CA Service client libraries

This page shows how to get started with the Cloud Client Libraries for the Certificate Authority Service API. Client libraries make it easier to access Google Cloud APIs from a supported language. Although you can use Google Cloud APIs directly by making raw requests to the server, client libraries provide simplifications that significantly reduce the amount of code you need to write.

Read more about the Cloud Client Libraries and the older Google API Client Libraries in Client libraries explained.

Install the client library

C++

See Setting up a C++ development environment for details about this client library's requirements and install dependencies.

C#

Install the Google.Cloud.Security.PrivateCA.V1 package from NuGet.

For more information, see Setting Up a C# Development Environment.

Go

go get cloud.google.com/go/security/privateca/apiv1

For more information, see Setting Up a Go Development Environment.

Java

If you are using Maven, add the following to your pom.xml file. For more information about BOMs, see The Google Cloud Platform Libraries BOM.

<dependencyManagement>
  <dependencies>
    <dependency>
      <groupId>com.google.cloud</groupId>
      <artifactId>libraries-bom</artifactId>
      <version>26.32.0</version>
      <type>pom</type>
      <scope>import</scope>
    </dependency>
  </dependencies>
</dependencyManagement>

<dependencies>
  <dependency>
    <groupId>com.google.cloud</groupId>
    <artifactId>google-cloud-security-private-ca</artifactId>
  </dependency>

If you are using Gradle, add the following to your dependencies:

implementation 'com.google.cloud:google-cloud-security-private-ca:2.38.0'

If you are using sbt, add the following to your dependencies:

libraryDependencies += "com.google.cloud" % "google-cloud-security-private-ca" % "2.38.0"

If you're using Visual Studio Code, IntelliJ, or Eclipse, you can add client libraries to your project using the following IDE plugins:

The plugins provide additional functionality, such as key management for service accounts. Refer to each plugin's documentation for details.

For more information, see Setting Up a Java Development Environment.

Node.js

npm install --save @google-cloud/security-private-ca

For more information, see Setting Up a Node.js Development Environment.

PHP

composer require google/cloud-security-private-ca

For more information, see Using PHP on Google Cloud.

Python

pip install --upgrade google-cloud-private-ca

For more information, see Setting Up a Python Development Environment.

Ruby

gem install google-cloud-security-private_ca

For more information, see Setting Up a Ruby Development Environment.

Set up authentication

To authenticate calls to Google Cloud APIs, client libraries support Application Default Credentials (ADC); the libraries look for credentials in a set of defined locations and use those credentials to authenticate requests to the API. With ADC, you can make credentials available to your application in a variety of environments, such as local development or production, without needing to modify your application code.

For production environments, the way you set up ADC depends on the service and context. For more information, see Set up Application Default Credentials.

For a local development environment, you can set up ADC with the credentials that are associated with your Google Account:

  1. Install and initialize the gcloud CLI.

    When you initialize the gcloud CLI, be sure to specify a Google Cloud project in which you have permission to access the resources your application needs.

  2. Create your credential file:

    gcloud auth application-default login

    A sign-in screen appears. After you sign in, your credentials are stored in the local credential file used by ADC.

Use the client library

The following example shows how to use the client library.

C++


#include "google/cloud/privateca/v1/certificate_authority_client.h"
#include "google/cloud/location.h"
#include <iostream>

int main(int argc, char* argv[]) try {
  if (argc != 3) {
    std::cerr << "Usage: " << argv[0] << " project-id location-id\n";
    return 1;
  }

  auto const location = google::cloud::Location(argv[1], argv[2]);

  namespace privateca = ::google::cloud::privateca_v1;
  auto client = privateca::CertificateAuthorityServiceClient(
      privateca::MakeCertificateAuthorityServiceConnection());

  for (auto ca_pool : client.ListCaPools(location.FullName())) {
    if (!ca_pool) throw std::move(ca_pool).status();
    std::cout << ca_pool->DebugString() << "\n";
  }

  return 0;
} catch (google::cloud::Status const& status) {
  std::cerr << "google::cloud::Status thrown: " << status << "\n";
  return 1;
}

