DML write then read

Insert data and then read the inserted data.

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For detailed documentation that includes this code sample, see the following:

Code sample

C#

To learn how to install and use the client library for Cloud Spanner, see Cloud Spanner client libraries.

public static async Task WriteAndReadUsingDmlCoreAsync(
    string projectId,
    string instanceId,
    string databaseId)
{
    string connectionString =
        $"Data Source=projects/{projectId}/instances/{instanceId}"
        + $"/databases/{databaseId}";

    // Create connection to Cloud Spanner.
    using (var connection =
        new SpannerConnection(connectionString))
    {
        await connection.OpenAsync();

        SpannerCommand cmd = connection.CreateDmlCommand(
           @"INSERT Singers (SingerId, FirstName, LastName)
              VALUES (11, 'Timothy', 'Campbell')");
        int rowCount = await cmd.ExecuteNonQueryAsync();
        Console.WriteLine($"{rowCount} row(s) inserted...");
        // Read newly inserted record.
        cmd = connection.CreateSelectCommand(
            @"SELECT FirstName, LastName FROM Singers
              WHERE SingerId = 11");
        using (var reader = await cmd.ExecuteReaderAsync())
        {
            while (await reader.ReadAsync())
            {
                Console.WriteLine(
                    reader.GetFieldValue<string>("FirstName") + " "
                    + reader.GetFieldValue<string>("LastName"));
            }
        }
    }
}

C++

To learn how to install and use the client library for Cloud Spanner, see Cloud Spanner client libraries.

void DmlWriteThenRead(google::cloud::spanner::Client client) {
  namespace spanner = ::google::cloud::spanner;
  using ::google::cloud::StatusOr;

  auto commit_result = client.Commit(
      [&client](spanner::Transaction txn) -> StatusOr<spanner::Mutations> {
        auto insert = client.ExecuteDml(
            txn, spanner::SqlStatement(
                     "INSERT INTO Singers (SingerId, FirstName, LastName)"
                     "  VALUES (11, 'Timothy', 'Campbell')"));
        if (!insert) return std::move(insert).status();
        // Read newly inserted record.
        spanner::SqlStatement select(
            "SELECT FirstName, LastName FROM Singers where SingerId = 11");
        using RowType = std::tuple<std::string, std::string>;
        auto rows = client.ExecuteQuery(std::move(txn), std::move(select));
        for (auto const& row : spanner::StreamOf<RowType>(rows)) {
          if (!row) return std::move(row).status();
          std::cout << "FirstName: " << std::get<0>(*row) << "\t";
          std::cout << "LastName: " << std::get<1>(*row) << "\n";
        }
        return spanner::Mutations{};
      });
  if (!commit_result) {
    throw std::runtime_error(commit_result.status().message());
  }
  std::cout << "Write then read succeeded [spanner_dml_write_then_read]\n";
}

Go

To learn how to install and use the client library for Cloud Spanner, see Cloud Spanner client libraries.


import (
	"context"
	"fmt"
	"io"

	"cloud.google.com/go/spanner"
	"google.golang.org/api/iterator"
)

func writeAndReadUsingDML(w io.Writer, db string) error {
	ctx := context.Background()
	client, err := spanner.NewClient(ctx, db)
	if err != nil {
		return err
	}
	defer client.Close()

	_, err = client.ReadWriteTransaction(ctx, func(ctx context.Context, txn *spanner.ReadWriteTransaction) error {
		// Insert Record
		stmt := spanner.Statement{
			SQL: `INSERT Singers (SingerId, FirstName, LastName)
				VALUES (11, 'Timothy', 'Campbell')`,
		}
		rowCount, err := txn.Update(ctx, stmt)
		if err != nil {
			return err
		}
		fmt.Fprintf(w, "%d record(s) inserted.\n", rowCount)

		// Read newly inserted record
		stmt = spanner.Statement{SQL: `SELECT FirstName, LastName FROM Singers WHERE SingerId = 11`}
		iter := txn.Query(ctx, stmt)
		defer iter.Stop()

		for {
			row, err := iter.Next()
			if err == iterator.Done || err != nil {
				break
			}
			var firstName, lastName string
			if err := row.ColumnByName("FirstName", &firstName); err != nil {
				return err
			}
			if err := row.ColumnByName("LastName", &lastName); err != nil {
				return err
			}
			fmt.Fprintf(w, "Found record name with %s, %s", firstName, lastName)
		}
		return err
	})
	return err
}

Java

To learn how to install and use the client library for Cloud Spanner, see Cloud Spanner client libraries.

static void writeAndReadUsingDml(DatabaseClient dbClient) {
  dbClient
      .readWriteTransaction()
      .run(transaction -> {
        // Insert record.
        String sql =
            "INSERT INTO Singers (SingerId, FirstName, LastName) "
                + " VALUES (11, 'Timothy', 'Campbell')";
        long rowCount = transaction.executeUpdate(Statement.of(sql));
        System.out.printf("%d record inserted.\n", rowCount);
        // Read newly inserted record.
        sql = "SELECT FirstName, LastName FROM Singers WHERE SingerId = 11";
        // We use a try-with-resource block to automatically release resources held by
        // ResultSet.
        try (ResultSet resultSet = transaction.executeQuery(Statement.of(sql))) {
          while (resultSet.next()) {
            System.out.printf(
                "%s %s\n",
                resultSet.getString("FirstName"), resultSet.getString("LastName"));
          }
        }
        return null;
      });
}

Node.js

To learn how to install and use the client library for Cloud Spanner, see Cloud Spanner client libraries.

