Create Lite topic

Create a single-partition Lite topic and configure its retention period, per partition storage, and publishing throughput scaling factor.

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For detailed documentation that includes this code sample, see the following:

Code sample

Go

import (
	"context"
	"fmt"
	"io"

	"cloud.google.com/go/pubsublite"
)

func createTopic(w io.Writer, projectID, region, location, topicID, reservation string) error {
	// projectID := "my-project-id"
	// region := "us-central1" // see https://cloud.google.com/pubsub/lite/docs/locations
	// NOTE: location can be either a region ("us-central1") or a zone ("us-central1-a")
	// For a list of valid locations, see https://cloud.google.com/pubsub/lite/docs/locations.
	// location := "us-central1"
	// topicID := "my-topic"
	// reservation := "projects/my-project-id/reservations/my-reservation"
	ctx := context.Background()
	client, err := pubsublite.NewAdminClient(ctx, region)
	if err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("pubsublite.NewAdminClient: %v", err)
	}
	defer client.Close()

	const gib = 1 << 30

	topicPath := fmt.Sprintf("projects/%s/locations/%s/topics/%s", projectID, location, topicID)
	// For ranges of fields in TopicConfig, see https://pkg.go.dev/cloud.google.com/go/pubsublite/#TopicConfig
	topic, err := client.CreateTopic(ctx, pubsublite.TopicConfig{
		Name:                       topicPath,
		PartitionCount:             2, // Must be >= 1 and cannot decrease after creation.
		PublishCapacityMiBPerSec:   4,
		SubscribeCapacityMiBPerSec: 8,
		PerPartitionBytes:          30 * gib,
		RetentionDuration:          pubsublite.InfiniteRetention,
		ThroughputReservation:      reservation,
	})
	if err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("client.CreateTopic got err: %v", err)
	}
	fmt.Fprintf(w, "Created topic: %#v\n", topic)
	return nil
}

Java

import com.google.api.gax.rpc.AlreadyExistsException;
import com.google.cloud.pubsublite.AdminClient;
import com.google.cloud.pubsublite.AdminClientSettings;
import com.google.cloud.pubsublite.CloudRegion;
import com.google.cloud.pubsublite.CloudRegionOrZone;
import com.google.cloud.pubsublite.CloudZone;
import com.google.cloud.pubsublite.ProjectNumber;
import com.google.cloud.pubsublite.ReservationName;
import com.google.cloud.pubsublite.ReservationPath;
import com.google.cloud.pubsublite.TopicName;
import com.google.cloud.pubsublite.TopicPath;
import com.google.cloud.pubsublite.proto.Topic;
import com.google.cloud.pubsublite.proto.Topic.PartitionConfig;
import com.google.cloud.pubsublite.proto.Topic.PartitionConfig.Capacity;
import com.google.cloud.pubsublite.proto.Topic.ReservationConfig;
import com.google.cloud.pubsublite.proto.Topic.RetentionConfig;
import com.google.protobuf.util.Durations;
import java.util.concurrent.ExecutionException;

public class CreateTopicExample {

  public static void main(String... args) throws Exception {
    // TODO(developer): Replace these variables before running the sample.
    String cloudRegion = "your-cloud-region";
    char zoneId = 'a';
    String topicId = "your-topic-id";
    String reservationId = "your-reservation-id";
    long projectNumber = Long.parseLong("123456789");
    int partitions = 1;
    // True if using a regional location. False if using a zonal location.
    // https://cloud.google.com/pubsub/lite/docs/topics
    boolean regional = false;

    createTopicExample(
        cloudRegion, zoneId, projectNumber, topicId, reservationId, partitions, regional);
  }

  public static void createTopicExample(
      String cloudRegion,
      char zoneId,
      long projectNumber,
      String topicId,
      String reservationId,
      int partitions,
      boolean regional)
      throws Exception {

    ReservationPath reservationPath =
        ReservationPath.newBuilder()
            .setProject(ProjectNumber.of(projectNumber))
            .setLocation(CloudRegion.of(cloudRegion))
            .setName(ReservationName.of(reservationId))
            .build();

    CloudRegionOrZone location;
    if (regional) {
      location = CloudRegionOrZone.of(CloudRegion.of(cloudRegion));
    } else {
      location = CloudRegionOrZone.of(CloudZone.of(CloudRegion.of(cloudRegion), zoneId));
    }

