                call: googleapis.firestore.v1.projects.databases.documents.patch
                args:
                  name: ${doc_name}
                  updateMask:
                    fieldPaths: [${firestore_key}]
                  body:
                    fields:
                      ${firestore_key}:
                        stringValue: ${callback_details.url}
            - log_and_await_callback:
                try:
                  steps:
                    - log_await_start:
                        call: sys.log
                        args:
                          severity: INFO
                          data: ${"Started waiting 1hr for an event from source " + event_source}
                    - await_callback:
                        call: events.await_callback
                        args:
                          callback: ${callback_details}
                          timeout: 3600
                        result: callback_request
                    - log_await_stop:
                        call: sys.log
                        args:
                          severity: INFO
                          data: ${"Stopped waiting for an event from source " + event_source}
                except:
                    as: e
                    steps:
                        - log_error:
                            call: sys.log
                            args:
                                severity: "ERROR"
                                text: ${"Received error " + e.message}
            - delete_callback_url:
                call: googleapis.firestore.v1.projects.databases.documents.patch
                args:
                  name: ${doc_name}
                  updateMask:
                    fieldPaths: [${firestore_key}]
            - check_null_event:
                switch:
                  - condition: ${callback_request == null}
                    return: null
            - log_await_result:
                call: sys.log
                args:
                  severity: INFO
                  data: ${callback_request.http_request.body.event}
            - return_event:
                return: ${callback_request.http_request.body.event}
  3. Deploy the workflow by entering the following command:

    gcloud workflows deploy callback-event-sample \
        --source=callback-event-sample.yaml \
        --location=us-central1 \
        --service-account=SERVICE_ACCOUNT_NAME@PROJECT_ID.iam.gserviceaccount.com
    

    Replace SERVICE_ACCOUNT_NAME with the name of the service account that you previously created.

Create an Eventarc trigger to route Pub/Sub events

An Eventarc trigger allows you to route events by specifying filters for the trigger, including the event source, and the target workflow. Create an Eventarc trigger to execute the callback-event-listener workflow as the result of publishing a message to a Pub/Sub topic. Learn more about triggering a workflow.

Console

  1. In the Google Cloud console, go to the Eventarc page.

    Go to Eventarc

  2. Click Create trigger.

  3. Type a Trigger name.

    For example, trigger-pubsub-events-listener.

  4. In the Event provider list, select Cloud Pub/Sub.

  5. In the Event list, under Custom, select google.cloud.pubsub.topic.v1.messagePublished.

  6. In the Select a Cloud Pub/Sub topic list, select the topic that you previously created.

  7. In the Region list, select us-central1 (Iowa).

  8. If prompted, grant the iam.serviceAccountTokenCreator role to the Pub/Sub service account.

  9. Select the Service account that you previously created.

  10. In the Event destination list, select Workflows.

  11. In the Select a workflow list, select the callback-event-listener workflow.

  12. Click Create.

gcloud

To create a trigger, run the gcloud eventarc triggers create command:

gcloud eventarc triggers create trigger-pubsub-events-listener \
    --location=us-central1 \
    --destination-workflow=callback-event-listener \
    --destination-workflow-location=us-central1 \
    --event-filters="type=google.cloud.pubsub.topic.v1.messagePublished" \
    --transport-topic=topic-callback \
    --service-account=SERVICE_ACCOUNT_NAME@PROJECT_ID.iam.gserviceaccount.com

Events are transformed and passed to the workflow execution as runtime arguments. Note that it can take up to 2 minutes for the new trigger to become active.

Create an Eventarc trigger to route Cloud Storage events

An Eventarc trigger allows you to route events by specifying filters for the trigger, including the event source, and the target workflow. Create an Eventarc trigger to execute the callback-event-listener workflow as the result of uploading a file to a Cloud Storage bucket. Learn more about triggering a workflow.

Console

  1. In the Google Cloud console, go to the Eventarc page.

    Go to Eventarc

  2. Click Create trigger.

  3. Type a Trigger name.

    For example, trigger-storage-events-listener.

  4. In the Event provider list, select Cloud Storage.

  5. In the Event list, under Direct, select google.cloud.storage.object.v1.finalized.

  6. In the Bucket list, browse for the bucket that you previously created and select it.

  7. In the Region list, based on your Cloud Storage bucket, accept the default of us-central1 (Iowa).

  8. If prompted, grant the iam.serviceAccountTokenCreator role to the Pub/Sub service account.

  9. Select the Service account that you previously created.

  10. In the Event destination list, select Workflows.

  11. In the Select a workflow list, select the callback-event-listener workflow.

  12. Click Create.

gcloud

To create a trigger, run the gcloud eventarc triggers create command:

gcloud eventarc triggers create trigger-storage-events-listener \
    --location=us-central1 \
    --destination-workflow=callback-event-listener \
    --destination-workflow-location=us-central1 \
    --event-filters="type=google.cloud.storage.object.v1.finalized" \
    --event-filters="bucket=PROJECT_ID-bucket-callback" \
    --service-account=SERVICE_ACCOUNT_NAME@PROJECT_ID.iam.gserviceaccount.com

Events are transformed and passed to the workflow execution as runtime arguments. Note that it can take up to 2 minutes for the new trigger to become active.

