Create table with data types

Create a table with example data types.

Code sample

C#

To learn how to install and use the client library for Cloud Spanner, see Cloud Spanner client libraries.


using Google.Cloud.Spanner.Data;
using System.Threading.Tasks;

public class CreateTableWithDataTypesAsyncSample
{
    public async Task CreateTableWithDataTypesAsync(string projectId, string instanceId, string databaseId)
    {
        string connectionString = $"Data Source=projects/{projectId}/instances/{instanceId}/databases/{databaseId}";
        using var connection = new SpannerConnection(connectionString);

        // Define create table statement for table with supported datatypes columns.
        string createTableStatement =
        @"CREATE TABLE Venues (
                    VenueId INT64 NOT NULL,
                    VenueName STRING(100),
                    VenueInfo BYTES(MAX),
                    Capacity INT64,                    
                    AvailableDates ARRAY<DATE>,
                    LastContactDate DATE,
                    OutdoorVenue BOOL,
                    PopularityScore FLOAT64,
                    Revenue NUMERIC,
                    LastUpdateTime TIMESTAMP NOT NULL 
                        OPTIONS (allow_commit_timestamp=true)
                ) PRIMARY KEY (VenueId)";
        var cmd = connection.CreateDdlCommand(createTableStatement);
        await cmd.ExecuteNonQueryAsync();
    }
}

C++

To learn how to install and use the client library for Cloud Spanner, see Cloud Spanner client libraries.

void CreateTableWithDatatypes(
    google::cloud::spanner_admin::DatabaseAdminClient client,
    std::string const& project_id, std::string const& instance_id,
    std::string const& database_id) {
  google::cloud::spanner::Database database(project_id, instance_id,
                                            database_id);
  auto metadata = client
                      .UpdateDatabaseDdl(database.FullName(), {R"""(
                        CREATE TABLE Venues (
                            VenueId         INT64 NOT NULL,
                            VenueName       STRING(100),
                            VenueInfo       BYTES(MAX),
                            Capacity        INT64,
                            AvailableDates  ARRAY<DATE>,
                            LastContactDate DATE,
                            OutdoorVenue    BOOL,
                            PopularityScore FLOAT64,
                            LastUpdateTime  TIMESTAMP NOT NULL OPTIONS
                                (allow_commit_timestamp=true)
                        ) PRIMARY KEY (VenueId))"""})
                      .get();
  if (!metadata) throw std::runtime_error(metadata.status().message());
  std::cout << "`Venues` table created, new DDL:\n" << metadata->DebugString();
}

Go

To learn how to install and use the client library for Cloud Spanner, see Cloud Spanner client libraries.


import (
	"context"
	"fmt"
	"io"

	database "cloud.google.com/go/spanner/admin/database/apiv1"
	adminpb "google.golang.org/genproto/googleapis/spanner/admin/database/v1"
)

// Creates a Cloud Spanner table comprised of columns for each supported data type
// See https://cloud.google.com/spanner/docs/data-types
func createTableWithDatatypes(ctx context.Context, w io.Writer, db string) error {
	adminClient, err := database.NewDatabaseAdminClient(ctx)
	if err != nil {
		return err
	}
	defer adminClient.Close()

	op, err := adminClient.UpdateDatabaseDdl(ctx, &adminpb.UpdateDatabaseDdlRequest{
		Database: db,
		Statements: []string{
			`CREATE TABLE Venues (
				VenueId	INT64 NOT NULL,
				VenueName STRING(100),
				VenueInfo BYTES(MAX),
				Capacity INT64,
				AvailableDates ARRAY<DATE>,
				LastContactDate DATE,
				OutdoorVenue BOOL,
				PopularityScore FLOAT64,
				Revenue NUMERIC,
				LastUpdateTime TIMESTAMP NOT NULL OPTIONS (allow_commit_timestamp=true)
			) PRIMARY KEY (VenueId)`,
		},
	})
	if err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("UpdateDatabaseDdl: %v", err)
	}
	if err := op.Wait(ctx); err != nil {
		return err
	}
	fmt.Fprintf(w, "Created Venues table in database [%s]\n", db)
	return nil
}

Java

To learn how to install and use the client library for Cloud Spanner, see Cloud Spanner client libraries.

static void createTableWithDatatypes(DatabaseAdminClient dbAdminClient, DatabaseId id) {
  OperationFuture<Void, UpdateDatabaseDdlMetadata> op =
      dbAdminClient.updateDatabaseDdl(
          id.getInstanceId().getInstance(),
          id.getDatabase(),
          Arrays.asList(
              "CREATE TABLE Venues ("
                  + "  VenueId         INT64 NOT NULL,"
                  + "  VenueName       STRING(100),"
                  + "  VenueInfo       BYTES(MAX),"
                  + "  Capacity        INT64,"
                  + "  AvailableDates  ARRAY<DATE>,"
                  + "  LastContactDate DATE,"
                  + "  OutdoorVenue    BOOL, "
                  + "  PopularityScore FLOAT64, "
                  + "  Revenue         NUMERIC, "
                  + "  VenueDetails    JSON, "
                  + "  LastUpdateTime  TIMESTAMP NOT NULL OPTIONS (allow_commit_timestamp=true)"
                  + ") PRIMARY KEY (VenueId)"),
          null);
  try {
    // Initiate the request which returns an OperationFuture.
    op.get();
    System.out.println("Created Venues table in database: [" + id + "]");
  } catch (ExecutionException e) {
    // If the operation failed during execution, expose the cause.
    throw (SpannerException) e.getCause();
  } catch (InterruptedException e) {
    // Throw when a thread is waiting, sleeping, or otherwise occupied,
    // and the thread is interrupted, either before or during the activity.
    throw SpannerExceptionFactory.propagateInterrupt(e);
  }
}

Node.js

To learn how to install and use the client library for Cloud Spanner, see Cloud Spanner client libraries.

