Create a secret

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This topic describes how to create a secret. A secret contains one or more secret versions, along with metadata such as labels and replication information. The actual contents of a secret are stored in a secret version.

Before you begin

  1. Enable the Secret Manager API, once per project.
  2. Assign the Secret Manager Admin role (roles/secretmanager.admin) on the project, folder, or organization.

Create a secret

Console

  1. Go to the Secret Manager page in the Google Cloud console.

    Go to the Secret Manager page

  2. On the Secret Manager page, click Create Secret.

  3. On the Create secret page, under Name, enter a name for the secret (e.g.my-secret).

  4. (Optional) To also add a secret version when creating the initial secret, in the Secret value field, enter a value for the secret (e.g. abcd1234).

  5. Leave the Regions section unchanged.

  6. Click the Create secret button.

gcloud

To use Secret Manager on the command line, first Install or upgrade to version 378.0.0 or higher of the Google Cloud CLI. On Compute Engine or GKE, you must authenticate with the cloud-platform scope.

$ gcloud secrets create secret-id \
    --replication-policy="automatic"

C#

To run this code, first set up a C# development environment and install the Secret Manager C# SDK. On Compute Engine or GKE, you must authenticate with the cloud-platform scope.


using Google.Api.Gax.ResourceNames;
using Google.Cloud.SecretManager.V1;

public class CreateSecretSample
{
    public Secret CreateSecret(
      string projectId = "my-project", string secretId = "my-secret")
    {
        // Create the client.
        SecretManagerServiceClient client = SecretManagerServiceClient.Create();

        // Build the parent resource name.
        ProjectName projectName = new ProjectName(projectId);

        // Build the secret.
        Secret secret = new Secret
        {
            Replication = new Replication
            {
                Automatic = new Replication.Types.Automatic(),
            },
        };

        // Call the API.
        Secret createdSecret = client.CreateSecret(projectName, secretId, secret);
        return createdSecret;
    }
}

Go

To run this code, first set up a Go development environment and install the Secret Manager Go SDK. On Compute Engine or GKE, you must authenticate with the cloud-platform scope.

import (
	"context"
	"fmt"
	"io"

	secretmanager "cloud.google.com/go/secretmanager/apiv1"
	"cloud.google.com/go/secretmanager/apiv1/secretmanagerpb"
)

// createSecret creates a new secret with the given name. A secret is a logical
// wrapper around a collection of secret versions. Secret versions hold the
// actual secret material.
func createSecret(w io.Writer, parent, id string) error {
	// parent := "projects/my-project"
	// id := "my-secret"

	// Create the client.
	ctx := context.Background()
	client, err := secretmanager.NewClient(ctx)
	if err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("failed to create secretmanager client: %v", err)
	}
	defer client.Close()

	// Build the request.
	req := &secretmanagerpb.CreateSecretRequest{
		Parent:   parent,
		SecretId: id,
		Secret: &secretmanagerpb.Secret{
			Replication: &secretmanagerpb.Replication{
				Replication: &secretmanagerpb.Replication_Automatic_{
					Automatic: &secretmanagerpb.Replication_Automatic{},
				},
			},
		},
	}

	// Call the API.
	result, err := client.CreateSecret(ctx, req)
	if err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("failed to create secret: %v", err)
	}
	fmt.Fprintf(w, "Created secret: %s\n", result.Name)
	return nil
}

Java

To run this code, first set up a Java development environment and install the Secret Manager Java SDK. On Compute Engine or GKE, you must authenticate with the cloud-platform scope.

import com.google.cloud.secretmanager.v1.ProjectName;
import com.google.cloud.secretmanager.v1.Replication;
import com.google.cloud.secretmanager.v1.Secret;
import com.google.cloud.secretmanager.v1.SecretManagerServiceClient;
import java.io.IOException;

public class CreateSecret {

  public static void createSecret() throws IOException {
    // TODO(developer): Replace these variables before running the sample.
    String projectId = "your-project-id";
    String secretId = "your-secret-id";
    createSecret(projectId, secretId);
  }

  // Create a new secret with automatic replication.
  public static void createSecret(String projectId, String secretId) throws IOException {
    // Initialize the client that will be used to send requests. This client only needs to be
    // created once, and can be reused for multiple requests. After completing all of your requests,
    // call the "close" method on the client to safely clean up any remaining background resources.
    try (SecretManagerServiceClient client = SecretManagerServiceClient.create()) {
      // Build the parent name from the project.
      ProjectName projectName = ProjectName.of(projectId);

      // Build the secret to create.
      Secret secret =
          Secret.newBuilder()
              .setReplication(
                  Replication.newBuilder()
                      .setAutomatic(Replication.Automatic.newBuilder().build())
                      .build())
              .build();

      // Create the secret.
      Secret createdSecret = client.createSecret(projectName, secretId, secret);
      System.out.printf("Created secret %s\n", createdSecret.getName());
    }
  }
}

Node.js

To run this code, first set up a Node.js development environment and install the Secret Manager Node.js SDK. On Compute Engine or GKE, you must authenticate with the cloud-platform scope.

