Strukturierten Text auf sensible Daten prüfen

Cloud Data Loss Prevention (DLP) kann sensible Daten in strukturierten Inhalten wie CSV oder JSON erkennen und klassifizieren. Bei Überprüfung oder De-Identifikation als Tabelle erhält Cloud DLP durch die Struktur und die Spalten zusätzliche Hinweise, die in einigen Anwendungsfällen möglicherweise bessere Ergebnisse liefern.

Tabellen prüfen

Die folgenden Codebeispiele zeigen, wie Sie eine Datentabelle auf sensiblen Inhalt prüfen. Tabellen unterstützen eine Vielzahl von Typen.

Protokoll

Weitere Informationen zur Verwendung der Cloud DLP API mit JSON finden Sie in der JSON-Kurzanleitung.

JSON-Eingabe:

POST https://dlp.googleapis.com/v2/projects/[PROJECT_ID]/content:inspect?key={YOUR_API_KEY}

{
  "item":{
    "table":{
      "headers": [{"name":"name"}, {"name":"phone"}],
      "rows": [{
        "values":[
          {"string_value": "John Doe"},
          {"string_value": "(206) 555-0123"}
        ]}
      ],
    }
  },
  "inspectConfig":{
    "infoTypes":[
      {
        "name":"PHONE_NUMBER"
      }
    ],
    "includeQuote":true
  }
}

JSON-Ausgabe:

{
  "result": {
    "findings": [
     {
      "quote": "(206) 555-0123",
      "infoType": {
       "name": "PHONE_NUMBER"
      },
      "likelihood": "VERY_LIKELY",
      "location": {
         "byteRange": {
          "end": "14"
         },
         "codepointRange": {
          "end": "14"
         },
         "contentLocations": [
          {
           "recordLocation": {
              "fieldId": {
               "name": "phone"
              },
              "tableLocation": {
              }
           }
          }
         ]
      },
      "createTime": "2019-03-08T23:55:10.980Z"
     }
    ]
  }
}

Java


import com.google.cloud.dlp.v2.DlpServiceClient;
import com.google.privacy.dlp.v2.ByteContentItem;
import com.google.privacy.dlp.v2.ByteContentItem.BytesType;
import com.google.privacy.dlp.v2.ContentItem;
import com.google.privacy.dlp.v2.FieldId;
import com.google.privacy.dlp.v2.Finding;
import com.google.privacy.dlp.v2.InfoType;
import com.google.privacy.dlp.v2.InspectConfig;
import com.google.privacy.dlp.v2.InspectContentRequest;
import com.google.privacy.dlp.v2.InspectContentResponse;
import com.google.privacy.dlp.v2.Likelihood;
import com.google.privacy.dlp.v2.LocationName;
import com.google.privacy.dlp.v2.Table;
import com.google.privacy.dlp.v2.Table.Row;
import com.google.privacy.dlp.v2.Value;
import com.google.protobuf.ByteString;
import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.Arrays;
import java.util.List;

public class InspectTable {

  public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception {
    // TODO(developer): Replace these variables before running the sample.
    String projectId = "your-project-id";
    Table tableToInspect = Table.newBuilder()
        .addHeaders(FieldId.newBuilder().setName("name").build())
        .addHeaders(FieldId.newBuilder().setName("phone").build())
        .addRows(Row.newBuilder()
            .addValues(Value.newBuilder().setStringValue("John Doe").build())
            .addValues(Value.newBuilder().setStringValue("(206) 555-0123").build()))
        .build();

    inspectTable(projectId, tableToInspect);
  }

  // Inspects the provided text.
  public static void inspectTable(String projectId, Table tableToInspect) {
    // Initialize client that will be used to send requests. This client only needs to be created
    // once, and can be reused for multiple requests. After completing all of your requests, call
    // the "close" method on the client to safely clean up any remaining background resources.
    try (DlpServiceClient dlp = DlpServiceClient.create()) {
      // Specify the table to be inspected.
      ContentItem item = ContentItem.newBuilder().setTable(tableToInspect).build();

      // Specify the type of info the inspection will look for.
      // See https://cloud.google.com/dlp/docs/infotypes-reference for complete list of info types
      InfoType infoType = InfoType.newBuilder().setName("PHONE_NUMBER").build();

      // Construct the configuration for the Inspect request.
      InspectConfig config =
          InspectConfig.newBuilder()
              .addInfoTypes(infoType)
              .setIncludeQuote(true)
              .build();

      // Construct the Inspect request to be sent by the client.
      InspectContentRequest request =
          InspectContentRequest.newBuilder()
              .setParent(LocationName.of(projectId, "global").toString())
              .setItem(item)
              .setInspectConfig(config)
              .build();

      // Use the client to send the API request.
      InspectContentResponse response = dlp.inspectContent(request);

