k-マップ の推定の計算

Cloud DLP を使用して k-マップの値を推定できます。Cloud DLP は、統計モデルを使用して再識別データセットを推定します。





機密データの保護用のクライアント ライブラリをインストールして使用する方法については、機密データの保護のクライアント ライブラリをご覧ください。

機密データの保護のために認証するには、アプリケーションのデフォルト認証情報を設定します。 詳細については、ローカル開発環境の認証の設定をご覧ください。

using Google.Api.Gax.ResourceNames;
using Google.Cloud.Dlp.V2;
using Google.Cloud.PubSub.V1;
using Newtonsoft.Json;
using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Linq;
using System.Threading;
using System.Threading.Tasks;
using static Google.Cloud.Dlp.V2.Action.Types;
using static Google.Cloud.Dlp.V2.PrivacyMetric.Types;
using static Google.Cloud.Dlp.V2.PrivacyMetric.Types.KMapEstimationConfig.Types;

public class RiskAnalysisCreateKMap
    public static object KMap(
        string callingProjectId,
        string tableProjectId,
        string datasetId,
        string tableId,
        string topicId,
        string subscriptionId,
        IEnumerable<FieldId> quasiIds,
        IEnumerable<InfoType> infoTypes,
        string regionCode)
        var dlp = DlpServiceClient.Create();

        // Construct + submit the job
        var kmapEstimationConfig = new KMapEstimationConfig
            QuasiIds =
                        (Field, InfoType) => new TaggedField
                            Field = Field,
                            InfoType = InfoType
            RegionCode = regionCode

        var config = new RiskAnalysisJobConfig()
            PrivacyMetric = new PrivacyMetric
                KMapEstimationConfig = kmapEstimationConfig
            SourceTable = new BigQueryTable
                ProjectId = tableProjectId,
                DatasetId = datasetId,
                TableId = tableId
            Actions =
                new Google.Cloud.Dlp.V2.Action
                    PubSub = new PublishToPubSub
                        Topic = $"projects/{callingProjectId}/topics/{topicId}"

        var submittedJob = dlp.CreateDlpJob(
            new CreateDlpJobRequest
                ParentAsProjectName = new ProjectName(callingProjectId),
                RiskJob = config

        // Listen to pub/sub for the job
        var subscriptionName = new SubscriptionName(
        var subscriber = SubscriberClient.CreateAsync(

        // SimpleSubscriber runs your message handle function on multiple
        // threads to maximize throughput.
        var done = new ManualResetEventSlim(false);
        subscriber.StartAsync((PubsubMessage message, CancellationToken cancel) =>
            if (message.Attributes["DlpJobName"] == submittedJob.Name)
                Thread.Sleep(500); // Wait for DLP API results to become consistent
                return Task.FromResult(SubscriberClient.Reply.Ack);
                return Task.FromResult(SubscriberClient.Reply.Nack);

        done.Wait(TimeSpan.FromMinutes(10)); // 10 minute timeout; may not work for large jobs

        // Process results
        var resultJob = dlp.GetDlpJob(new GetDlpJobRequest
            DlpJobName = DlpJobName.Parse(submittedJob.Name)

        var result = resultJob.RiskDetails.KMapEstimationResult;

        for (var histogramIdx = 0; histogramIdx < result.KMapEstimationHistogram.Count; histogramIdx++)
            var histogramValue = result.KMapEstimationHistogram[histogramIdx];
            Console.WriteLine($"Bucket {histogramIdx}");
            Console.WriteLine($"  Anonymity range: [{histogramValue.MinAnonymity}, {histogramValue.MaxAnonymity}].");
            Console.WriteLine($"  Size: {histogramValue.BucketSize}");

            foreach (var datapoint in histogramValue.BucketValues)
                // 'UnpackValue(x)' is a prettier version of 'x.toString()'
                Console.WriteLine($"    Values: [{String.Join(',', datapoint.QuasiIdsValues.Select(x => UnpackValue(x)))}]");
                Console.WriteLine($"    Estimated k-map anonymity: {datapoint.EstimatedAnonymity}");

        return 0;

    public static string UnpackValue(Value protoValue)
        var jsonValue = JsonConvert.DeserializeObject<Dictionary<string, object>>(protoValue.ToString());
        return jsonValue.Values.ElementAt(0).ToString();