// Imports the Google Cloud client library
const {Spanner} = require('@google-cloud/spanner');

/**
 * TODO(developer): Uncomment the following lines before running the sample.
 */
// const projectId = 'my-project-id';
// const instanceId = 'my-instance';
// const databaseId = 'my-database';

// Creates a client
const spanner = new Spanner({
  projectId: projectId,
});

// Gets a reference to a Cloud Spanner instance and database
const instance = spanner.instance(instanceId);
const database = instance.database(databaseId);

database.runTransaction(async (err, transaction) => {
  if (err) {
    console.error(err);
    return;
  }
  try {
    await transaction.runUpdate({
      sql: `INSERT Singers (SingerId, FirstName, LastName)
        VALUES (11, 'Timothy', 'Campbell')`,
    });

    const [rows] = await transaction.run({
      sql: 'SELECT FirstName, LastName FROM Singers',
    });
    rows.forEach(row => {
      const json = row.toJSON();
      console.log(`${json.FirstName} ${json.LastName}`);
    });

    await transaction.commit();
  } catch (err) {
    console.error('ERROR:', err);
  } finally {
    // Close the database when finished.
    database.close();
  }
});

PHP

To learn how to install and use the client library for Cloud Spanner, see Cloud Spanner client libraries.

use Google\Cloud\Spanner\SpannerClient;
use Google\Cloud\Spanner\Transaction;

/**
 * Writes then reads data inside a Transaction with a DML statement.
 *
 * The database and table must already exist and can be created using
 * `create_database`.
 * Example:
 * ```
 * insert_data($instanceId, $databaseId);
 * ```
 *
 * @param string $instanceId The Spanner instance ID.
 * @param string $databaseId The Spanner database ID.
 */
function write_read_with_dml($instanceId, $databaseId)
{
    $spanner = new SpannerClient();
    $instance = $spanner->instance($instanceId);
    $database = $instance->database($databaseId);

    $database->runTransaction(function (Transaction $t) use ($spanner) {
        $rowCount = $t->executeUpdate(
            'INSERT Singers (SingerId, FirstName, LastName) '
            . " VALUES (11, 'Timothy', 'Campbell')");

        printf('Inserted %d row(s).' . PHP_EOL, $rowCount);

        $results = $t->execute('SELECT FirstName, LastName FROM Singers WHERE SingerId = 11');

        foreach ($results as $row) {
            printf('%s %s' . PHP_EOL, $row['FirstName'], $row['LastName']);
        }

        $t->commit();
    });
}

Python

To learn how to install and use the client library for Cloud Spanner, see Cloud Spanner client libraries.

# instance_id = "your-spanner-instance"
# database_id = "your-spanner-db-id"

spanner_client = spanner.Client()
instance = spanner_client.instance(instance_id)
database = instance.database(database_id)

def write_then_read(transaction):
    # Insert record.
    row_ct = transaction.execute_update(
        "INSERT Singers (SingerId, FirstName, LastName) "
        " VALUES (11, 'Timothy', 'Campbell')"
    )
    print("{} record(s) inserted.".format(row_ct))

    # Read newly inserted record.
    results = transaction.execute_sql(
        "SELECT FirstName, LastName FROM Singers WHERE SingerId = 11"
    )
    for result in results:
        print("FirstName: {}, LastName: {}".format(*result))

database.run_in_transaction(write_then_read)

Ruby

To learn how to install and use the client library for Cloud Spanner, see Cloud Spanner client libraries.

# project_id  = "Your Google Cloud project ID"
# instance_id = "Your Spanner instance ID"
# database_id = "Your Spanner database ID"

require "google/cloud/spanner"

spanner = Google::Cloud::Spanner.new project: project_id
client  = spanner.client instance_id, database_id
row_count = 0

client.transaction do |transaction|
  row_count = transaction.execute_update(
    "INSERT INTO Singers (SingerId, FirstName, LastName) VALUES (11, 'Timothy', 'Campbell')"
  )
  puts "#{row_count} record updated."
  transaction.execute("SELECT FirstName, LastName FROM Singers WHERE SingerId = 11").rows.each do |row|
    puts "#{row[:FirstName]} #{row[:LastName]}"
  end
end

What's next

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