Go

import (
	"context"
	"fmt"
	"io"

	privateca "cloud.google.com/go/security/privateca/apiv1"
	"cloud.google.com/go/security/privateca/apiv1/privatecapb"
	"google.golang.org/protobuf/types/known/durationpb"
)

// Create Certificate Authority which is the root CA in the given CA Pool. This CA will be
// responsible for signing certificates within this pool.
func createCa(
	w io.Writer,
	projectId string,
	location string,
	caPoolId string,
	caId string,
	caCommonName string,
	org string,
	caDuration int64) error {
	// projectId := "your_project_id"
	// location := "us-central1"		// For a list of locations, see: https://cloud.google.com/certificate-authority-service/docs/locations.
	// caPoolId := "ca-pool-id"			// The CA Pool id under which the CA should be created.
	// caId := "ca-id"					// A unique id/name for the ca.
	// caCommonName := "ca-name"		// A common name for your certificate authority.
	// org := "ca-org"					// The name of your company for your certificate authority.
	// ca_duration := int64(31536000)	// The validity of the certificate authority in seconds.

	ctx := context.Background()
	caClient, err := privateca.NewCertificateAuthorityClient(ctx)
	if err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("NewCertificateAuthorityClient creation failed: %w", err)
	}
	defer caClient.Close()

	// Set the types of Algorithm used to create a cloud KMS key.
	keySpec := &privatecapb.CertificateAuthority_KeyVersionSpec{
		KeyVersion: &privatecapb.CertificateAuthority_KeyVersionSpec_Algorithm{
			Algorithm: privatecapb.CertificateAuthority_RSA_PKCS1_2048_SHA256,
		},
	}

	// Set CA subject config.
	subjectConfig := &privatecapb.CertificateConfig_SubjectConfig{
		Subject: &privatecapb.Subject{
			CommonName:   caCommonName,
			Organization: org,
		},
	}

	// Set the key usage options for X.509 fields.
	isCa := true
	x509Parameters := &privatecapb.X509Parameters{
		KeyUsage: &privatecapb.KeyUsage{
			BaseKeyUsage: &privatecapb.KeyUsage_KeyUsageOptions{
				CrlSign:  true,
				CertSign: true,
			},
		},
		CaOptions: &privatecapb.X509Parameters_CaOptions{
			IsCa: &isCa,
		},
	}

	// Set certificate authority settings.
	// Type: SELF_SIGNED denotes that this CA is a root CA.
	ca := &privatecapb.CertificateAuthority{
		Type:    privatecapb.CertificateAuthority_SELF_SIGNED,
		KeySpec: keySpec,
		Config: &privatecapb.CertificateConfig{
			SubjectConfig: subjectConfig,
			X509Config:    x509Parameters,
		},
		Lifetime: &durationpb.Duration{
			Seconds: caDuration,
		},
	}

	fullCaPoolName := fmt.Sprintf("projects/%s/locations/%s/caPools/%s", projectId, location, caPoolId)

	// Create the CreateCertificateAuthorityRequest.
	// See https://pkg.go.dev/cloud.google.com/go/security/privateca/apiv1/privatecapb#CreateCertificateAuthorityRequest.
	req := &privatecapb.CreateCertificateAuthorityRequest{
		Parent:                 fullCaPoolName,
		CertificateAuthorityId: caId,
		CertificateAuthority:   ca,
	}

	op, err := caClient.CreateCertificateAuthority(ctx, req)
	if err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("CreateCertificateAuthority failed: %w", err)
	}

	if _, err = op.Wait(ctx); err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("CreateCertificateAuthority failed during wait: %w", err)
	}

	fmt.Fprintf(w, "CA %s created", caId)

