Security Command Center API を使用してアセットを一覧表示する

>

アセットは、Compute Engine インスタンスや Cloud Storage バケットなど、組織の Google Cloud リソースです。このガイドでは、Security Command Center クライアント ライブラリを使用して、組織のアセットに関するメタデータにアクセスする方法について説明します。

始める前に

ソースを設定する前に、次の手順を完了している必要があります。

ページサイズ

Security Command Center の list API はすべてページ分けされます。各レスポンスは結果のページと、次のページに返すトークンを返します。ページサイズは構成可能です。デフォルトの pageSize は 10 で、最小値は 1、最大値は 1,000 です。

すべてのアセットの一覧表示

次の例は、組織のすべてのアセットを一覧表示する方法を示しています。

gcloud

  # ORGANIZATION_ID=12344321

  gcloud scc assets list $ORGANIZATION_ID

他の例については、次のコマンドを実行します。

  gcloud scc assets list --help

Python

from google.cloud import securitycenter

client = securitycenter.SecurityCenterClient()
# organization_id is the numeric ID of the organization.
# organization_id = "1234567777"
org_name = "organizations/{org_id}".format(org_id=organization_id)

# Call the API and print results.
asset_iterator = client.list_assets(org_name)
for i, asset_result in enumerate(asset_iterator):
    print(i, asset_result)

Java

static ImmutableList<ListAssetsResult> listAssets(OrganizationName organizationName) {
  try (SecurityCenterClient client = SecurityCenterClient.create()) {
    // Start setting up a request for to search for all assets in an organization.
    // OrganizationName organizationName = OrganizationName.of(/*organizationId=*/"123234324");
    ListAssetsRequest.Builder request =
        ListAssetsRequest.newBuilder().setParent(organizationName.toString());

    // Call the API.
    ListAssetsPagedResponse response = client.listAssets(request.build());

    // This creates one list for all assets.  If your organization has a large number of assets
    // this can cause out of memory issues.  You can process them incrementally by returning
    // the Iterable returned response.iterateAll() directly.
    ImmutableList<ListAssetsResult> results = ImmutableList.copyOf(response.iterateAll());
    System.out.println("All assets:");
    System.out.println(results);
    return results;
  } catch (IOException e) {
    throw new RuntimeException("Couldn't create client.", e);
  }
}

Go

import (
	"context"
	"fmt"
	"io"

	securitycenter "cloud.google.com/go/securitycenter/apiv1"
	"google.golang.org/api/iterator"
	securitycenterpb "google.golang.org/genproto/googleapis/cloud/securitycenter/v1"
)

// listAllAssets prints every asset to w for orgID. orgID is the numeric
// Organization ID.
func listAllAssets(w io.Writer, orgID string) error {
	// orgID := "12321311"
	// Instantiate a context and a security service client to make API calls.
	ctx := context.Background()
	client, err := securitycenter.NewClient(ctx)
	if err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("securitycenter.NewClient: %v", err)
	}
	defer client.Close() // Closing the client safely cleans up background resources.

	req := &securitycenterpb.ListAssetsRequest{
		Parent: fmt.Sprintf("organizations/%s", orgID),
	}

	assetsFound := 0
	it := client.ListAssets(ctx, req)
	for {
		result, err := it.Next()
		if err == iterator.Done {
			break
		}
		if err != nil {
			return fmt.Errorf("ListAssets: %v", err)
		}
		asset := result.Asset
		properties := asset.SecurityCenterProperties
		fmt.Fprintf(w, "Asset Name: %s,", asset.Name)
		fmt.Fprintf(w, "Resource Name %s,", properties.ResourceName)
		fmt.Fprintf(w, "Resource Type %s\n", properties.ResourceType)
		assetsFound++
	}
	return nil
}

Node.js

// Imports the Google Cloud client library.
const {SecurityCenterClient} = require('@google-cloud/security-center');

