Detect labels in an image by using client libraries

This page shows you how to get started with the Vision API in your favorite programming language.


To follow step-by-step guidance for this task directly in the Cloud Shell Editor, click Guide me:

Guide me


Before you begin

  1. Sign in to your Google Cloud account. If you're new to Google Cloud, create an account to evaluate how our products perform in real-world scenarios. New customers also get $300 in free credits to run, test, and deploy workloads.
  2. Install the Google Cloud CLI.
  3. To initialize the gcloud CLI, run the following command:

    gcloud init
  4. Create or select a Google Cloud project.

    • Create a Google Cloud project:

      gcloud projects create PROJECT_ID
    • Select the Google Cloud project that you created:

      gcloud config set project PROJECT_ID
  5. Make sure that billing is enabled for your Google Cloud project.

  6. Enable the Vision API:

    gcloud services enable vision.googleapis.com
  7. Grant roles to your Google Account. Run the following command once for each of the following IAM roles: roles/storage.objectViewer

    gcloud projects add-iam-policy-binding PROJECT_ID --member="user:EMAIL_ADDRESS" --role=ROLE
    • Replace PROJECT_ID with your project ID.
    • Replace EMAIL_ADDRESS with your email address.
    • Replace ROLE with each individual role.
  8. Install the Google Cloud CLI.
  9. To initialize the gcloud CLI, run the following command:

    gcloud init
  10. Create or select a Google Cloud project.

    • Create a Google Cloud project:

      gcloud projects create PROJECT_ID
    • Select the Google Cloud project that you created:

      gcloud config set project PROJECT_ID
  11. Make sure that billing is enabled for your Google Cloud project.

  12. Enable the Vision API:

    gcloud services enable vision.googleapis.com
  13. Grant roles to your Google Account. Run the following command once for each of the following IAM roles: roles/storage.objectViewer

    gcloud projects add-iam-policy-binding PROJECT_ID --member="user:EMAIL_ADDRESS" --role=ROLE
    • Replace PROJECT_ID with your project ID.
    • Replace EMAIL_ADDRESS with your email address.
    • Replace ROLE with each individual role.

Install the client library

Go

go get cloud.google.com/go/vision/apiv1

Java

For more on setting up your Java development environment, refer to the Java Development Environment Setup Guide.

If you are using Maven, add the following to your pom.xml file. For more information about BOMs, see The Google Cloud Platform Libraries BOM.

<dependencyManagement>
  <dependencies>
    <dependency>
      <groupId>com.google.cloud</groupId>
      <artifactId>libraries-bom</artifactId>
      <version>26.32.0</version>
      <type>pom</type>
      <scope>import</scope>
    </dependency>
  </dependencies>
</dependencyManagement>

<dependencies>
  <dependency>
    <groupId>com.google.cloud</groupId>
    <artifactId>google-cloud-vision</artifactId>
  </dependency>

If you are using Gradle, add the following to your dependencies:

implementation 'com.google.cloud:google-cloud-vision:3.34.0'

If you are using sbt, add the following to your dependencies:

libraryDependencies += "com.google.cloud" % "google-cloud-vision" % "3.34.0"

If you're using Visual Studio Code, IntelliJ, or Eclipse, you can add client libraries to your project using the following IDE plugins:

The plugins provide additional functionality, such as key management for service accounts. Refer to each plugin's documentation for details.

Node.js

For more on setting up your Node.js development environment, refer to the Node.js Development Environment Setup Guide.

npm install --save @google-cloud/vision

Python

For more on setting up your Python development environment, refer to the Python Development Environment Setup Guide.

pip install --upgrade google-cloud-vision

Label detection

Now you can use the Vision API to request information from an image, such as label detection. Run the following code to perform your first image label detection request.

Go

Before trying this sample, follow the Go setup instructions in the Vision quickstart using client libraries. For more information, see the Vision Go API reference documentation.

To authenticate to Vision, set up Application Default Credentials. For more information, see Set up authentication for a local development environment.


// Sample vision-quickstart uses the Google Cloud Vision API to label an image.
package main

import (
	"context"
	"fmt"
	"log"
	"os"

	vision "cloud.google.com/go/vision/apiv1"
)

func main() {
	ctx := context.Background()

	// Creates a client.
	client, err := vision.NewImageAnnotatorClient(ctx)
	if err != nil {
		log.Fatalf("Failed to create client: %v", err)
	}
	defer client.Close()

	// Sets the name of the image file to annotate.
	filename := "../testdata/cat.jpg"

	file, err := os.Open(filename)
	if err != nil {
		log.Fatalf("Failed to read file: %v", err)
	}
	defer file.Close()
	image, err := vision.NewImageFromReader(file)
	if err != nil {
		log.Fatalf("Failed to create image: %v", err)
	}

	labels, err := client.DetectLabels(ctx, image, nil, 10)
	if err != nil {
		log.Fatalf("Failed to detect labels: %v", err)
	}

	fmt.Println("Labels:")
	for _, label := range labels {
		fmt.Println(label.Description)
	}
}

Java

Before trying this sample, follow the Java setup instructions in the Vision quickstart using client libraries. For more information, see the Vision Java API reference documentation.

