Cloud Pub/Sub API - Class Google::Cloud::PubSub::Topic (v2.12.0)

Stay organized with collections Save and categorize content based on your preferences.

Reference documentation and code samples for the Cloud Pub/Sub API class Google::Cloud::PubSub::Topic.

Topic

A named resource to which messages are published.

See Project#create_topic and Project#topic.

Inherits

  • Object

Example

require "google/cloud/pubsub"

pubsub = Google::Cloud::PubSub.new

topic = pubsub.topic "my-topic"
topic.publish "task completed"

Methods

#async_publisher

def async_publisher() -> AsyncPublisher

AsyncPublisher object used to publish multiple messages in batches.

Returns
Example
require "google/cloud/pubsub"

pubsub = Google::Cloud::PubSub.new

topic = pubsub.topic "my-topic"
topic.publish_async "task completed" do |result|
  if result.succeeded?
    log_publish_success result.data
  else
    log_publish_failure result.data, result.error
  end
end

topic.async_publisher.stop!

#create_subscription

def create_subscription(subscription_name, **options) -> Google::Cloud::PubSub::Subscription
Alias Of: #subscribe

Creates a new Subscription object on the current Topic.

Parameter
  • options (Hash) — a customizable set of options
Examples
require "google/cloud/pubsub"

pubsub = Google::Cloud::PubSub.new

topic = pubsub.topic "my-topic"
sub = topic.subscribe "my-topic-sub"
sub.name # => "my-topic-sub"

Wait 2 minutes for acknowledgement:

require "google/cloud/pubsub"

pubsub = Google::Cloud::PubSub.new

topic = pubsub.topic "my-topic"
sub = topic.subscribe "my-topic-sub",
                      deadline: 120

Configure a push endpoint:

require "google/cloud/pubsub"

pubsub = Google::Cloud::PubSub.new
topic = pubsub.topic "my-topic"

push_config = Google::Cloud::PubSub::Subscription::PushConfig.new endpoint: "http://example.net/callback"
push_config.set_oidc_token "service-account@example.net", "audience-header-value"

sub = topic.subscribe "my-subscription", push_config: push_config

Configure a Dead Letter Queues policy:

require "google/cloud/pubsub"

pubsub = Google::Cloud::PubSub.new

# Dead Letter Queue (DLQ) testing requires IAM bindings to the Cloud Pub/Sub service account that is
# automatically created and managed by the service team in a private project.
my_project_number = "000000000000"
service_account_email = "serviceAccount:service-#{my_project_number}@gcp-sa-pubsub.iam.gserviceaccount.com"

dead_letter_topic = pubsub.topic "my-dead-letter-topic"
dead_letter_subscription = dead_letter_topic.subscribe "my-dead-letter-sub"

dead_letter_topic.policy { |p| p.add "roles/pubsub.publisher", service_account_email }
dead_letter_subscription.policy { |p| p.add "roles/pubsub.subscriber", service_account_email }

topic = pubsub.topic "my-topic"
sub = topic.subscribe "my-topic-sub",
                      dead_letter_topic: dead_letter_topic,
                      dead_letter_max_delivery_attempts: 10

Configure a Retry Policy:

require "google/cloud/pubsub"

pubsub = Google::Cloud::PubSub.new

topic = pubsub.topic "my-topic"

retry_policy = Google::Cloud::PubSub::RetryPolicy.new minimum_backoff: 5, maximum_backoff: 300
sub = topic.subscribe "my-topic-sub", retry_policy: retry_policy

#delete

def delete() -> Boolean

Permanently deletes the topic.

Returns
  • (Boolean) — Returns true if the topic was deleted.
Example
require "google/cloud/pubsub"

pubsub = Google::Cloud::PubSub.new

topic = pubsub.topic "my-topic"
topic.delete

#enable_message_ordering!

def enable_message_ordering!()

Enables message ordering for messages with ordering keys on the #async_publisher. When enabled, messages published with the same ordering_key will be delivered in the order they were published.

See #message_ordering?. See #publish_async, Subscription#listen, and Message#ordering_key.