機密データの保護用のクライアント ライブラリをインストールして使用する方法については、機密データの保護のクライアント ライブラリをご覧ください。

機密データの保護のために認証するには、アプリケーションのデフォルト認証情報を設定します。 詳細については、ローカル開発環境の認証の設定をご覧ください。

import (

	dlp "cloud.google.com/go/dlp/apiv2"

// riskKMap runs K Map on the given data.
func riskKMap(w io.Writer, projectID, dataProject, pubSubTopic, pubSubSub, datasetID, tableID, region string, columnNames ...string) error {
	// projectID := "my-project-id"
	// dataProject := "bigquery-public-data"
	// pubSubTopic := "dlp-risk-sample-topic"
	// pubSubSub := "dlp-risk-sample-sub"
	// datasetID := "san_francisco"
	// tableID := "bikeshare_trips"
	// region := "US"
	// columnNames := "zip_code"
	ctx := context.Background()
	client, err := dlp.NewClient(ctx)
	if err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("dlp.NewClient: %w", err)

	// Create a PubSub Client used to listen for when the inspect job finishes.
	pubsubClient, err := pubsub.NewClient(ctx, projectID)
	if err != nil {
		return err
	defer pubsubClient.Close()

	// Create a PubSub subscription we can use to listen for messages.
	// Create the Topic if it doesn't exist.
	t := pubsubClient.Topic(pubSubTopic)
	topicExists, err := t.Exists(ctx)
	if err != nil {
		return err
	if !topicExists {
		if t, err = pubsubClient.CreateTopic(ctx, pubSubTopic); err != nil {
			return err

	// Create the Subscription if it doesn't exist.
	s := pubsubClient.Subscription(pubSubSub)
	subExists, err := s.Exists(ctx)
	if err != nil {
		return err
	if !subExists {
		if s, err = pubsubClient.CreateSubscription(ctx, pubSubSub, pubsub.SubscriptionConfig{Topic: t}); err != nil {
			return err

	// topic is the PubSub topic string where messages should be sent.
	topic := "projects/" + projectID + "/topics/" + pubSubTopic

	// Build the QuasiID slice.
	var q []*dlppb.PrivacyMetric_KMapEstimationConfig_TaggedField
	for _, c := range columnNames {
		q = append(q, &dlppb.PrivacyMetric_KMapEstimationConfig_TaggedField{
			Field: &dlppb.FieldId{
				Name: c,
			Tag: &dlppb.PrivacyMetric_KMapEstimationConfig_TaggedField_Inferred{
				Inferred: &empty.Empty{},

	// Create a configured request.
	req := &dlppb.CreateDlpJobRequest{
		Parent: fmt.Sprintf("projects/%s/locations/global", projectID),
		Job: &dlppb.CreateDlpJobRequest_RiskJob{
			RiskJob: &dlppb.RiskAnalysisJobConfig{
				// PrivacyMetric configures what to compute.
				PrivacyMetric: &dlppb.PrivacyMetric{
					Type: &dlppb.PrivacyMetric_KMapEstimationConfig_{
						KMapEstimationConfig: &dlppb.PrivacyMetric_KMapEstimationConfig{
							QuasiIds:   q,
							RegionCode: region,
				// SourceTable describes where to find the data.
				SourceTable: &dlppb.BigQueryTable{
					ProjectId: dataProject,
					DatasetId: datasetID,
					TableId:   tableID,
				// Send a message to PubSub using Actions.
				Actions: []*dlppb.Action{
						Action: &dlppb.Action_PubSub{
							PubSub: &dlppb.Action_PublishToPubSub{
								Topic: topic,
	// Create the risk job.
	j, err := client.CreateDlpJob(ctx, req)
	if err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("CreateDlpJob: %w", err)
	fmt.Fprintf(w, "Created job: %v\n", j.GetName())
	// Wait for the risk job to finish by waiting for a PubSub message.
	// This only waits for 10 minutes. For long jobs, consider using a truly
	// asynchronous execution model such as Cloud Functions.
	ctx, cancel := context.WithTimeout(ctx, 10*time.Minute)
	defer cancel()
	err = s.Receive(ctx, func(ctx context.Context, msg *pubsub.Message) {
		// If this is the wrong job, do not process the result.