	return nil
}

Java


import com.google.api.core.ApiFuture;
import com.google.cloud.security.privateca.v1.CaPoolName;
import com.google.cloud.security.privateca.v1.CertificateAuthority;
import com.google.cloud.security.privateca.v1.CertificateAuthority.KeyVersionSpec;
import com.google.cloud.security.privateca.v1.CertificateAuthority.SignHashAlgorithm;
import com.google.cloud.security.privateca.v1.CertificateAuthorityServiceClient;
import com.google.cloud.security.privateca.v1.CertificateConfig;
import com.google.cloud.security.privateca.v1.CertificateConfig.SubjectConfig;
import com.google.cloud.security.privateca.v1.CreateCertificateAuthorityRequest;
import com.google.cloud.security.privateca.v1.KeyUsage;
import com.google.cloud.security.privateca.v1.KeyUsage.KeyUsageOptions;
import com.google.cloud.security.privateca.v1.Subject;
import com.google.cloud.security.privateca.v1.X509Parameters;
import com.google.cloud.security.privateca.v1.X509Parameters.CaOptions;
import com.google.longrunning.Operation;
import com.google.protobuf.Duration;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.util.concurrent.ExecutionException;

public class CreateCertificateAuthority {

  public static void main(String[] args)
      throws InterruptedException, ExecutionException, IOException {
    // TODO(developer): Replace these variables before running the sample.
    // location: For a list of locations, see:
    // https://cloud.google.com/certificate-authority-service/docs/locations
    // poolId: Set it to the CA Pool under which the CA should be created.
    // certificateAuthorityName: Unique name for the CA.
    String project = "your-project-id";
    String location = "ca-location";
    String poolId = "ca-pool-id";
    String certificateAuthorityName = "certificate-authority-name";
    createCertificateAuthority(project, location, poolId, certificateAuthorityName);
  }

  // Create Certificate Authority which is the root CA in the given CA Pool.
  public static void createCertificateAuthority(
      String project, String location, String poolId, String certificateAuthorityName)
      throws InterruptedException, ExecutionException, IOException {
    // Initialize client that will be used to send requests. This client only needs to be created
    // once, and can be reused for multiple requests. After completing all of your requests, call
    // the `certificateAuthorityServiceClient.close()` method on the client to safely
    // clean up any remaining background resources.
    try (CertificateAuthorityServiceClient certificateAuthorityServiceClient =
        CertificateAuthorityServiceClient.create()) {

      String commonName = "common-name";
      String orgName = "org-name";
      int caDuration = 100000; // Validity of this CA in seconds.

      // Set the type of Algorithm.
      KeyVersionSpec keyVersionSpec =
          KeyVersionSpec.newBuilder().setAlgorithm(SignHashAlgorithm.RSA_PKCS1_4096_SHA256).build();

      // Set CA subject config.
      SubjectConfig subjectConfig =
          SubjectConfig.newBuilder()
              .setSubject(
                  Subject.newBuilder().setCommonName(commonName).setOrganization(orgName).build())
              .build();

      //  Set the key usage options for X.509 fields.
      X509Parameters x509Parameters =
          X509Parameters.newBuilder()
              .setKeyUsage(
                  KeyUsage.newBuilder()
                      .setBaseKeyUsage(
                          KeyUsageOptions.newBuilder().setCrlSign(true).setCertSign(true).build())
                      .build())
              .setCaOptions(CaOptions.newBuilder().setIsCa(true).build())
              .build();

      // Set certificate authority settings.
      CertificateAuthority certificateAuthority =
          CertificateAuthority.newBuilder()
              // CertificateAuthority.Type.SELF_SIGNED denotes that this CA is a root CA.
              .setType(CertificateAuthority.Type.SELF_SIGNED)
              .setKeySpec(keyVersionSpec)
              .setConfig(
                  CertificateConfig.newBuilder()
                      .setSubjectConfig(subjectConfig)
                      .setX509Config(x509Parameters)
                      .build())
              // Set the CA validity duration.
              .setLifetime(Duration.newBuilder().setSeconds(caDuration).build())
              .build();