#exists?

def exists?() -> Boolean

Determines whether the topic exists in the Pub/Sub service.

Returns
  • (Boolean)
Example
require "google/cloud/pubsub"

pubsub = Google::Cloud::PubSub.new

topic = pubsub.topic "my-topic"
topic.exists? #=> true

#find_subscription

def find_subscription(subscription_name, skip_lookup: nil) -> Google::Cloud::PubSub::Subscription, nil
Alias Of: #subscription

Retrieves subscription by name.

Parameters
  • subscription_name (String) — Name of a subscription. The value can be a simple subscription ID (relative name), in which case the current project ID will be supplied, or a fully-qualified subscription name in the form projects/{project_id}/subscriptions/{subscription_id}.
  • skip_lookup (Boolean) (defaults to: nil) — Optionally create a Subscription object without verifying the subscription resource exists on the Pub/Sub service. Calls made on this object will raise errors if the service resource does not exist. Default is false.
Returns
Examples
require "google/cloud/pubsub"

pubsub = Google::Cloud::PubSub.new

topic = pubsub.topic "my-topic"

sub = topic.subscription "my-topic-sub"
sub.name #=> "projects/my-project/subscriptions/my-topic-sub"

Skip the lookup against the service with skip_lookup:

require "google/cloud/pubsub"

pubsub = Google::Cloud::PubSub.new

topic = pubsub.topic "my-topic"

# No API call is made to retrieve the subscription information.
sub = topic.subscription "my-topic-sub", skip_lookup: true
sub.name #=> "projects/my-project/subscriptions/my-topic-sub"

#find_subscriptions

def find_subscriptions(token: nil, max: nil) -> Array<Subscription>
Alias Of: #subscriptions

Retrieves a list of subscription names for the given project.

Parameters
  • token (String) (defaults to: nil) — The token value returned by the last call to subscriptions; indicates that this is a continuation of a call, and that the system should return the next page of data.
  • max (Integer) (defaults to: nil) — Maximum number of subscriptions to return.
Returns
Examples
require "google/cloud/pubsub"

pubsub = Google::Cloud::PubSub.new

topic = pubsub.topic "my-topic"
subscriptions = topic.subscriptions
subscriptions.each do |subscription|
  puts subscription.name
end

Retrieve all subscriptions: (See Subscription::List#all)

require "google/cloud/pubsub"

pubsub = Google::Cloud::PubSub.new

topic = pubsub.topic "my-topic"
subscriptions = topic.subscriptions
subscriptions.all do |subscription|
  puts subscription.name
end

#get_subscription

def get_subscription(subscription_name, skip_lookup: nil) -> Google::Cloud::PubSub::Subscription, nil
Alias Of: #subscription

Retrieves subscription by name.

Parameters
  • subscription_name (String) — Name of a subscription. The value can be a simple subscription ID (relative name), in which case the current project ID will be supplied, or a fully-qualified subscription name in the form projects/{project_id}/subscriptions/{subscription_id}.
  • skip_lookup (Boolean) (defaults to: nil) — Optionally create a Subscription object without verifying the subscription resource exists on the Pub/Sub service. Calls made on this object will raise errors if the service resource does not exist. Default is false.
Returns
Examples
require "google/cloud/pubsub"

pubsub = Google::Cloud::PubSub.new

topic = pubsub.topic "my-topic"

sub = topic.subscription "my-topic-sub"
sub.name #=> "projects/my-project/subscriptions/my-topic-sub"

Skip the lookup against the service with skip_lookup:

require "google/cloud/pubsub"

pubsub = Google::Cloud::PubSub.new

topic = pubsub.topic "my-topic"

# No API call is made to retrieve the subscription information.
sub = topic.subscription "my-topic-sub", skip_lookup: true
sub.name #=> "projects/my-project/subscriptions/my-topic-sub"

#kms_key

def kms_key() -> String

The Cloud KMS encryption key that will be used to protect access to messages published on this topic. For example: projects/a/locations/b/keyRings/c/cryptoKeys/d The default value is nil, which means default encryption is used.