		if msg.Attributes["DlpJobName"] != j.GetName() {
		time.Sleep(500 * time.Millisecond)
		j, err := client.GetDlpJob(ctx, &dlppb.GetDlpJobRequest{
			Name: j.GetName(),

		if err != nil {
			fmt.Fprintf(w, "GetDlpJob: %v", err)
		h := j.GetRiskDetails().GetKMapEstimationResult().GetKMapEstimationHistogram()
		for i, b := range h {
			fmt.Fprintf(w, "Histogram bucket %v\n", i)
			fmt.Fprintf(w, "  Anonymity range: [%v,%v]\n", b.GetMaxAnonymity(), b.GetMaxAnonymity())
			fmt.Fprintf(w, "  %v unique values total\n", b.GetBucketSize())
			for _, v := range b.GetBucketValues() {
				var qvs []string
				for _, qv := range v.GetQuasiIdsValues() {
					qvs = append(qvs, qv.String())
				fmt.Fprintf(w, "    QuasiID values: %s\n", strings.Join(qvs, ", "))
				fmt.Fprintf(w, "    Estimated anonymity: %v\n", v.GetEstimatedAnonymity())
		// Stop listening for more messages.
	if err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("Recieve: %w", err)
	return nil


機密データの保護用のクライアント ライブラリをインストールして使用する方法については、機密データの保護のクライアント ライブラリをご覧ください。

機密データの保護のために認証するには、アプリケーションのデフォルト認証情報を設定します。 詳細については、ローカル開発環境の認証の設定をご覧ください。

import com.google.api.core.SettableApiFuture;
import com.google.cloud.dlp.v2.DlpServiceClient;
import com.google.cloud.pubsub.v1.AckReplyConsumer;
import com.google.cloud.pubsub.v1.MessageReceiver;
import com.google.cloud.pubsub.v1.Subscriber;
import com.google.privacy.dlp.v2.Action;
import com.google.privacy.dlp.v2.Action.PublishToPubSub;
import com.google.privacy.dlp.v2.AnalyzeDataSourceRiskDetails.KMapEstimationResult;
import com.google.privacy.dlp.v2.AnalyzeDataSourceRiskDetails.KMapEstimationResult.KMapEstimationHistogramBucket;
import com.google.privacy.dlp.v2.AnalyzeDataSourceRiskDetails.KMapEstimationResult.KMapEstimationQuasiIdValues;
import com.google.privacy.dlp.v2.BigQueryTable;
import com.google.privacy.dlp.v2.CreateDlpJobRequest;
import com.google.privacy.dlp.v2.DlpJob;
import com.google.privacy.dlp.v2.FieldId;
import com.google.privacy.dlp.v2.GetDlpJobRequest;
import com.google.privacy.dlp.v2.InfoType;
import com.google.privacy.dlp.v2.LocationName;
import com.google.privacy.dlp.v2.PrivacyMetric;
import com.google.privacy.dlp.v2.PrivacyMetric.KMapEstimationConfig;
import com.google.privacy.dlp.v2.PrivacyMetric.KMapEstimationConfig.TaggedField;
import com.google.privacy.dlp.v2.RiskAnalysisJobConfig;
import com.google.pubsub.v1.ProjectSubscriptionName;
import com.google.pubsub.v1.ProjectTopicName;
import com.google.pubsub.v1.PubsubMessage;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.Arrays;
import java.util.List;
import java.util.concurrent.ExecutionException;
import java.util.concurrent.TimeUnit;
import java.util.concurrent.TimeoutException;
import java.util.stream.Collectors;