// Creates a new client.
const client = new SecurityCenterClient();
//  organizationId is the numeric ID of the organization.
/*
 * TODO(developer): Uncomment the following lines
 */
// const organizationId = "111122222444";
const orgName = client.organizationPath(organizationId);
// Call the API with automatic pagination.
async function listAssets() {
  const [response] = await client.listAssets({parent: orgName});
  let count = 0;
  Array.from(response).forEach(result =>
    console.log(
      `${++count} ${result.asset.name} ${
        result.asset.securityCenterProperties.resourceName
      }`
    )
  );
}

listAssets();

アセットのフィルタ

組織には多数のアセットが存在する場合があります。上の例ではフィルタを使用していないため、すべてのアセットが返されます。Security Command Center を使用すると、アセット フィルタを使用して特定のアセットに関する情報を取得できます。フィルタは SQL ステートメントの「where」句に似ています。列ではなく、API によって返されるオブジェクトに適用されます。

次の例では、フィルタを使用して組織内のプロジェクト リソースのみを返します。

gcloud

  # ORGANIZATION_ID=12344321
  FILTER="security_center_properties.resource_type=\"google.cloud.resourcemanager.Project\""

  gcloud scc assets list $ORGANIZATION_ID --filter="$FILTER"

他の例については、次のコマンドを実行します。

  gcloud scc assets list --help

Python

from google.cloud import securitycenter

client = securitycenter.SecurityCenterClient()

# organization_id is the numeric ID of the organization.
# organization_id = "1234567777"
org_name = "organizations/{org_id}".format(org_id=organization_id)

project_filter = (
    "security_center_properties.resource_type="
    + '"google.cloud.resourcemanager.Project"'
)
# Call the API and print results.
asset_iterator = client.list_assets(org_name, filter_=project_filter)
for i, asset_result in enumerate(asset_iterator):
    print(i, asset_result)

Java

static ImmutableList<ListAssetsResult> listAssetsWithFilter(OrganizationName organizationName) {
  try (SecurityCenterClient client = SecurityCenterClient.create()) {
    // Start setting up a request for to search for all assets in an organization.
    // OrganizationName organizationName = OrganizationName.of(/*organizationId=*/"123234324");
    ListAssetsRequest.Builder request =
        ListAssetsRequest.newBuilder()
            .setParent(organizationName.toString())
            .setFilter(
                "security_center_properties.resource_type=\"google.cloud.resourcemanager.Project\"");

    // Call the API.
    ListAssetsPagedResponse response = client.listAssets(request.build());

    // This creates one list for all assets.  If your organization has a large number of assets
    // this can cause out of memory issues.  You can process them incrementally by returning
    // the Iterable returned response.iterateAll() directly.
    ImmutableList<ListAssetsResult> results = ImmutableList.copyOf(response.iterateAll());
    System.out.println("Project assets:");
    System.out.println(results);
    return results;
  } catch (IOException e) {
    throw new RuntimeException("Couldn't create client.", e);
  }
}

Go

import (
	"context"
	"fmt"
	"io"

	securitycenter "cloud.google.com/go/securitycenter/apiv1"
	"google.golang.org/api/iterator"
	securitycenterpb "google.golang.org/genproto/googleapis/cloud/securitycenter/v1"
)

// listAllProjectAssets lists all current GCP project assets in orgID and
// prints out results to w. orgID is the numeric organization ID of interest.
func listAllProjectAssets(w io.Writer, orgID string) error {
	// orgID := "12321311"
	// Instantiate a context and a security service client to make API calls.
	ctx := context.Background()
	client, err := securitycenter.NewClient(ctx)
	if err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("securitycenter.NewClient: %v", err)
	}
	defer client.Close() // Closing the client safely cleans up background resources.
	req := &securitycenterpb.ListAssetsRequest{
		Parent: fmt.Sprintf("organizations/%s", orgID),
		Filter: `security_center_properties.resource_type="google.cloud.resourcemanager.Project"`,
	}