To authenticate to Vision, set up Application Default Credentials. For more information, see Set up authentication for a local development environment.

// Imports the Google Cloud client library

import com.google.cloud.vision.v1.AnnotateImageRequest;
import com.google.cloud.vision.v1.AnnotateImageResponse;
import com.google.cloud.vision.v1.BatchAnnotateImagesResponse;
import com.google.cloud.vision.v1.EntityAnnotation;
import com.google.cloud.vision.v1.Feature;
import com.google.cloud.vision.v1.Feature.Type;
import com.google.cloud.vision.v1.Image;
import com.google.cloud.vision.v1.ImageAnnotatorClient;
import com.google.protobuf.ByteString;
import java.nio.file.Files;
import java.nio.file.Path;
import java.nio.file.Paths;
import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.List;

public class QuickstartSample {
  public static void main(String... args) throws Exception {
    // Initialize client that will be used to send requests. This client only needs to be created
    // once, and can be reused for multiple requests. After completing all of your requests, call
    // the "close" method on the client to safely clean up any remaining background resources.
    try (ImageAnnotatorClient vision = ImageAnnotatorClient.create()) {

      // The path to the image file to annotate
      String fileName = "./resources/wakeupcat.jpg";

      // Reads the image file into memory
      Path path = Paths.get(fileName);
      byte[] data = Files.readAllBytes(path);
      ByteString imgBytes = ByteString.copyFrom(data);

      // Builds the image annotation request
      List<AnnotateImageRequest> requests = new ArrayList<>();
      Image img = Image.newBuilder().setContent(imgBytes).build();
      Feature feat = Feature.newBuilder().setType(Type.LABEL_DETECTION).build();
      AnnotateImageRequest request =
          AnnotateImageRequest.newBuilder().addFeatures(feat).setImage(img).build();
      requests.add(request);

      // Performs label detection on the image file
      BatchAnnotateImagesResponse response = vision.batchAnnotateImages(requests);
      List<AnnotateImageResponse> responses = response.getResponsesList();

      for (AnnotateImageResponse res : responses) {
        if (res.hasError()) {
          System.out.format("Error: %s%n", res.getError().getMessage());
          return;
        }

        for (EntityAnnotation annotation : res.getLabelAnnotationsList()) {
          annotation
              .getAllFields()
              .forEach((k, v) -> System.out.format("%s : %s%n", k, v.toString()));
        }
      }
    }
  }
}

Node.js

Before trying this sample, follow the Node.js setup instructions in the Vision quickstart using client libraries. For more information, see the Vision Node.js API reference documentation.

To authenticate to Vision, set up Application Default Credentials. For more information, see Set up authentication for a local development environment.

async function quickstart() {
  // Imports the Google Cloud client library
  const vision = require('@google-cloud/vision');

  // Creates a client
  const client = new vision.ImageAnnotatorClient();

  // Performs label detection on the image file
  const [result] = await client.labelDetection('./resources/wakeupcat.jpg');
  const labels = result.labelAnnotations;
  console.log('Labels:');
  labels.forEach(label => console.log(label.description));
}
quickstart();

Python

Before trying this sample, follow the Python setup instructions in the Vision quickstart using client libraries. For more information, see the Vision Python API reference documentation.

To authenticate to Vision, set up Application Default Credentials. For more information, see Set up authentication for a local development environment.


# Imports the Google Cloud client library
from google.cloud import vision



def run_quickstart() -> vision.EntityAnnotation:
    """Provides a quick start example for Cloud Vision."""

    # Instantiates a client
    client = vision.ImageAnnotatorClient()

    # The URI of the image file to annotate
    file_uri = "gs://cloud-samples-data/vision/label/wakeupcat.jpg"

    image = vision.Image()
    image.source.image_uri = file_uri

    # Performs label detection on the image file
    response = client.label_detection(image=image)
    labels = response.label_annotations

    print("Labels:")
    for label in labels:
        print(label.description)

    return labels

Congratulations! You've sent your first request to Vision.

How did it go?

Clean up

To avoid incurring charges to your Google Account for the resources used in this quickstart:

What's next

Find out more about our Vision API Client Libraries.