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Recevoir des messages avec des tentatives de distribution

Affiche le champ de tentative de livraison d'un message d'un abonnement avec une règle DeadLetterPolicy.

Pages de documentation incluant cet exemple de code

Pour afficher l'exemple de code utilisé en contexte, consultez la documentation suivante :

Exemple de code

C#

Avant d'essayer cet exemple, suivez les instructions de configuration de C# décrites dans le Guide de démarrage rapide de Pub/Sub – Utiliser des bibliothèques clientes. Pour en savoir plus, consultez la documentation de référence sur l'API Pub/Sub pour C#.


using Google.Cloud.PubSub.V1;
using System.Linq;
using System.Text;
using System.Threading;
using System.Threading.Tasks;

public class PullMessagesAsyncWithDeliveryAttemptsSample
{
    public async Task<int> PullMessagesAsyncWithDeliveryAttempts(string projectId, string subscriptionId, bool acknowledge)
    {
        // This is an existing subscription with a dead letter policy.
        SubscriptionName subscriptionName = SubscriptionName.FromProjectSubscription(projectId, subscriptionId);

        SubscriberClient subscriber = await SubscriberClient.CreateAsync(subscriptionName);

        int deliveryAttempt = 0;
        Task startTask = subscriber.StartAsync((PubsubMessage message, CancellationToken cancel) =>
        {
            string text = Encoding.UTF8.GetString(message.Data.ToArray());
            System.Console.WriteLine($"Delivery Attempt: {message.GetDeliveryAttempt()}");
            if (message.GetDeliveryAttempt() != null)
            {
                deliveryAttempt = message.GetDeliveryAttempt().Value;
            }
            return Task.FromResult(acknowledge ? SubscriberClient.Reply.Ack : SubscriberClient.Reply.Nack);
        });
        // Run for 7 seconds.
        await Task.Delay(7000);
        await subscriber.StopAsync(CancellationToken.None);
        // Lets make sure that the start task finished successfully after the call to stop.
        await startTask;
        return deliveryAttempt;
    }
}

C++

Avant d'essayer cet exemple, suivez les instructions de configuration de C++ décrites dans le Guide de démarrage rapide de Pub/Sub – Utiliser des bibliothèques clientes. Pour en savoir plus, consultez la documentation de référence sur l'API Pub/Sub pour C++.

namespace pubsub = google::cloud::pubsub;
auto sample = [](pubsub::Subscriber subscriber) {
  return subscriber.Subscribe(
      [&](pubsub::Message const& m, pubsub::AckHandler h) {
        std::cout << "Received message " << m << "\n";
        std::cout << "Delivery attempt: " << h.delivery_attempt() << "\n";
        std::move(h).ack();
        PleaseIgnoreThisSimplifiesTestingTheSamples();
      });
};

Go

Avant d'essayer cet exemple, suivez les instructions de configuration de Go décrites dans le Guide de démarrage rapide de Pub/Sub – Utiliser des bibliothèques clientes. Pour en savoir plus, consultez la documentation de référence sur l'API Pub/Sub pour Go.

import (
	"context"
	"fmt"
	"io"
	"time"

	"cloud.google.com/go/pubsub"
)

func pullMsgsDeadLetterDeliveryAttempt(w io.Writer, projectID, subID string) error {
	// projectID := "my-project-id"
	// subID := "my-sub"
	ctx := context.Background()
	client, err := pubsub.NewClient(ctx, projectID)
	if err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("pubsub.NewClient: %v", err)
	}

	// Receive messages for 10 seconds.
	ctx, cancel := context.WithTimeout(ctx, 10*time.Second)
	defer cancel()

	sub := client.Subscription(subID)
	err = sub.Receive(ctx, func(ctx context.Context, msg *pubsub.Message) {
		// When dead lettering is enabled, the delivery attempt field is a pointer to the
		// the number of times the service has attempted to delivery a message.
		// Otherwise, the field is nil.
		if msg.DeliveryAttempt != nil {
			fmt.Fprintf(w, "message: %s, delivery attempts: %d", msg.Data, *msg.DeliveryAttempt)
		}
		msg.Ack()
	})
	if err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("got error in Receive: %v", err)
	}
	return nil
}

Java

Avant d'essayer cet exemple, suivez les instructions de configuration de Java décrites dans le Guide de démarrage rapide de Pub/Sub – Utiliser des bibliothèques clientes. Pour en savoir plus, consultez la documentation de référence sur l'API Pub/Sub pour Java.


import com.google.cloud.pubsub.v1.AckReplyConsumer;
import com.google.cloud.pubsub.v1.MessageReceiver;
import com.google.cloud.pubsub.v1.Subscriber;
import com.google.pubsub.v1.ProjectSubscriptionName;
import com.google.pubsub.v1.PubsubMessage;
import java.util.concurrent.TimeUnit;
import java.util.concurrent.TimeoutException;

public class ReceiveMessagesWithDeliveryAttemptsExample {

  public static void main(String... args) throws Exception {
    // TODO(developer): Replace these variables before running the sample.
    String projectId = "your-project-id";
    // This is an existing subscription with a dead letter policy.
    String subscriptionId = "your-subscription-id";

    ReceiveMessagesWithDeliveryAttemptsExample.receiveMessagesWithDeliveryAttemptsExample(
        projectId, subscriptionId);
  }

  public static void receiveMessagesWithDeliveryAttemptsExample(
      String projectId, String subscriptionId) {

    ProjectSubscriptionName subscriptionName =
        ProjectSubscriptionName.of(projectId, subscriptionId);