// Imports the Google Cloud client library
const {Spanner} = require('@google-cloud/spanner');

/**
 * TODO(developer): Uncomment the following lines before running the sample.
 */
// const projectId = 'my-project-id';
// const instanceId = 'my-instance';
// const databaseId = 'my-database';

// Creates a client
const spanner = new Spanner({
  projectId: projectId,
});

// Gets a reference to a Cloud Spanner instance.
const instance = spanner.instance(instanceId);
const database = instance.database(databaseId);

const request = [
  `CREATE TABLE Venues (
      VenueId                INT64 NOT NULL,
      VenueName              STRING(100),
      VenueInfo              BYTES(MAX),
      Capacity               INT64,
      AvailableDates         ARRAY<DATE>,
      LastContactDate        Date,
      OutdoorVenue           BOOL,
      PopularityScore        FLOAT64,
      LastUpdateTime TIMESTAMP NOT NULL OPTIONS (allow_commit_timestamp=true)
    ) PRIMARY KEY (VenueId)`,
];

// Creates a table in an existing database.
const [operation] = await database.updateSchema(request);

console.log(`Waiting for operation on ${databaseId} to complete...`);

await operation.promise();

console.log(`Created table Venues in database ${databaseId}.`);

PHP

To learn how to install and use the client library for Cloud Spanner, see Cloud Spanner client libraries.

use Google\Cloud\Spanner\SpannerClient;

/**
 * Creates a table with suported datatypes.
 * Example:
 * ```
 * create_table_with_datatypes($instanceId, $databaseId);
 * ```
 *
 * @param string $instanceId The Spanner instance ID.
 * @param string $databaseId The Spanner database ID.
 */
function create_table_with_datatypes($instanceId, $databaseId)
{
    $spanner = new SpannerClient();
    $instance = $spanner->instance($instanceId);
    $database = $instance->database($databaseId);

    $operation = $database->updateDdl(
        "CREATE TABLE Venues (
            VenueId		           INT64 NOT NULL,
            VenueName              STRING(100),
            VenueInfo              BYTES(MAX),
            Capacity               INT64,
            AvailableDates         ARRAY<DATE>,
            LastContactDate        DATE,
            OutdoorVenue           BOOL,
            PopularityScore        FLOAT64,
            LastUpdateTime TIMESTAMP NOT NULL OPTIONS (allow_commit_timestamp=true)
    	) PRIMARY KEY (VenueId)"
    );

    print('Waiting for operation to complete...' . PHP_EOL);
    $operation->pollUntilComplete();

    printf('Created Venues table in database %s on instance %s' . PHP_EOL,
        $databaseId, $instanceId);
}

Python

To learn how to install and use the client library for Cloud Spanner, see Cloud Spanner client libraries.

# instance_id = "your-spanner-instance"
# database_id = "your-spanner-db-id"
spanner_client = spanner.Client()
instance = spanner_client.instance(instance_id)
database = instance.database(database_id)

operation = database.update_ddl(
    [
        """CREATE TABLE Venues (
        VenueId         INT64 NOT NULL,
        VenueName       STRING(100),
        VenueInfo       BYTES(MAX),
        Capacity        INT64,
        AvailableDates  ARRAY<DATE>,
        LastContactDate DATE,
        OutdoorVenue    BOOL,
        PopularityScore FLOAT64,
        LastUpdateTime  TIMESTAMP NOT NULL
        OPTIONS(allow_commit_timestamp=true)
    ) PRIMARY KEY (VenueId)"""
    ]
)

print("Waiting for operation to complete...")
operation.result(OPERATION_TIMEOUT_SECONDS)

print(
    "Created Venues table on database {} on instance {}".format(
        database_id, instance_id
    )
)

Ruby

To learn how to install and use the client library for Cloud Spanner, see Cloud Spanner client libraries.

# project_id  = "Your Google Cloud project ID"
# instance_id = "Your Spanner instance ID"
# database_id = "Your Spanner database ID"

require "google/cloud/spanner"

spanner = Google::Cloud::Spanner.new project: project_id
client  = spanner.database instance_id, database_id

job = client.update statements: [
  "CREATE TABLE Venues (
    VenueId         INT64 NOT NULL,
    VenueName       STRING(100),
    VenueInfo       BYTES(MAX),
    Capacity        INT64,
    AvailableDates  ARRAY<DATE>,
    LastContactDate DATE,
    OutdoorVenue    BOOL,
    PopularityScore FLOAT64,
    LastUpdateTime  TIMESTAMP NOT NULL OPTIONS (allow_commit_timestamp=true)
   ) PRIMARY KEY (VenueId)"
]

puts "Waiting for update database operation to complete"

job.wait_until_done!

puts "Created table Venues in #{database_id}"

What's next

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