Makes an API call to retrieve the KMS encryption key when called on a reference object. See #reference?.

Returns
  • (String)
Example
require "google/cloud/pubsub"

pubsub = Google::Cloud::PubSub.new

topic = pubsub.topic "my-topic"

topic.kms_key #=> "projects/a/locations/b/keyRings/c/cryptoKeys/d"

#kms_key=

def kms_key=(new_kms_key_name)

Set the Cloud KMS encryption key that will be used to protect access to messages published on this topic. For example: projects/a/locations/b/keyRings/c/cryptoKeys/d The default value is nil, which means default encryption is used.

Parameter
  • new_kms_key_name (String) — New Cloud KMS key name
Example
require "google/cloud/pubsub"

pubsub = Google::Cloud::PubSub.new

topic = pubsub.topic "my-topic"

key_name = "projects/a/locations/b/keyRings/c/cryptoKeys/d"
topic.kms_key = key_name

#labels

def labels() -> Hash

A hash of user-provided labels associated with this topic. Labels can be used to organize and group topics. See Creating and Managing Labels.

The returned hash is frozen and changes are not allowed. Use #labels= to update the labels for this topic.

Makes an API call to retrieve the labels values when called on a reference object. See #reference?.

Returns
  • (Hash) — The frozen labels hash.

#labels=

def labels=(new_labels)

Sets the hash of user-provided labels associated with this topic. Labels can be used to organize and group topics. Label keys and values can be no longer than 63 characters, can only contain lowercase letters, numeric characters, underscores and dashes. International characters are allowed. Label values are optional. Label keys must start with a letter and each label in the list must have a different key. See Creating and Managing Labels.

Parameter
  • new_labels (Hash) — The new labels hash.
Raises
  • (ArgumentError)

#list_subscriptions

def list_subscriptions(token: nil, max: nil) -> Array<Subscription>
Alias Of: #subscriptions

Retrieves a list of subscription names for the given project.

Parameters
  • token (String) (defaults to: nil) — The token value returned by the last call to subscriptions; indicates that this is a continuation of a call, and that the system should return the next page of data.
  • max (Integer) (defaults to: nil) — Maximum number of subscriptions to return.
Returns
Examples
require "google/cloud/pubsub"

pubsub = Google::Cloud::PubSub.new

topic = pubsub.topic "my-topic"
subscriptions = topic.subscriptions
subscriptions.each do |subscription|
  puts subscription.name
end

Retrieve all subscriptions: (See Subscription::List#all)

require "google/cloud/pubsub"

pubsub = Google::Cloud::PubSub.new

topic = pubsub.topic "my-topic"
subscriptions = topic.subscriptions
subscriptions.all do |subscription|
  puts subscription.name
end

#message_encoding

def message_encoding() -> Symbol, nil

The encoding of messages validated against the schema identified by #schema_name. If present, #schema_name should also be present. Values include:

  • JSON - JSON encoding.
  • BINARY - Binary encoding, as defined by the schema type. For some schema types, binary encoding may not be available.

Makes an API call to retrieve the schema settings when called on a reference object. See #reference?.

Returns
  • (Symbol, nil) — The schema encoding, or nil if schema settings are not configured for the topic.
Example
require "google/cloud/pubsub"

pubsub = Google::Cloud::PubSub.new

topic = pubsub.topic "my-topic"

topic.message_encoding #=> :JSON

#message_encoding_binary?

def message_encoding_binary?() -> Boolean

Checks if the encoding of messages in the schema settings is BINARY. See #message_encoding.

Makes an API call to retrieve the schema settings when called on a reference object. See #reference?.

Returns
  • (Boolean) — true when BINARY, false if not BINARY or schema settings is not set.

#message_encoding_json?

def message_encoding_json?() -> Boolean

Checks if the encoding of messages in the schema settings is JSON. See #message_encoding.

Makes an API call to retrieve the schema settings when called on a reference object. See #reference?.

Returns
  • (Boolean) — true when JSON, false if not JSON or schema settings is not set.

