title: Kubernetes 1.6.1 Authentication by using Google OpenID description: A sample process that shows how to use Google Accounts with Kubernetes cluster with role-based access control (RBAC) authorization mode. author: miry tags: Kubernetes date_published: 2017-06-24
In this tutorial you set up authentication and authorization to your own Kubernetes cluster using your Google account with the help of role-based access control (RBAC) and OpenID Connect. RBAC was introduced in the Kubernetes 1.6 article, RBAC Support in Kubernetes, and was based on Micah Hausle's Reduce administrative toil with Kubernetes 1.3.
- Creating a Google API Console project and client ID
- Setting up a Kubernetes cluster with
- Generating a local user's credentials
- Granting permissions
Creating a Google API Console project and client ID
- Go to https://console.developers.google.com/projectselector/apis/library.
- From the project drop-down, select an existing project, or create a new one by selecting Create a new project.
- In the sidebar under API Manager, select Credentials, then select the OAuth consent screen tab.
- Choose an Email Address, specify a Product Name, and submit Save.
- In the Credentials tab, select the New credentials drop-down list, and choose OAuth client ID.
- Under Application type, select Other.
- From the resulting OAuth client dialog box, copy the Client ID. The Client ID lets your app access enabled Google APIs.
- Download the client secret JSON file of the credentials.
Setting up a Kubernetes cluster
After initializing the master instance, you need to update the
kube api server arguments in the
/etc/kubernetes/manifests/kube-apiserver.yaml. Each argument should be on a separate line.
More information about the OIDC attributes can be found in the Authenticating reference documentation.
sed -i "/- kube-apiserver/a\ - --oidc-issuer-url=https://accounts.google.com\n - --oidc-username-claim=email\n - --oidc-client-id=" /etc/kubernetes/manifests/kube-apiserver.yaml
Add any network CNI plugin and the cluster is ready. Copy
/etc/kubernetes/admin.conf to local
~/.kube/config and change the cluster ip.
kubectl get nodes
Output appears as follows:
NAME STATUS AGE VERSION ip-10-9-11-30 Ready 15m v1.6.1
Generating local user credentials
Install the helper on the client machine. Run the following command:
go get github.com/micahhausler/k8s-oidc-helper
Generate a user's credentials for
kube config. Run the following command:
k8s-oidc-helper -c path/to/client_secret_[CLIENT_ID].json
This command should open the browser and ask permissions. After that, it provides you a token in the browser. Copy it and paste to the terminal for
k8s-oidc-helper. The output of the command should look as follows:
# Add the following to your ~/.kube/config users: - name: firstname.lastname@example.org user: auth-provider: config: client-id: 32934980234312-9ske1sskq89423480922scag3hutrv7.apps.googleusercontent.com client-secret: ZdyKxYW-tCzuRWwB3l665cLY id-token: eyJhbGciOiJSUzI19fvTKfPraZ7yzn.....HeLnf26MjA idp-issuer-url: https://accounts.google.com refresh-token: 18mxeZ5_AE.jkYklrMAf5.IMXnB_DsBY5up4WbYNF2PrY name: oidc
Copy everything after
users:and append it to your existing user list in the
~/.kube/config. Now you have 2 users: one from the new cluster configuration and one that you added.
Verifying the token
Test the id-token using https://jwt.io/. Be sure that you have
"email_verified": true in the decoded message. Test connection of the new user:
kubectl --email@example.com get nodes
This results in the following output:
Error from server (Forbidden): User "firstname.lastname@example.org" cannot list nodes at the cluster scope. (get nodes)
This error message proves that
id-token and api server arguments work and email is extracted from a request.
For now, grant admin rights to the user
email@example.com with an authorization specification:
kind: ClusterRole apiVersion: rbac.authorization.k8s.io/v1alpha1 metadata: name: admin-role rules: - apiGroups: ["*"] resources: ["*"] verbs: ["*"] --- kind: ClusterRoleBinding apiVersion: rbac.authorization.k8s.io/v1alpha1 metadata: name: admin-binding subjects: - kind: User name: firstname.lastname@example.org roleRef: kind: ClusterRole name: admin-role
After applying changes by using
kubectl create -f admin.yaml,
Do the test again:
$ kubectl --email@example.com get nodes
NAME STATUS AGE VERSION ip-10-9-11-30 Ready 20m v1.6.1
You now have a Kubernetes cluster with authorization by email. Plus, you don't need to generate a new OpenID for new clusters.