This page describes how to set up a new Cloud SQL instance using Cloud Tools for PowerShell. Read the Cloud Tools for PowerShell cmdlet reference to learn more about the cmdlets.
For most cmdlets you can specify a project ID, but if you omit it, PowerShell defaults to whatever is specified in the active Cloud SDK configuration.
Setting up a new instance
A Cloud SQL instance is a MySQL database running in the cloud. You can use Cloud SQL instances to store, replicate, and protect your MySQL databases. You can configure the instance's behavior, such as when and where the data will be replicated, or when it is acceptable to perform database maintenance.
To create and start a Cloud SQL database, you first must specify its
configuration and settings. To do that using Cloud Tools for PowerShell, use the
SQL settings, such as logging, maintenance windows, and so on, are parameters of
New-GcSqlSettingConfig cmdlet. Instance-level settings, such as the
hardware characteristics of the database machine, are set via the
SqlInstanceConfig object, or flags on the
Specifying no parameters creates the most basic Cloud SQL instance, using the "db-n1-standard-1" tier:
$setting = New-GcSqlSettingConfig $instance = New-GcSqlInstanceConfig ` "mynewinstance" -SettingConfig $setting
For information on tiers and pricing, see the Cloud SQL Pricing topic.
For information on configuration options, use
or see the
Creating a new instance
Once you have performed the configuration and setup described in the previous
section, you can now create the Cloud SQL database using the
Creating a new instance may take a minute or so. Once the process finishes, the
cmdlet returns a
DatabaseInstance object describing the instance that has just
been created. You can go to the Cloud Console to see the instance.
From this point on, you can manage the database as described in the Cloud SQL documentation.
Creating a read replica instance
Read replica instances provide replication functionality for the data in a master instance. After creation, they can be made into a failover or into their own standalone instance. Data can be read from read replica instances but it may be semi-out of date, in accordance with semisynchronous replication. By backing up data in multiple regions through read replica instances, data can still be read in the case of an outage.
The following code snippet creates a read replica mynewreplica for the
already existing master instance gootoso. The snippet uses the cmdlet
New-GcSqlInstanceReplicaConfig. This configures settings specific to read
replica instances, such as how fast they replicate data or if they replicate
from an external instance:
$setting = New-GcSqlSettingConfig "db-n1-standard-1" $replicaConfig = New-GcSqlInstanceReplicaConfig $instance = New-GcSqlInstanceConfig "mynewreplica" ` -SettingConfig $setting ` -ReplicaConfig $replicaConfig ` -MasterInstanceName "gootoso" Add-GcSqlInstance $instance
For more information on read replica requirements, see Requirements and Tips for Configuring Replication.
For a demonstration of how to promote a read replica to be a failover or standalone instance, see Managing Instance Replications.
Creating a failover replica instance
Cloud SQL provides high availability configuration for instances through the use of failover replicas. Failover replicas use semisynchronous replication in order to replicate all changes in data in the master instance. If the zone in a master instance experiences an outage, the failover replica is activated and takes control. For this reason, the replica must be in a different zone than the master.
The following code snippet creates a new failover replica myfailover for the
master instance gootoso. The replica instance is created the same way as
above, using the config cmdlets. However, note the addition of
$setting = New-GcSqlSettingConfig "db-n1-standard-1" $replicaConfig = New-GcSqlInstanceReplicaConfig -FailoverTarget $instance = New-GcSqlInstanceConfig "myfailover" ` -SettingConfig $setting ` -ReplicaConfig $replicaConfig ` -MasterInstanceName "gootoso" Add-GcSqlInstance $instance
Note that replica instances impact billing the same way that normal instances do.