#message_ordering?

def message_ordering?() -> Boolean

Whether message ordering for messages with ordering keys has been enabled on the #async_publisher. When enabled, messages published with the same ordering_key will be delivered in the order they were published. When disabled, messages may be delivered in any order.

See #enable_message_ordering!. See #publish_async, Subscription#listen, and Message#ordering_key.

Returns
  • (Boolean)

#name

def name() -> String

The name of the topic.

Returns
  • (String) — A fully-qualified topic name in the form projects/{project_id}/topics/{topic_id}.

#new_subscription

def new_subscription(subscription_name, **options) -> Google::Cloud::PubSub::Subscription
Alias Of: #subscribe

Creates a new Subscription object on the current Topic.

Parameter
  • options (Hash) — a customizable set of options
Examples
require "google/cloud/pubsub"

pubsub = Google::Cloud::PubSub.new

topic = pubsub.topic "my-topic"
sub = topic.subscribe "my-topic-sub"
sub.name # => "my-topic-sub"

Wait 2 minutes for acknowledgement:

require "google/cloud/pubsub"

pubsub = Google::Cloud::PubSub.new

topic = pubsub.topic "my-topic"
sub = topic.subscribe "my-topic-sub",
                      deadline: 120

Configure a push endpoint:

require "google/cloud/pubsub"

pubsub = Google::Cloud::PubSub.new
topic = pubsub.topic "my-topic"

push_config = Google::Cloud::PubSub::Subscription::PushConfig.new endpoint: "http://example.net/callback"
push_config.set_oidc_token "service-account@example.net", "audience-header-value"

sub = topic.subscribe "my-subscription", push_config: push_config

Configure a Dead Letter Queues policy:

require "google/cloud/pubsub"

pubsub = Google::Cloud::PubSub.new

# Dead Letter Queue (DLQ) testing requires IAM bindings to the Cloud Pub/Sub service account that is
# automatically created and managed by the service team in a private project.
my_project_number = "000000000000"
service_account_email = "serviceAccount:service-#{my_project_number}@gcp-sa-pubsub.iam.gserviceaccount.com"

dead_letter_topic = pubsub.topic "my-dead-letter-topic"
dead_letter_subscription = dead_letter_topic.subscribe "my-dead-letter-sub"

dead_letter_topic.policy { |p| p.add "roles/pubsub.publisher", service_account_email }
dead_letter_subscription.policy { |p| p.add "roles/pubsub.subscriber", service_account_email }

topic = pubsub.topic "my-topic"
sub = topic.subscribe "my-topic-sub",
                      dead_letter_topic: dead_letter_topic,
                      dead_letter_max_delivery_attempts: 10

Configure a Retry Policy:

require "google/cloud/pubsub"

pubsub = Google::Cloud::PubSub.new

topic = pubsub.topic "my-topic"

retry_policy = Google::Cloud::PubSub::RetryPolicy.new minimum_backoff: 5, maximum_backoff: 300
sub = topic.subscribe "my-topic-sub", retry_policy: retry_policy

#persistence_regions

def persistence_regions() -> Array<String>

The list of GCP region IDs where messages that are published to the topic may be persisted in storage.

Messages published by publishers running in non-allowed GCP regions (or running outside of GCP altogether) will be routed for storage in one of the allowed regions. An empty list indicates a misconfiguration at the project or organization level, which will result in all publish operations failing.

Makes an API call to retrieve the list of GCP region IDs values when called on a reference object. See #reference?.

Returns
  • (Array<String>)
Example
require "google/cloud/pubsub"

pubsub = Google::Cloud::PubSub.new

topic = pubsub.topic "my-topic"

topic.persistence_regions #=> ["us-central1", "us-central2"]

#persistence_regions=

def persistence_regions=(new_persistence_regions)

Sets the list of GCP region IDs where messages that are published to the topic may be persisted in storage.

Parameter
  • new_persistence_regions (Array<String>)
Example
require "google/cloud/pubsub"

pubsub = Google::Cloud::PubSub.new

topic = pubsub.topic "my-topic"

topic.persistence_regions = ["us-central1", "us-central2"]

#policy

def policy() { |policy| ... } -> Policy

Gets the Cloud IAM access control policy for this topic.

Yields
  • (policy) — A block for updating the policy. The latest policy will be read from the Pub/Sub service and passed to the block. After the block completes, the modified policy will be written to the service.
Yield Parameter
  • policy (Policy) — the current Cloud IAM Policy for this topic
Returns
  • (Policy) — the current Cloud IAM Policy for this topic
Examples
require "google/cloud/pubsub"

pubsub = Google::Cloud::PubSub.new
topic = pubsub.topic "my-topic"

policy = topic.policy

Update the policy by passing a block:

require "google/cloud/pubsub"

pubsub = Google::Cloud::PubSub.new
topic = pubsub.topic "my-topic"

topic.policy do |p|
  p.add "roles/owner", "user:owner@example.com"
end

#policy=

def policy=(new_policy) -> Policy
Alias Of: #update_policy

Updates the Cloud IAM access control policy for this topic. The policy should be read from #policy. See Policy for an explanation of the policy etag property and how to modify policies.

You can also update the policy by passing a block to #policy, which will call this method internally after the block completes.

Parameter
  • new_policy (Policy) — a new or modified Cloud IAM Policy for this topic
Returns
  • (Policy) — the policy returned by the API update operation
Example
require "google/cloud/pubsub"

pubsub = Google::Cloud::PubSub.new
topic = pubsub.topic "my-topic"

policy = topic.policy # API call

policy.add "roles/owner", "user:owner@example.com"

topic.update_policy policy # API call

#publish

def publish(data = nil, attributes = nil, ordering_key: nil, **extra_attrs, &block) { |batch| ... } -> Message, Array<Message>

Publishes one or more messages to the topic.

The message payload must not be empty; it must contain either a non-empty data field, or at least one attribute.

Parameters
  • data (String, File) — The message payload. This will be converted to bytes encoded as ASCII-8BIT.
  • attributes (Hash) — Optional attributes for the message.
  • ordering_key (String) (defaults to: nil) — Identifies related messages for which publish order should be respected.
Yields
  • (batch) — a block for publishing multiple messages in one request
Yield Parameter
Returns
  • (Message, Array<Message>) — Returns the published message when called without a block, or an array of messages when called with a block.
Examples
require "google/cloud/pubsub"

pubsub = Google::Cloud::PubSub.new

topic = pubsub.topic "my-topic"
msg = topic.publish "task completed"

A message can be published using a File object:

require "google/cloud/pubsub"

pubsub = Google::Cloud::PubSub.new

topic = pubsub.topic "my-topic"
file = File.open "message.txt", mode: "rb"
msg = topic.publish file

Additionally, a message can be published with attributes:

require "google/cloud/pubsub"

pubsub = Google::Cloud::PubSub.new

topic = pubsub.topic "my-topic"
msg = topic.publish "task completed",
                    foo: :bar,
                    this: :that

Multiple messages can be sent at the same time using a block:

require "google/cloud/pubsub"

pubsub = Google::Cloud::PubSub.new

topic = pubsub.topic "my-topic"
msgs = topic.publish do |t|
  t.publish "task 1 completed", foo: :bar
  t.publish "task 2 completed", foo: :baz
  t.publish "task 3 completed", foo: :bif
end

Ordered messages are supported using ordering_key:

require "google/cloud/pubsub"

pubsub = Google::Cloud::PubSub.new

topic = pubsub.topic "my-ordered-topic"

# Ensure that message ordering is enabled.
topic.enable_message_ordering!

# Publish an ordered message with an ordering key.
topic.publish "task completed",
              ordering_key: "task-key"

#publish_async

def publish_async(data = nil, attributes = nil, ordering_key: nil, **extra_attrs, &callback) { |result| ... }

Publishes a message asynchronously to the topic using #async_publisher.

The message payload must not be empty; it must contain either a non-empty data field, or at least one attribute.

Google Cloud Pub/Sub ordering keys provide the ability to ensure related messages are sent to subscribers in the order in which they were published. Messages can be tagged with an ordering key, a string that identifies related messages for which publish order should be respected. The service guarantees that, for a given ordering key and publisher, messages are sent to subscribers in the order in which they were published. Ordering does not require sacrificing high throughput or scalability, as the service automatically distributes messages for different ordering keys across subscribers.

To use ordering keys, specify ordering_key. Before specifying ordering_key on a message a call to #enable_message_ordering! must be made or an error will be raised.

Publisher flow control limits the number of outstanding messages that are allowed to wait to be published. See the flow_control key in the async parameter in Project#topic for more information about publisher flow control settings.

Parameters
  • data (String, File) — The message payload. This will be converted to bytes encoded as ASCII-8BIT.
  • attributes (Hash) — Optional attributes for the message.
  • ordering_key (String) (defaults to: nil) — Identifies related messages for which publish order should be respected.
Yields
  • (result) — the callback for when the message has been published
Yield Parameter
  • result (PublishResult) — the result of the asynchronous publish
Raises
Examples
require "google/cloud/pubsub"

pubsub = Google::Cloud::PubSub.new

topic = pubsub.topic "my-topic"
topic.publish_async "task completed" do |result|
  if result.succeeded?
    log_publish_success result.data
  else
    log_publish_failure result.data, result.error
  end
end

# Shut down the publisher when ready to stop publishing messages.
topic.async_publisher.stop!

A message can be published using a File object:

require "google/cloud/pubsub"

pubsub = Google::Cloud::PubSub.new

topic = pubsub.topic "my-topic"
file = File.open "message.txt", mode: "rb"
topic.publish_async file

# Shut down the publisher when ready to stop publishing messages.
topic.async_publisher.stop!

Additionally, a message can be published with attributes:

require "google/cloud/pubsub"

pubsub = Google::Cloud::PubSub.new

topic = pubsub.topic "my-topic"
topic.publish_async "task completed",
                    foo: :bar, this: :that

# Shut down the publisher when ready to stop publishing messages.
topic.async_publisher.stop!

Ordered messages are supported using ordering_key:

require "google/cloud/pubsub"

pubsub = Google::Cloud::PubSub.new

topic = pubsub.topic "my-ordered-topic"

# Ensure that message ordering is enabled.
topic.enable_message_ordering!

# Publish an ordered message with an ordering key.
topic.publish_async "task completed",
                    ordering_key: "task-key"

# Shut down the publisher when ready to stop publishing messages.
topic.async_publisher.stop!

#reference?

def reference?() -> Boolean

Determines whether the topic object was created without retrieving the resource representation from the Pub/Sub service.

Returns
  • (Boolean) — true when the topic was created without a resource representation, false otherwise.
Example
require "google/cloud/pubsub"

pubsub = Google::Cloud::PubSub.new

topic = pubsub.topic "my-topic", skip_lookup: true
topic.reference? #=> true

#refresh!

def refresh!() -> Google::Cloud::PubSub::Topic
Alias Of: #reload!

Reloads the topic with current data from the Pub/Sub service.

Returns
Example
require "google/cloud/pubsub"

pubsub = Google::Cloud::PubSub.new

topic = pubsub.topic "my-topic"
topic.reload!

#reload!

def reload!() -> Google::Cloud::PubSub::Topic
Aliases

Reloads the topic with current data from the Pub/Sub service.

Returns
Example
require "google/cloud/pubsub"

pubsub = Google::Cloud::PubSub.new

topic = pubsub.topic "my-topic"
topic.reload!

#resource?

def resource?() -> Boolean

Determines whether the topic object was created with a resource representation from the Pub/Sub service.

Returns
  • (Boolean) — true when the topic was created with a resource representation, false otherwise.
Example
require "google/cloud/pubsub"

pubsub = Google::Cloud::PubSub.new

topic = pubsub.topic "my-topic"
topic.resource? #=> true

#resume_publish

def resume_publish(ordering_key) -> boolean

Resume publishing ordered messages for the provided ordering key.

Parameter
  • ordering_key (String) — Identifies related messages for which publish order should be respected.
Returns
  • (boolean) — true when resumed, false otherwise.

#retention

def retention() -> Numeric, nil

Indicates the minimum number of seconds to retain a message after it is published to the topic. If this field is set, messages published to the topic within the retention number of seconds are always available to subscribers. For instance, it allows any attached subscription to seek to a timestamp that is up to retention number of seconds in the past. If this field is not set, message retention is controlled by settings on individual subscriptions. Cannot be less than 600 (10 minutes) or more than 604,800 (7 days). See #retention=.

Makes an API call to retrieve the retention value when called on a reference object. See #reference?.

Returns
  • (Numeric, nil) — The message retention duration in seconds, or nil if not set.

#retention=

def retention=(new_retention)

Sets the message retention duration in seconds. If set to a positive duration between 600 (10 minutes) and 604,800 (7 days), inclusive, the message retention duration is changed. If set to nil, this clears message retention duration from the topic. See #retention.

Parameter
  • new_retention (Numeric, nil) — The new message retention duration value.

#schema_name

def schema_name() -> String, nil

The name of the schema that messages published should be validated against, if schema settings are configured for the topic. The value is a fully-qualified schema name in the form projects/{project_id}/schemas/{schema_id}. If present, #message_encoding should also be present. The value of this field will be deleted-schema if the schema has been deleted.

Makes an API call to retrieve the schema settings when called on a reference object. See #reference?.

Returns
  • (String, nil) — The schema name, or nil if schema settings are not configured for the topic.
Example
require "google/cloud/pubsub"

pubsub = Google::Cloud::PubSub.new

topic = pubsub.topic "my-topic"

topic.schema_name #=> "projects/my-project/schemas/my-schema"

#subscribe

def subscribe(subscription_name, **options) -> Google::Cloud::PubSub::Subscription

Creates a new Subscription object on the current Topic.

Parameter
  • options (Hash) — a customizable set of options
Examples
require "google/cloud/pubsub"

pubsub = Google::Cloud::PubSub.new

topic = pubsub.topic "my-topic"
sub = topic.subscribe "my-topic-sub"
sub.name # => "my-topic-sub"

Wait 2 minutes for acknowledgement:

require "google/cloud/pubsub"

pubsub = Google::Cloud::PubSub.new

topic = pubsub.topic "my-topic"
sub = topic.subscribe "my-topic-sub",
                      deadline: 120

Configure a push endpoint:

require "google/cloud/pubsub"

pubsub = Google::Cloud::PubSub.new
topic = pubsub.topic "my-topic"

push_config = Google::Cloud::PubSub::Subscription::PushConfig.new endpoint: "http://example.net/callback"
push_config.set_oidc_token "service-account@example.net", "audience-header-value"

sub = topic.subscribe "my-subscription", push_config: push_config

Configure a Dead Letter Queues policy:

require "google/cloud/pubsub"

pubsub = Google::Cloud::PubSub.new

# Dead Letter Queue (DLQ) testing requires IAM bindings to the Cloud Pub/Sub service account that is
# automatically created and managed by the service team in a private project.
my_project_number = "000000000000"
service_account_email = "serviceAccount:service-#{my_project_number}@gcp-sa-pubsub.iam.gserviceaccount.com"

dead_letter_topic = pubsub.topic "my-dead-letter-topic"
dead_letter_subscription = dead_letter_topic.subscribe "my-dead-letter-sub"

dead_letter_topic.policy { |p| p.add "roles/pubsub.publisher", service_account_email }
dead_letter_subscription.policy { |p| p.add "roles/pubsub.subscriber", service_account_email }

topic = pubsub.topic "my-topic"
sub = topic.subscribe "my-topic-sub",
                      dead_letter_topic: dead_letter_topic,
                      dead_letter_max_delivery_attempts: 10

Configure a Retry Policy:

require "google/cloud/pubsub"

pubsub = Google::Cloud::PubSub.new

topic = pubsub.topic "my-topic"

retry_policy = Google::Cloud::PubSub::RetryPolicy.new minimum_backoff: 5, maximum_backoff: 300
sub = topic.subscribe "my-topic-sub", retry_policy: retry_policy

#subscription

def subscription(subscription_name, skip_lookup: nil) -> Google::Cloud::PubSub::Subscription, nil

Retrieves subscription by name.

Parameters
  • subscription_name (String) — Name of a subscription. The value can be a simple subscription ID (relative name), in which case the current project ID will be supplied, or a fully-qualified subscription name in the form projects/{project_id}/subscriptions/{subscription_id}.
  • skip_lookup (Boolean) (defaults to: nil) — Optionally create a Subscription object without verifying the subscription resource exists on the Pub/Sub service. Calls made on this object will raise errors if the service resource does not exist. Default is false.
Returns
Examples
require "google/cloud/pubsub"

pubsub = Google::Cloud::PubSub.new

topic = pubsub.topic "my-topic"

sub = topic.subscription "my-topic-sub"
sub.name #=> "projects/my-project/subscriptions/my-topic-sub"

Skip the lookup against the service with skip_lookup:

require "google/cloud/pubsub"

pubsub = Google::Cloud::PubSub.new

topic = pubsub.topic "my-topic"

# No API call is made to retrieve the subscription information.
sub = topic.subscription "my-topic-sub", skip_lookup: true
sub.name #=> "projects/my-project/subscriptions/my-topic-sub"

#subscriptions

def subscriptions(token: nil, max: nil) -> Array<Subscription>

Retrieves a list of subscription names for the given project.

Parameters
  • token (String) (defaults to: nil) — The token value returned by the last call to subscriptions; indicates that this is a continuation of a call, and that the system should return the next page of data.
  • max (Integer) (defaults to: nil) — Maximum number of subscriptions to return.
Returns
Examples
require "google/cloud/pubsub"

pubsub = Google::Cloud::PubSub.new

topic = pubsub.topic "my-topic"
subscriptions = topic.subscriptions
subscriptions.each do |subscription|
  puts subscription.name
end

Retrieve all subscriptions: (See Subscription::List#all)

require "google/cloud/pubsub"

pubsub = Google::Cloud::PubSub.new

topic = pubsub.topic "my-topic"
subscriptions = topic.subscriptions
subscriptions.all do |subscription|
  puts subscription.name
end

#test_permissions

def test_permissions(*permissions) -> Array<Strings>

Tests the specified permissions against the Cloud IAM access control policy.

Parameter
  • permissions (String, Array<String>) —

    The set of permissions to check access for. Permissions with wildcards (such as * or storage.*) are not allowed.

    The permissions that can be checked on a topic are:

    • pubsub.topics.publish
    • pubsub.topics.attachSubscription
    • pubsub.topics.get
    • pubsub.topics.delete
    • pubsub.topics.update
    • pubsub.topics.getIamPolicy
    • pubsub.topics.setIamPolicy
Returns
  • (Array<Strings>) — The permissions that have access.
Example
require "google/cloud/pubsub"

pubsub = Google::Cloud::PubSub.new
topic = pubsub.topic "my-topic"
perms = topic.test_permissions "pubsub.topics.get",
                               "pubsub.topics.publish"
perms.include? "pubsub.topics.get" #=> true
perms.include? "pubsub.topics.publish" #=> false

#update_policy

def update_policy(new_policy) -> Policy
Aliases

Updates the Cloud IAM access control policy for this topic. The policy should be read from #policy. See Policy for an explanation of the policy etag property and how to modify policies.

You can also update the policy by passing a block to #policy, which will call this method internally after the block completes.

Parameter
  • new_policy (Policy) — a new or modified Cloud IAM Policy for this topic
Returns
  • (Policy) — the policy returned by the API update operation
Example
require "google/cloud/pubsub"

pubsub = Google::Cloud::PubSub.new
topic = pubsub.topic "my-topic"

policy = topic.policy # API call

policy.add "roles/owner", "user:owner@example.com"

topic.update_policy policy # API call