You require encrypted secrets to connect to private GitHub repositories only when running manual builds. When you run builds using Cloud Build triggers, you can automatically connect to any private repository you own without encrypted secrets. For information on creating triggers, see Automating builds using triggers.
- Set up a GitHub SSH key.
- Add the SSH key to a private repository's deploy keys.
- Encrypt the SSH key using Cloud KMS.
- Submit a build that decrypts the key and uses it to access the private repository.
CostsThis tutorial uses billable components of Google Cloud, including:
- Cloud KMS
- Cloud Build
Use the Pricing Calculator to generate a cost estimate based on your projected usage.New Google Cloud users might be eligible for a free trial.
Before you begin
Sign in to your Google Account.
If you don't already have one, sign up for a new account.
In the Cloud Console, on the project selector page, select or create a Cloud project.
Make sure that billing is enabled for your Google Cloud project. Learn how to confirm billing is enabled for your project.
- Enable the Cloud KMS API.
- Install and initialize the Cloud SDK.
- Create an SSH key for GitHub.
- Add a deploy key to your private repository.
You might also want to complete the Cloud KMS quickstart to become familiar with this product.
Create a Cloud KMS KeyRing and CryptoKey
To create a KeyRing, run the following command in your shell or terminal
window. For the purposes of this tutorial, name the KeyRing
gcloud kms keyrings create my-keyring --location=global
Next, create a CryptoKey named
github-key. This command creates the
github-key CryptoKey in the
gcloud kms keys create github-key \ --location=global --keyring=my-keyring \ --purpose=encryption
--location=global flag indicates that Cloud KMS should serve read and
write operations from multiple geographical locations.
Encrypt an SSH key
When you create an SSH key,
id_rsa key file is created in your environment. Because anyone can
authenticate to your account with this file, you should encrypt the file before
using it in a build.
You can encrypt resources using
gcloud kms encrypt command.
To encrypt your SSH key, run the following command. Be sure to specify the correct paths:
gcloud kms encrypt --plaintext-file=/path/to/sshkey/id_rsa \ --ciphertext-file=/path/to/save/encryptedkey/id_rsa.enc \ --location=global --keyring=my-keyring --key=github-key
This command creates a
id_rsa.enc file, which is an encrypted copy of
Grant the Cloud Build service account decrypt permission
You need to grant the Cloud Build service account permission to access and decrypt the CryptoKey during the build.
To learn how to grant the service account decrypt permission, refer to Using Encrypted Resources.
Create or update
You need to provide a
known_hosts file containing the
rsa key for
To create a
known_hosts file, run the following command:
ssh-keyscan -t rsa github.com > known_hosts
Configure the build
To configure the build:
Create a build config file named
cloudbuild.yamlwith three steps: the first
gcloudstep decrypts the SSH key and stores the decrypted key in a volume named
ssh. The volume is used to persist files across the build steps. The second
gitto use the SSH key by adding it to the
known_hostsfile. The third
gitstep uses the key in
known_hoststo connect to the repository at
# Decrypt the file containing the key steps: - name: 'gcr.io/cloud-builders/gcloud' args: - kms - decrypt - --ciphertext-file=id_rsa.enc - --plaintext-file=/root/.ssh/id_rsa - --location=global - --keyring=my-keyring - --key=github-key volumes: - name: 'ssh' path: /root/.ssh # Set up git with key and domain - name: 'gcr.io/cloud-builders/git' entrypoint: 'bash' args: - '-c' - | chmod 600 /root/.ssh/id_rsa cat <<EOF >/root/.ssh/config Hostname github.com IdentityFile /root/.ssh/id_rsa EOF mv known_hosts /root/.ssh/known_hosts volumes: - name: 'ssh' path: /root/.ssh # Connect to the repository - name: 'gcr.io/cloud-builders/git' args: - clone - email@example.com:[GIT-USERNAME]/[REPOSITORY] volumes: - name: 'ssh' path: /root/.ssh
Create a new directory in your environment containing the following files:
- The build config YAML file
Submit the build
To submit the build, run the following command from the directory containing the
id_rsa.enc file, the
known_hosts file, and
gcloud builds submit --config=cloudbuild.yaml .
The output is similar to the following:
Creating temporary tarball archive of 3 file(s) totalling 4.1 KiB before compression. Uploading tarball of [.] to [gs://[PROJECT-ID]_cloudbuild/source/1504288639.02---.tgz] Created [https://cloudbuild.googleapis.com/v1/projects/[PROJECT-ID]/builds/871b68bc---]. Logs are available at [https://console.cloud.google.com/gcr/builds/871b68bc---?project=[PROJECT-ID]]. ----------------------------- REMOTE BUILD OUTPUT ------------------------------ starting build "871b68bc-cefc-4411-856c-2a2b7c7d2487" FETCHSOURCE Fetching storage object: gs://[PROJECT-ID]_cloudbuild/source/1504288639.02---.tgz#1504288640827178 Copying gs://[PROJECT-ID]_cloudbuild/source/1504288639.02---.tgz#1504288640827178... / [1 files][ 3.9 KiB/ 3.9 KiB] Operation completed over 1 objects/3.9 KiB. BUILD Step #0: Already have image (with digest): gcr.io/cloud-builders/gcloud Starting Step #0 Finished Step #0 Step #1: Already have image (with digest): gcr.io/cloud-builders/git Starting Step #1 Step #1: # github.com SSH-2.0-libssh_0.7.0 Finished Step #1 Step #2: Already have image (with digest): gcr.io/cloud-builders/git Starting Step #2 Step #2: Cloning into '[REPOSITORY-NAME]'... Step #2: Warning: Permanently added the RSA host key for IP address 'XXX.XXX.XXX.XXX' to the list of known hosts. Finished Step #2 PUSH DONE ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ID CREATE_TIME DURATION SOURCE IMAGES STATUS 871b68bc-cefc-4411-856c-2a2b7c7d2487 XXXX-XX-XXT17:57:21+00:00 13S gs://[PROJECT-ID]_cloudbuild/source/1504288639.02---.tgz - SUCCESS
To avoid incurring charges to your Google Cloud Platform account for the resources used in this tutorial:
Delete the project
The easiest way to eliminate billing is to delete the project that you created for the tutorial.
To delete the project:
- In the Cloud Console, go to the Manage resources page.
- In the project list, select the project that you want to delete and then click Delete delete.
- In the dialog, type the project ID and then click Shut down to delete the project.