class RiskAnalysisKMap {

  public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception {
    // TODO(developer): Replace these variables before running the sample.
    String projectId = "your-project-id";
    String datasetId = "your-bigquery-dataset-id";
    String tableId = "your-bigquery-table-id";
    String topicId = "pub-sub-topic";
    String subscriptionId = "pub-sub-subscription";
    calculateKMap(projectId, datasetId, tableId, topicId, subscriptionId);

  public static void calculateKMap(
      String projectId, String datasetId, String tableId, String topicId, String subscriptionId)
      throws ExecutionException, InterruptedException, IOException {
    // Initialize client that will be used to send requests. This client only needs to be created
    // once, and can be reused for multiple requests. After completing all of your requests, call
    // the "close" method on the client to safely clean up any remaining background resources.
    try (DlpServiceClient dlpServiceClient = DlpServiceClient.create()) {
      // Specify the BigQuery table to analyze
      BigQueryTable bigQueryTable =

      // These values represent the column names of quasi-identifiers to analyze
      List<String> quasiIds = Arrays.asList("Age", "Gender");

      // These values represent the info types corresponding to the quasi-identifiers above
      List<String> infoTypeNames = Arrays.asList("AGE", "GENDER");

      // Tag each of the quasiId column names with its corresponding infoType
      List<InfoType> infoTypes =
              .map(it -> InfoType.newBuilder().setName(it).build())

      if (quasiIds.size() != infoTypes.size()) {
        throw new IllegalArgumentException("The numbers of quasi-IDs and infoTypes must be equal!");

      List<TaggedField> taggedFields = new ArrayList<TaggedField>();
      for (int i = 0; i < quasiIds.size(); i++) {
        TaggedField taggedField =

      // The k-map distribution region can be specified by any ISO-3166-1 region code.
      String regionCode = "US";

      // Configure the privacy metric for the job
      KMapEstimationConfig kmapConfig =
      PrivacyMetric privacyMetric =

      // Create action to publish job status notifications over Google Cloud Pub/Sub
      ProjectTopicName topicName = ProjectTopicName.of(projectId, topicId);
      PublishToPubSub publishToPubSub =
      Action action = Action.newBuilder().setPubSub(publishToPubSub).build();

      // Configure the risk analysis job to perform
      RiskAnalysisJobConfig riskAnalysisJobConfig =

      // Build the request to be sent by the client
      CreateDlpJobRequest createDlpJobRequest =
              .setParent(LocationName.of(projectId, "global").toString())

      // Send the request to the API using the client
      DlpJob dlpJob = dlpServiceClient.createDlpJob(createDlpJobRequest);

      // Set up a Pub/Sub subscriber to listen on the job completion status
      final SettableApiFuture<Boolean> done = SettableApiFuture.create();

      ProjectSubscriptionName subscriptionName =
          ProjectSubscriptionName.of(projectId, subscriptionId);

      MessageReceiver messageHandler =
          (PubsubMessage pubsubMessage, AckReplyConsumer ackReplyConsumer) -> {
            handleMessage(dlpJob, done, pubsubMessage, ackReplyConsumer);
      Subscriber subscriber = Subscriber.newBuilder(subscriptionName, messageHandler).build();

      // Wait for job completion semi-synchronously
      // For long jobs, consider using a truly asynchronous execution model such as Cloud Functions
      try {
        done.get(15, TimeUnit.MINUTES);
      } catch (TimeoutException e) {
        System.out.println("Job was not completed after 15 minutes.");
      } finally {

      // Build a request to get the completed job
      GetDlpJobRequest getDlpJobRequest =

      // Retrieve completed job status
      DlpJob completedJob = dlpServiceClient.getDlpJob(getDlpJobRequest);
      System.out.println("Job status: " + completedJob.getState());
      System.out.println("Job name: " + dlpJob.getName());

