Version 1.5

Creating alerting policies

This page shows how to create alerting policies for GKE on-prem clusters.

Before you begin

You must have the following permissions to create alerting policies:

  • monitoring.alertPolicies.create
  • monitoring.alertPolicies.delete
  • monitoring.alertPolicies.update

You'll have these permissions if you have any one of the following roles:

  • monitoring.alertPolicyEditor
  • monitoring.editor
  • Project editor
  • Project owner

To check your roles, go to the IAM page in the Google Cloud Console.

Creating a policy: admin cluster API server down

In this exercise, you create an alerting policy for Kubernetes API servers of admin clusters. With this policy in place, you can arrange to be notified whenever the API server of an admin cluster goes down.

  1. Download the policy configuration file: admin-cluster-apiserver-down.json.

  2. Create the policy:

    gcloud alpha monitoring policies create --policy-from-file=POLICY_CONFIG
    

    Replace POLICY_CONFIG with the path of the configuration file you just downloaded.

  3. View your alerting policies:

    Console

    1. In the Google Cloud Console, go to the Monitoring page.

      Go to Monitoring

    2. On the left, select Alerting.

    3. Under Policies, you can see a list of your alerting policies.

      In the list, select GKE on-prem admin cluster API server down (critical) to see details about your new policy. Under Conditions, you can see a description of the policy. For example:

      Policy violates when ANY condition is met
      Anthos On-Prem Admin Cluster API Server is up
      Violates when: Any kubernetes.io/anthos/up stream is absent for greater
      than 5 minutes
      

    gcloud

    gcloud alpha monitoring policies list

    The output shows detailed information about the policy. For example:

    combiner: OR
    conditions:
    – conditionAbsent:
        aggregations:
        - alignmentPeriod: 60s
          crossSeriesReducer: REDUCE_SUM
          groupByFields:
          - resource.label.project_id
          - resource.label.location
          - resource.label.cluster_name
          perSeriesAligner: ALIGN_MEAN
        duration: 300s
        filter: resource.type="k8s_container" AND metric.type="kubernetes.io/anthos/up"
          AND resource.label."container_name"=monitoring.regex.full_match("kube-apiserver")
        trigger:
          count: 1
      ...
    displayName: GKE on-prem admin cluster API server down (critical)
    enabled: true
    ...
    name: projects/xxxxxx/alertPolicies/12331540576820203183

Creating additional alerting policies

This section provides descriptions and configuration files for a set of recommended alerting policies.

To create a policy, follow the same steps that you used in the preceding exercise:

  1. Click the link in the right column to download the configuration file.

  2. Run gcloud alpha monitoring policies create to create the policy.

Admin cluster control plane components availability

Alert name Description Alerting policy definition in Cloud Monitoring
GKE on-prem admin cluster API server down (critical) Admin cluster API server has disappeared from metrics target discovery admin-cluster-apiserver-down.json
GKE on-prem admin cluster scheduler down (critical) Admin cluster scheduler has disappeared from metrics target discovery admin-cluster-scheduler-down.json
GKE on-prem admin cluster controller manager down (critical) Admin cluster controller manager has disappeared from metrics target discovery admin-cluster-controller-manager-down.json
GKE on-prem admin cluster controller manager down (critical) Admin cluster controller manager has disappeared from metrics target discovery admin-cluster-etcd-down.json

User cluster control plane components availability

The user cluster control plane alerts are based on metrics. For most cluster metrics, the cluster_name field is the name of the cluster itself. But for user cluster control plane metrics, the cluster_name field is the name of the admin cluster, and the namespace_name field is the name of the user cluster.

You can see this in a screenshot under Create a control plane status dashboard.

Alert name Description Alerting policy definition in Cloud Monitoring
GKE on-prem user cluster API server down (critical) User cluster API server has disappeared from metrics target discovery user-cluster-apiserver-down.json
GKE on-prem user cluster scheduler down (critical) User cluster scheduler has disappeared from metrics target discovery user-cluster-scheduler-down.json
GKE on-prem user cluster controller manager down (critical) User cluster controller manager has disappeared from metrics target discovery user-cluster-controller-manager-down.json
GKE on-prem user cluster etcd down (critical) User cluster etcd has disappeared from metrics target discovery user-cluster-etcd-down.json

Kubernetes system

Alert name Description Alerting policy definition in Cloud Monitoring
GKE on-prem pod crash looping (critical) Pod is in a crash loop status pod-crash-looping.json
GKE on-prem pod not ready for more than one hour (critical) Pod is in a non-ready state for more than one hour pod-not-ready-1h.json
GKE on-prem persistent volume high usage (critical) Persistent volume claimed is expected to fill up persistent-volume-usage-high.json
GKE on-prem node not ready for more than one hour (critical) Node is in a non-ready state for more than one hour node-not-ready-1h.json

Kubernetes performance

Alert name Description Alerting policy definition in Cloud Monitoring
GKE on-prem admin cluster API server error count ratio exceeds 10 percent (critical) Admin cluster API server is returning errors for more than 10% of requests admin-cluster-apiserver-error-ratio-10-percent.json
GKE on-prem admin cluster API server error count ratio exceeds 5 percent (warning) Admin cluster API server is returning errors for more than 5% of requests admin-cluster-apiserver-error-ratio-5-percent.json
GKE on-prem user cluster API server error count ratio exceeds 10 percent (critical) User cluster API server is returning errors for more than 10% of requests user-cluster-apiserver-error-ratio-10-percent.json
GKE on-prem user cluster API server error count ratio exceeds 5 percent (warning) User cluster API server is returning errors for more than 5% of requests user-cluster-apiserver-error-ratio-5-percent.json

Getting notified

After you create an alerting policy, you can define one or more notification channels for the policy. There are several kinds of notification channels. For example, you could be notified by email, a Slack channel, or a mobile app. You can choose the channels that suit your needs.

For instructions about how to configure notification channels, see Managing notification channels.