/**
 * TODO(developer): Uncomment these variables before running the sample.
 */
// const parent = 'projects/my-project';
// const secretId = 'my-secret';

// Imports the Secret Manager library
const {SecretManagerServiceClient} = require('@google-cloud/secret-manager');

// Instantiates a client
const client = new SecretManagerServiceClient();

async function createSecret() {
  const [secret] = await client.createSecret({
    parent: parent,
    secretId: secretId,
    secret: {
      replication: {
        automatic: {},
      },
    },
  });

  console.log(`Created secret ${secret.name}`);
}

createSecret();

PHP

To run this code, first learn about using PHP on Google Cloud and install the Secret Manager PHP SDK. On Compute Engine or GKE, you must authenticate with the cloud-platform scope.

// Import the Secret Manager client library.
use Google\Cloud\SecretManager\V1\Replication;
use Google\Cloud\SecretManager\V1\Replication\Automatic;
use Google\Cloud\SecretManager\V1\Secret;
use Google\Cloud\SecretManager\V1\SecretManagerServiceClient;

/**
 * @param string $projectId Your Google Cloud Project ID (e.g. 'my-project')
 * @param string $secretId  Your secret ID (e.g. 'my-secret')
 */
function create_secret(string $projectId, string $secretId): void
{
    // Create the Secret Manager client.
    $client = new SecretManagerServiceClient();

    // Build the resource name of the parent project.
    $parent = $client->projectName($projectId);

    // Create the secret.
    $secret = $client->createSecret($parent, $secretId,
        new Secret([
            'replication' => new Replication([
                'automatic' => new Automatic(),
            ]),
        ])
    );

    // Print the new secret name.
    printf('Created secret: %s', $secret->getName());
}

Python

To run this code, first set up a Python development environment and install the Secret Manager Python SDK. On Compute Engine or GKE, you must authenticate with the cloud-platform scope.

def create_secret(project_id, secret_id):
    """
    Create a new secret with the given name. A secret is a logical wrapper
    around a collection of secret versions. Secret versions hold the actual
    secret material.
    """

    # Import the Secret Manager client library.
    from google.cloud import secretmanager

    # Create the Secret Manager client.
    client = secretmanager.SecretManagerServiceClient()

    # Build the resource name of the parent project.
    parent = f"projects/{project_id}"

    # Create the secret.
    response = client.create_secret(
        request={
            "parent": parent,
            "secret_id": secret_id,
            "secret": {"replication": {"automatic": {}}},
        }
    )

    # Print the new secret name.
    print("Created secret: {}".format(response.name))

Ruby

To run this code, first set up a Ruby development environment and install the Secret Manager Ruby SDK. On Compute Engine or GKE, you must authenticate with the cloud-platform scope.

# project_id = "YOUR-GOOGLE-CLOUD-PROJECT"  # (e.g. "my-project")
# secret_id  = "YOUR-SECRET-ID"             # (e.g. "my-secret")

# Require the Secret Manager client library.
require "google/cloud/secret_manager"

# Create a Secret Manager client.
client = Google::Cloud::SecretManager.secret_manager_service

# Build the resource name of the parent project.
parent = client.project_path project: project_id

# Create the secret.
secret = client.create_secret(
  parent:    parent,
  secret_id: secret_id,
  secret:    {
    replication: {
      automatic: {}
    }
  }
)

# Print the new secret name.
puts "Created secret: #{secret.name}"

API

These examples use curl to demonstrate using the API. You can generate access tokens with gcloud auth print-access-token. On Compute Engine or GKE, you must authenticate with the cloud-platform scope.

$ curl "https://secretmanager.googleapis.com/v1/projects/project-id/secrets?secretId=secret-id" \
    --request "POST" \
    --header "authorization: Bearer $(gcloud auth print-access-token)" \
    --header "content-type: application/json" \
    --data "{\"replication\": {\"automatic\": {}}}"

To select the right replication policy for your secret, see Choose a replication policy.

Add a secret version

Secret Manager automatically versions secret data using secret versions, and most operations like access, destroy, disable, and enable take place on a secret version. With Secret Manager, you can pin a secret to specific versions like 42 or floating aliases like latest. Learn how to Add a secret version.

Access a secret version

To access the secret data from a particular secret version for successful authentication, see Access a secret version.

What's next