      // Get the result and parse through and process the information
      KMapEstimationResult kmapResult = completedJob.getRiskDetails().getKMapEstimationResult();

      for (KMapEstimationHistogramBucket result : kmapResult.getKMapEstimationHistogramList()) {
            "\tAnonymity range: [%d, %d]\n", result.getMinAnonymity(), result.getMaxAnonymity());
        System.out.printf("\tSize: %d\n", result.getBucketSize());

        for (KMapEstimationQuasiIdValues valueBucket : result.getBucketValuesList()) {
          List<String> quasiIdValues =
                      value -> {
                        String s = value.toString();
                        return s.substring(s.indexOf(':') + 1).trim();

          System.out.printf("\tValues: {%s}\n", String.join(", ", quasiIdValues));
              "\tEstimated k-map anonymity: %d\n", valueBucket.getEstimatedAnonymity());

  // handleMessage injects the job and settableFuture into the message reciever interface
  private static void handleMessage(
      DlpJob job,
      SettableApiFuture<Boolean> done,
      PubsubMessage pubsubMessage,
      AckReplyConsumer ackReplyConsumer) {
    String messageAttribute = pubsubMessage.getAttributesMap().get("DlpJobName");
    if (job.getName().equals(messageAttribute)) {
    } else {


機密データの保護用のクライアント ライブラリをインストールして使用する方法については、機密データの保護のクライアント ライブラリをご覧ください。

機密データの保護のために認証するには、アプリケーションのデフォルト認証情報を設定します。 詳細については、ローカル開発環境の認証の設定をご覧ください。

// Import the Google Cloud client libraries
const DLP = require('@google-cloud/dlp');
const {PubSub} = require('@google-cloud/pubsub');

// Instantiates clients
const dlp = new DLP.DlpServiceClient();
const pubsub = new PubSub();

// The project ID to run the API call under
// const projectId = 'my-project';

// The project ID the table is stored under
// This may or (for public datasets) may not equal the calling project ID
// const tableProjectId = 'my-project';

// The ID of the dataset to inspect, e.g. 'my_dataset'
// const datasetId = 'my_dataset';

// The ID of the table to inspect, e.g. 'my_table'
// const tableId = 'my_table';

// The name of the Pub/Sub topic to notify once the job completes
// TODO(developer): create a Pub/Sub topic to use for this
// const topicId = 'MY-PUBSUB-TOPIC'

// The name of the Pub/Sub subscription to use when listening for job
// completion notifications
// TODO(developer): create a Pub/Sub subscription to use for this
// const subscriptionId = 'MY-PUBSUB-SUBSCRIPTION'

// The ISO 3166-1 region code that the data is representative of
// Can be omitted if using a region-specific infoType (such as US_ZIP_5)
// const regionCode = 'USA';

// A set of columns that form a composite key ('quasi-identifiers'), and
// optionally their reidentification distributions
// const quasiIds = [{ field: { name: 'age' }, infoType: { name: 'AGE' }}];
async function kMapEstimationAnalysis() {
  const sourceTable = {
    projectId: tableProjectId,
    datasetId: datasetId,
    tableId: tableId,

  // Construct request for creating a risk analysis job
  const request = {
    parent: `projects/${projectId}/locations/global`,
    riskJob: {
      privacyMetric: {
        kMapEstimationConfig: {
          quasiIds: quasiIds,
          regionCode: regionCode,
      sourceTable: sourceTable,
      actions: [
          pubSub: {
            topic: `projects/${projectId}/topics/${topicId}`,
  // Create helper function for unpacking values
  const getValue = obj => obj[Object.keys(obj)[0]];

  // Run risk analysis job
  const [topicResponse] = await pubsub.topic(topicId).get();
  const subscription = await topicResponse.subscription(subscriptionId);
  const [jobsResponse] = await dlp.createDlpJob(request);
  const jobName = jobsResponse.name;
  console.log(`Job created. Job name: ${jobName}`);