      // Parse the response and process results
      System.out.println("Findings: " + response.getResult().getFindingsCount());
      for (Finding f : response.getResult().getFindingsList()) {
        System.out.println("\tQuote: " + f.getQuote());
        System.out.println("\tInfo type: " + f.getInfoType().getName());
        System.out.println("\tLikelihood: " + f.getLikelihood());
      }
    } catch (Exception e) {
      System.out.println("Error during inspectString: \n" + e.toString());
    }
  }
}

Python



def inspect_table(
    project,
    data,
    info_types,
    custom_dictionaries=None,
    custom_regexes=None,
    min_likelihood=None,
    max_findings=None,
    include_quote=True,
):
    """Uses the Data Loss Prevention API to analyze strings for protected data.
    Args:
        project: The Google Cloud project id to use as a parent resource.
        data: Json string representing table data.
        info_types: A list of strings representing info types to look for.
            A full list of info type categories can be fetched from the API.
        min_likelihood: A string representing the minimum likelihood threshold
            that constitutes a match. One of: 'LIKELIHOOD_UNSPECIFIED',
            'VERY_UNLIKELY', 'UNLIKELY', 'POSSIBLE', 'LIKELY', 'VERY_LIKELY'.
        max_findings: The maximum number of findings to report; 0 = no maximum.
        include_quote: Boolean for whether to display a quote of the detected
            information in the results.
    Returns:
        None; the response from the API is printed to the terminal.
    Example:
        data = {
            "header":[
                "email",
                "phone number"
            ],
            "rows":[
                [
                    "robertfrost@xyz.com",
                    "4232342345"
                ],
                [
                    "johndoe@pqr.com",
                    "4253458383"
                ]
            ]
        }

        >> $ python inspect_content.py table \
        '{"header": ["email", "phone number"],
        "rows": [["robertfrost@xyz.com", "4232342345"],
        ["johndoe@pqr.com", "4253458383"]]}'
        >>  Quote: robertfrost@xyz.com
            Info type: EMAIL_ADDRESS
            Likelihood: 4
            Quote: johndoe@pqr.com
            Info type: EMAIL_ADDRESS
            Likelihood: 4
    """

    # Import the client library.
    import google.cloud.dlp

    # Instantiate a client.
    dlp = google.cloud.dlp_v2.DlpServiceClient()

    # Prepare info_types by converting the list of strings into a list of
    # dictionaries (protos are also accepted).
    info_types = [{"name": info_type} for info_type in info_types]

    # Prepare custom_info_types by parsing the dictionary word lists and
    # regex patterns.
    if custom_dictionaries is None:
        custom_dictionaries = []
    dictionaries = [
        {
            "info_type": {"name": "CUSTOM_DICTIONARY_{}".format(i)},
            "dictionary": {"word_list": {"words": custom_dict.split(",")}},
        }
        for i, custom_dict in enumerate(custom_dictionaries)
    ]
    if custom_regexes is None:
        custom_regexes = []
    regexes = [
        {
            "info_type": {"name": "CUSTOM_REGEX_{}".format(i)},
            "regex": {"pattern": custom_regex},
        }
        for i, custom_regex in enumerate(custom_regexes)
    ]
    custom_info_types = dictionaries + regexes

    # Construct the configuration dictionary. Keys which are None may
    # optionally be omitted entirely.
    inspect_config = {
        "info_types": info_types,
        "custom_info_types": custom_info_types,
        "min_likelihood": min_likelihood,
        "include_quote": include_quote,
        "limits": {"max_findings_per_request": max_findings},
    }

    # Construct the `table`. For more details on the table schema, please see
    # https://cloud.google.com/dlp/docs/reference/rest/v2/ContentItem#Table
    headers = [{"name": val} for val in data["header"]]
    rows = []
    for row in data["rows"]:
        rows.append(
            {"values": [{"string_value": cell_val} for cell_val in row]}
        )

    table = {}
    table["headers"] = headers
    table["rows"] = rows
    item = {"table": table}
    # Convert the project id into a full resource id.
    parent = dlp.project_path(project)

    # Call the API.
    response = dlp.inspect_content(parent, inspect_config, item)

    # Print out the results.
    if response.result.findings:
        for finding in response.result.findings:
            try:
                if finding.quote:
                    print("Quote: {}".format(finding.quote))
            except AttributeError:
                pass
            print("Info type: {}".format(finding.info_type.name))
            print("Likelihood: {}".format(finding.likelihood))
    else:
        print("No findings.")

Text und strukturierter Text im Vergleich

Die Strukturierung von Text kann helfen, einen Kontext herzustellen. Die gleiche Anfrage wie die im vorherigen Beispiel würde bei einer Überprüfung als String (also nur "John Doe, (206) 555-0123") weniger genaue Ergebnisse liefern. Das liegt daran, dass Cloud DLP weniger kontextbezogene Hinweise auf den Zweck der Zahl hat. Wenn dies möglich ist, sollten Sie Strings in ein Tabellenobjekt parsen, um genauere Scanergebnisse zu erhalten.