	assetsFound := 0
	it := client.ListAssets(ctx, req)
	for {
		result, err := it.Next()
		if err == iterator.Done {
			break
		}
		if err != nil {
			return fmt.Errorf("ListAssets: %v", err)
		}
		asset := result.Asset
		properties := asset.SecurityCenterProperties
		fmt.Fprintf(w, "Asset Name: %s,", asset.Name)
		fmt.Fprintf(w, "Resource Name %s,", properties.ResourceName)
		fmt.Fprintf(w, "Resource Type %s\n", properties.ResourceType)
		assetsFound++
	}
	return nil
}

Node.js

// Imports the Google Cloud client library.
const {SecurityCenterClient} = require('@google-cloud/security-center');

// Creates a new client.
const client = new SecurityCenterClient();
//  organizationId is the numeric ID of the organization.
/*
 * TODO(developer): Uncomment the following lines
 */
// const organizationId = "1234567777";
const orgName = client.organizationPath(organizationId);

// Call the API with automatic pagination.
async function listFilteredAssets() {
  const [response] = await client.listAssets({
    parent: orgName,
    filter:
      'security_center_properties.resource_type="google.cloud.resourcemanager.Project"',
  });
  let count = 0;
  Array.from(response).forEach(result =>
    console.log(
      `${++count} ${result.asset.name} ${
        result.asset.securityCenterProperties.resourceName
      } ${result.stateChange}`
    )
  );
}

listFilteredAssets();

特定の時点での一覧表示

上記の例は、組織の現在のアセットの集合を一覧表示する方法を示しています。 Security Command Center を使用すると、組織のアセットの履歴のスナップショットを表示することもできます。次の例は、特定の時点におけるすべてのリソースの状態を返します。Security Command Center は、ミリ秒単位の解決策をサポートします。

gcloud

  # ORGANIZATION_ID=12344321
  # READ_TIME follows the format YYYY-MM-DDThh:mm:ss.ffffffZ
  READ_TIME=2019-02-28T07:00:06.861Z

  gcloud scc assets list $ORGANIZATION_ID --read-time=$READ_TIME

他の例については、次のコマンドを実行します。

  gcloud scc assets list --help

Python

from datetime import datetime, timedelta

from google.protobuf.timestamp_pb2 import Timestamp

from google.cloud import securitycenter

client = securitycenter.SecurityCenterClient()

# organization_id is the numeric ID of the organization.
# organization_id = "1234567777"
org_name = "organizations/{org_id}".format(org_id=organization_id)

project_filter = (
    "security_center_properties.resource_type="
    + '"google.cloud.resourcemanager.Project"'
)

# Lists assets as of yesterday.
read_time = datetime.utcnow() - timedelta(days=1)
timestamp_proto = Timestamp()
timestamp_proto.FromDatetime(read_time)

# Call the API and print results.
asset_iterator = client.list_assets(
    org_name, filter_=project_filter, read_time=timestamp_proto
)
for i, asset_result in enumerate(asset_iterator):
    print(i, asset_result)

Java

static ImmutableList<ListAssetsResult> listAssetsAsOfYesterday(
    OrganizationName organizationName, Instant asOf) {
  try (SecurityCenterClient client = SecurityCenterClient.create()) {
    // Start setting up a request for to search for all assets in an organization.
    // OrganizationName organizationName = OrganizationName.of(/*organizationId=*/"123234324");

    // Initialize the builder with the organization and filter
    ListAssetsRequest.Builder request =
        ListAssetsRequest.newBuilder()
            .setParent(organizationName.toString())
            .setFilter(
                "security_center_properties.resource_type=\"google.cloud.resourcemanager.Project\"");

    // Set read time to either the instant passed in or one day ago.
    asOf = MoreObjects.firstNonNull(asOf, Instant.now().minus(Duration.ofDays(1)));
    request.getReadTimeBuilder().setSeconds(asOf.getEpochSecond()).setNanos(asOf.getNano());

    // Call the API.
    ListAssetsPagedResponse response = client.listAssets(request.build());

    // This creates one list for all assets.  If your organization has a large number of assets
    // this can cause out of memory issues.  You can process them incrementally by returning
    // the Iterable returned response.iterateAll() directly.
    ImmutableList<ListAssetsResult> results = ImmutableList.copyOf(response.iterateAll());
    System.out.println("Projects:");
    System.out.println(results);
    return results;
  } catch (IOException e) {
    throw new RuntimeException("Couldn't create client.", e);
  }
}

Go

import (
	"context"
	"fmt"
	"io"
	"time"

	securitycenter "cloud.google.com/go/securitycenter/apiv1"
	"github.com/golang/protobuf/ptypes"
	"google.golang.org/api/iterator"
	securitycenterpb "google.golang.org/genproto/googleapis/cloud/securitycenter/v1"
)

// listAllProjectAssets lists all GCP Projects in orgID at asOf time and prints
// out results to w. orgID is the numeric organization ID of interest.
func listAllProjectAssetsAtTime(w io.Writer, orgID string, asOf time.Time) error {
	// orgID := "12321311"
	// Instantiate a context and a security service client to make API calls.
	ctx := context.Background()
	client, err := securitycenter.NewClient(ctx)
	if err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("securitycenter.NewClient: %v", err)
	}
	defer client.Close() // Closing the client safely cleans up background resources.

	// Convert the time to a Timestamp protobuf
	readTime, err := ptypes.TimestampProto(asOf)
	if err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("TimestampProto(%v): %v", asOf, err)
	}

	req := &securitycenterpb.ListAssetsRequest{
		Parent:   fmt.Sprintf("organizations/%s", orgID),
		Filter:   `security_center_properties.resource_type="google.cloud.resourcemanager.Project"`,
		ReadTime: readTime,
	}

	assetsFound := 0
	it := client.ListAssets(ctx, req)
	for {
		result, err := it.Next()
		if err == iterator.Done {
			break
		}
		if err != nil {
			return fmt.Errorf("ListAssets: %v", err)
		}
		asset := result.Asset
		properties := asset.SecurityCenterProperties
		fmt.Fprintf(w, "Asset Name: %s,", asset.Name)
		fmt.Fprintf(w, "Resource Name %s,", properties.ResourceName)
		fmt.Fprintf(w, "Resource Type %s\n", properties.ResourceType)
		assetsFound++
	}
	return nil
}

Node.js

// Imports the Google Cloud client library.
const {SecurityCenterClient} = require('@google-cloud/security-center');

// Creates a new client.
const client = new SecurityCenterClient();
//  organizationId is the numeric ID of the organization.
/*
 * TODO(developer): Uncomment the following lines
 */
// const organizationId = "1234567777";
const orgName = client.organizationPath(organizationId);

const oneDayAgo = new Date();
oneDayAgo.setDate(oneDayAgo.getDate() - 1);

// Call the API with automatic pagination.
async function listAssetsAtTime() {
  const [response] = await client.listAssets({
    parent: orgName,
    filter:
      'security_center_properties.resource_type="google.cloud.resourcemanager.Project"',
    // readTime must be in the form of a google.protobuf.Timestamp object
    // which takes seconds and nanoseconds.
    readTime: {
      seconds: Math.floor(oneDayAgo.getTime() / 1000),
      nanos: (oneDayAgo.getTime() % 1000) * 1e6,
    },
  });
  let count = 0;
  Array.from(response).forEach(result =>
    console.log(
      `${++count} ${result.asset.name} ${
        result.asset.securityCenterProperties.resourceName
      }`
    )
  );
}

listAssetsAtTime();

状態の変化を含むアセットを一覧表示する

Security Command Center を使用すると、過去の期間におけるアセットを比較して、指定された期間中に作成、削除、または存在されたかどうかを確認できます。これは、アセット結果一覧の state_change フィールドに取得されます。

gcloud

  # ORGANIZATION_ID=12344321
  # READ_TIME follows the format YYYY-MM-DDThh:mm:ss.ffffffZ
  READ_TIME=2019-02-28T07:00:06.861Z
  FILTER="security_center_properties.resource_type=\"google.cloud.resourcemanager.Project\""
  COMPARE_DURATION=86400s

  gcloud scc assets list $ORGANIZATION_ID --read-time=$READ_TIME \
      --filter="$FILTER" \
      --compare-duration=$COMPARE_DURATION

他の例については、次のコマンドを実行します。

  gcloud scc assets list --help

Python

from datetime import timedelta

from google.protobuf.duration_pb2 import Duration
from google.cloud import securitycenter

client = securitycenter.SecurityCenterClient()

# organization_id is the numeric ID of the organization.
# organization_id = "1234567777"
org_name = "organizations/{org_id}".format(org_id=organization_id)
project_filter = (
    "security_center_properties.resource_type="
    + '"google.cloud.resourcemanager.Project"'
)

# List assets and their state change the last 30 days
compare_delta = timedelta(days=30)
# Convert the timedelta to a Duration
duration_proto = Duration()
duration_proto.FromTimedelta(compare_delta)
# Call the API and print results.
asset_iterator = client.list_assets(
    org_name, filter_=project_filter, compare_duration=duration_proto
)
for i, asset in enumerate(asset_iterator):
    print(i, asset)

Java

static ImmutableList<ListAssetsResult> listAssetAndStatusChanges(
    OrganizationName organizationName, Duration timeSpan, Instant asOf) {
  try (SecurityCenterClient client = SecurityCenterClient.create()) {

    // Start setting up a request for to search for all assets in an organization.
    // OrganizationName organizationName = OrganizationName.of(/*organizationId=*/"123234324");
    ListAssetsRequest.Builder request =
        ListAssetsRequest.newBuilder()
            .setParent(organizationName.toString())
            .setFilter(
                "security_center_properties.resource_type=\"google.cloud.resourcemanager.Project\"");
    request
        .getCompareDurationBuilder()
        .setSeconds(timeSpan.getSeconds())
        .setNanos(timeSpan.getNano());

    // Set read time to either the instant passed in or now.
    asOf = MoreObjects.firstNonNull(asOf, Instant.now());
    request.getReadTimeBuilder().setSeconds(asOf.getEpochSecond()).setNanos(asOf.getNano());

    // Call the API.
    ListAssetsPagedResponse response = client.listAssets(request.build());

    // This creates one list for all assets.  If your organization has a large number of assets
    // this can cause out of memory issues.  You can process them incrementally by returning
    // the Iterable returned response.iterateAll() directly.
    ImmutableList<ListAssetsResult> results = ImmutableList.copyOf(response.iterateAll());
    System.out.println("Projects:");
    System.out.println(results);
    return results;
  } catch (IOException e) {
    throw new RuntimeException("Couldn't create client.", e);
  }
}

Go

import (
	"context"
	"fmt"
	"io"
	"time"

	securitycenter "cloud.google.com/go/securitycenter/apiv1"
	"github.com/golang/protobuf/ptypes"
	"google.golang.org/api/iterator"
	securitycenterpb "google.golang.org/genproto/googleapis/cloud/securitycenter/v1"
)

// listAllProjectAssetsAndStateChange lists all current GCP project assets in
// orgID and prints the projects and there change from a day ago out to w.
// orgID is the numeric // organization ID of interest.
func listAllProjectAssetsAndStateChanges(w io.Writer, orgID string) error {
	// orgID := "12321311"
	// Instantiate a context and a security service client to make API calls.
	ctx := context.Background()
	client, err := securitycenter.NewClient(ctx)
	if err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("securitycenter.NewClient: %v", err)
	}
	defer client.Close() // Closing the client safely cleans up background resources.

	req := &securitycenterpb.ListAssetsRequest{
		Parent:          fmt.Sprintf("organizations/%s", orgID),
		Filter:          `security_center_properties.resource_type="google.cloud.resourcemanager.Project"`,
		CompareDuration: ptypes.DurationProto(24 * time.Hour),
	}

	assetsFound := 0
	it := client.ListAssets(ctx, req)
	for {
		result, err := it.Next()
		if err == iterator.Done {
			break
		}
		if err != nil {
			return fmt.Errorf("ListAssets: %v", err)
		}
		asset := result.Asset
		properties := asset.SecurityCenterProperties
		fmt.Fprintf(w, "Asset Name: %s,", asset.Name)
		fmt.Fprintf(w, "Resource Name %s,", properties.ResourceName)
		fmt.Fprintf(w, "Resource Type %s", properties.ResourceType)
		fmt.Fprintf(w, "State Change %s\n", result.StateChange)
		assetsFound++
	}
	return nil
}

Node.js

// Imports the Google Cloud client library.
const {SecurityCenterClient} = require('@google-cloud/security-center');

// Creates a new client.
const client = new SecurityCenterClient();
//  organizationId is the numeric ID of the organization.
/*
 * TODO(developer): Uncomment the following lines
 */
// const organizationId = "1234567777";
const orgName = client.organizationPath(organizationId);
// Call the API with automatic pagination.
async function listAssetsAndChanges() {
  const [response] = await client.listAssets({
    parent: orgName,
    compareDuration: {seconds: 30 * /*Second in Day=*/ 86400, nanos: 0},
    filter:
      'security_center_properties.resource_type="google.cloud.resourcemanager.Project"',
  });
  let count = 0;
  Array.from(response).forEach(result =>
    console.log(
      `${++count} ${result.asset.name} ${
        result.asset.securityCenterProperties.resourceName
      } ${result.stateChange}`
    )
  );
}

listAssetsAndChanges();

フィルタの例

以下に、その他の便利なアセット フィルタを示します。

特定の日時までに作成されたプロジェクト アセットの検索

これらのフィルタは、2019 年 7 月 18 日午後 8 時 26 分 21 分(GMT)以前に作成されたアセットと一致します。create_time フィルタを使用すると、次の形式とタイプを使用して時間を表すことができます。

  • 整数リテラルとしての Unix 時間(ミリ秒)

    "create_time <= 1563481581000"
    
  • 文字列リテラルとしての RFC 3339

    "create_time <= \"2019-07-18T20:26:21+00:00\""
    

特定のオーナーのプロジェクト アセットの検索

"security_center_properties.resource_type = \"google.cloud.resourcemanager.Project\" AND security_center_properties.resource_owners : \"$USER\""

通常、$USER の形式は user:someone@domain.com です。user の比較では部分文字列演算子 : が使用され、完全一致は必要ありません。

オープンな HTTP ポートを持つファイアウォール ルール

"security_center_properties.resource_type = \"google.compute.Firewall\" AND resource_properties.name =\"default-allow-http\""

特定のプロジェクトに属するリソース

"security_center_properties.resource_parent = \"$PROJECT_1_NAME\" OR security_center_properties.resource_parent = \"$PROJECT_2_NAME\""

$PROJECT_1_NAME$PROJECT_2_NAME//cloudresourcemanager.googleapis.com/projects/$PROJECT_ID の形式のリソース ID で、$PROJECT_ID はプロジェクト番号です。完全な例は次のようになります。//cloudresourcemanager.googleapis.com/projects/100090906

名前に特定の文字列が含まれる Compute Engine イメージの検索

このフィルタは、部分文字列「Debia」を含む Compute Engine イメージを返します。

"security_center_properties.resource_type = \"google.compute.Image\" AND resource_properties.name : \"Debia\""