  // Watch the Pub/Sub topic until the DLP job finishes
  await new Promise((resolve, reject) => {
    const messageHandler = message => {
      if (message.attributes && message.attributes.DlpJobName === jobName) {
        subscription.removeListener('message', messageHandler);
        subscription.removeListener('error', errorHandler);
      } else {

    const errorHandler = err => {
      subscription.removeListener('message', messageHandler);
      subscription.removeListener('error', errorHandler);

    subscription.on('message', messageHandler);
    subscription.on('error', errorHandler);
  setTimeout(() => {
    console.log(' Waiting for DLP job to fully complete');
  }, 500);
  const [job] = await dlp.getDlpJob({name: jobName});

  const histogramBuckets =

  histogramBuckets.forEach((histogramBucket, histogramBucketIdx) => {
    console.log(`Bucket ${histogramBucketIdx}:`);
      `  Anonymity range: [${histogramBucket.minAnonymity}, ${histogramBucket.maxAnonymity}]`
    console.log(`  Size: ${histogramBucket.bucketSize}`);
    histogramBucket.bucketValues.forEach(valueBucket => {
      const values = valueBucket.quasiIdsValues.map(value => getValue(value));
      console.log(`    Values: ${values.join(' ')}`);
        `    Estimated k-map anonymity: ${valueBucket.estimatedAnonymity}`

await kMapEstimationAnalysis();


機密データの保護用のクライアント ライブラリをインストールして使用する方法については、機密データの保護のクライアント ライブラリをご覧ください。

機密データの保護のために認証するには、アプリケーションのデフォルト認証情報を設定します。 詳細については、ローカル開発環境の認証の設定をご覧ください。

use Exception;
use Google\Cloud\Dlp\V2\Action;
use Google\Cloud\Dlp\V2\Action\PublishToPubSub;
use Google\Cloud\Dlp\V2\BigQueryTable;
use Google\Cloud\Dlp\V2\Client\DlpServiceClient;
use Google\Cloud\Dlp\V2\CreateDlpJobRequest;
use Google\Cloud\Dlp\V2\DlpJob\JobState;
use Google\Cloud\Dlp\V2\FieldId;
use Google\Cloud\Dlp\V2\GetDlpJobRequest;
use Google\Cloud\Dlp\V2\InfoType;
use Google\Cloud\Dlp\V2\PrivacyMetric;
use Google\Cloud\Dlp\V2\PrivacyMetric\KMapEstimationConfig;
use Google\Cloud\Dlp\V2\PrivacyMetric\KMapEstimationConfig\TaggedField;
use Google\Cloud\Dlp\V2\RiskAnalysisJobConfig;
use Google\Cloud\PubSub\PubSubClient;

 * Computes the k-map risk estimation of a column set in a Google BigQuery table.
 * @param string   $callingProjectId  The project ID to run the API call under
 * @param string   $dataProjectId     The project ID containing the target Datastore
 * @param string   $topicId           The name of the Pub/Sub topic to notify once the job completes
 * @param string   $subscriptionId    The name of the Pub/Sub subscription to use when listening for job
 * @param string   $datasetId         The ID of the dataset to inspect
 * @param string   $tableId           The ID of the table to inspect
 * @param string   $regionCode        The ISO 3166-1 region code that the data is representative of
 * @param string[] $quasiIdNames      Array columns that form a composite key (quasi-identifiers)
 * @param string[] $infoTypes         Array of infoTypes corresponding to the chosen quasi-identifiers
function k_map(
    string $callingProjectId,
    string $dataProjectId,
    string $topicId,
    string $subscriptionId,
    string $datasetId,
    string $tableId,
    string $regionCode,
    array $quasiIdNames,
    array $infoTypes
): void {
    // Instantiate a client.
    $dlp = new DlpServiceClient();
    $pubsub = new PubSubClient();
    $topic = $pubsub->topic($topicId);

    // Verify input
    if (count($infoTypes) != count($quasiIdNames)) {
        throw new Exception('Number of infoTypes and number of quasi-identifiers must be equal!');

    // Map infoTypes to quasi-ids
    $quasiIdObjects = array_map(function ($quasiId, $infoType) {
        $quasiIdField = (new FieldId())