Execute the primary workflow

Executing a workflow runs the current workflow definition associated with the workflow. Execute the callback-event-sample workflow. This is the primary workflow and it waits for specific events to occurs, only resuming its execution when the secondary workflow makes the appropriate callback requests.

Console

  1. In the Google Cloud console, go to the Workflows page.

    Go to Workflows

  2. On the Workflows page, click the callback-event-sample workflow to go to its details page.

  3. On the Workflow Details page, click Execute.

  4. Click Execute again.

    The workflow execution starts. While the execution runs, you should see an Execution state of Running and a log entry similar to the following: Started waiting 1hr for an event from source topic-callback.

gcloud

To execute a workflow, run the gcloud workflows run command:

gcloud workflows run callback-event-sample \
    --location=us-central1

The workflow execution starts. While the execution runs, you should see an execution state similar to the following:

Waiting for execution [a848a164-268a-449c-b2fe-396f32f2ed66] to complete...working...

Generate events and check the execution status

You can confirm that the results are as expected by generating events, viewing log entries, and checking the workflow execution status.

Publish a message

Publish a message to the Pub/Sub topic that you previously created.

Console

  1. In the Google Cloud console, go to the Pub/Sub Topics page.

    Go to Topics

  2. Click topic-callback.

  3. Click the Messages tab.

  4. Click Publish message.

  5. In the Message body field, enter Hello World.

  6. Click Publish.

gcloud

To publish a message, use the gcloud pubsub topics publish command:

gcloud pubsub topics publish topic-callback \
    --message="Hello World"

Upload an object

Upload a file to the Cloud Storage bucket that you previously created.

Console

  1. In the Google Cloud console, go to the Cloud Storage Buckets page.

    Go to Buckets

  2. Click the name of the bucket that you previously created.

  3. In the Objects tab, do either of the following:

    • Drag and drop the desired file from your desktop or file manager to the main pane in the Google Cloud console.

    • Click Upload files, select the file that you want to upload, and then click Open.

gcloud

To upload a file, run the gcloud storage cp command:

gcloud storage cp OBJECT_LOCATION gs://PROJECT_ID-bucket-callback/

Replace OBJECT_LOCATION with the local path to your object. For example, random.txt.

View log entries and execution status

Confirm that the callback-event-sample workflow completed successfully.

Console

  1. In the Google Cloud console, go to the Workflows page.

    Go to Workflows

  2. On the Workflows page, click the callback-event-sample workflow to go to its details page.

  3. On the Workflow Details page, to retrieve the details for a particular execution, click the appropriate execution ID.

    The Execution state should be Succeeded and, in the Output pane, you should see the received Pub/Sub and Cloud Storage events.

gcloud

  1. Filter the log entries and return the output in JSON format:

    gcloud logging read "resource.type=workflows.googleapis.com/Workflow AND textPayload:calling OR textPayload:waiting" \
        --format=json
    
  2. Look for log entries similar to:

    "textPayload": "Stopped waiting for an event from source..."
    "textPayload": "Calling back url https://workflowexecutions.googleapis.com/v1/projects/..."
    "textPayload": "Started waiting 1hr for an event from source..."
    
  3. Check the status of the last execution attempt:

    gcloud workflows executions wait-last
    

    The result should be similar to the following:

    Using cached execution name: projects/1085953646031/locations/us-central1/workflows/callback-event-sample/executions/79929e4e-82c1-4da1-b068-f828034c01b7
    Waiting for execution [79929e4e-82c1-4da1-b068-f828034c01b7] to complete...done.
    [...]
    state: SUCCEEDED
    

Clean up

If you created a new project for this tutorial, delete the project. If you used an existing project and wish to keep it without the changes added in this tutorial, delete resources created for the tutorial.

Delete the project

The easiest way to eliminate billing is to delete the project that you created for the tutorial.

To delete the project:

  1. In the Google Cloud console, go to the Manage resources page.

    Go to Manage resources

  2. In the project list, select the project that you want to delete, and then click Delete.
  3. In the dialog, type the project ID, and then click Shut down to delete the project.

Delete resources created in this tutorial

  1. Delete data from Firestore.

  2. Delete a Pub/Sub topic.

  3. Delete a Cloud Storage bucket.

  4. Delete an Eventarc trigger.

  5. Delete a workflow.

What's next