    // Instantiate an asynchronous message receiver.
    MessageReceiver receiver =
        new MessageReceiver() {
          @Override
          public void receiveMessage(PubsubMessage message, AckReplyConsumer consumer) {
            // Handle incoming message, then ack the received message.
            System.out.println("Id: " + message.getMessageId());
            System.out.println("Data: " + message.getData().toStringUtf8());
            System.out.println("Delivery Attempt: " + Subscriber.getDeliveryAttempt(message));
            consumer.ack();
          }
        };

    Subscriber subscriber = null;
    try {
      subscriber = Subscriber.newBuilder(subscriptionName, receiver).build();
      // Start the subscriber.
      subscriber.startAsync().awaitRunning();
      System.out.printf("Listening for messages on %s:\n", subscriptionName.toString());
      // Allow the subscriber to run for 30s unless an unrecoverable error occurs.
      subscriber.awaitTerminated(30, TimeUnit.SECONDS);
    } catch (TimeoutException timeoutException) {
      // Shut down the subscriber after 30s. Stop receiving messages.
      subscriber.stopAsync();
    }
  }
}

Node.js

Avant d'essayer cet exemple, suivez les instructions de configuration de Node.js décrites dans le Guide de démarrage rapide de Pub/Sub – Utiliser des bibliothèques clientes. Pour en savoir plus, consultez la documentation de référence sur l'API Pub/Sub pour Node.js.

/**
 * TODO(developer): Uncomment these variables before running the sample.
 */
// const projectId = 'YOUR_PROJECT_ID';
// const subscriptionName = 'YOUR_SUBSCRIPTION_NAME';

// Imports the Google Cloud client library. v1 is for the lower level
// proto access.
const {v1} = require('@google-cloud/pubsub');

// Creates a client; cache this for further use.
const subClient = new v1.SubscriberClient();

async function synchronousPullWithDeliveryAttempts() {
  const formattedSubscription = subClient.subscriptionPath(
    projectId,
    subscriptionName
  );

  // The maximum number of messages returned for this request.
  // Pub/Sub may return fewer than the number specified.
  const request = {
    subscription: formattedSubscription,
    maxMessages: 10,
  };

  // The subscriber pulls a specified number of messages.
  const [response] = await subClient.pull(request);

  // Process the messages.
  const ackIds = [];
  for (const message of response.receivedMessages) {
    console.log(`Received message: ${message.message.data}`);
    console.log(`Delivery Attempt: ${message.deliveryAttempt}`);
    ackIds.push(message.ackId);
  }

  // Acknowledge all of the messages. You could also ackknowledge
  // these individually, but this is more efficient.
  const ackRequest = {
    subscription: formattedSubscription,
    ackIds: ackIds,
  };
  await subClient.acknowledge(ackRequest);

  console.log('Done.');
}

synchronousPullWithDeliveryAttempts().catch(console.error);

PHP

Avant d'essayer cet exemple, suivez les instructions de configuration de PHP décrites dans le Guide de démarrage rapide de Pub/Sub – Utiliser des bibliothèques clientes. Pour en savoir plus, consultez la documentation de référence sur l'API Pub/Sub pour PHP.

use Google\Cloud\PubSub\Message;
use Google\Cloud\PubSub\PubSubClient;

/**
 * Get the delivery attempt from a pulled message.
 *
 * @param string $projectId  The Google project ID.
 * @param string $topicName  The Pub/Sub topic name.
 * @param string $subscriptionName  The Pub/Sub subscription name.
 * @param string $message The contents of a pubsub message data field.
 */
function dead_letter_delivery_attempt($projectId, $topicName, $subscriptionName, $message)
{
    $pubsub = new PubSubClient([
        'projectId' => $projectId,
    ]);

    $topic = $pubsub->topic($topicName);

    // publish test message
    $topic->publish(new Message([
        'data' => $message
    ]));

    $subscription = $topic->subscription($subscriptionName);
    $messages = $subscription->pull();

    foreach ($messages as $message) {
        printf('Received message %s' . PHP_EOL, $message->data());
        printf('Delivery attempt %d' . PHP_EOL, $message->deliveryAttempt());
    }
    print('Done' . PHP_EOL);
}

Python

Avant d'essayer cet exemple, suivez les instructions de configuration de Python décrites dans le Guide de démarrage rapide de Pub/Sub – Utiliser des bibliothèques clientes. Pour en savoir plus, consultez la documentation de référence sur l'API Pub/Sub pour Python.

from concurrent.futures import TimeoutError
from google.cloud import pubsub_v1

# TODO(developer)
# project_id = "your-project-id"
# subscription_id = "your-subscription-id"

subscriber = pubsub_v1.SubscriberClient()
subscription_path = subscriber.subscription_path(project_id, subscription_id)

def callback(message):
    print(f"Received {message}.")
    print(f"With delivery attempts: {message.delivery_attempt}.")
    message.ack()

streaming_pull_future = subscriber.subscribe(subscription_path, callback=callback)
print(f"Listening for messages on {subscription_path}..\n")

# Wrap subscriber in a 'with' block to automatically call close() when done.
with subscriber:
    # When `timeout` is not set, result() will block indefinitely,
    # unless an exception is encountered first.
    try:
        streaming_pull_future.result(timeout=timeout)
    except TimeoutError:
        streaming_pull_future.cancel()

Ruby

Avant d'essayer cet exemple, suivez les instructions de configuration de Ruby décrites dans le Guide de démarrage rapide de Pub/Sub – Utiliser des bibliothèques clientes. Pour en savoir plus, consultez la documentation de référence sur l'API Pub/Sub pour Ruby.

# subscription_id = "your-subscription-id"
require "google/cloud/pubsub"

pubsub = Google::Cloud::Pubsub.new

subscription = pubsub.subscription subscription_id
subscription.pull.each do |message|
  puts "Received message: #{message.data}"
  puts "Delivery Attempt: #{message.delivery_attempt}"
  message.acknowledge!
end

Étape suivante

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