        $quasiIdType = (new InfoType())

        $quasiIdObject = (new TaggedField())

        return $quasiIdObject;
    }, $quasiIdNames, $infoTypes);

    // Construct analysis config
    $statsConfig = (new KMapEstimationConfig())

    $privacyMetric = (new PrivacyMetric())

    // Construct items to be analyzed
    $bigqueryTable = (new BigQueryTable())

    // Construct the action to run when job completes
    $pubSubAction = (new PublishToPubSub())

    $action = (new Action())

    // Construct risk analysis job config to run
    $riskJob = (new RiskAnalysisJobConfig())

    // Listen for job notifications via an existing topic/subscription.
    $subscription = $topic->subscription($subscriptionId);

    // Submit request
    $parent = "projects/$callingProjectId/locations/global";
    $createDlpJobRequest = (new CreateDlpJobRequest())
    $job = $dlp->createDlpJob($createDlpJobRequest);

    // Poll Pub/Sub using exponential backoff until job finishes
    // Consider using an asynchronous execution model such as Cloud Functions
    $attempt = 1;
    $startTime = time();
    do {
        foreach ($subscription->pull() as $message) {
            if (
                isset($message->attributes()['DlpJobName']) &&
                $message->attributes()['DlpJobName'] === $job->getName()
            ) {
                // Get the updated job. Loop to avoid race condition with DLP API.
                do {
                    $getDlpJobRequest = (new GetDlpJobRequest())
                    $job = $dlp->getDlpJob($getDlpJobRequest);
                } while ($job->getState() == JobState::RUNNING);
                break 2; // break from parent do while
        print('Waiting for job to complete' . PHP_EOL);
        // Exponential backoff with max delay of 60 seconds
        sleep(min(60, pow(2, ++$attempt)));
    } while (time() - $startTime < 600); // 10 minute timeout

    // Print finding counts
    printf('Job %s status: %s' . PHP_EOL, $job->getName(), JobState::name($job->getState()));
    switch ($job->getState()) {
        case JobState::DONE:
            $histBuckets = $job->getRiskDetails()->getKMapEstimationResult()->getKMapEstimationHistogram();

            foreach ($histBuckets as $bucketIndex => $histBucket) {
                // Print bucket stats
                printf('Bucket %s:' . PHP_EOL, $bucketIndex);
                    '  Anonymity range: [%s, %s]' . PHP_EOL,
                printf('  Size: %s' . PHP_EOL, $histBucket->getBucketSize());

                // Print bucket values
                foreach ($histBucket->getBucketValues() as $percent => $valueBucket) {
                        '  Estimated k-map anonymity: %s' . PHP_EOL,

                    // Pretty-print quasi-ID values
                    print('  Values: ' . PHP_EOL);
                    foreach ($valueBucket->getQuasiIdsValues() as $index => $value) {
                        print('    ' . $value->serializeToJsonString() . PHP_EOL);
        case JobState::FAILED:
            printf('Job %s had errors:' . PHP_EOL, $job->getName());
            $errors = $job->getErrors();
            foreach ($errors as $error) {
        case JobState::PENDING:
            print('Job has not completed. Consider a longer timeout or an asynchronous execution model' . PHP_EOL);
            print('Unexpected job state. Most likely, the job is either running or has not yet started.');


機密データの保護用のクライアント ライブラリをインストールして使用する方法については、機密データの保護のクライアント ライブラリをご覧ください。

機密データの保護のために認証するには、アプリケーションのデフォルト認証情報を設定します。 詳細については、ローカル開発環境の認証の設定をご覧ください。

import concurrent.futures
from typing import List

import google.cloud.dlp
from google.cloud.dlp_v2 import types
import google.cloud.pubsub

