Version 1.5. This version is fully supported, offering the latest patches and updates for security vulnerabilities, exposures, and issues impacting GKE on-prem. Refer to the release notes for more details. This is not the most recent version.

Application logging and monitoring

This page shows how to configure a user cluster so that custom logs and metrics from user applications are sent to Cloud Logging and Cloud Monitoring.

Enabling Logging and Monitoring for user applications

The configuration for Logging and Monitoring is held in a Stackdriver object named stackdriver.

  1. Open the stackdriver object for editing:

    kubectl --kubeconfig=USER_CLUSTER_KUBECONFIG --namespace kube-system edit stackdriver stackdriver
    

    Replace USER_CLUSTER_KUBECONFIG with the path of your user cluster kubeconfig file.

  2. Under spec, set enableStackdriverForApplications to true:

      apiVersion: addons.sigs.k8s.io/v1alpha1
      kind: Stackdriver
      metadata:
        name: stackdriver
        namespace: kube-system
      spec:
        projectID: ...
        clusterName: ...
        clusterLocation: ...
        proxyConfigSecretName: ...
        enableStackdriverForApplications: true
        enableVPC: ...
        optimizedMetrics: true
    
  3. Close the edited file.

Annotating workloads

To enable the collection of custom metrics from an application, add the prometheus.io/scrape: "true" annotation to the application's Service or Deployment manifest:

Running an example application

In this section, you create an application that writes custom logs and exposes a custom metric.

  1. Save the following Service and Deployment manifests to a file named my-app.yaml. Notice that the Service has the annotation prometheus.io/scrape: "true":

    kind: Service
    apiVersion: v1
    metadata:
      name: "monitoring-example"
      namespace: "default"
      annotations:
        prometheus.io/scrape: "true"
    spec:
      selector:
        app: "monitoring-example"
      ports:
        - name: http
          port: 9090
    ---
    apiVersion: apps/v1
    kind: Deployment
    metadata:
      name: "monitoring-example"
      namespace: "default"
      labels:
        app: "monitoring-example"
    spec:
      replicas: 1
      selector:
        matchLabels:
          app: "monitoring-example"
      template:
        metadata:
          labels:
            app: "monitoring-example"
        spec:
          containers:
          - image: gcr.io/google-samples/prometheus-dummy-exporter:latest
            name: prometheus-example-exporter
            imagePullPolicy: Always
            command:
            - /bin/sh
            - -c
            - ./prometheus-dummy-exporter --metric-name=example_monitoring_up --metric-value=1 --port=9090
            resources:
              requests:
                cpu: 100m
    
  2. Create the Deployment and the Service:

    kubectl --kubeconfig USER_CLUSTER_KUBECONFIG apply -f my-app.yaml
    

Viewing application logs

Console

  1. Go to the Logs explorer in the Cloud Console.

    Go to the Logs explorer

  2. Click Resource. Under ALL_RESOURCE_TYPES, select Kubernetes Container.

  3. Under CLUSTER_NAME, select the name of your user cluster.

  4. Under NAMESPACE_NAME, select default.

  5. Click Add and then click Run Query.

  6. Under Query results, you can see log entries from the monitoring-example Deployment. For example:

    {
      "textPayload": "2020/11/14 01:24:24 Starting to listen on :9090\n",
      "insertId": "1oa4vhg3qfxidt",
      "resource": {
        "type": "k8s_container",
        "labels": {
          "pod_name": "monitoring-example-7685d96496-xqfsf",
          "cluster_name": ...,
          "namespace_name": "default",
          "project_id": ...,
          "location": "us-west1",
          "container_name": "prometheus-example-exporter"
        }
      },
      "timestamp": "2020-11-14T01:24:24.358600252Z",
      "labels": {
        "k8s-pod/pod-template-hash": "7685d96496",
        "k8s-pod/app": "monitoring-example"
      },
      "logName": "projects/.../logs/stdout",
      "receiveTimestamp": "2020-11-14T01:24:39.562864735Z"
    }
    

gcloud

  1. Run this command:

    gcloud logging read 'resource.labels.project_id="PROJECT_ID" AND \
        resource.type="k8s_container" AND resource.labels.namespace_name="default"'
    

    Replace PROJECT_ID with the ID of your logging-monitoring project.

  2. In the output, you can see log entries from the monitoring-example Deployment. For example:

    insertId: 1oa4vhg3qfxidt
    labels:
      k8s-pod/app: monitoring-example
      k8s- pod/pod-template-hash: 7685d96496
    logName: projects/.../logs/stdout
    receiveTimestamp: '2020-11-14T01:24:39.562864735Z'
    resource:
      labels:
        cluster_name: ...
        container_name: prometheus-example-exporter
        location: us-west1
        namespace_name: default
        pod_name: monitoring-example-7685d96496-xqfsf
        project_id: ...
      type: k8s_container
    textPayload: |
      2020/11/14 01:24:24 Starting to listen on :9090
    timestamp: '2020-11-14T01:24:24.358600252Z'
    

Viewing application metrics in the Google Cloud Console

Your example application exposes a custom metric named example_monitoring_up. You can view the values of that metric in the Cloud Console.

  1. Go to the Metrics explorer in the Cloud Console.

    Go to the Metrics explorer

  2. For Resource type, select Kubernetes Pod.

  3. For metric, select external/prometheus/example_monitoring_up.

  4. In the chart, you can see that example_monitoring_up has a repeated value of 1.