    TopicPath topicPath =
        TopicPath.newBuilder()
            .setProject(ProjectNumber.of(projectNumber))
            .setLocation(location)
            .setName(TopicName.of(topicId))
            .build();

    Topic topic =
        Topic.newBuilder()
            .setPartitionConfig(
                PartitionConfig.newBuilder()
                    // Set throughput capacity per partition in MiB/s.
                    .setCapacity(
                        Capacity.newBuilder()
                            // Must be 4-16 MiB/s.
                            .setPublishMibPerSec(4)
                            // Must be 4-32 MiB/s.
                            .setSubscribeMibPerSec(8)
                            .build())
                    .setCount(partitions))
            .setRetentionConfig(
                RetentionConfig.newBuilder()
                    // How long messages are retained.
                    .setPeriod(Durations.fromDays(1))
                    // Set storage per partition to 30 GiB. This must be 30 GiB-10 TiB.
                    // If the number of bytes stored in any of the topic's partitions grows
                    // beyond this value, older messages will be dropped to make room for
                    // newer ones, regardless of the value of `period`.
                    .setPerPartitionBytes(30 * 1024 * 1024 * 1024L))
            .setReservationConfig(
                ReservationConfig.newBuilder()
                    .setThroughputReservation(reservationPath.toString())
                    .build())
            .setName(topicPath.toString())
            .build();

    AdminClientSettings adminClientSettings =
        AdminClientSettings.newBuilder().setRegion(CloudRegion.of(cloudRegion)).build();

    try (AdminClient adminClient = AdminClient.create(adminClientSettings)) {
      Topic response = adminClient.createTopic(topic).get();
      if (regional) {
        System.out.println(response.getAllFields() + " (regional topic) created successfully.");
      } else {
        System.out.println(response.getAllFields() + " (zonal topic) created successfully.");
      }
    } catch (ExecutionException e) {
      try {
        throw e.getCause();
      } catch (AlreadyExistsException alreadyExists) {
        System.out.println("This topic already exists.");
      } catch (Throwable throwable) {
        throwable.printStackTrace();
      }
    }
  }
}

Python

from google.api_core.exceptions import AlreadyExists
from google.cloud.pubsublite import AdminClient, Topic
from google.cloud.pubsublite.types import (
    CloudRegion,
    CloudZone,
    ReservationPath,
    TopicPath,
)
from google.protobuf.duration_pb2 import Duration

# TODO(developer):
# project_number = 1122334455
# cloud_region = "us-central1"
# zone_id = "a"
# topic_id = "your-topic-id"
# reservation_id = "your-reservation-id"
# num_partitions = 1
# regional = True

cloud_region = CloudRegion(cloud_region)
reservation_path = ReservationPath(project_number, cloud_region, reservation_id)

topic_path = None
if regional:
    #  A regional topic.
    topic_path = TopicPath(project_number, cloud_region, topic_id)
else:
    #  A zonal topic
    topic_path = TopicPath(
        project_number, CloudZone(cloud_region, zone_id), topic_id
    )

topic = Topic(
    name=str(topic_path),
    partition_config=Topic.PartitionConfig(
        # A topic must have at least one partition.
        count=num_partitions,
        # Set throughput capacity per partition in MiB/s.
        capacity=Topic.PartitionConfig.Capacity(
            # Set publish throughput capacity per partition to 4 MiB/s. Must be >= 4 and <= 16.
            publish_mib_per_sec=4,
            # Set subscribe throughput capacity per partition to 4 MiB/s. Must be >= 4 and <= 32.
            subscribe_mib_per_sec=8,
        ),
    ),
    retention_config=Topic.RetentionConfig(
        # Set storage per partition to 30 GiB. This must be in the range 30 GiB-10TiB.
        # If the number of byptes stored in any of the topic's partitions grows beyond
        # this value, older messages will be dropped to make room for newer ones,
        # regardless of the value of `period`.
        per_partition_bytes=30 * 1024 * 1024 * 1024,
        # Allow messages to be retained for 7 days.
        period=Duration(seconds=60 * 60 * 24 * 7),
    ),
    reservation_config=Topic.ReservationConfig(
        throughput_reservation=str(reservation_path),
    ),
)

client = AdminClient(cloud_region)
try:
    response = client.create_topic(topic)
    if regional:
        print(f"{response.name} (regional topic) created successfully.")
    else:
        print(f"{response.name} (zonal topic) created successfully.")
except AlreadyExists:
    print(f"{topic_path} already exists.")

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