def k_map_estimate_analysis(
    project: str,
    table_project_id: str,
    dataset_id: str,
    table_id: str,
    topic_id: str,
    subscription_id: str,
    quasi_ids: List[str],
    info_types: List[str],
    region_code: str = "US",
    timeout: int = 300,
) -> None:
    """Uses the Data Loss Prevention API to compute the k-map risk estimation
        of a column set in a Google BigQuery table.
        project: The Google Cloud project id to use as a parent resource.
        table_project_id: The Google Cloud project id where the BigQuery table
            is stored.
        dataset_id: The id of the dataset to inspect.
        table_id: The id of the table to inspect.
        topic_id: The name of the Pub/Sub topic to notify once the job
        subscription_id: The name of the Pub/Sub subscription to use when
            listening for job completion notifications.
        quasi_ids: A set of columns that form a composite key and optionally
            their re-identification distributions.
        info_types: Type of information of the quasi_id in order to provide a
            statistical model of population.
        region_code: The ISO 3166-1 region code that the data is representative
            of. Can be omitted if using a region-specific infoType (such as
        timeout: The number of seconds to wait for a response from the API.

        None; the response from the API is printed to the terminal.

    # Create helper function for unpacking values
    def get_values(obj: types.Value) -> int:
        return int(obj.integer_value)

    # Instantiate a client.
    dlp = google.cloud.dlp_v2.DlpServiceClient()

    # Convert the project id into full resource ids.
    topic = google.cloud.pubsub.PublisherClient.topic_path(project, topic_id)
    parent = f"projects/{project}/locations/global"

    # Location info of the BigQuery table.
    source_table = {
        "project_id": table_project_id,
        "dataset_id": dataset_id,
        "table_id": table_id,

    # Check that numbers of quasi-ids and info types are equal
    if len(quasi_ids) != len(info_types):
        raise ValueError(
            """Number of infoTypes and number of quasi-identifiers
                            must be equal!"""

    # Convert quasi id list to Protobuf type
    def map_fields(quasi_id: str, info_type: str) -> dict:
        return {"field": {"name": quasi_id}, "info_type": {"name": info_type}}

    quasi_ids = map(map_fields, quasi_ids, info_types)

    # Tell the API where to send a notification when the job is complete.
    actions = [{"pub_sub": {"topic": topic}}]

    # Configure risk analysis job
    # Give the name of the numeric column to compute risk metrics for
    risk_job = {
        "privacy_metric": {
            "k_map_estimation_config": {
                "quasi_ids": quasi_ids,
                "region_code": region_code,
        "source_table": source_table,
        "actions": actions,

    # Call API to start risk analysis job
    operation = dlp.create_dlp_job(request={"parent": parent, "risk_job": risk_job})

    def callback(message: google.cloud.pubsub_v1.subscriber.message.Message) -> None:
        if message.attributes["DlpJobName"] == operation.name:
            # This is the message we're looking for, so acknowledge it.

            # Now that the job is done, fetch the results and print them.
            job = dlp.get_dlp_job(request={"name": operation.name})
            print(f"Job name: {job.name}")
            histogram_buckets = (
            # Print bucket stats
            for i, bucket in enumerate(histogram_buckets):
                print(f"Bucket {i}:")
                    "   Anonymity range: [{}, {}]".format(
                        bucket.min_anonymity, bucket.max_anonymity
                print(f"   Size: {bucket.bucket_size}")
                for value_bucket in bucket.bucket_values:
                        "   Values: {}".format(
                            map(get_values, value_bucket.quasi_ids_values)
                        "   Estimated k-map anonymity: {}".format(
            # This is not the message we're looking for.

    # Create a Pub/Sub client and find the subscription. The subscription is
    # expected to already be listening to the topic.
    subscriber = google.cloud.pubsub.SubscriberClient()
    subscription_path = subscriber.subscription_path(project, subscription_id)
    subscription = subscriber.subscribe(subscription_path, callback)

    except concurrent.futures.TimeoutError:
            "No event received before the timeout. Please verify that the "
            "subscription provided is subscribed to the topic provided."


他の Google Cloud プロダクトに関連するコードサンプルの検索およびフィルタ検索を行うには、Google Cloud のサンプルをご覧ください。