      // Create the CertificateAuthorityRequest.
      CreateCertificateAuthorityRequest certificateAuthorityRequest =
          CreateCertificateAuthorityRequest.newBuilder()
              .setParent(CaPoolName.of(project, location, poolId).toString())
              .setCertificateAuthorityId(certificateAuthorityName)
              .setCertificateAuthority(certificateAuthority)
              .build();

      // Create Certificate Authority.
      ApiFuture<Operation> futureCall =
          certificateAuthorityServiceClient
              .createCertificateAuthorityCallable()
              .futureCall(certificateAuthorityRequest);
      Operation response = futureCall.get();

      if (response.hasError()) {
        System.out.println("Error while creating CA !" + response.getError());
        return;
      }

      System.out.println(
          "Certificate Authority created successfully : " + certificateAuthorityName);
    }
  }
}

Python

import google.cloud.security.privateca_v1 as privateca_v1
from google.protobuf import duration_pb2


def create_certificate_authority(
    project_id: str,
    location: str,
    ca_pool_name: str,
    ca_name: str,
    common_name: str,
    organization: str,
    ca_duration: int,
) -> None:
    """
    Create Certificate Authority which is the root CA in the given CA Pool. This CA will be
    responsible for signing certificates within this pool.

    Args:
        project_id: project ID or project number of the Cloud project you want to use.
        location: location you want to use. For a list of locations, see: https://cloud.google.com/certificate-authority-service/docs/locations.
        ca_pool_name: set it to the CA Pool under which the CA should be created.
        ca_name: unique name for the CA.
        common_name: a title for your certificate authority.
        organization: the name of your company for your certificate authority.
        ca_duration: the validity of the certificate authority in seconds.
    """

    caServiceClient = privateca_v1.CertificateAuthorityServiceClient()

    # Set the types of Algorithm used to create a cloud KMS key.
    key_version_spec = privateca_v1.CertificateAuthority.KeyVersionSpec(
        algorithm=privateca_v1.CertificateAuthority.SignHashAlgorithm.RSA_PKCS1_4096_SHA256
    )

    # Set CA subject config.
    subject_config = privateca_v1.CertificateConfig.SubjectConfig(
        subject=privateca_v1.Subject(common_name=common_name, organization=organization)
    )

    # Set the key usage options for X.509 fields.
    x509_parameters = privateca_v1.X509Parameters(
        key_usage=privateca_v1.KeyUsage(
            base_key_usage=privateca_v1.KeyUsage.KeyUsageOptions(
                crl_sign=True,
                cert_sign=True,
            )
        ),
        ca_options=privateca_v1.X509Parameters.CaOptions(
            is_ca=True,
        ),
    )

    # Set certificate authority settings.
    certificate_authority = privateca_v1.CertificateAuthority(
        # CertificateAuthority.Type.SELF_SIGNED denotes that this CA is a root CA.
        type_=privateca_v1.CertificateAuthority.Type.SELF_SIGNED,
        key_spec=key_version_spec,
        config=privateca_v1.CertificateConfig(
            subject_config=subject_config,
            x509_config=x509_parameters,
        ),
        lifetime=duration_pb2.Duration(seconds=ca_duration),
    )

    ca_pool_path = caServiceClient.ca_pool_path(project_id, location, ca_pool_name)

    # Create the CertificateAuthorityRequest.
    request = privateca_v1.CreateCertificateAuthorityRequest(
        parent=ca_pool_path,
        certificate_authority_id=ca_name,
        certificate_authority=certificate_authority,
    )

    operation = caServiceClient.create_certificate_authority(request=request)
    result = operation.result()

    print("Operation result:", result)

Additional resources

C++

The following list contains links to more resources related to the client library for C++:

C#

The following list contains links to more resources related to the client library for C#:

Go

The following list contains links to more resources related to the client library for Go:

Java

The following list contains links to more resources related to the client library for Java:

Node.js

The following list contains links to more resources related to the client library for Node.js:

PHP

The following list contains links to more resources related to the client library for PHP:

Python

The following list contains links to more resources related to the client library for Python:

Ruby

The following list contains links to more resources related to the client library for Ruby: