順序指定キーを使用したパブリッシュ

順序指定キーを使用してメッセージをパブリッシュします。 順序指定キーは、ハッシュされてパーティションにマッピングされます。同じ順序指定キーのメッセージは、同じパーティションにパブリッシュされます。パーティションがいっぱいになると、最も古いメッセージから上書きされます。

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このコードサンプルを含む詳細なドキュメントについては、以下をご覧ください。

コードサンプル

Go

import (
	"context"
	"fmt"
	"io"

	"cloud.google.com/go/pubsub"
	"cloud.google.com/go/pubsublite/pscompat"
)

func publishWithOrderingKey(w io.Writer, projectID, zone, topicID string, messageCount int) error {
	// projectID := "my-project-id"
	// zone := "us-central1-a"
	// topicID := "my-topic"
	// messageCount := 10
	ctx := context.Background()
	topicPath := fmt.Sprintf("projects/%s/locations/%s/topics/%s", projectID, zone, topicID)

	// Create the publisher client.
	publisher, err := pscompat.NewPublisherClient(ctx, topicPath)
	if err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("pscompat.NewPublisherClient error: %v", err)
	}

	// Ensure the publisher will be shut down.
	defer publisher.Stop()

	// Messages of the same ordering key will always get published to the same
	// partition. When OrderingKey is unset, messages can get published to
	// different partitions if more than one partition exists for the topic.
	var results []*pubsub.PublishResult
	for i := 0; i < messageCount; i++ {
		r := publisher.Publish(ctx, &pubsub.Message{
			OrderingKey: "test_ordering_key",
			Data:        []byte(fmt.Sprintf("message-%d", i)),
		})
		results = append(results, r)
	}

	// Print publish results.
	var publishedCount int
	for _, r := range results {
		// Get blocks until the result is ready.
		id, err := r.Get(ctx)
		if err != nil {
			// NOTE: A failed PublishResult indicates that the publisher client
			// encountered a fatal error and has permanently terminated. After the
			// fatal error has been resolved, a new publisher client instance must be
			// created to republish failed messages.
			fmt.Fprintf(w, "Publish error: %v\n", err)
			continue
		}

		// Metadata decoded from the id contains the partition and offset.
		metadata, err := pscompat.ParseMessageMetadata(id)
		if err != nil {
			return fmt.Errorf("failed to parse message metadata %q: %v", id, err)
		}
		fmt.Fprintf(w, "Published: partition=%d, offset=%d\n", metadata.Partition, metadata.Offset)
		publishedCount++
	}

	fmt.Fprintf(w, "Published %d messages with ordering key\n", publishedCount)
	return publisher.Error()
}

Java

import com.google.api.core.ApiFuture;
import com.google.api.gax.rpc.ApiException;
import com.google.cloud.pubsublite.CloudRegion;
import com.google.cloud.pubsublite.CloudRegionOrZone;
import com.google.cloud.pubsublite.CloudZone;
import com.google.cloud.pubsublite.MessageMetadata;
import com.google.cloud.pubsublite.ProjectNumber;
import com.google.cloud.pubsublite.TopicName;
import com.google.cloud.pubsublite.TopicPath;
import com.google.cloud.pubsublite.cloudpubsub.Publisher;
import com.google.cloud.pubsublite.cloudpubsub.PublisherSettings;
import com.google.protobuf.ByteString;
import com.google.pubsub.v1.PubsubMessage;
import java.util.concurrent.ExecutionException;

public class PublishWithOrderingKeyExample {
  public static void main(String... args) throws Exception {
    // TODO(developer): Replace these variables before running the sample.
    String cloudRegion = "your-cloud-region";
    char zoneId = 'b';
    // Choose an existing topic for the publish example to work.
    String topicId = "your-topic-id";
    long projectNumber = Long.parseLong("123456789");
    // True if using a regional location. False if using a zonal location.
    // https://cloud.google.com/pubsub/lite/docs/topics
    boolean regional = false;

    publishWithOrderingKeyExample(cloudRegion, zoneId, projectNumber, topicId, regional);
  }

  // Publish a message to a topic with an ordering key.
  public static void publishWithOrderingKeyExample(
      String cloudRegion, char zoneId, long projectNumber, String topicId, boolean regional)
      throws ApiException, ExecutionException, InterruptedException {

    CloudRegionOrZone location;
    if (regional) {
      location = CloudRegionOrZone.of(CloudRegion.of(cloudRegion));
    } else {
      location = CloudRegionOrZone.of(CloudZone.of(CloudRegion.of(cloudRegion), zoneId));
    }

    TopicPath topicPath =
        TopicPath.newBuilder()
            .setProject(ProjectNumber.of(projectNumber))
            .setLocation(location)
            .setName(TopicName.of(topicId))
            .build();

    PublisherSettings publisherSettings =
        PublisherSettings.newBuilder().setTopicPath(topicPath).build();

    Publisher publisher = Publisher.create(publisherSettings);

    // Start the publisher. Upon successful starting, its state will become RUNNING.
    publisher.startAsync().awaitRunning();

    String message = "message-with-ordering-key";

    // Convert the message to a byte string.
    ByteString data = ByteString.copyFromUtf8(message);
    PubsubMessage pubsubMessage =
        PubsubMessage.newBuilder()
            .setData(data)
            // Messages of the same ordering key will always get published to the
            // same partition. When OrderingKey is unset, messages can get published
            // to different partitions if more than one partition exists for the topic.
            .setOrderingKey("testing")
            .build();

    // Publish a message.
    ApiFuture<String> future = publisher.publish(pubsubMessage);

    // Shut down the publisher.
    publisher.stopAsync().awaitTerminated();

    String ackId = future.get();
    MessageMetadata metadata = MessageMetadata.decode(ackId);
    System.out.println("Published a message with ordering key:\n" + metadata);
  }
}

Python

from google.cloud.pubsublite.cloudpubsub import PublisherClient
from google.cloud.pubsublite.types import (
    CloudRegion,
    CloudZone,
    MessageMetadata,
    TopicPath,
)

# TODO(developer):
# project_number = 1122334455
# cloud_region = "us-central1"
# zone_id = "a"
# topic_id = "your-topic-id"
# num_messages = 100
# regional = True

if regional:
    location = CloudRegion(cloud_region)
else:
    location = CloudZone(CloudRegion(cloud_region), zone_id)

topic_path = TopicPath(project_number, location, topic_id)

# PublisherClient() must be used in a `with` block or have __enter__() called before use.
with PublisherClient() as publisher_client:
    for message in range(num_messages):
        data = f"{message}"
        # Messages of the same ordering key will always get published to the same partition.
        # When ordering_key is unset, messsages can get published ot different partitions if
        # more than one partition exists for the topic.
        api_future = publisher_client.publish(
            topic_path, data.encode("utf-8"), ordering_key="testing"
        )
        # result() blocks. To resolve api futures asynchronously, use add_done_callback().
        message_id = api_future.result()
        message_metadata = MessageMetadata.decode(message_id)
        print(
            f"Published {data} to partition {message_metadata.partition.value} and offset {message_metadata.cursor.offset}."
        )

print(
    f"Finished publishing {num_messages} messages with an ordering key to {str(topic_path)}."
)

次のステップ

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